Ping Pong is the final stage of the Bill Process. Amendments made by the Second House are reconciled to the text originally produced by the First House.
The First House will vote on whether to accept, reject or offer their own amendments in lieu of the Second House Amendments, which are then sent back to the Second House.
In turn, the Second House can accept, reject, withdraw or offer their own amendments in lieu. Newly proposed amendments in lieu are then returned to the First House, where the cycle repeats.
The back and forward exchange inspires the name 'Ping Pong'. Ping Pong continues until either mutually agreeable final text is created or (extremely rarely) the Bill is abandoned.
These Bills have passed through the line by line assessment and amendment by Bill Committee. The Bill can now move to Report stage, where amendments and clauses can be tabled by any MP.
The Government will table contentious amendments and clauses at Report stage, where they may be defeated if sufficient Government backbenchers rebel.
Third Reading often takes place immediately after report stage, and is usually a formality of valedictory speeches. This would then conclude the Bill Process in the First House, and the Bill will be sent to the Second House for further review and amendment.
These bills have passed the first substantive debate on the initial draft of the Bill (Second Reading) and are now in the process of review and amendment of bill text by a Bill Committee. For the Commons, Bill Committees are formed of around 20 MPs, whereas in the Lords, a Committee of the Whole House is usually formed.
For Commons Private Members Bills, the most difficult hurdle is to pass Second Reading, due to lack of time for the debate. Since 1986, every Government Bill has passed Second Reading.
These bills have been laid before Parliament, but have not begun the Bill Process. A Short Title and Long Title (summary) of the Bill will have been provided, though a full text of the Bill may not have been tabled.
For Commons Private Members' Bills, unless a high position on the Order Paper has been secured for the Second Reading Debate (or unanimous consent is expected), it is unlikely that the Bill will progress further from this point. Often only Ballot Bills (which have priority for Second Reading) will have the opportunity to progress.
A Bill to provide for the High Court in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and the Court of Session in Scotland to make preliminary determinations concerning the undertakings made by the United Kingdom as a Contracting Party to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (“Genocide Convention”) under international law; for the referral of such determinations to relevant international courts or organisations; for response to reports on genocide; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision for certain employers to be required to publish information about differences in pay between people from prescribed ethnic backgrounds; and connected purposes.
A Bill to ensure that people in wheelchairs are able to access all public buildings via ramps or other measures; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to amend the law regarding succession to peerages and baronetcies; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision for the creation of a single status for workers by amending the meaning of “employee”, “worker”, “employer” and related expressions in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992, the Employment Rights Act 1996 and cognate legislation; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision to require every school to have access to a qualified mental health professional; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to amend the Housing Act 1988 so that long leases of residential dwellings are not deemed to be assured tenancies for the purposes of that Act; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to amend the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 to remove Listed Investment Companies from Alternative Investment Fund designation; to make related changes to other relevant legislation; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision for a Foetal Sentience Committee to review current understanding of the sentience of the human foetus and to inform policy-making; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to amend the law relating to workplace information and consultation, employment protection and trade union rights to provide safeguards for workers against dismissal and re-engagement on inferior terms and conditions; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to disestablish the Church of England; to make provision for the protection of freedom of religion or belief; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to require the coroner, following an inquest, to record an opinion as to the relevant factors in a case of death by suicide; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to prohibit sexual orientation and gender identity conversion therapy; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to place a duty on commercial organisations and public authorities to prevent human rights and environmental harms, including an obligation to conduct and publish human rights and environmental due diligence assessments on their own operations, subsidiaries, and value chains; to make provision for civil liability, penalties, and a criminal offence for failures to comply with the duty; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to require the Secretary of State to conduct a review into the risks associated with at-home early medical abortions; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision for leave to enter the United Kingdom to be granted to people for the purposes of making an application for asylum; and for connected purposes.
A Bill to make provision for the regulation of Artificial Intelligence; and for connected purposes.