Leasehold and Freehold Reform Act 2024


prohibit the grant or assignment of certain new long residential leases of houses, to amend the rights of tenants under long residential leases to acquire the freeholds of their houses, to extend the leases of their houses or flats, and to collectively enfranchise or manage the buildings containing their flats, to give such tenants the right to reduce the rent payable under their leases to a peppercorn, to regulate the relationship between residential landlords and tenants, to regulate residential estate management, to regulate rentcharges and to amend the Building Safety Act 2022 in connection with the remediation of building defects and the insolvency of persons who have repairing obligations relating to certain kinds of buildings.

What is this Bill?

The Leasehold and Freehold Reform Act 2024 was a Government Bill that became an Act of Parliament.

Is this Bill currently before Parliament?

No. This Bill was introduced on 27 November 2023 and became an Act of Parliament on 24 May 2024.

Whose idea is this Bill?

Government Bills implement the legislative agenda of the Government. This agenda, and the Bills that will implement it, are outlined in the Queen's Speech at the Session's State Opening of Parliament.

How can I find out exactly what this Bill does?

The most straightforward information is contained in the initial Explanatory Notes for the Bill.

Would you like to know more?

See these Glossary articles for more information: Act of Parliament, Government Bills, Process of a Bill

Bill Progession through Parliament

Commons Completed
Lords Completed
Royal Assent

Latest Key documents

Timeline of Bill Documents and Stages

24th May 2024
3rd reading: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
24th May 2024
3rd reading (Lords)
24th May 2024
Report stage: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
24th May 2024
Report stage (Lords)
24th May 2024
Royal Assent: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
24th May 2024
Royal Assent (Commons)
24th May 2024
Consideration of Lords amendments (Commons)
24th May 2024
Selection of amendments: Commons
Grouping of Lords Amendments by Secretary Michael Gove - 24 May 2024
24th May 2024
Bill
Bill 232 2023-24 (Lords Amendments)
24th May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76-I Marshalled list for Report
23rd May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76(e) Amendments for Report
22nd May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76(d) Amendments for Report
13th May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76(c) Amendment for Report
10th May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76(b) Amendment for Report
9th May 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 76(a) Amendments for Report
1st May 2024
Committee stage (Lords)
1st May 2024
Committee stage: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
1st May 2024
Bill
HL Bill 76 (as amended in Committee)
30th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-IV Fourth marshalled list for Committee
29th April 2024
Committee stage: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
29th April 2024
Committee stage (Lords)
26th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-III(a) Amendments for Committee (Supplementary to the Third Marshalled List)
26th April 2024
Select Committee report
19th Report of the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee
25th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-III Third marshalled list for Committee
24th April 2024
Committee stage: Minutes of Proceedings part two (Lords)
24th April 2024
Committee stage: Minutes of Proceedings part one (Lords)
24th April 2024
Committee stage part two (Lords)
24th April 2024
Committee stage part one (Lords)
24th April 2024
Delegated Powers Memorandum
Leasehold and Freehold Reform Bill: Supplementary Delegated Powers Memorandum
24th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-II(b) Amendments for Committee (Supplementary to the Second Marshalled List)
23rd April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-II(a) Amendment for Committee (Supplementary to the Second Marshalled List)
23rd April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-II Second marshalled list for Committee
22nd April 2024
Committee stage (Lords)
22nd April 2024
Committee stage: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
19th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-I(a) Amendments for Committee (Supplementary to the Marshalled List)
18th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50-I Marshalled list for Committee
17th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(g) Amendments for Committee
16th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(f) Amendments for Committee
15th April 2024
Will write letters
Letter from Baroness Scott to Lord Kennedy regarding the commencement of measures.
15th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(e) Amendments for Committee
12th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(d) Amendment for Committee
9th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(c) Amendments for Committee
8th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(b) Amendments for Committee
5th April 2024
Amendment Paper
HL Bill 50(a) Amendments for Committee
27th March 2024
2nd reading: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
27th March 2024
2nd reading (Lords)
20th March 2024
Select Committee report
16th Report of the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee
11th March 2024
Briefing papers
Leasehold and Freehold Reform Bill: HL Bill 50
1st March 2024
Delegated Powers Memorandum
Leasehold and Freehold Reform Bill: Delegated Powers Memorandum
28th February 2024
1st reading: Minutes of Proceedings (Lords)
28th February 2024
1st reading (Lords)
28th February 2024
Bill
HL Bill 50 (as brought from the Commons)
28th February 2024
Explanatory Notes
HL Bill 50 Explanatory Notes
27th February 2024
3rd reading (Commons)
27th February 2024
Report stage (Commons)
27th February 2024
Selection of amendments: Commons
Speaker’s provisional grouping and selection of Amendments - 27 February 2024
27th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Consideration of Bill Amendments as at 27 February 2024
27th February 2024
Bill proceedings: Commons
Report Stage Proceedings as at 27 February 2024
26th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 26 February 2024
23rd February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 23 February 2024
22nd February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 22 February 2024
22nd February 2024
Briefing papers
Briefing Paper on progress of the Bill
21st February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 21 February 2024
20th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 20 February 2024
16th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 16 February 2024
16th February 2024
Human rights memorandum
European Convention on Human Rights Memorandum - 16 February 2024
9th February 2024
Bill
Bill 158 2023-24 (as amended in Public Bill Committee) - xml version
9th February 2024
Bill
Bill 158 2023-24 (as amended in Public Bill Committee)
9th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 9 February 2024
8th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 8 February 2024
7th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 7 February 2024
6th February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 6 February 2024
1st February 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 1 February 2024
30th January 2024
Committee stage: 10th sitting (Commons)
30th January 2024
Committee stage: 9th sitting (Commons)
30th January 2024
Bill proceedings: Commons
All proceedings up to 30 January 2024 at Public Bill Committee Stage
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Henley Holdings Limited (LFRB67)
30th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Public Bill Committee Amendments as at 30 January 2024
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Propertymark (LFRB68)
30th January 2024
Selection of amendments: Commons
Chairs’ provisional selection and grouping of amendments in Committee - 30 January 2024
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by National Leasehold Campaign (LFRB66)
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Jonathan Hewitt (LFRB64)
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Joe Ogden (LFRB63)
30th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association (PLSA) (LFRB62)
26th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 26 January 2024
25th January 2024
Committee stage: 8th sitting (Commons)
25th January 2024
Committee stage: 7th sitting (Commons)
25th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Conveyancing Association (supplementary) (LFRB59)
25th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Bowlwonder Ltd (further submission) (LFRB57)
25th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Public Bill Committee Amendments as at 25 January 2024
25th January 2024
Selection of amendments: Commons
Chairs’ provisional selection and grouping of amendments in Committee - 25 January 2024
25th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by CommonholdNow (LFRB60)
25th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Paul Robertson (LFRB58)
24th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 24 January 2024
23rd January 2024
Committee stage: 6th sitting (Commons)
23rd January 2024
Committee stage: 5th sitting (Commons)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Residential Freehold Association (LFRB49)
23rd January 2024
Amendment Paper
Public Bill Committee Amendments as at 23 January 2024
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by PDC Law (LFRB50)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Professor Nick Hopkins, Commissioner for Property, Family and Trust Law, The Law Commission (supplementary) (LFRB53)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Church Commissioners for England (LFRB54)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by CMS Cameron McKenna Nabarro Olswang LLP (LFRB55)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Timothy Martin BSc (Hons) MRICS and RICS Registered Valuer on behalf of Marr-Johnson and Stevens LLP, Chartered Surveyors (LFRB56)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Alan Mattey Group (LFRB52)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Stephen Desmond (LFRB51)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Bowlwonder Ltd (LFRB48)
23rd January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Just Group (LFRB47)
22nd January 2024
Selection of amendments: Commons
Chairs’ provisional selection and grouping of amendments in Committee - 23 January 2024
22nd January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 22 January 2024
19th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 19 January 2024
18th January 2024
Committee stage: 4th sitting (Commons)
18th January 2024
Committee stage: 3rd sitting (Commons)
18th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Public Bill Committee Amendments as at 18 January 2024
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by WIQ Residents Association (LFRB37)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Free Leaseholders (LFRB40)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by BusinessLDN (LFRB41)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Grosvenor Property UK, Cadogan, Church Commissioners for England, Related Argent, Calthorpe Estate, and John Lyon's Charity (joint submission) (LFRB42)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by PCRA (Park Central Residents Association) (LFRB43)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Law Society (LFRB45)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Professor Christopher Hodges (LFRB39)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL) (LFRB35)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Darren Pither (LFRB36)
18th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Residential Freehold Authority (RFA) (LFRB38)
17th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 17 January 2024
16th January 2024
Committee stage: 2nd sitting (Commons)
16th January 2024
Committee stage: 1st sitting (Commons)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Justin Bennett (LFRB10)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Anthony Shamash, director and owner of various ground rent investment companies (LFRB27)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Annington Management Limited (LFRB07)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Shared Ownership Resources (LFRB12)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Izabela Klasa (LFRB13)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Peter Ballard (LFRB17)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Anonymous (LFRB18)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Home Owners Rights Network (LFRB20)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Nick Hopkins, Law Commissioner (LFRB21)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Dr Mark Andrew and Dr James Culley (LFRB23)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Mark Loveday, Barrister (LFRB25)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by ALEP - the Association of Leasehold Enfranchisement Practitioners (LFRB31)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by HorNet, Home Owners Rights Network (LFRB33)
16th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Public Bill Committee Amendments as at 16 January 2024
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Charlie Coombs MRICS, Gerald Eve (LFRB11)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the Community Land Trust Network (LFRB01)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by James Dart, Dart Compliance Ltd (LFRB02)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Christopher Jessel (LFRB03)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Homehold Services Ltd (LFRB04)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Gabriel C Santos (LFRB05)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Michael Hayman (LFRB08)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Grosvenor (LFRB34)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Ania Symonowicz (LFRB32)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Chris Booth (LFRB30)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Anthony Brunt, Anthony Brunt and Co Surveyors and Valuers (LFRB29)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Lewis Rolfe, of Audbern Ltd, a Freehold Ground Rent Investor (LFRB26)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Wallace Partnership Group (LFRB24)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Homewise Ltd (LFRB22)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by The Property Institute (LFRB19)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Miriam Lewis (LFRB16)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by the British Property Federation (LFRB15)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Mark Adcock (LFRB14)
16th January 2024
Written evidence
Written evidence submitted by Harriet Fleming (LFRB09)
15th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 15 January 2024
12th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 12 January 2024
11th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 11 January 2024
10th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 10 January 2024
9th January 2024
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 9 January 2024
20th December 2023
Amendment Paper
Notices of Amendments as at 20 December 2023
13th December 2023
Press notices
Leasehold and Freehold Reform Bill: call for evidence
11th December 2023
2nd reading (Commons)
11th December 2023
Programme motion
11th December 2023
Ways and Means resolution
11th December 2023
Money resolution
11th December 2023
Impact Assessments
Impact Assessment from the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities - December 2023
7th December 2023
Briefing papers
Research Briefing on the Bill
27th November 2023
1st reading (Commons)
27th November 2023
Explanatory Notes
Bill 013 EN 2023-24
27th November 2023
Delegated Powers Memorandum
Memorandum from the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities to the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee
27th November 2023
Bill
Bill 013 2023-24 (as introduced)
27th November 2023
Bill
Bill 013 2023-24 (as introduced) - xml download