Department for Energy Security & Net Zero

Securing our long-term energy supply, bringing down bills and halving inflation.



Secretary of State

 Portrait

Claire Coutinho
Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero

Shadow Ministers / Spokeperson
Labour
Edward Miliband (Lab - Doncaster North)
Shadow Secretary of State of Climate Change and Net Zero
Lord Lennie (Lab - Life peer)
Shadow Spokesperson (Energy and Net Zero)
Baroness Blake of Leeds (Lab - Life peer)
Shadow Spokesperson (Energy and Net Zero)

Scottish National Party
Dave Doogan (SNP - Angus)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Energy Security and Net Zero)
Junior Shadow Ministers / Deputy Spokesperson
Labour
Alan Whitehead (Lab - Southampton, Test)
Shadow Minister (Climate Change and Net Zero)
Kerry McCarthy (Lab - Bristol East)
Shadow Minister (Climate Change and Net Zero)
Ministers of State
Graham Stuart (Con - Beverley and Holderness)
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State
Andrew Bowie (Con - West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine)
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
Lord Callanan (Con - Life peer)
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
Amanda Solloway (Con - Derby North)
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
Scheduled Event
Tuesday 27th February 2024
11:30
Department for Energy Security & Net Zero
Oral questions - Main Chamber
27 Feb 2024, 11:30 a.m.
Energy Security and Net Zero (including Topical Questions)
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Scheduled Event
Tuesday 12th March 2024
Department for Energy Security & Net Zero
Orders and regulations - Grand Committee
Energy Bills Discount Scheme (Amendment) Regulations 2024
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Scheduled Event
Tuesday 16th April 2024
11:30
Department for Energy Security & Net Zero
Oral questions - Main Chamber
16 Apr 2024, 11:30 a.m.
Energy Security and Net Zero (including Topical Questions)
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Debates
Thursday 22nd February 2024
Civil Nuclear Road Map
Commons Chamber
Select Committee Docs
None available
Select Committee Inquiry
None available
Written Answers
Thursday 22nd February 2024
No title given
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether she is taking steps to ensure that …
Secondary Legislation
Tuesday 20th February 2024
Electricity (Criteria for Relevant Electricity Projects) (Transmission) Regulations 2024
Section 6C of the Electricity Act 1989 (“the Act”) gives the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (“the Authority”) the power …
Bills
Wednesday 8th November 2023
Offshore Petroleum Licensing Bill 2023-24
To make provision about licences to search and bore for and get offshore petroleum.
Dept. Publications
Friday 23rd February 2024
08:49

Department for Energy Security & Net Zero Commons Appearances

Oral Answers to Questions is a regularly scheduled appearance where the Secretary of State and junior minister will answer at the Dispatch Box questions from backbench MPs

Other Commons Chamber appearances can be:
  • Urgent Questions where the Speaker has selected a question to which a Minister must reply that day
  • Adjornment Debates a 30 minute debate attended by a Minister that concludes the day in Parliament.
  • Oral Statements informing the Commons of a significant development, where backbench MP's can then question the Minister making the statement.

Westminster Hall debates are performed in response to backbench MPs or e-petitions asking for a Minister to address a detailed issue

Written Statements are made when a current event is not sufficiently significant to require an Oral Statement, but the House is required to be informed.

Most Recent Commons Appearances by Category
Jan. 16
Oral Questions
Nov. 29
Urgent Questions
Feb. 22
Written Statements
Jan. 09
Adjournment Debate
View All Department for Energy Security & Net Zero Commons Contibutions

Bills currently before Parliament


To make provision about licences to search and bore for and get offshore petroleum.

Commons Completed
Lords - 20%

Last Event - 1st Reading
Wednesday 21st February 2024
(Read Debate)

Acts of Parliament created in the 2019 Parliament

Department for Energy Security & Net Zero has not passed any Acts during the 2019 Parliament

Department for Energy Security & Net Zero - Secondary Legislation

Section 6C of the Electricity Act 1989 (“the Act”) gives the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (“the Authority”) the power to make regulations in respect of competitive tenders for any “relevant electricity project”, which is described in section 6BA(1).
These Regulations, which apply in Great Britain, make provision regarding the compensation determination by an independent valuer under a transfer scheme relating to the establishment or functioning of the Independent System Operator and Planner established under Part 5 of the Energy Act 2023 (c. 52, the “Act”).
View All Department for Energy Security & Net Zero Secondary Legislation

Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

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Department for Energy Security & Net Zero has not participated in any petition debates
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50 most recent Written Questions

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department

16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether she is taking steps to ensure that companies successful in the Small Modular Reactor (SMR) competition (a) manufacture those SMRs and (b) use supply chains domestically.

The SMR technology selection process is an open and competitive process. The priority is to select the technologies best able to facilitate operational projects by the mid-2030s. As with any Government decision, this will be subject to value for money, relevant approvals, and technology readiness. This is an exciting time for nuclear and the scale of our ambition means there are likely to be significant supply chain opportunities associated with projects going forward.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, with reference to the commitment to match or exceed EU Ecodesign standards in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs publication entitled Our waste, our resources: a strategy for England, published on 18 December 2018, what assessment she has made of the potential implications for her Department's policies of the Commission Regulation (EU) 2023/1670.

Regulation 2023/1670 applies Ecodesign requirement to smartphones and tablets. These are not priority products under the Framework but the Government is currently considering the implications of the EU’s Ecodesign programme and what the UK’s approach should be across a wide range of products.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will have discussions with National Grid on ensuring that the statutory consultation on the Norwich to Tilbury infrastructure project does not take place until the Electricity System Operator offshore coordination study has concluded.

As the statutory consultation process is not led by Government, there have not been discussions between the Secretary of State and National Grid Electricity Transmission (NGET) on the timing and alignment of its consultation on this project. NGET has however publicly stated that it will ensure that the results of the Electricity System Operator East Anglia study will be considered fully.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will have discussions with the National Grid on ensuring that the statutory consultation on the Norwich to Tilbury infrastructure project does not take place until the reports by the (a) National Grid's Electricity Systems Operator on The East Anglian Study and (b) Energy Security and Net Zero Select Committee following its inquiry entitled A flexible grid for the future are published.

As the statutory consultation process is not led by Government, there have not been discussions between the Secretary of State and National Grid Electricity Transmission (NGET) on the timing and alignment of its consultation on this project. NGET has however publicly stated that it will ensure that the results of the Electricity System Operator East Anglia study will be considered fully.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what assessment her Department has made of the effectiveness of Ofgem's role in enforcing the use of the Treasury Green Book guidance in relation to the development of the Norwich to Tilbury proposals by the National Grid.

The Green Book provides standard guidance for evaluating benefits and outcomes of projects. Transmission Owners follow a robust assessment process and use national guidance, primarily the National Policy Statement for Electricity Networks Infrastructure. Their proposals are subject to an independent high-level assessment of their ability to meet electricity network needs by the Electricity System Operator. Ofgem expects Transmission Owners to reference the Green Book in their submissions, but its application is not enforced and there is no requirement in the Planning Act 2008 for a Green Book assessment to be included in Development Consent Order applications.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that the UK meets its commitments under the Industrial Deep Decarbonisation Initiative's Green Public Procurement Pledge.

The Government committed to the Green Public Procurement pledge in its announcement at COP28 last year. As part of the pledge communiqué, the Government listed the actions it is taking to meet commitments under the pledge. The Government will provide the first annual update on the pledge later this year, which will include information on progress to date.

The pledge communiqué is available here: https://www.cleanenergyministerial.org/content/uploads/2023/12/iddi-gpp-pledge-announcement_5-december-2023.pdf

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
16th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, with reference to page 69 of her Department's Carbon Budget Delivery Plan, published on 30 March 2023, what steps she is taking to deliver carbon savings associated with Industrial Resource Efficiency for (a) carbon budget 4, (b) carbon budget 5 and (c) carbon budget 6.

Government is committed to delivering carbon savings through increased resource efficiency in industry, in line with the 2023 Carbon Budget Delivery Plan. Through UKRI, the Government has provided innovation support, including £30m for the National Interdisciplinary Circular Economy Research programme and £66m for the Transforming Foundation Industries programme.

DESNZ has undertaken extensive research to support evidence-based resource efficiency policies. The first reports were published in November 2023. This will complement policies aimed at encouraging consumers to make green choices, such as eco-labelling and product standards. We are also processing the results of a call for evidence on scope 3 emissions reporting.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether all (a) buildings and (b) workplaces staff from their Department occupy have a suitable and sufficient risk assessment under Section 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.

The Department works with the Government Property Agency, who acts as landlord for the Department’s estate, to ensure that all workplaces and buildings its staff occupy have a sufficient risk assessment.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, with reference to her oral contribution during the Second Reading of the Offshore Petroleum Licensing Bill on 22 January 2024, Official Report, columns 42-43, on what evidential basis she stated that 200,000 jobs are supported by the oil and gas sector in the UK; and if she will publish a breakdown of (a) the calculations supporting this figure and (b) those jobs by sector.

The impact assessment for the Offshore Petroleum Licensing Bill uses figures from Offshore Energies UK (OEUK) 2022 annual workforce insights report to show how many jobs are supported by the Oil and Gas sector in the UK. This report highlights that there were approximately 200,000 jobs supported by the industry in 2021 and the report includes a breakdown of jobs by sector.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will make a comparative assessment of (a) the current number of employees and (b) the projected job growth by 2030,within the (i) oil and gas industry and (ii) renewable energy industry in the North Sea.

The oil and gas sector currently supports around 200,000 jobs. Research by Robert Gordon University predicts that the workforce may decline by 2030 as production from the North Sea declines, the scale of which depends on future commercial decisions.

The Offshore Wind Industry Council estimates that the total UK offshore wind workforce was 32,257 in 2022, and forecasts that the UK offshore wind industry could support over 100,000 jobs by 2030.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will take steps to introduce post-installation inspections for ECO4-funded works to ensure that those works are carried out to a high standard.

Under ECO4 installations of all energy efficiency measures, excluding district heating system connections, need to be carried out by TrustMark registered businesses, which are required to adhere to the independent Publicly Available Specification standards.

TrustMark carries out post-installation inspections on up to 10% of all projects, taking a risk-based approach.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy, Security and Net Zero, when she will launch a consultation on removing the barriers to selling clean electricity.

The Government has announced that it will consult on the barriers preventing the development of community energy schemes. The Government is actively working with the Community Energy Contact Group on the content of the consultation and plans to publish the consultation as soon as possible once these discussions have concluded.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what his Department's contingency plans are for (a) Scottish domestic energy and (b) aviation fuel security in the event that (i) the Finnart pipeline is shut and (ii) Grangemouth does not have a refinery capacity.

Scotland has other infrastructure for the import of both road and aviation fuel. In most circumstances industry is able to manage disruptions to supply chains without impact to the customer. We would expect this to be the case for either of the scenarios given.

If the industry requires support, the Department can provide assistance including a reserve fleet of road tankers, which can be made available to hauliers to help them maintain supplies from more distant infrastructure.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether she has made a recent assessment of the potential impact on (a) security and (b) the environment of increasing oil imports to Finnart oil terminal.

Finnart oil terminal is already used for the import of crude oil and export of oil products in considerable volumes. The announcement by Petroineos that they are developing a plan to facilitate the import of products at Finnart is designed to provide them with greater operational flexibility and allow them to continue supplying fuel products to customers.

Any assessment of environmental impacts as a result of changing functions of the oil terminal is a matter for the company to consider with the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what recent discussions she has had with (a) Cabinet colleagues and (b) relevant stakeholders on the future of the (i) Finnart oil terminal and (ii) Finnart to Grangemouth pipeline.

My Rt Hon Friend the Secretary of State has regular meetings with Cabinet colleagues to discuss a range of issues.

Following the announcement from Petroineos on Grangemouth refinery, the Secretary of State met with Franck DeMay, Chief Executive Officer of Petroineos Refining Limited on 23 November 2023 to discuss future options for the company’s operations in the UK.

The Department’s other Ministers have continued to engage the company, local business and the Scottish Government on the matter over this time.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what data her Department holds on the daily capacity to transport oil of the Finnart to Grangemouth pipeline.

The Department holds some historical data related to the pipeline connecting Finnart terminal and Grangemouth Refinery, however, data on refinery operations are a commercial matter for the operating company and are not published or otherwise made publicly available by the Department.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether she has received representations from local government bodies on the potential impact of the decision not to join Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action on the Government’s efforts to work with sub-national bodies in countries that have joined that coalition.

The Government is already undertaking a significant amount of work at the subnational level to deliver net zero, as outlined in the Net Zero Strategy and Net Zero Growth Plan. Therefore, the Government does not see a need to sign up to the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action at this time.

We engage regularly with local government through the Local Net Zero Forum. To date, the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action has not been raised as part of these discussions.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
7th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2024 to Question 12045 on Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships, if she will make an assessment of the potential impact of joining the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action on the delivery of net zero at the subnational level.

The Government is already undertaking a significant amount of work at the subnational level to deliver net zero, as outlined in the Net Zero Strategy and Net Zero Growth Plan. Therefore, the Government does not see a need to sign up to the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action at this time.

We engage regularly with local government through the Local Net Zero Forum. To date, the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships for Climate Action has not been raised as part of these discussions.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether her Department is taking steps to include the the impact of (a) seagrass meadows, (b) salt marshes and (c) other blue carbon habitats in the greenhouse gas inventory.

The estimation of the impact of anthropogenic activities on seagrass meadows, salt marshes and other blue carbon habitats along the shores of the UK is currently precluded by widespread gaps in the data required to generate emission estimates in line with current guidelines.

We are working with the UK Blue Carbon Evidence Partnership (UKBCEP) to resolve this. As a first step, a roadmap to inclusion of saltmarsh has been created and the UKBCEP are working to collect the necessary data.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether an assessment has been made of the potential (a) maritime and (b) environmental impact of the increased use of Finnart oil terminal in the event of the closure of Grangemount refinery.

The matter of maritime activity in Clydeport including Finnart oil terminal is a matter for Transport Scotland for devolved matters, and the Department for Transport for reserved matters. As such, the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero has not conducted an assessment of maritime impacts of the use of Finnart Oil terminal. Finnart terminal is currently in use in both an import and export capacity for a variety of oils.

Any assessment of environmental impacts as a result of changing functions of the oil terminal is a matter for the company to consider with the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, pursuant to the Answer of 8 February 2024 to Question 3139 on Pipelines: Scotland, whether the (a) Finnart oil terminal and (b) pipeline to Grangemouth are classified as critical national infrastructure.

The Government cannot disclose which sites are classified as critical national infrastructure due to national security concerns.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
7th Feb 2024
To ask His Majesty's Government what steps they are taking (1) to ensure that climate policies remain effective in driving emission reductions, and (2) to promote investment into renewable energy.

The UK has halved its emissions, ahead of every other major economy. The transitions set out in the Net Zero Strategy for every sector of the UK economy keep it on track for Carbon Budgets 4, 5 and 6, the 2030 Nationally Determined Contribution, and net zero by 2050.

The Government has consistently seized the opportunity to attract investment in renewables, with around £120 billion of new investment since 2010 alongside around £80 billion of UK levy funded support. For example, it continues to support new renewable deployment through the Contracts for Difference Scheme, which now runs on an annual basis.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
8th Feb 2024
To ask His Majesty's Government what is their estimate of the amount of power that will be generated from wind and solar energy by (1) 2030, (2) 2040, and (3) 2050.

Two indicative Net Zero consistent scenarios for the GB power sector are published as Annex O of the Energy and Emissions Projections.[1] Renewable generation in these scenarios is:

Annual Generation (TWh)

2030

2040

2050

Net Zero Lower

282

427

483

Net Zero Higher

307

494

591

[1] https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/6463addee140700013b6e048/annex-o-annex-j-all-power-producer-generation.ods

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
31st Jan 2024
To ask His Majesty's Government what is their current assessment of the suitability of constructing a small modular nuclear reactor at the nuclear power station in Trawsfynydd in Gwynedd.

Trawsfynydd could be a candidate for new nuclear in future and is one of a number of potential sites that could host new civil nuclear projects, subject to National planning policy, regulatory approvals and technical assessments.

As a first step towards developing a new nuclear National Policy Statement, Government is consulting on a proposed policy for determining how new nuclear power stations will be sited beyond 2025, including the potential for Small Modular Reactors and other advanced nuclear technologies.

Whilst no decision on sites has been taken, Great British Nuclear is working with Government to support access to potential new nuclear sites, and is open to discuss potential opportunities with site owners.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will make a comparative assessment of the adequacy of access to carbon capture and storage capabilities in each region; and whether she is taking steps to help ensure the (a) equity and (b) efficiency of the distribution of such capabilities.

The Department has previously undertaken assessments of the potential CCUS capabilities of industrial clusters across the UK, including the HyNet, East Coast Cluster, Acorn, and Viking clusters, as part of the Cluster Sequencing Process. The guidance and eligibility criteria for these assessments is available on gov.uk.

CCUS will be essential to meeting the UK’s 2050 net zero target, playing a vital role in levelling up the economy, supporting the low-carbon economic transformation of our industrial regions, creating new high value jobs across the UK. We remain committed to industrial decarbonisation across all nations and regions of the UK as we work toward net zero.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what recent estimate her Department has made of the operating expenditure cost of generating one tonne of blue hydrogen in a plant commissioning by 2030.

'Hydrogen Production Costs 2021’, published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in August 2021, sets out the levelised cost of various hydrogen production technologies. The annex to the report (worksheet '2030_R') sets out a range of levelised costs for gas reformation with CCUS (blue) hydrogen production commissioning in 2030. Costs range from 1,454 to 3,096 £/tonne hydrogen depending on technology [1]. Please see:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hydrogen-production-costs-2021

We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

[1] Costs are calculated on the basis that the hydrogen is used for combustion and the latent heat of vaporisation of water is recovered.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what her Department's latest estimate is of the capital expenditure cost of a new 1GW blue hydrogen plant commissioning by 2030.

‘Hydrogen Production Costs 2021’, published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in August 2021, sets out the levelised cost of various hydrogen production technologies. The information requested can be found in the table ‘Technical and cost assumptions (2020 real prices) within the annex to the report. Therefore, the cost from the table is £531 /kW hydrogen HHV meaning £531M for the 1GW plant.

Please see: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hydrogen-production-costs-2021

We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what her Department's latest estimate is of the capital expenditure cost of a new 1GW green hydrogen plant commissioning by 2030.

‘Hydrogen Production Costs 2021’, published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in August 2021, sets out the levelised cost, based on commissioning year, of various hydrogen production technologies. The information requested can be found in the table ‘Technical and cost assumptions (2020 real prices) within the annex to the report. The capital expenditure associated with a 1GW electrolytic plant commissioning in 2030 ranges from £433 million to £1,708 million depending on the technology. Please see:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hydrogen-production-costs-2021

We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will make it her policy to make the approval of wood-burning power stations to be built after 2027 contingent on parliamentary approval.

Ensuring the electricity system is reliable, as well as net zero consistent, means variable renewables, such as wind and solar, need to be complemented by technologies which can provide dispatchable or baseload power.

Biomass electricity generation can provide this flexibility and plays a key role in delivering a more secure, clean energy sector in Britain.

Parliamentary approval was granted for the updated energy National Policy Statements on 17 January 2024. This covers the use of biomass in electricity generation at the scale of Nationally Significant Infrastructure under the Planning Act (which applies to projects in England and Wales).

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will make an assessment of the viability of hydrogen as an industrial fuel.

Low carbon hydrogen is likely to be a leading option to decarbonise industrial processes that are harder or more expensive to electrify. We expect uptake of hydrogen via fuel switching of energy intensive sites, as well as those engaging in high temperature, direct-fired processes. Near-term opportunities for hydrogen conversion include high temperature steam boilers and combined heat and power (CHP) processes in sectors such as chemicals and refineries, especially in industrial clusters with early access to hydrogen.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what steps she is taking to ensure the UK has adequate supplies of green hydrogen to support industrial applications.

Our ambition is for 10GW low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030. In December we announced eleven major new hydrogen projects across the UK, and our Hydrogen Production Delivery Roadmap sets out proposals for annual allocation rounds from 2025 to 2030, helping to provide certainty for industry. To link up production and demand, we have announced our initial ambition for the first allocation rounds of the hydrogen transport and storage business models to be launched in 2024. This will support up to two storage projects at scale and associated regional pipeline infrastructure to be in operation or construction by 2030.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what recent estimate she has made of the annual operating expenditure of a 1GW hydrogen-fired power plant commissioned in 2030.

The Electricity generation costs 2023 report published by the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero sets out the assumptions for a hydrogen-fired Combined Cycle Hydrogen Turbine power plant commissioned in 2030.

Hydrogen to Power is an emerging technology and as such all figures are subject to change. We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/electricity-generation-costs-2023

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what recent estimate she has made of the operating expenditure cost of generating one tonne of green hydrogen in a plant commissioning by 2030.

‘Hydrogen Production Costs 2021’, published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in August 2021, sets out the levelised cost of various hydrogen production technologies. Please see:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hydrogen-production-costs-2021

We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what recent estimate she has made of the mass of hydrogen required to be burned in a hydrogen-fired power plant to generate 1GWh of electricity.

Figures published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in the June 2022 Hydrogen Readiness Report suggest that an 800MWh hydrogen-fired power plant would require 50 tonnes of hydrogen fuel per hour. Therefore, a 1GWh plant could be expected to require 62.5 tonnes of hydrogen.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/electricity-generation-costs-2023

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what her Department's latest estimate is of the mass of hydrogen that would be produced per running hour by a 1GW blue hydrogen plant.

A 1GW[1] blue hydrogen production plant running for 1 hour at full capacity would produce 1GWh of hydrogen, equivalent to 25.4 tons.

[1] Rated as 1GW on the basis that the hydrogen it produces will be used for combustion and the latent heat of vaporisation of water is recovered

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what her Department's latest estimate is of the capital expenditure cost of a new 1GW hydrogen-fired power plant commissioning by 2030.

Figures published by the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero in the Electricity generation costs 2023 report estimate that a 1.2 GW Combined Cycle Hydrogen Turbine (CCHTs) would cost £830million in 2025 to construct, falling to £740million by 2040.

Hydrogen to Power is an emerging technology and as such all figures are subject to change. We will continue to monitor and update cost estimates based on new evidence as it becomes available.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/electricity-generation-costs-2023

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, if she will make an estimate of the level of demand for green hydrogen in industrial uses in (a) 2024, (b) 2028, (c) 2030, and (d) 2050.

As set out in the Hydrogen Transport and Storage Networks Pathway, our analysis suggests that by 2030, the potential demand for low carbon hydrogen as a fuel in UK industry (including industrial non-road mobile machinery) could be between 12-19 TWh. This could rise to 25-50 TWh by 2035, and 25-110 TWh by 2050.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
6th Feb 2024
To ask His Majesty's Government, following reports that the government of France are seeking a loan guarantee from Hinkley Point C, what steps they are taking to provide details on (1) the terms and conditions of this loan, and (2) its potential impact on UK taxpayers.

Hinkley Point C is not a Government project. The financing of Hinkley Point C is a matter for EDF and its shareholders.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, how much green hydrogen the UK will produce in (a) 2024, (b) 2028, (c) 2030 and (d) 2050.

Electrolytic ‘green’ hydrogen projects are delivered through our annual Hydrogen Allocation Rounds (HARs). In December we announced HAR1 would support 125MW of production capacity across 11 projects. We aim to support up to 875MW through HAR2, giving up to 1GW green hydrogen production capacity in operation or construction by 2025. The level of production in each year will depend on the outcome of HARs, operational dates for projects and their individual operating patterns. We aim to have up to 6GW of green hydrogen production capacity by 2030, while by 2050 hydrogen could supply up to 35% of UK energy consumption.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, with reference to the consultation outcome entitled Review of electricity market arrangements, published on 7 March 2023, if he will make an assessment of the adequacy of energy infrastructure in the Scottish Highlands.

The UK has a secure and diverse energy system. Whilst energy policy is a matter reserved to the UK Government under the devolution settlement, planning, including energy infrastructure planning, is devolved to the Scottish Government. The Scottish Government published National Planning Framework 4 in February 2023 which has sections on energy and climate change. This is therefore a matter for the Scottish Government.

Graham Stuart
Minister of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
2nd Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, with reference to EDF's media release entitled January 2024 project update, published on 23 January 2024], whether her Department had discussions on the scale of (a) overruns and (b) overspends announced in that update before that information was published.

Hinkley Point C (HPC) is not a Government project and its financing is a matter for EDF and its shareholders. The Department engages regularly with EDF on HPC’s progress and related matters. Officials were aware the HPC were likely to make an update to cost and schedule in advance, with the precise details only being shared at the time of publication.

Andrew Bowie
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether her Department has made an assessment of the economic impact of Ofgem's current energy pricing structures on (a) businesses and (b) residents of the Scottish Highlands and Islands.

The setting of tariffs is a commercial matter for individual suppliers. Suppliers can decide how they structure their tariffs as long as they do not lead to households paying above the relevant maximums set by Ofgem under the price cap. There is no price cap for businesses.

To help protect North of Scotland consumers from high local electricity distribution costs, the Government’s Hydro Benefit Replacement Scheme provides an annual cross-subsidy of around £112m. It is funded via suppliers across GB, saving a typical North of Scotland household over £60 each year.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what discussions her Department has had with Ofgem on the equitability of standing charges.

I regularly meet with Ofgem to discuss the energy retail market, including standing charges. Ofgem’s recent Call for Input (CfI) on standing charges closed on January 19th 2024. The Call for Input seeks to gain greater understanding on how standing charges are applied to energy bills and what alternatives could be considered. Government welcomes this and looks forward to Ofgem’s conclusions.

Further information on the CfI may be found online at: www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications/launch-review-standing-charges-energy-bills

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what steps her Department is taking to support families that are not eligible for universal credit support with their heating bills.

Energy prices have fallen significantly compared to last winter, and the Government is continuing to support those most in need.

Millions of vulnerable households are receiving up to £900 in further Cost of Living Payments, with an extra £150 to those on eligible disability benefits, in addition to established financial support available for low income and vulnerable households through the Winter Fuel Payment and the Warm Home Discount.

The Government has announced an increase to the National Living Wage benefiting around 2.7 million workers, an increase to benefits of 6.7%, and tax cuts which will benefit around 27 million people.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what assessment she has made of the impact of different levies for gas and electricity on heating bills.

Several crucial environmental and social policy costs are funded ('levied') through consumer bills to reduce the burden on the taxpayer. These schemes are vital to developing domestic sources of low-carbon electricity to reduce our exposure to volatile global fossil fuel markets and protect consumers in the long term.

A list of the current schemes that are funded through households and business energy bills is on the Ofgem website. https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/environmental-and-social-schemes

For households on default tariffs, Ofgem's published methodology for the price cap sets out how these costs should be passed to consumers, for instance the split between electricity and gas. https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/energy-price-cap

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
5th Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether she has had recent discussions with Ofgem on the potential impact of recent changes in off-peak night rates on Economy 7 electricity tariffs on households which use electricity to heat their homes in comparison with other households.

As the demand for electricity during the night-time period has grown, energy suppliers have had to pay significantly more to purchase that electricity for their customers. In turn, this is reflected in rising night-time rate for time-of-use tariffs

The setting of tariffs, including for peak and off-peak periods for ‘Time-of-Use’ tariffs (such as Economy 7), are a commercial matter for individual energy suppliers.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
2nd Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, when the management of the Data Communications Company's smart meter network will transfer from O2 to Vodafone.

The transfer will occur from 2025 until the end of 2033, when the smart metering communications service in the Central and South regions of Great Britain will have been transitioned to a 4G service using the Vodafone network.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
2nd Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, whether existing smart meters will need to be replaced when the UK's 2G and 3G networks are phased out in 2033.

The Government is working closely with industry to ensure a smooth transition of services when 2G/3G communication services are switched off by the end of 2033.

In premises where smart meters have reached the end of their expected lifespan, they will be replaced with a new smart meter as part of business-as-usual activity. Where smart meters are within their lifespan we expect suppliers to upgrade communications hubs, without the need to replace the smart meter itself.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
2nd Feb 2024
To ask the Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero, what the estimated carbon emissions are from the import and export of oil in the UK.

I refer the Hon. Member to the answer I gave on 23 January to Question UIN 10547

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury