Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

We pursue our national interests and project the UK as a force for good in the world. We promote the interests of British citizens, safeguard the UK’s security, defend our values, reduce poverty and tackle global challenges with our international partners.



Secretary of State

Shadow Ministers / Spokeperson
Liberal Democrat
Lord Purvis of Tweed (LDEM - Life peer)
Liberal Democrat Lords Spokesperson (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)

Scottish National Party
Martin Docherty-Hughes (SNP - West Dunbartonshire)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Foreign Affairs Team Member)
Allan Dorans (SNP - Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Foreign Affairs Team Member)
Alyn Smith (SNP - Stirling)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Foreign and Commonwealth Office)

Labour
David Lammy (LAB - Tottenham)
Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs

Liberal Democrat
Layla Moran (LDEM - Oxford West and Abingdon)
Liberal Democrat Spokesperson (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)

Plaid Cymru
Hywel Williams (PC - Arfon)
Shadow PC Spokesperson (Foreign Affairs)

Labour
Preet Kaur Gill (LAB - Birmingham, Edgbaston)
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development
Lord Collins of Highbury (LAB - Life peer)
Shadow Spokesperson (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and International Development)

Scottish National Party
Hannah Bardell (SNP - Livingston)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Foreign Affairs Team Member)
Junior Shadow Ministers / Deputy Spokesperson
Labour
Lyn Brown (LAB - West Ham)
Shadow Minister (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs)
Bambos Charalambous (LAB - Enfield, Southgate)
Shadow Minister (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs)
Stephen Doughty (LAB - Cardiff South and Penarth)
Shadow Minister (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and International Development)
Fabian Hamilton (LAB - Leeds North East)
Shadow Minister (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)
Yasmin Qureshi (LAB - Bolton South East)
Shadow Minister (International Development)
Catherine West (LAB - Hornsey and Wood Green)
Shadow Minister (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)
Ministers of State
Amanda Milling (CON - Cannock Chase)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Kemi Badenoch (CON - Saffron Walden)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office) (jointly with Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
James Cleverly (CON - Braintree)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Chris Heaton-Harris (CON - Daventry)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon (CON - Life peer)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park (CON - Life peer)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State
Vicky Ford (CON - Chelmsford)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Elizabeth Truss (CON - South West Norfolk)
Foreign Secretary
Baroness Stedman-Scott (CON - Life peer)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
Scheduled Event
Tuesday 25th January 2022
Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office
Orders and regulations - Grand Committee
Occupational Pension Schemes (Collective Money Purchase Schemes) Regulations 2022
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Scheduled Event
Tuesday 25th January 2022
11:30
Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office
Oral questions - Main Chamber
25 Jan 2022, 11:30 a.m.
Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (including Topical Questions)
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Scheduled Event
Tuesday 25th January 2022
14:00
Foreign Affairs Committee - Oral evidence - Select & Joint Committees
25 Jan 2022, 2 p.m.
Government policy on Afghanistan
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Debates
Tuesday 18th January 2022
Select Committee Docs
Thursday 13th January 2022
00:00
11 January 2022
Oral Evidence
Select Committee Inquiry
Wednesday 1st September 2021
Government policy on Afghanistan

International forces withdrew from Afghanistan in 2021, 20 years after the US-led invasion. The Taliban quickly gained control of the …

Written Answers
Tuesday 18th January 2022
Brazil: Indigenous Peoples
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations her Department has made to the …
Secondary Legislation
Thursday 14th October 2021
Republic of Belarus (Sanctions) (EU Exit) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2021
These Regulations are made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c. 13) to add new measures to the …
Bills
Wednesday 18th October 2017
Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018
A bill to make provision enabling sanctions to be imposed where appropriate for the purposes of compliance with United Nations …
Dept. Publications
Tuesday 18th January 2022
18:02

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office Commons Appearances

Oral Answers to Questions is a regularly scheduled appearance where the Secretary of State and junior minister will answer at the Dispatch Box questions from backbench MPs

Other Commons Chamber appearances can be:
  • Urgent Questions where the Speaker has selected a question to which a Minister must reply that day
  • Adjornment Debates a 30 minute debate attended by a Minister that concludes the day in Parliament.
  • Oral Statements informing the Commons of a significant development, where backbench MP's can then question the Minister making the statement.

Westminster Hall debates are performed in response to backbench MPs or e-petitions asking for a Minister to address a detailed issue

Written Statements are made when a current event is not sufficiently significant to require an Oral Statement, but the House is required to be informed.

Most Recent Commons Appearances by Category
Nov. 30
Oral Questions
Jan. 12
Urgent Questions
Jan. 18
Written Statements
Jan. 13
Westminster Hall
Jan. 18
Adjournment Debate
View All Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office Commons Contibutions

Bills currently before Parliament

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office does not have Bills currently before Parliament


Acts of Parliament created in the 2019 Parliament

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office has not passed any Acts during the 2019 Parliament

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office - Secondary Legislation

These Regulations are made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c. 13) to add new measures to the sanctions regime in relation to Belarus. The Regulations amend the Belarus (EU Exit) (Sanctions) Regulations 2019 (S.I. 2019/600) (“the 2019 Regulations”). The Regulations revoke and replace the Belarus (EU Exit) (Sanctions) (Amendment) Regulations 2021 (S.I. 2021/922). These Regulations make substantially the same amendments made by S.I. 2021/922 except that they correct a small number of defects.
These Regulations are made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c. 13) (“the Sanctions Act”).
View All Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office Secondary Legislation

Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

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Petitions with most signatures
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11,495 Signatures
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7,944 Signatures
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7,197 Signatures
(6 in the last 7 days)
Petition Debates Contributed
388,539
Petition Closed
14 Nov 2021
closed 2 months ago

The Government should introduce sanctions against Israel, including blocking all trade, and in particular arms.

146,346
Petition Closed
6 Sep 2020
closed 1 year, 4 months ago

The UK Government plans to introduce “Magnitsky law”, a law which targets people who commit gross human rights violations. Through this law or alternative means, this petition urges the UK Government to impose sanctions on China for their human rights violations on the Uyghur people.

Recognise the state of Palestine to help stop the conflict from Israel. Not recognising the Palestinian state allows Israel to continue their persecution of the Palestinians.

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Departmental Select Committee

Foreign Affairs Committee

Commons Select Committees are a formally established cross-party group of backbench MPs tasked with holding a Government department to account.

At any time there will be number of ongoing investigations into the work of the Department, or issues which fall within the oversight of the Department. Witnesses can be summoned from within the Government and outside to assist in these inquiries.

Select Committee findings are reported to the Commons, printed, and published on the Parliament website. The government then usually has 60 days to reply to the committee's recommendations.


11 Members of the Foreign Affairs Committee
Tom Tugendhat Portrait
Tom Tugendhat (Conservative - Tonbridge and Malling)
Foreign Affairs Committee Chair since 29th January 2020
Graham Stringer Portrait
Graham Stringer (Labour - Blackley and Broughton)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Royston Smith Portrait
Royston Smith (Conservative - Southampton, Itchen)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Henry Smith Portrait
Henry Smith (Conservative - Crawley)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Bob Seely Portrait
Bob Seely (Conservative - Isle of Wight)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Andrew Rosindell Portrait
Andrew Rosindell (Conservative - Romford)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Stewart Malcolm McDonald Portrait
Stewart Malcolm McDonald (Scottish National Party - Glasgow South)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Alicia Kearns Portrait
Alicia Kearns (Conservative - Rutland and Melton)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Chris Bryant Portrait
Chris Bryant (Labour - Rhondda)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 2nd March 2020
Neil Coyle Portrait
Neil Coyle (Labour - Bermondsey and Old Southwark)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 11th May 2020
Liam Byrne Portrait
Liam Byrne (Labour - Birmingham, Hodge Hill)
Foreign Affairs Committee Member since 5th January 2022
Foreign Affairs Committee: Upcoming Events
Foreign Affairs Committee - Oral evidence
Government policy on Afghanistan
25 Jan 2022, 2 p.m.
At 2.30pm: Oral evidence
Rt Hon Ben Wallace MP
Admiral Sir Ben Key KCB CBE - First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff at Ministry of Defence
At 3.30pm: Oral evidence
The Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Nigel Casey MVO - Director for Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran Directorate at Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office

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50 most recent Written Questions

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Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department

13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what plans she has to convene a UN-backed pledging conference to raise funds for humanitarian aid in Afghanistan.

We understand that the UN will be organising an international pledging conference in the coming months, which we fully support.

The UK remains fully committed to supporting Afghanistan and we have already announced a doubling of our humanitarian aid and development assistance commitment to £286 million. We have now disbursed over £145 million which will support over 3.4 million people in Afghanistan and the region, providing emergency food, health, shelter, water and protection.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Brazil about effective protection of the indigenous tribes of the Amazon rainforest, in particular in relation to Land Protection Orders; and what plans they have to call for Emergency Orders to protect any (1) un-contacted tribes, and (2) un-demarcated tribal lands.

The UK regularly engages with indigenous leaders and civil society organisations regarding the Amazon. Senior HMG officials discussed the indigenous lands' situation with Brazilian authorities most recently in December 2021. We have hosted indigenous leaders at our Embassy in Brasilia and we are in contact with the Brazilian National Foundation for Indigenous People (FUNAI), which is responsible for promoting indigenous people's rights and territorial protection in Brazil. The UK is committed to defending and promoting the human rights of all, and we will continue to monitor developments around indigenous land rights in Brazil.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
13th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they expect the government of France to relax the border restrictions on UK arrivals introduced on 18 December 2021; when they last discussed the issue with the government of France at any level; and when the Prime Minister last raised the closure of the UK–France border with the President of France.

I welcome the decision by the French authorities on 13 January to relax the border restrictions which were introduced on 18 December. The UK and France are in regular contact about the requirements for travel between our countries. FCDO travel advice is kept up to date as restrictions change.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have received regarding the circumstances of Mr Paulin Makaya, a dual British-Congolese national, who has been prevented by the authorities in Congo-Brazzaville from leaving that country to seek medical treatment; and what consular assistance, if any, they have provided to him.

Mr Paulin Makaya has successfully departed the Republic of the Congo (RoC) and is now in the UK. The UK does not have a resident Embassy in the RoC, but engaged with the RoC authorities on his case through our Embassy in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. The UK's consular team in Kinshasa was engaged with Mr Makaya's case from his initial arrest through to his later release from prison, helping secure his ultimate departure to the UK.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of access to human rights in Congo-Brazzaville; and what representations they have made to the government of that country on human rights issues.

In partnership with the international community, the UK Government engages with the Government of the Republic of the Congo on a range of issues, including human rights. The UK does not have a resident Embassy in the Republic of the Congo but we monitor the political, economic, and social situation in that country through the British Embassy in Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The UK is firmly committed to promoting and defending human rights globally.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to end Africa's dependence on imported covid-19 vaccines.

Building large scale vaccine manufacturing capacity in Africa will require a coordinated, long term approach to enable factories to be built, skills to be developed, regulatory frameworks to be put in place, licenses to be issued and demand to be managed effectively. The UK Government is working closely with the African Union and other international partners to achieve this. We are supporting the new African led "Partnership for African Vaccine Manufacturing" (PAVM) initiative to achieve its ambition of ensuring that by 2040 60% of vaccines consumed in Africa are produced there. We are doing so, for example, by helping design the overall strategy of PAVM, by ensuring key international organisations such as "Gavi, the vaccine alliance" support PAVM's objectives, by supporting African based vaccines producers to develop their business case and attract investment, and identifying where UK regulatory expertise could put appropriate frameworks in place. We are also working with the UK private sector and UK academic networks to help maximise their contribution. The results are already being felt, with announcements of up to 1 billion doses of Covid vaccines produced in Africa by the end of 2022.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what progress her Department has made in promoting joint ventures between covid-19 vaccine manufacturers in the UK and local companies in low and middle-income income countries.

The UK backs the Oxford-AstraZeneca model of voluntary licensing to expand the production of affordable vaccines. With UK Government support, a global licencing deal helped transfer AZ's technology to other manufacturers and establish 20 supply chains across the world, including the Serum Institute of India. Around 2.5 billion Oxford-AstraZeneca doses have been delivered at cost to more than 170 countries. Almost two-thirds of these have gone to low and lower-middle-income countries, including more than 30 million doses donated by the UK through COVAX or bilaterally.

The UK has provided technical support to develop business cases for Biovac to manufacture vaccines in South Africa, Institut Pasteur in Senegal and to the Moroccan government. This technical support helped catalyse investment that will see COVID-19 vaccines produced on the African continent in 2022. We are also engaging with the new Partnership for African Vaccine Manufacturing to support development of its roadmap for African vaccine manufacturing.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the (a) political and (b) security situation in Myanmar.

The UK condemns the coup in Myanmar. We are deeply concerned by the military's actions, the mass displacement of people and the significant, and growing, humanitarian need. The UK is monitoring the recent increase in violence in North West and South East Myanmar closely. We are appalled by reports that the military killed at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. In response, the UK and international partners secured a UNSC press statement on 29 December condemning the killings and stressing the need to ensure accountability for this act, and calling for an immediate cessation of all violence and the protection of civilians. We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar which investigates, collects, and preserves evidence of serious human rights violations for future prosecution.

As the one-year anniversary of the military coup in Myanmar approaches, we will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus, and support for the work of the ASEAN Special Envoy.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with the Commonwealth Secretariat on its potential role in increasing the covid-19 vaccination rate in sub-Saharan Southern Africa.

At the Commonwealth Foreign Affairs Ministers Meeting (CFAMM) on 16 September 2021, chaired by the Foreign Secretary, member states agreed to continue to work collaboratively with each other and with the Commonwealth Secretariat to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic, including supporting timely, equitable and affordable access to COVID 19 vaccines and related health products and technologies.

The Government remains committed to ensuring that people in the poorest countries receive vaccines. We have contributed £548 million to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC) Facility, which is ensuring equitable access for 92 low and middle-income countries, 46 of which are in Africa. As of 6 January 2022, COVAX has delivered more than 335 million COVID-19 vaccine doses to 44 African COVAX AMC countries. In addition to our financial support to COVAX, the UK has donated 7.9 million surplus doses to 14 African countries.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for the Foreign Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to reports of HSBC allegedly facilitating investment in Xinjiang Tianye Ltd, what plans she has to create a modern slavery risk register to prevent UK financial services investing in companies overseas which are complicit in atrocity crimes.

On 24 March 2021, the Government announced a review of the 2014 Modern Slavery Strategy.

In the meantime, to further enhance transparency, the Government launched an online GOV.UK registry for modern slavery statements. This service enables investors, consumers, Non-Governmental Organisations and others to scrutinise the effectiveness of the actions being taken and monitor progress across sectors over time.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports of armed attacks in (1) Yith Pabol Village in Aweil County, South Sudan, and (2) Miodol village, Rumameer County, Abyei; what assessment they have made of the likelihood of further violence; and what steps they intend to take in response.

We are concerned by recent incidents of violence and the tragic loss of life, including in Aweil and Rumameer counties. We are in touch with partners, including the UN peacekeeping missions in South Sudan (UNMISS) and in Abyei (UNISFA) to better understand these incidents and where the international community can help to reduce intercommunal tensions and conflict. In the meantime the British Embassy Juba has publicly commented expressing our concern at the incident in Aweil.

Instances of violence such as these are often driven by complex, deep rooted and overlapping causes. There is a longstanding pattern of intercommunal violence, closely linked to the unresolved status of Abyei, cattle-raiding and associated violence between the Misseriya and Dinka communities in these areas. As such we unfortunately anticipate there will be further incidents of violence until the underlying causes are addressed. We continue to press the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to resolve the status of Abyei to help address the root causes of conflict in areas surrounding Aweil and Rumameer. This is in addition to engagement with the Government of South Sudan and other political actors to urge them to address the root causes of broader conflict in South Sudan through peacebuilding initiatives and to implement the 2018 Peace Agreement.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to their statement on Sudan on 4 January, what steps they will take to “hold those actors impeding the democratic process accountable.”

Our statement with Troika partners (UK/Norway/US) and the EU on 4 January reinforced our support for Sudan's democratic transition. We urged the Sudanese military and other actors to engage in dialogue to secure a lasting solution to the current political crisis. We therefore welcome the UN's announcement that they will facilitate talks to help resolve the situation. The Sudan Quad (UK, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and US) released a statement on 8 January welcoming this initiative, urging all Sudanese political actors to seize this opportunity to restore the country's transition to civilian democracy.

Since the military coup of 25 October 2021 we have been clear that, along with partners, we will consider all options to maintain pressure on the Sudanese military to recommit to country's democratic transition and deliver the Sudanese people's demands for freedom, peace and justice. This includes the possibility of measures to deliver accountability such as sanctions. It is however longstanding convention not to speculate on the specifics of such options given the risk of undermining their effectiveness and, in this particular case, while UN efforts to end political crisis are underway.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what funding has been allocated to indigenous peoples in Brazil through the UK’s International Climate Finance Programmes, and for what purposes.

The UK supports local and indigenous people in the Amazon through our International Climate Finance Programmes, with nearly £120 million invested across the Amazon since 2012. One of these programmes is 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation for Early Movers' (REM) that operates in two Brazilian states. REM includes a project working with indigenous communities to develop sustainable income sources, safeguard their rights and strengthen food security; nearly 20,000 families have benefitted so far.

In June 2021, a four year, £7.4 million extension to the Rural Sustentável Programme was announced. This project will benefit Pará, Rondônia and Amazonas States and focus on strengthening sustainable value chains, supporting nature-based solutions to reduce deforestation and raise awareness of the importance of preserving the forests. It will cover 15 municipalities and ensure participation of indigenous communities, including in Altamira and São Feliz do Xingú, in Pará State.

In addition, the Partnerships for Forests (P4) programme provides grants and technical assistance to achieve zero-deforestation commodity supply chains through the development of forest partnerships. The programme supports roughly 1,971 indigenous people by financing three projects. The focus is on strengthening livelihoods through sustainable forestry management practices.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the Government plans to take steps in the event that the Brazilian Government is found in breach of its responsibilities under international and domestic law to protect the lives and livelihoods of indigenous peoples, including isolated indigenous groups in remote areas who do not have regular contact with society, living within its borders.

The UK Embassy in Brasilia regularly engages with indigenous leaders and organisations in Brazil on matters relating to indigenous rights as well as with FUNAI, the Brazilian Government organisation promoting indigenous people's rights and territorial protection. In August 2021, the UK Deputy Ambassador met with indigenous leaders from Amazonas and Pará to discuss the experiences of indigenous communities in these regions and the impact of Covid19 on Indigenous peoples in Brazil. In December 2021, the Ambassador met with representatives from FUNAI as part of a roundtable discussion on Human Rights in Brazil and discussed the organisation's ongoing engagement with indigenous communities, including around land protection and health. We will continue this engagement with the Brazilian Government and raise any concerns that emerge.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with her US counterpart on sanctions the placed by the US on Nicaragua.

UK officials have been in close contact with US and Canadian counterparts over sanctions measures imposed by all three countries in recent months. In parallel with the US and Canada, the UK imposed sanctions on a further eight Nicaraguan officials in November following the detention of key opposition figures and a crackdown on fundamental rights and freedoms during Nicaragua's sham elections. The UK will continue to promote democracy in Nicaragua with countries in the region, with our allies and at relevant multilateral bodies.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, (a) what assessment she has made of the adequacy of the Government's existing sanctions on Nicaragua; and and whether more sanctions are under consideration by her Department.

The UK's sanctions measures against Nicaraguan officials are part of a wider set of UK actions aimed at promoting democracy and respect for human rights in Nicaragua. Most recently, the UK announced a further eight designations in November 2021 following the sham elections. We continue to work with partners in the region and our allies to press the Nicaraguan Government to end the repression in the country. We will keep the situation under close review.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 10 January 2022 to Question 94525 on South Sudan: Humanitarian Situation, what representations she has made to the African Union on what steps the international community can take to support the humanitarian effort in South Sudan.

HMG works closely with the African Union (AU) on a wide range of issues, including climate, health, free trade and conflict prevention. As part of our efforts to address the conflict and interlinked humanitarian crisis in South Sudan we engage frequently with the AU. However, AU activity in South Sudan is mainly focused on peace and security matters, rather than humanitarian delivery. As such, our engagement is primarily about collective international efforts to encourage implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement. This remains the best means to address conflict and some of the underlying issues behind the humanitarian crisis, as well as improving the security and access issues that hamper humanitarian delivery in South Sudan.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with the Brazilian government on deforestation in the Amazon.

The UK regularly engages with the Brazilian Government on deforestation in the Amazon. In the run up to, and during COP26, COP President Alok Sharma met with Brazil's Environment Minister Joaquim Leite regularly, and The Minister for the Pacific and the Environment met with many Brazilian State Governors who are essential partners in meeting deforestation targets and climate change commitments. Our Ambassador to Brazil, Peter Wilson, also met with the Minister for the Environment, Joaquim Leite, on two occasions in December as well as with Senate Speaker Pacheco. The UK will continue to work with the Federal Government, state level leadership, the private sector and civil society to help tackle deforestation and protect the rainforest.

While we are concerned by the rising rates of deforestation in the Amazon, we were pleased to welcome Brazil's positive commitments at COP26. Brazil signed the Forest and Land Use pledge and committed to eliminating illegal deforestation by 2028, and to halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030. The UK will support this and other climate commitments by doubling our International Climate Finance to £11.6 billion over the next five years - we will be investing at least £3 billion of this in solutions that protect and restore nature. The introduction of world-leading due diligence legislation through the Environment Bill will also tackle illegal deforestation in UK supply chains.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what proportion of her international development budget is allocated to environmental restoration projects as of 11 January 2022.

The UK has committed to invest at least £3 billion in climate change solutions that protect and restore nature and biodiversity between 2021-22 and 2025-26. FCDO systems to categorise Official Development Assistance do not include a specific category for environmental restoration, and we do not hold information centrally on such spending.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps the Government is taking to help (a) protect the survival of indigenous peoples in the Amazon Basin and (b) address risks arising from (i) commercial exploitation of and (ii) violent incursions into their territories.

British diplomats regularly engage with indigenous leaders and civil society organisations in Brazil. We are funding a three-year initiative, the Regional Action to Reduce Environmental Crime in the Amazon which aims to prevent and reduce environmental crime across the Amazon region, including in Brazil. The British Embassy in Brazil is committed to engaging widely with the Brazilian Government, civil society organisations, and other representatives to discuss issues related to indigenous rights and will continue to monitor the situation.

During the C-19 pandemic, we also supported Indigenous Communities though our International Programme Fund. This included a £10,000 project focused on maximising fundraising efforts to provide emergency assistance to a range of indigenous communities based in the Amazon basin. The project raised over £500,000 for indigenous communities in the form of health assistance and community support including food, hygiene products and information campaigns.

UK programmes designed to help speed the recovery from the pandemic include a focus on vulnerable groups, including in the Amazon region and support improvements in areas such as solar energy, primary health and skills development. We have also supported local and indigenous people in the Amazon through our International Climate Finance programmes, with nearly £120 million invested across the Amazon since 2012.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations her Department has made to the Brazilian Government on (a) the safety of isolated indigenous tribes and the forests they inhabit in the Amazonian region, (b) renewing land protection orders for and subsequently completing the demarcation of (i) Ituna Itatá Indigenous Territory, (ii) Pará state, (iii) Piripkura Indigenous Territory, (iv) Mato Grosso state, (v) Pirititi Indigenous Territory, (vi) Roraima state, (vii) Jacareúba Katawixi Indigenous Territory and (viii) Amazonas state and (c) ensuring the eviction of illegal occupants from those areas.

The UK regularly engages with indigenous leaders and civil society organisations on these issues. Senior HMG officials discussed the indigenous lands situation with Brazilian authorities most recently in December 2021. We have hosted conversations with indigenous leaders from Amazonas and Pará at our Embassy in Brasilia, and are in regular contact with the Brazilian National Foundation for Indigenous People (FUNAI), which is responsible for promoting indigenous people's rights and territorial protection in Brazil, including for uncontacted indigenous people to ensure that our own and others' engagement is coordinated. The UK is committed to defending and promoting the human rights of all, and we will continue to monitor developments around indigenous land rights in Brazil.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the political and security situation in Kazakhstan.

I am deeply concerned by, and condemn, the violence and destruction of property in Kazakhstan during the past week, particularly in the city of Almaty. The Government greatly regrets the loss of life and sends its condolences to families of the deceased. The reasons behind the violence in Almaty remain unclear. We are continuing to speak with the Kazakh authorities to gain further insights. President Tokayev stated that peacekeeping forces of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) would remain in Kazakhstan for a short period of time to assist in re-establishing constitutional order, and we understand that CSTO troops have now begun their withdrawal. It is important that any forces deployed have a clear mission, are time-limited and be proportionate in any use of force to defend the legitimate security interests of the state. It is also important that Kazakhstan's sovereignty is respected.

We have been clear in our communications with the Kazakh government that the right to peaceful protest should be protected. The UK's Ambassador to Kazakhstan and her team in Nur-Sultan are in contact with the Kazakh authorities and will continue to engage in the coming days. Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon spoke with the Kazakh Ambassador to the UK on 6 January, with Deputy Foreign Minister Alimbayev on 7 January, and with the Kazakh President's Special Representative, H.E. Erzhan Kazykhan, on 14 January. As the situation stabilises, we will continue to engage our Kazakh counterparts to gain insights into the nature of the threat they have faced.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the additional (a) internally displaced population and (b) need for humanitarian assistance that would be generated in the event that Marib city were taken by the Houthi rebels in Yemen.

The current Houthi offensive in Marib is worsening the humanitarian crisis and increasing levels of need. Humanitarian agencies have recorded over 60,000 displaced in Marib since September 2021 and a total of more than 200,000 have been displaced around Marib since January 2020. Our partners the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Food Programme (WFP) are currently responding in Marib. We are also working with the UN to ensure adequate presence on the ground and updated contingency planning for all potential scenarios. In 2021, the UK contributed £63.5 million to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which has provided $40 million to UN agencies for Marib. This is in addition to £87 million in aid that the UK is spending in Yemen for this financial year.

A negotiated political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen. On 10 January, I [Minister Cleverly] hosted UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, in London and reiterated UK support for UN led peace efforts to drive forward the political process in Yemen. We urge the parties to engage constructively in negotiations to end the conflict and alleviate the dire humanitarian crisis.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many individual recommendations for Magnitsky style sanctions have been received by her Department or other Government departments in each of the last 12 months.

The Government has received a number of recommendations for Magnitsky sanctions from NGOs, parliamentarians and other organisations, for which we are grateful. We keep all evidence and potential designations under close review. We will consider targets, guided by the objectives of the sanctions regime and the evidence.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many individual recommendations for Magnitsky-style sanctions have been received by (a) her Department and (b) other Government departments in each of the last 12 months.

The Government has received a number of recommendations for Magnitsky sanctions from NGOs, parliamentarians and other organisations, for which we are grateful. We keep all evidence and potential designations under close review. We will consider targets, guided by the objectives of the sanctions regime and the evidence.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the potential impact of changes to the level of staffing in her Department on the Government's ability to respond to international humanitarian crises.

The department's focus on strategic workforce planning will ensure that we have the right capabilities to deliver on our international priorities as set out in the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy and the forthcoming International Development Strategy. We want to ensure we invest in our people, take forward work to align terms and conditions and reward high performers. We will remain agile in the face of emerging opportunities and challenges.

Various workforce models were looked at prior to the current Foreign Secretary joining which we are not proceeding with. At this stage no decisions on changes to staff numbers have been made. The purpose of our planning processes is to take into account exactly the sort of issue you raise - ensuring we have adequate staffing to ensure the UK will continue to be a leading responder to new rapid onset crises, providing lifesaving humanitarian assistance at times of crisis as well as tackling their causes. As the Prime Minister and Minister Cleverly have said in the House on 15 and 16 December, there will not be an across the board 10 per cent reduction in FCDO staff. Indeed, with the addition of new responsibilities on the UK's relationship with the EU, we will need to further expand our capability in some areas to reflect new priorities.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether her Department has made an assessment of the level of potential risk of genocide regarding treatment of Uyghurs and other minorities in the Uyghur region of China, in response to the judgment of the International Court of Justice in Bosnia & Herzegovina v Serbia & Montenegro, 2007.

Any judgment as to whether genocide has occurred is a matter for a competent court, rather than for governments or non-judicial bodies. This does not prevent us from taking robust action to address serious violations of human rights, as we are doing in the case of Xinjiang.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has met with representatives of the World Uyghur Congress.

As referenced in my response to written questions 100589 and 100590, FCDO Ministers and officials regularly meet members of the Uyghur diaspora and maintain a dialogue with leading human rights Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) about the situation in Xinjiang. Most recently, in December, I hosted a roundtable for human rights NGOs attended by a representative of the World Uyghur Congress.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the UK Government has made an assessment under the Genocide Convention of (a) whether genocide is taking place and (b) the level of risk of genocide in Xinjiang.

Any judgment as to whether genocide has occurred is a matter for a competent court, rather than for governments or non-judicial bodies. This does not prevent us from taking robust action to address serious violations of human rights, as we are doing in the case of Xinjiang.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many individual designations have been made under the Magnitsky sanctions regime in each of the last 12 months.

Since the UK's Global Human Rights Sanctions regime was established in July 2020, we have designated 75 individuals and 6 entities under the Global Human Rights sanctions regime. We have also designated 27 individuals under the Global Anti-Corruption Sanctions regime since it was established in April 2021. The full UK Sanctions List is available on GOV.UK website (www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uk-sanctions-list), which provides details of those individuals and entities designated under sanctions regulations made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many people holding (a) Russian, (b) Kazakhstan, (c) Belarus, (d) Uzbekistan and (e) Turkmenistan citizenship have been sanctioned under the Magnitsky sanctions regime in each of the last 12 months.

Since the UK's Global Human Rights Sanctions regime was established in July 2020, we have designated 75 individuals and 6 entities under the Global Human Rights sanctions regime. We have also designated 27 individuals under the Global Anti-Corruption Sanctions regime since it was established in April 2021. The full UK Sanctions List is available on GOV.UK website (www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uk-sanctions-list), which provides details of those individuals and entities designated under sanctions regulations made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many staff in her Department are currently assigned to investigating and, or drafting measures under the Magnitsky sanctions regime.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office's Sanctions Unit leads on the development of sanctions under the Global Human Rights and Global Anti-Corruption sanctions regimes, working closely with other departments across the FCDO as well as officials from other Government departments across Whitehall.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of reports of the killing of at least 35 people by Myanmar’s military regime on Christmas Eve; and what steps she is taking with international partners in response to those reports.

The UK is deeply concerned by the increasing levels of violence across Myanmar. We are appalled by reports that the military killed at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. In response, the UK and international partners secured a United Nations Security Council press statement on 29 December condemning the killings and stressing the need to ensure accountability for this act, and calling for an immediate cessation of all violence and the protection of civilians. We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar which investigates, collects, and preserves evidence of serious human rights violations for future prosecution.

The UK also remains committed to helping those most in need. Since the coup we have provided £18 million in humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. We will continue to provide humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what estimate she has made of the number of people with (a) lymphatic filariasis, (b) river blindness, (c) schistosomiasis and (d) childhood intestinal worms who would have received treatment from the UK-funded Sustainable Control and Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases programme in West and Central Africa between October 2021 and April 2022 had that programme continued during that period.

The seismic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK economy forced tough but necessary decisions, including exiting from Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) implementation programmes. The UK has made a significant contribution to global efforts to protect hundreds of millions of people from NTDs. Our programmes have delivered NTD treatments and strengthened health systems to deliver these services in future.

The latest target for the total number of treatments to be delivered by the ASCEND (Accelerating the Sustainable Control and Elimination of NTDs) programme between 2019 and 2022 was 600 million. Hundreds of millions of treatments have been distributed to date under the programme. The full results and spend of the programme will be published by March 2022.

FCDO research has helped deliver innovative technologies such as new diagnostics and treatments for NTDs, for example the first rapid diagnostic test as well as the first ever oral only drug to treat all stages of sleeping sickness. We currently fund the Coalition for Operational Research on NTDs and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative.

Global health remains a priority for UK Official Development Assistance. We will invest in health systems strengthening through our support for the World Health Organisation (WHO), multi-country global funds and bilateral support for health programmes within countries, including those affected by NTDs. The UK fully endorses the WHO's 2030 NTDs Road map and its focus on sustainability and delivery through health systems.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what Neglected Tropical Disease programmes her Department funded from April to September 2021; what funding each such programme received; and what Neglected Tropical Disease programmes her Department is funding from October 2021 to March 2022.

The seismic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK economy forced tough but necessary decisions, including exiting from Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) implementation programmes. The UK has made a significant contribution to global efforts to protect hundreds of millions of people from NTDs. Our programmes have delivered NTD treatments and strengthened health systems to deliver these services in future.

The latest target for the total number of treatments to be delivered by the ASCEND (Accelerating the Sustainable Control and Elimination of NTDs) programme between 2019 and 2022 was 600 million. Hundreds of millions of treatments have been distributed to date under the programme. The full results and spend of the programme will be published by March 2022.

FCDO research has helped deliver innovative technologies such as new diagnostics and treatments for NTDs, for example the first rapid diagnostic test as well as the first ever oral only drug to treat all stages of sleeping sickness. We currently fund the Coalition for Operational Research on NTDs and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative.

Global health remains a priority for UK Official Development Assistance. We will invest in health systems strengthening through our support for the World Health Organisation (WHO), multi-country global funds and bilateral support for health programmes within countries, including those affected by NTDs. The UK fully endorses the WHO's 2030 NTDs Road map and its focus on sustainability and delivery through health systems.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to monitor the impact of UK Official Development Assistance on levels of Neglected Tropical Diseases.

The seismic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK economy forced tough but necessary decisions, including exiting from Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) implementation programmes. The UK has made a significant contribution to global efforts to protect hundreds of millions of people from NTDs. Our programmes have delivered NTD treatments and strengthened health systems to deliver these services in future.

The latest target for the total number of treatments to be delivered by the ASCEND (Accelerating the Sustainable Control and Elimination of NTDs) programme between 2019 and 2022 was 600 million. Hundreds of millions of treatments have been distributed to date under the programme. The full results and spend of the programme will be published by March 2022.

FCDO research has helped deliver innovative technologies such as new diagnostics and treatments for NTDs, for example the first rapid diagnostic test as well as the first ever oral only drug to treat all stages of sleeping sickness. We currently fund the Coalition for Operational Research on NTDs and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative.

Global health remains a priority for UK Official Development Assistance. We will invest in health systems strengthening through our support for the World Health Organisation (WHO), multi-country global funds and bilateral support for health programmes within countries, including those affected by NTDs. The UK fully endorses the WHO's 2030 NTDs Road map and its focus on sustainability and delivery through health systems.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support the World Health Organisation’s new road map for neglected tropical diseases 2021−2030, published on 28 January 2021.

The seismic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK economy forced tough but necessary decisions, including exiting from Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) implementation programmes. The UK has made a significant contribution to global efforts to protect hundreds of millions of people from NTDs. Our programmes have delivered NTD treatments and strengthened health systems to deliver these services in future.

The latest target for the total number of treatments to be delivered by the ASCEND (Accelerating the Sustainable Control and Elimination of NTDs) programme between 2019 and 2022 was 600 million. Hundreds of millions of treatments have been distributed to date under the programme. The full results and spend of the programme will be published by March 2022.

FCDO research has helped deliver innovative technologies such as new diagnostics and treatments for NTDs, for example the first rapid diagnostic test as well as the first ever oral only drug to treat all stages of sleeping sickness. We currently fund the Coalition for Operational Research on NTDs and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative.

Global health remains a priority for UK Official Development Assistance. We will invest in health systems strengthening through our support for the World Health Organisation (WHO), multi-country global funds and bilateral support for health programmes within countries, including those affected by NTDs. The UK fully endorses the WHO's 2030 NTDs Road map and its focus on sustainability and delivery through health systems.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assistance her Department is providing to the Philippines following Typhoon Rai.

The UK was saddened to see the devastation wrought by Typhoon Rai on the Philippines on 16 and 17 December. We offer our deepest sympathies to those who have been affected.

The UK has committed £1 million to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) emergency appeal, launched on 18 December 2021. This will go towards supporting the immediate and early recovery needs of affected people in areas including water, sanitation and hygiene; shelter; and protection of the most vulnerable. The UK is also one of the top contributors to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) which is contributing £9 million to the UN's Humanitarian Response Plan for Typhoon Odette.

I discussed the situation with the Philippines Ambassador to the UK on 20 December 2021.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her counterpart in the Philippines on emergency relief following Typhoon Rai.

The UK was saddened to see the devastation wrought by Typhoon Rai on the Philippines on 16 and 17 December. We offer our deepest sympathies to those who have been affected.

The UK has committed £1 million to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) emergency appeal, launched on 18 December 2021. This will go towards supporting the immediate and early recovery needs of affected people in areas including water, sanitation and hygiene; shelter; and protection of the most vulnerable. The UK is also one of the top contributors to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) which is contributing £9 million to the UN's Humanitarian Response Plan for Typhoon Odette.

I discussed the situation with the Philippines Ambassador to the UK on 20 December 2021.

Amanda Milling
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government which Minister has responsibility for inclusive societies.

The FCDO Minister responsible for gender and equalities is Vicky Ford. I am the Minister responsible for open societies and human rights.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the amount of (1) money, (2) explosives, and (3) other weaponry, provided by the government of Libya to the Provisional Irish Republican Army.

The Qadhafi regime's support for the IRA was extensive. It is widely documented in the public domain. It involved money, weapons and training from the 1970s onwards. The UK continues to press the Libyan authorities - including at the highest levels of the Libyan Government - to address the Libyan State's historic responsibility for the Qadhafi regime's support for the IRA.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they are making representations to the government of Iran about (1) Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh, held in Evin Prison and denied parole, and (2) members of house-churches and non-recognized churches held in prison in that country.

Promoting the right to freedom of religion or belief for all is one of the UK's longstanding human rights priorities, and the persecution of Christians in Iran is of serious concern. We raise human rights issues with the Iranian government at all appropriate opportunities and we continue to take action with the international community to press Iran to improve its poor record. In November 2021, we co-sponsored the annual UN Third Committee resolution on human rights in Iran which called on the Government of Iran to release all religious practitioners imprisoned for their membership in or activities on behalf of a recognized or unrecognized minority religious or belief group.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have, if any, to reconsider their decision not to publish The Shawcross Report: Compensation for Victims, completed in May 2020.

Mr Shawcross's report was commissioned as an internal scoping report, to provide internal advice to Ministers. Its content is based on private, confidential conversations and information shared on this basis.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the socio-economic (1) exclusion, and (2) marginalisation, experienced by Christians in Israel.

The UK is committed to defending freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) for all, and promoting respect between different religious and non-religious communities. Promoting the right to FoRB is one of the UK's longstanding human rights priorities. Israel is a thriving democracy with a long-standing commitment to equality for all. We encourage the Israeli Government to do all it can to uphold the values of equality for all enshrined in its laws.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of the incidents of (1) harassments of priests, (2) intimidation of local Christians, and (3) attacks on churches, by radical fringe groups in Israel.

The UK is committed to defending freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) for all, and promoting respect between different religious and non-religious communities. Promoting the right to FoRB is one of the UK's longstanding human rights priorities. Israel is a thriving democracy with a long-standing commitment to equality for all. We encourage the Israeli Government to do all it can to uphold the values of equality for all enshrined in its laws.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the 'Statement on the Current Threats to the Christian Presence in the Holy Land by the Patriarchs and Heads of Churches in Jerusalem', published on 13 December 2021; in particular, the recommendation that a special Christian cultural heritage zone be created in the Christian Quarter in the Old City of Jerusalem.

The UK is committed to defending freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) for all, and promoting respect between different religious and non-religious communities. Promoting the right to FoRB is one of the UK's longstanding human rights priorities. We are aware of this statement and are reviewing its recommendations. Our Embassy in Tel Aviv and Consulate General in Jerusalem regularly raise issues of FoRB with the Israeli Government and the Palestinian Authority. The UK recognises that Jerusalem holds particular significance for many groups, especially the three Abrahamic faiths of Christianity, Islam and Judaism.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Jan 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report Defeating Minority Exclusion and Unlocking Potential: Christianity in the Holy Land, published in October 2021.

We are aware of this report. The UK stands in solidarity with Christian communities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and condemns all attacks on the right to freedom of religious belief, freedom of religion, or belief. Israel is a thriving democracy, and has made clear its commitment to freedom of religion. The UK is committed to working with all parties across the Holy Land to ensure the safety and security of the holy sites and all who worship there, including Christians from all nations.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, when she last discussed reforms to Tier 1 (Investor) Visas with the Home Secretary in the context of the recommendations made in the Russia report of the Intelligence and Security Committee.

The Government is at the forefront of tackling illicit finance, combatting the threat from source to destination. Money obtained through corruption or criminality, including that linked to Russia, is not welcome in the UK. Some of our response will be visible, through law enforcement, policy and international engagement, other options will be less visible, but no less impactful. Our response continuously evolves with the threat.

Our capabilities include the use of immigration powers to protect the UK from a range of national security threats. As part of this we are reviewing all Tier 1 (Investor) visas granted before 5 April 2015.

We have previously made reforms to the visa route in 2015 and 2019 and we continue to keep this visa route under review. Home Office officials work closely across Whitehall, including with the FCDO, on reforms to Tier 1 (Investor) Visas and other issues related to tackling illicit finance.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jan 2022
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will ensure that the conclusions of the British Council investigation into alleged racism in Kenya are made publicly available.

The FCDO and the British Council take any allegations of racism very seriously. The British Council are conducting an investigation into the claims, which is expected to conclude in January. Issues regarding British Council staff are operational matters for the British Council. It is for the British Council to respond once the investigation has concluded.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)