Government Bills utilise Government Parliamentary time, timetabling motions and (subject to total time available in the session) are likely to pass.
Private Member's Bills can be proposed by any member in the Commons or Lords, but have limited time to complete their passage. Of hundreds proposed, only a few will become law each year.
Royal Assent signifies the bill has completed passage by Parliament, and the Sovereign has signed the bill into law.
Departments and Ministries are the primary organisational units of the Government. Each department is headed by a Secretary of State, and is responsible for administering a defined policy area.
Departments and Ministers are scrutinised through various appearances in the House of Commons, Parliamentary Select Committees, and responding to written questions tabled by MPs and Lords.
HM Treasury Home Office Justice Ministry of Defence Transport Health and Social Care Education Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Housing, Communities and Local Government Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Work and Pensions Cabinet Office Leader of the House
Unregulated Accommodation: 16 to 17-year-olds