Lord Moylan Portrait

Lord Moylan

Conservative - Life peer

Became Member: 9th September 2020


1 APPG membership (as of 24 Jan 2024)
SME (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) House Builders
Lord Moylan has no previous appointments


Scheduled Event
Monday 4th March 2024
Oral questions - Main Chamber
Recent forecast by the Office of National Statistics that between 2021 and 2036 the UK population will grow by 9.9 per cent, to 73.7 million persons
View calendar
Division Votes
Tuesday 6th February 2024
Automated Vehicles Bill [HL]
voted No - in line with the party majority
One of 184 Conservative No votes vs 0 Conservative Aye votes
Tally: Ayes - 200 Noes - 204
Speeches
Monday 19th February 2024
Automated Vehicles Bill [HL]
I briefly congratulate my noble friend the Minister on bringing this useful, modest and largely technical Bill to its completion. …
Written Answers
Tuesday 30th January 2024
Taxis: VAT
To ask His Majesty's Government when in early 2024 they intend to consult on the impacts of the July 2023 …
Early Day Motions
None available
Bills
Monday 27th November 2023
Foetal Sentience Committee Bill [HL] 2023-24
A Bill to make provision for a Foetal Sentience Committee to review current understanding of the sentience of the human …
MP Financial Interests
None available

Division Voting information

During the current Parliament, Lord Moylan has voted in 466 divisions, and 6 times against the majority of their Party.

28 Apr 2021 - Abortion (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2021 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 36 Conservative Aye votes vs 156 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 93 Noes - 418
28 Apr 2021 - Abortion (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2021 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 26 Conservative Aye votes vs 151 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 63 Noes - 401
28 Apr 2021 - Abortion (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2021 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 34 Conservative Aye votes vs 144 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 70 Noes - 409
21 Jun 2022 - Abortion (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2022 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 13 Conservative Aye votes vs 88 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 28 Noes - 181
29 Mar 2023 - Windsor Framework (Democratic Scrutiny) Regulations 2023 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 2 Conservative Aye votes vs 133 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 14 Noes - 227
4 Dec 2023 - Windsor Framework (Retail Movement Scheme: Public Health, Marketing and Organic Product Standards and Miscellaneous Provisions) Regulations 2023 - View Vote Context
Lord Moylan voted Aye - against a party majority and against the House
One of 2 Conservative Aye votes vs 32 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 12 Noes - 65
View All Lord Moylan Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Baroness Vere of Norbiton (Conservative)
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
(31 debate interactions)
Lord Parkinson of Whitley Bay (Conservative)
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Culture, Media and Sport)
(23 debate interactions)
Baroness Williams of Trafford (Conservative)
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (HM Household) (Chief Whip, House of Lords)
(19 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Leader of the House
(40 debate contributions)
Cabinet Office
(37 debate contributions)
Department for Transport
(35 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
Legislation Debates
Online Safety Act 2023
(22,023 words contributed)
Levelling-up and Regeneration Act 2023
(10,191 words contributed)
Animal Welfare (Sentience) Act 2022
(9,242 words contributed)
View All Legislation Debates
View all Lord Moylan's debates

Lords initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Lord Moylan, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.


1 Bill introduced by Lord Moylan


A Bill to make provision for a Foetal Sentience Committee to review current understanding of the sentience of the human foetus and to inform policy-making; and for connected purposes.

Lords - 20%

Last Event - 1st Reading
Monday 27th November 2023
(Read Debate)

Lord Moylan has not co-sponsored any Bills in the current parliamentary sitting


73 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
16th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the effects of the EU’s proposed Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism on trade and commerce in Northern Ireland in the light of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland; and what consultations they have been offered by the EU on this matter.

The Government has noted the EU’s announcement on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism. In line with the provisions in Article 13(4) of the Protocol, as an act that falls within the scope of the Protocol, but which neither amends nor replaces a Union act listed in the Annexes to this Protocol, it is a matter for the Joint Committee to determine whether it should apply in Northern Ireland. The EU has informed the UK of its proposal, as required by the Protocol, and we will carefully consider its impact on Northern Ireland and the UK’s internal market, ahead of future discussions in the Joint Committee.

24th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what public expenditure has been incurred on the (1) Traders’ Support Scheme, (2) the Movement Assistance Scheme, and (3) other such programmes for the support of Northern Ireland businesses operating under the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland; and whether they have estimated the full expenditure for 2021.

The UK has taken forward extensive work on and invested substantial sums in the operation of the Protocol since the beginning of the year. The total spend on the Trader Support Service through to May 2021 is £125m. In procuring the contract, the UK Government committed over £200m in trader support through the service, and as it stands the forecast is for around £360m in support over the full two years to the end of 2022.

Since launching in December 2020, the MAS has supported over 140 businesses with the cost of more than 11,400 certificates; the scheme is now confirmed to run until at least December 2023. We have already spent £25 million on the Digital Assistance Scheme and the forecast is that total spend in this area could run to up to £150 million.

11th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the UK construction sector's financial structure, including capital structure; and what assessment they have made of the impact of this on their infrastructure plans.

There are weaknesses in the current business model of the construction sector, with low margins and a high level of reliance on subcontracting, which have contributed to poor productivity compared to other sectors. The Government is working with the construction industry to address these issues, including by investing £420m through the Transforming Construction Challenge in the development and commercialisation of innovations that will improve the productivity, profitability, and sustainability of the industry. The Government has also published the Construction Playbook, which sets the objective of ensuring that the industry can make a fair profit on work undertaken, through a more strategic and collaborative approach to contracting and working with the industry. This will strengthen the financial position of firms in the industry, and incentivise investment by firms to improve their performance.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)
4th Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the removal of COVID-19 restrictions in England, what plans the Royal Parks have to reopen the South Carriage Drive in Hyde Park to vehicular traffic.

The Royal Parks charity manages Hyde Park on behalf of HM Government, and is responsible for decision-making about operational matters.

This is an operational matter for The Royal Parks. We understand, however, that South Carriage Drive has been closed since March 2020 as part of a trial to reduce through traffic in Hyde Park. Whilst the original trial was focused on weekend restrictions, the road has also been closed for safety reasons on weekdays during this period due to the introduction of a temporary cycle path, immediately outside the park, by Transport for London.

We understand that The Royal Parks is currently assessing evidence of the trial on the weekend restrictions, and plans to make an announcement about the closure later this year.

Lord Parkinson of Whitley Bay
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Culture, Media and Sport)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps the Office for Students (OfS) has taken since the Secretary of State for Education wrote to it on 8 February stating that “the OfS should not hesitate to use the full range of its powers and sanctions where quality of provision is not high enough”.

We want all higher education students, regardless of their background, to benefit from high quality, world-leading higher education. The letter of 8 February from my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for Education, sets out guidance to the Office for Students as the regulator for higher education, and strategic priorities for the next year and beyond. One of our highest priorities and an important manifesto commitment is to drive up quality and standards in higher education, which is a fundamental part of the levelling up agenda.

The letter of 8 February supports the Office for Students’s consultation on regulating quality and standards, which aims to introduce a more rigorous and effective quality regime and to raise the bar on quality and standards in higher education. The Office for Students has concluded the first stage of its consultation. The Office for Students will shortly consult on the detail of how the quality and standards framework will work, including on how it will identify and take action against poor quality provision.

The government has made it clear that we expect the Office for Students to make rapid progress to ensure that an enhanced regulatory regime is in place, supported by effective and meaningful enforcement action, as soon as possible.

Lord Parkinson of Whitley Bay
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Culture, Media and Sport)
27th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government, further to the remarks made by Earl Howe on 22 May where he stated that they plan to "engage stakeholders on the proposal set out in the levelling up White Paper to explore transferring the responsibility for licensing taxis and private hire vehicles to upper-tier and combined authorities" during the course of this year, when they intend to initiate that process.

The Department for Transport intends to carry out engagement on this issue early next year.

Lord Davies of Gower
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
18th Oct 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government whether any body authorised the temporary erection of a structure in the highway adjacent to the Cenotaph during the demonstration held on 14 October, and if so under what power.

Decisions on the authorisation of temporary structures on the highway is entirely a matter for Westminster City Council as the local highway authority.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they intend to produce criteria for the evaluation of bicycle lanes created by local highways authorities in response to the statutory guidance Traffic Management Act 2004: network management in response to COVID-19 updated on 13 November; and whether such criteria will include the evaluation of the effects (1) on all modes of transport subject to that Act, and (2) on the emergency services.

The Department is currently developing a framework to help local authorities monitor and evaluate the schemes that they will be delivering through tranche two of the Active Travel Fund. They will be asked to consider, among other things, congestion impacts before and after scheme implementation. All local authorities are required to consult with emergency services on changes to road layouts that require Traffic Regulation Orders as set out in the statutory guidance, and as a condition of funding for schemes delivered through the Active Travel Fund.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether any firms that were successful in bidding to run an electric scooter trial are, as part of the contractual arrangement, providing additional infrastructure or other benefits.

11 different companies are operating across the live trial areas. These are: Ginger, Spin, Lime, Beryl, Tier, Zwings, Voi, Bird, Neuron, Zipp, and Wind.

Many of these companies have their own model of scooter which meets the minimum requirements set by the Department. Trials include both short- and long-term rental. The range of trial areas provide a diverse range of local environments in which to assess e-scooter use.

The key areas we are seeking evidence of are the safety of e-scooters, what mode shift they cause, and what impacts they have on other road users. There is no minimum number of operators who need to participate in trials to assess this, but we will additionally seek to learn and share lessons on how different e-scooter providers operate.

The local authorities hosting the trials have selected the operators they wish to work with. They have undertaken their own procurement processes, ensuring that the operators meet both the Department’s and their own requirements for the trial. We have set out these requirements in our guidance for local authorities and have only approved trials where these are met. The requirements include that the operator has geofencing and driving licence checks in place, that local areas have engaged with local police and disability groups, and that data generated will be shared with the Department.

Many of the operators are going beyond these minimum requirements, including providing free helmets to users and offering online or in-person training to use the scooters.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to ensure that firms providing electric scooters under the current trials can meet their undertakings; and what requirements must local and combined authorities operating such trials meet.

11 different companies are operating across the live trial areas. These are: Ginger, Spin, Lime, Beryl, Tier, Zwings, Voi, Bird, Neuron, Zipp, and Wind.

Many of these companies have their own model of scooter which meets the minimum requirements set by the Department. Trials include both short- and long-term rental. The range of trial areas provide a diverse range of local environments in which to assess e-scooter use.

The key areas we are seeking evidence of are the safety of e-scooters, what mode shift they cause, and what impacts they have on other road users. There is no minimum number of operators who need to participate in trials to assess this, but we will additionally seek to learn and share lessons on how different e-scooter providers operate.

The local authorities hosting the trials have selected the operators they wish to work with. They have undertaken their own procurement processes, ensuring that the operators meet both the Department’s and their own requirements for the trial. We have set out these requirements in our guidance for local authorities and have only approved trials where these are met. The requirements include that the operator has geofencing and driving licence checks in place, that local areas have engaged with local police and disability groups, and that data generated will be shared with the Department.

Many of the operators are going beyond these minimum requirements, including providing free helmets to users and offering online or in-person training to use the scooters.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government which firms have been selected to run electric scooter trials in areas where trials are being undertaken.

11 different companies are operating across the live trial areas. These are: Ginger, Spin, Lime, Beryl, Tier, Zwings, Voi, Bird, Neuron, Zipp, and Wind.

Many of these companies have their own model of scooter which meets the minimum requirements set by the Department. Trials include both short- and long-term rental. The range of trial areas provide a diverse range of local environments in which to assess e-scooter use.

The key areas we are seeking evidence of are the safety of e-scooters, what mode shift they cause, and what impacts they have on other road users. There is no minimum number of operators who need to participate in trials to assess this, but we will additionally seek to learn and share lessons on how different e-scooter providers operate.

The local authorities hosting the trials have selected the operators they wish to work with. They have undertaken their own procurement processes, ensuring that the operators meet both the Department’s and their own requirements for the trial. We have set out these requirements in our guidance for local authorities and have only approved trials where these are met. The requirements include that the operator has geofencing and driving licence checks in place, that local areas have engaged with local police and disability groups, and that data generated will be shared with the Department.

Many of the operators are going beyond these minimum requirements, including providing free helmets to users and offering online or in-person training to use the scooters.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to ensure that electric scooter trials test a range of (1) models, (2) providers, and (3) local circumstances.

11 different companies are operating across the live trial areas. These are: Ginger, Spin, Lime, Beryl, Tier, Zwings, Voi, Bird, Neuron, Zipp, and Wind.

Many of these companies have their own model of scooter which meets the minimum requirements set by the Department. Trials include both short- and long-term rental. The range of trial areas provide a diverse range of local environments in which to assess e-scooter use.

The key areas we are seeking evidence of are the safety of e-scooters, what mode shift they cause, and what impacts they have on other road users. There is no minimum number of operators who need to participate in trials to assess this, but we will additionally seek to learn and share lessons on how different e-scooter providers operate.

The local authorities hosting the trials have selected the operators they wish to work with. They have undertaken their own procurement processes, ensuring that the operators meet both the Department’s and their own requirements for the trial. We have set out these requirements in our guidance for local authorities and have only approved trials where these are met. The requirements include that the operator has geofencing and driving licence checks in place, that local areas have engaged with local police and disability groups, and that data generated will be shared with the Department.

Many of the operators are going beyond these minimum requirements, including providing free helmets to users and offering online or in-person training to use the scooters.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
4th Dec 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government whether they will request NHS England to permit the prescription of Thiamine capsules as an alternative to tablets.

Clinicians are responsible for making prescribing decisions for their patients, considering best prescribing practice and appropriate national and local guidance.

In respect of the prescribing of unlicensed medicines, the National Health Service’s long-established practice is reflected in professional guidance. Individual patient needs should be fulfilled by, firstly, using a licensed medicine within its licensed indication, or if there is nothing suitable, using a licensed medicine outside its licensed indication. If there is still nothing suitable after this, the clinician can consider using an unlicensed medicine.

Thiamine tablets are available as a licensed medicine. Thiamine capsules are not a licensed medicine. Thiamine supplements can be purchased from pharmacies or shops. These include vitamin B complex tablets and multivitamin tablets where thiamine is listed as an ingredient. NHS guidance states that vitamins and minerals should not be routinely prescribed in primary care as there is insufficient high-quality evidence to demonstrate their clinical effectiveness. However, subject to funding, a clinician can prescribe any product on the NHS that they consider to be clinically necessary for the treatment of their patient unless it is listed in Schedules 1 or 2 of the NHS (General Medical Services Contracts) (Prescription of Drugs etc.) Regulations 2004. Parts XVIIIA and XVIIIB of the NHS Drug Tariff list the drugs, medicines and other substance that may not be ordered, or may only be ordered on the NHS in certain circumstances under the above regulations.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
20th Jul 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure the "special status” of the human embryo continues to be upheld in any decisions related to human embryo research; and whether they will make an assessment of the recent Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority consultation, in particular given that it omitted any mention of the protected “special status” of the embryo or any related ethical considerations.

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) has advised that any decisions related to human embryo research are undertaken in accordance with the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (as amended). The Government asked the HFEA to undertake a stakeholder dialogue to identify priorities for modernisation of the Act in 2021, and the report of this work is not expected to be completed until autumn 2023.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
26th Jun 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the prosecution of Carla Foster for an offence under section 58 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861; and what consideration they have given to proposing legislation to prevent similar cases from happening, in particular, by reintroducing the requirement for women to be seen in-person at least once before being issued abortion pills.

No assessment has been made. Decisions to prosecute in England and Wales are a matter for the independent Crown Prosecution Service (CPS). As with all criminal offences, in deciding whether to bring a prosecution the CPS will apply the two-stage test in the Code for Crown Prosecutors: whether there is sufficient evidence to provide a realistic prospect of conviction; and whether a prosecution is needed in the public interest.

Parliament voted to amend the Abortion Act 1967 to allow women in England and Wales to take one or both pills for early medical abortion at home. Women should be given the choice to either have an in-person consultation with a clinician or to have a virtual consultation, and if eligible, will be able to take both pills for early medical abortion at home. We have been clear that abortion providers should not move to a digital by default approach.

There are no plans to review or change abortion laws. As with other matters of conscience, abortion is an issue on which the government adopts a neutral stance.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
22nd Jun 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government whether they intend to review the safety of abortion pills being sent by post.

The Government has no current plans to commission a review into the practice of sending pills for women to carry out early medical abortion at home.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
1st Mar 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the extent to which non-compliant vaping products are being sold to British consumers; and what conversations they have had with (1) Trading Standards authorities, and (2) the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, about removing non-compliant products from sale.

No specific assessment has been made. However, last year, we did provide funding to the Chartered Institute of Trading Standards to undertake a programme of test purchasing using young people aged under 18 years old. They found a non-compliance rate of 33% for under 18 year old sales and 25% of the products purchased were non-compliant and should not have been on sale in this country.

The Government expects industry and vaping manufacturers to comply with the Tobacco and Related Products Regulations 2016 (TRPR) requiring notification to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) before a vape is sold in the United Kingdom. We hold regular conversations with the MHRA regarding the vaping notification system and to disseminate information about notified vapes to support local enforcement.

Where there is evidence of non-compliance to TRPR we work with the relevant enforcement authorities to ensure that this is remedied.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
7th Nov 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government, further to the remarks made by Baroness Penn on 4 February (HL Deb col 1215), and the remarks made by the former Minister of State for the Department of Health and Social Care on 30 March (HC Deb col 865), why they did not consult on the scope of products subject to restrictions on foods high in fat, salt or sugar (HFSS), before the instore aspect of those HFSS restrictions the Food (Promotion and Placement) (England) Regulations 2021 came into force on 1 October.

The Government consulted on the product categories in scope of the Food (Promotion and Placement) (England) Regulations 2021 between 12 January 2019 and 6 April 2019. The advertising restrictions as referred to in the remarks of 4 February and 30 March are separate restrictions and have not come into force.

Lord Markham
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
3rd Feb 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Office for Health Improvement and Disparities' investigation into potential breaches of the prohibition of characterising flavours in tobacco products, what specific issues have arisen in the export of cigarettes to Roswell Park; whether the correct exports process was followed; and when they expect the investigation to conclude.

Following an open tender process, King’s College London (KCL) was appointed to undertake testing of a range of products to support the investigation into potential breaches of the prohibition of characterising flavours in tobacco products. KCL’s bid stated that they intended to subcontract the laboratory testing stage to Roswell Park, a world-leading tobacco research and testing institute.

The Office for Health Improvement and Disparities continues to work with KCL to ensure that all cigarette brands sent to Roswell Park for analytic destructive testing are exported in compliance with regulations. We expect outcomes from the testing to be available by the end of March 2022.

3rd Feb 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Office for Health Improvement and Disparities' investigation into potential breaches of the prohibition of characterising flavours in tobacco products, why an American organisation was appointed to undertake the testing rather than a UK one.

Following an open tender process, King’s College London (KCL) was appointed to undertake testing of a range of products to support the investigation into potential breaches of the prohibition of characterising flavours in tobacco products. KCL’s bid stated that they intended to subcontract the laboratory testing stage to Roswell Park, a world-leading tobacco research and testing institute.

The Office for Health Improvement and Disparities continues to work with KCL to ensure that all cigarette brands sent to Roswell Park for analytic destructive testing are exported in compliance with regulations. We expect outcomes from the testing to be available by the end of March 2022.

15th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to undertake an independent audit of the clinical outcomes of NHS England; and what discussions they have had with the devolved administrations about undertaking similar audits of the clinical outcomes of (1) NHS Scotland, (2) NHS Wales, and (3) Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland, in order to compare performance across the UK.

National Clinical Audit and Patient Outcomes Programme audits on National Health Service healthcare services in England are commissioned and managed by the independent Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership on behalf of NHS England. It is a requirement of the NHS standard contract in England that all providers of NHS care in England participate in the programme which supports trusts in identifying necessary improvements for patients. Most of the audits involve services in England and Wales. Some also include services from Scotland and Northern Ireland.

4th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the statement by Lord Greenhalgh on 3 November (HL Deb, col 632), when they will publish the results of Public Health England's research into evidence around places of worship and the proliferation of the COVID-19 virus.

Public Health England had not been requested to research and publish detailed specific data on the numbers of COVID-19 cases related to place of worship and allied settings on outbreak investigation. This is now being performed.

8th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made, if any, to the government of Zimbabwe about the detention of Makomborero Haruzivishe

The UK remains concerned about the human rights situation in Zimbabwe, including arrests of, and violence towards, civil society and opposition activists. The British Embassy in Harare is in touch with Makomborero Haruzivishe's lawyers as we await the outcome of his appeal.

The UK regularly urges the Zimbabwean Government to meet its international and domestic obligations by respecting the rule of law and the freedoms and rights enshrined in the Zimbabwean Constitution, safeguarding human rights, and committing to genuine political and economic reform for the benefit of all Zimbabweans. The Minister for Africa most recently raised the human rights situation in Zimbabwe with Foreign Minister Shava on 9 June. We will continue to speak out, both privately and in public, where we have concerns, and work alongside the international community to support a better future for all Zimbabweans.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to extend an official invitation to visit the UK to Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu, an opposition candidate in the January presidential election in Uganda.

Our High Commissioner to Uganda has met Robert Kyagulanyi on a number of occasions and discussed our concern over human rights and democratic reform. We will continue to meet with Robert Kyagulanyi, but Kampala is a more likely location.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Jan 2024
To ask His Majesty's Government when in early 2024 they intend to consult on the impacts of the July 2023 High Court ruling in Uber Britannia Ltd v Sefton MBC on the VAT treatment of Private Hire Vehicles, as undertaken in paragraph 5.81 of the Autumn Statement 2023.

The Government remains committed to consulting on the impacts of this ruling, and will publish a consultation in due course.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Secretary (HM Treasury)
7th Nov 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many UK tax payers who were entitled to a Personal Allowance (even if abated by withdrawal) submitted an Income Tax Return in the last full fiscal year which declared a taxable income between £100,000 and £125,140.

The Government does not publish this information.

The total number of income taxpayers for those earning above £100,000 is published online in Table 2.5 of HMRC’s income tax liabilities statistics. For the 2022-23 tax year, this is estimated at 1,580,000. These statistics are based on the Survey of Personal Incomes (SPI) consistent with OBR forecasts within the 2022 Spring forecast.

This table does not include a breakdown of the number of taxpayers with income between £100,000 and £125,140.

Baroness Penn
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
20th Oct 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government what estimate they have made of the reduction in income tax receipts that would result per annum from restoring the Personal Allowance to those earning over £100,000 a year.

The Government does not publish this information.

For individuals with income above £100,000, the Personal Allowance (PA) is withdrawn gradually, with £1 of allowance lost for every £2 of income above the income limit of £100,000. This reduction continues until the PA is completely withdrawn for those with incomes above £125,140.

The total income tax liability for those earning above £100,000 is published online in Table 2.5 of HMRC’s income tax liabilities statistics. For the 2022-23 tax year, this is estimated at £123 billion, almost half of the estimated income tax revenue for this year.

As with all aspects of the tax system, the Government keeps the withdrawal of the PA under review and any decisions on future changes will be taken by the Chancellor in the context of the wider public finances.

Baroness Penn
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
9th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many appeals against the issue of Community Protection Notice were successful in each year since 2015; and whether they have any plans to review the appeals process to ensure that it is operating as intended.

It is for local areas to decide how best to deploy the powers in the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including Community Protection Notices (CPN), depending on the specific circumstances. They are best placed to understand what is driving the behaviour in question, the impact that it is having, and to determine the most appropriate response. The Home Office do not hold any data on appeals.

The Home Office published statutory guidance to support local areas to make effective use of these powers. The guidance sets out the importance of focusing on the needs of the victim and the local community, as well as ensuring that the relevant legal tests are met. This guidance was updated in March 2023 to ensure a victim-centred approach to tackling anti-social behaviour (ASB) as well as stronger use of the powers and tools in the 2014 Act. The guidance is regularly reviewed and updated in line with stakeholder feedback on the powers to ensure greater and more consistent use.

On 27 March 2023, in parallel with publication of the Anti-social Behaviour Action Plan, the Government launched a consultation on the ASB powers and Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). The consultation, which was referenced in the ASB Action Plan, was intended to garner views on strengthening powers, including CPNs, to tackle ASB; and strengthening the relationship between CSPs and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) to give PCCs a greater role in CSP activity, including how they tackle ASB. A Government response to the findings in the consultation will be published in due course.

Lord Sharpe of Epsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what assessment they have made, if any, of the use of Community Protection Notices since 2014.

It is for local areas to decide how best to deploy the powers in the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including Community Protection Notices (CPN), depending on the specific circumstances. They are best placed to understand what is driving the behaviour in question, the impact that it is having, and to determine the most appropriate response.

The Home Office published statutory guidance to support local areas to make effective use of these powers. The guidance sets out the importance of focusing on the needs of the victim and the local community, as well as ensuring that the relevant legal tests are met. This guidance was updated in March 2023 to ensure a victim-centred approach to tackling anti-social behaviour (ASB) as well as stronger use of the powers and tools in the 2014 Act. The guidance is regularly reviewed and updated in line with stakeholder feedback on the powers to ensure greater and more consistent use.

HMICFRS routinely collect data on CPNs and wider powers directly from police forces for the purposes of inspection activity. We will be publishing the latest statistics on use of ASB powers across England and Wales by the police, including Community Protection Notices, as part of a broader piece of research on police perception of ASB powers.

On 27 March 2023, in parallel with publication of the Anti-social Behaviour Action Plan, the Government launched a consultation on the ASB powers and Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). The consultation, which was referenced in the ASB Action Plan, was intended to garner views on strengthening powers, including CPNs, to tackle ASB; and strengthening the relationship between CSPs and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) to give PCCs a greater role in CSP activity, including how they tackle ASB. A Government response to the findings in the consultation will be published in due course.

Lord Sharpe of Epsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what plans they have, if any, to make an assessment of the use of Community Protection Notices, with a view to (1) ensuring compliance with statutory guidance, and (2) considering what improvements may be made to the latter.

It is for local areas to decide how best to deploy the powers in the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including Community Protection Notices (CPN), depending on the specific circumstances. They are best placed to understand what is driving the behaviour in question, the impact that it is having, and to determine the most appropriate response.

The Home Office published statutory guidance to support local areas to make effective use of these powers. The guidance sets out the importance of focusing on the needs of the victim and the local community, as well as ensuring that the relevant legal tests are met. This guidance was updated in March 2023 to ensure a victim-centred approach to tackling anti-social behaviour (ASB) as well as stronger use of the powers and tools in the 2014 Act. The guidance is regularly reviewed and updated in line with stakeholder feedback on the powers to ensure greater and more consistent use.

HMICFRS routinely collect data on CPNs and wider powers directly from police forces for the purposes of inspection activity. We will be publishing the latest statistics on use of ASB powers across England and Wales by the police, including Community Protection Notices, as part of a broader piece of research on police perception of ASB powers.

On 27 March 2023, in parallel with publication of the Anti-social Behaviour Action Plan, the Government launched a consultation on the ASB powers and Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). The consultation, which was referenced in the ASB Action Plan, was intended to garner views on strengthening powers, including CPNs, to tackle ASB; and strengthening the relationship between CSPs and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) to give PCCs a greater role in CSP activity, including how they tackle ASB. A Government response to the findings in the consultation will be published in due course.

Lord Sharpe of Epsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what plans they have to publish statistics on the numbers of Community Protection Notices issued by councils and police.

It is for local areas to decide how best to deploy the powers in the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including Community Protection Notices (CPN), depending on the specific circumstances. They are best placed to understand what is driving the behaviour in question, the impact that it is having, and to determine the most appropriate response.

The Home Office published statutory guidance to support local areas to make effective use of these powers. The guidance sets out the importance of focusing on the needs of the victim and the local community, as well as ensuring that the relevant legal tests are met. This guidance was updated in March 2023 to ensure a victim-centred approach to tackling anti-social behaviour (ASB) as well as stronger use of the powers and tools in the 2014 Act. The guidance is regularly reviewed and updated in line with stakeholder feedback on the powers to ensure greater and more consistent use.

HMICFRS routinely collect data on CPNs and wider powers directly from police forces for the purposes of inspection activity. We will be publishing the latest statistics on use of ASB powers across England and Wales by the police, including Community Protection Notices, as part of a broader piece of research on police perception of ASB powers.

On 27 March 2023, in parallel with publication of the Anti-social Behaviour Action Plan, the Government launched a consultation on the ASB powers and Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). The consultation, which was referenced in the ASB Action Plan, was intended to garner views on strengthening powers, including CPNs, to tackle ASB; and strengthening the relationship between CSPs and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) to give PCCs a greater role in CSP activity, including how they tackle ASB. A Government response to the findings in the consultation will be published in due course.

Lord Sharpe of Epsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Jul 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what plans they have to ensure guidance developed by the College of Policing and the National Police Chiefs Council on buffer zones will protect the internationally recognised human rights of freedom of (1) conscience, (2) speech, (3) religion, and (4) assembly.

Ahead of the commencement of section 9 of the Public Order Act 2023, the College of Policing and the Crown Prosecution Service are updating relevant public order guidance and training to reflect the inclusion of the offence of interference with access to or provision of abortion services.

In accordance with human rights obligations, the College of Policing and the Crown Prosecution Service are required to consider the rights provided under Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), including the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, which is an absolute right under Article 9 of the ECHR, Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and directly linked to freedom of opinion in Article 10 of the ECHR. As an absolute right, there can be no legitimate justification on the part of the public authority to limit, interfere or otherwise penalise persons for their exercise of the right to freedom of thought. However, freedom to manifest religion or belief is qualified. It shall be subject only to such limitation as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interest of public safety, for the protection of the public order, health or morals or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

Public bodies must also consider Article 10 (freedom of expression) and Article 11 (freedom of assembly and association) of the ECHR, recognising these are qualified rights, which can sometimes be infringed upon to uphold other rights.

Lord Sharpe of Epsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they expect the Undercover Policing Inquiry to make its final report; what has been the cost of that inquiry to date; and what the final cost of that inquiry is expected to be.

The Undercover Policing Inquiry was established in 2015, to investigate undercover deployments conducted by police forces in England and Wales since 1968 and was expected to report within three years.

In May 2018, the Undercover Policing Inquiry published a Strategic Review which anticipated that the Inquiry would begin evidence hearings in June 2019 and that it would report to the Home Secretary before the end of 2023. In January 2019 the Inquiry published an update which explained that several issues, such as the significant complexity of documents and the difficulties presented by issues such as privacy and data protection, had led to a fresh look at the timelines. Evidence hearings subsequently began in November 2020 and will continue in 2021.

The Terms of Reference state the Inquiry will report to the Home Secretary as soon as practicable. It is important that the Inquiry gets to the truth and makes meaningful recommendations for the future. The Inquiry remains independent of the Home Office, which is crucial to its effectiveness and so, decisions and conduct in relation to the investigations are for the Inquiry to make.

The Inquiry cost, to the end of September 2020, is £32,286,400; this information is published by the Inquiry every quarter on its website. The Government is committed to giving the Inquiry the resources it needs to fulfil its important function of getting to the truth, exposing what has gone wrong in the past, and learning lessons for the future.

It is difficult to provide an expected final cost of the Inquiry at this stage, but this will be published in full, at the close of the Inquiry.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (HM Household) (Chief Whip, House of Lords)
6th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Greenhalgh on 7 December 2020 (HL10627), when they expect to publish the three-month review of the spending of the £30 million allocated on 8 October 2020 to help local authorities in England fund their COVID-19 compliance and enforcement work.

In November 2020, a £30 million ringfenced Compliance and Enforcement Grant was allocated to all district and unitary authorities in England to spend on COVID-19 compliance and enforcement related activities. In January 2021 MHCLG issued an activity and spend survey to all councils in receipt of the grant. The responses from this informed a review of how the grant was being utilised.

The Department have no plans to release the findings of the three-month review. Information was provided in confidence by local authorities during the grant period to support the development of Government policy. The information gathered as part of the review was used to inform successive iterations of the Local authority COVID-19 compliance and enforcement good practice framework’, (attached) which was archived on 19 July 2021 but it still available for reference.

23rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the exercise by local authorities of the compliance and enforcement activities related to COVID-19; and whether all such activities have been carried out in compliance with the Guidance to support local authority compliance and enforcement activity, including COVID-19 secure marshals or equivalents published on 8 October.

On 8 October, the Government allocated £30 million to local authorities in England to help them fund their Covid-19 compliance and enforcement work. There will be a three month review of the spending of that grant. Government's regular engagement with local authorities indicates they are working hard to help people comply with the rules, in partnership other local agencies such as the police.

19th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps Homes England is taking (1) to encourage, and (2) to create, opportunities for small and new-entry builders in the housing construction sector; and what plans they have, if any, to reflect these steps in the specification for the forthcoming tender for Homes England's Delivery Partner Panel 4.

Homes England’s strategic objectives include helping small builders grow into medium builders and to encourage new entrants into the market. The Home Building Fund specifically focuses on supporting SME builders who are unable to access suitable finance in the marketplace. It does this by providing development finance direct, as well as through lender frameworks designed to encourage and enhance the supply of liquidity in the market to the SME builder.

In addition, Homes England looks to ensure SMEs can access land through its Land Hub, and the agency’s standard building lease sets out a legal obligation for a proportion of homes to be built out by SMEs or Registered Providers.

Work to replace the current Delivery Partner Panel (DPP3) is focused on diversifying the housing market and increasing SME access to public land opportunities, in line with the agency’s strategic objectives.

20th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people are currently in prison serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence who have been held for 10 years or more beyond their original tariff, broken down by the exact number of years over tariff.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee (JSC), published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill. The measures will make it quicker and easier to terminate an IPP licence (and therefore the IPP sentence as a whole) whilst balancing public protection considerations.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: The tariff-expired Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) prisoner population at least 10 years over tariff, 30 September 2023.

Time over tariff

Count

From 10 years to less than 11 years

132

From 11 years to less than 12 years

117

From 12 years to less than 13 years

128

From 13 years to less than 14 years

128

From 14 years to less than 15 years

94

From 15 years to less than 16 years

62

From 16 years to less than 17 years

21

From 17 years to less than 18 years

1

From 18 years to less than 19 years

1

Total

684

Please note:

(1) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
14th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people sentenced to Detention for Public Protection are currently over their tariff and remain in prison having never been released by (1) original tariff length, and (2) time over tariff.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee (JSC), published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill. The measure will make it quicker and easier to terminate the IPP licence (and therefore the IPP sentence as a whole) whilst balancing public protection considerations.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence, while balancing public protection considerations.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Number of people sentenced to DPP that were (1) in prison having never been released, (2) in prison having been recalled, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

30 Sep 2023

(1) in prison having never been released

41

36

37

36

(2) in prison having been recalled

43

42

44

49

Table 2: (3) the number of people sentenced to DPP that were in the community on licence, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

30 Sep 2022

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

(3) in the community on licence

99

102

101

99

Table 3: Tariff-expired unreleased DPP prisoner population by original tariff length and time over tariff, 30 September 2023.

Time over tariff

Original Tariff length

Total

Less than 2 years

2 years to less than or equal to 4 years

Greater than 4 years to less than or equal to 6 years

Less than 5 years

0

0

0

0

From 5 years to less than 6 years

0

0

*

*

From 6 years to less than 7 years

0

0

*

*

From 7 years to less than 8 years

0

*

*

4

From 8 years to less than 9 years

0

4

0

4

From 9 years to less than 10 years

0

0

*

*

From 10 years to less than 11 years

*

*

*

5

From 11 years to less than 12 years

*

*

*

5

From 12 years to less than 13 years

0

*

*

4

From 13 years to less than 14 years

0

0

*

*

From 14 years to less than 15 years

*

*

0

*

15 years or more

*

*

0

6

Total

9

13

14

36

Please note:

(1) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

(2) An asterisk (*) has been used to suppress values of one or two. This is to prevent the disclosure of individual information. Further disclosure control may be completed where this alone is not sufficient.

Table 4: Number of people serving a DPP sentence that were recalled to prison, in each year since 2010.

Recall Year

Number of Recalls

2010

1

2011

6

2012

4

2013

13

2014

9

2015

5

2016

16

2017

18

2018

22

2019

16

2020

20

2021

21

2022

14

2023

13*

Please note:

(1) The table gives the number of recalls and not the number of individuals recalled in each year. Recording of unique IDs has not been complete throughout these years, so we are unable to give an accurate count of unique individuals recalled from 2010

(2) Processed data are available from 2010.

(*) Figures for 2023 are for the first two quarters only.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
14th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection were recalled to prison in each year since 2005.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee (JSC), published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill. The measure will make it quicker and easier to terminate the IPP licence (and therefore the IPP sentence as a whole) whilst balancing public protection considerations.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence, while balancing public protection considerations.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Number of people sentenced to DPP that were (1) in prison having never been released, (2) in prison having been recalled, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

30 Sep 2023

(1) in prison having never been released

41

36

37

36

(2) in prison having been recalled

43

42

44

49

Table 2: (3) the number of people sentenced to DPP that were in the community on licence, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

30 Sep 2022

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

(3) in the community on licence

99

102

101

99

Table 3: Tariff-expired unreleased DPP prisoner population by original tariff length and time over tariff, 30 September 2023.

Time over tariff

Original Tariff length

Total

Less than 2 years

2 years to less than or equal to 4 years

Greater than 4 years to less than or equal to 6 years

Less than 5 years

0

0

0

0

From 5 years to less than 6 years

0

0

*

*

From 6 years to less than 7 years

0

0

*

*

From 7 years to less than 8 years

0

*

*

4

From 8 years to less than 9 years

0

4

0

4

From 9 years to less than 10 years

0

0

*

*

From 10 years to less than 11 years

*

*

*

5

From 11 years to less than 12 years

*

*

*

5

From 12 years to less than 13 years

0

*

*

4

From 13 years to less than 14 years

0

0

*

*

From 14 years to less than 15 years

*

*

0

*

15 years or more

*

*

0

6

Total

9

13

14

36

Please note:

(1) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

(2) An asterisk (*) has been used to suppress values of one or two. This is to prevent the disclosure of individual information. Further disclosure control may be completed where this alone is not sufficient.

Table 4: Number of people serving a DPP sentence that were recalled to prison, in each year since 2010.

Recall Year

Number of Recalls

2010

1

2011

6

2012

4

2013

13

2014

9

2015

5

2016

16

2017

18

2018

22

2019

16

2020

20

2021

21

2022

14

2023

13*

Please note:

(1) The table gives the number of recalls and not the number of individuals recalled in each year. Recording of unique IDs has not been complete throughout these years, so we are unable to give an accurate count of unique individuals recalled from 2010

(2) Processed data are available from 2010.

(*) Figures for 2023 are for the first two quarters only.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
14th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many incidents of self-harm were recorded by people serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection in each year since 2005.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee (JSC), published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill. The measure will make it quicker and easier to terminate the IPP licence (and therefore the IPP sentence as a whole) whilst balancing public protection considerations.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence, while balancing public protection considerations.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

We have provided a breakdown of the incidents of self-harm that were recorded by people serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection in each year since 2012 in the below table:

Number of self-harm incidents by prisoners serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection 2012 to 2022

Year

Number of self-harm incidents

2012

96

2013

137

2014

167

2015

183

2016

229

2017

226

2018

219

2019

348

2020

300

2021

339

2022

251

Data Sources and Quality

These figures have been drawn from the HMPPS Incident Reporting System. Care is taken when processing and analysing returns but the detail is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system. Although shown to the last case, the figures may not be accurate to that level.

(1) Figures include incidents within the youth estate and during contracted out escorts.

(2) In prisons, as in the community, it is not possible to count self-harm incidents with absolute accuracy. In prison custody, however, such incidents are more likely to be detected and counted. Care needs to be taken when comparing figures shown here with other sources where data may be less complete.

(3) Indeterminate sentences of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) and Detention for Public Protection (DPP) were introduced in 2005. They were intended for high risk prisoners considered ‘dangerous’ but whose offence did not merit a life sentence. The number of prisoners held on these sentences increased initially and the increase was offset by reductions elsewhere.

(4) Sentence type information is only available for a small proportion of incidents prior to 2012, so it is not possible to provide a reliable breakdown by sentence type prior to then.

(5) The numbers provided in this table result from a matching between NOMIS data and Public Protection Unit Database (PPUD) data. A total of 13 prisoners identified in the PPUD data did not have an associated NOMIS identifier. Additionally, the figures in the table only includes individuals identified in NOMIS as serving IPP or DPP sentences, and also as serving a DPP sentence in PPUD data. The figures provided here are an estimate based on these two sources and as inconsistencies in recording between these two sources exist the figures should be treated with caution.

(6) Includes known DPPs in prison regardless of whether they are unreleased or have been recalled, or if they have subsequently been resentenced.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
14th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many deaths were recorded of people serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection in each year since 2005; and of those, how many were classified as (1) homicide, (2) natural causes, (3) self-inflicted, or (4) other.

The total number of deaths that were recorded of people serving a sentence of Detention for Public Protection in each year since 2005 under the above classifications, was two or fewer. We cannot provide further specificity without a risk of breaching our confidentiality obligations by disclosing additional information about identifiable individuals who have died. Please also note that:

  • The underlying data includes deaths within the youth estate and during contracted out escorts.
  • The underlying data is derived from matching between HMPPS deaths data and Public Protection Unit Database (PPUD) data. A total of 13 prisoners identified in the PPUD data did not have an associated National Offender Management Information System (NOMIS) identifier. Additionally, this only includes individuals identified in NOMIS as serving IPP or DPP sentences, and also as serving a DPP sentence in PPUD data – the underlying data is an estimate based on these two sources and as inconsistencies in recording between these two sources exist it should be treated with caution.
  • The underlying data has been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.
Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
14th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people sentenced to Detention for Public Protection were (1) in prison having never been released, (2) in prison having been recalled, and (3) in the community on licence, in each of the most recent four quarters.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee (JSC), published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill. The measure will make it quicker and easier to terminate the IPP licence (and therefore the IPP sentence as a whole) whilst balancing public protection considerations.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence, while balancing public protection considerations.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Number of people sentenced to DPP that were (1) in prison having never been released, (2) in prison having been recalled, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

30 Sep 2023

(1) in prison having never been released

41

36

37

36

(2) in prison having been recalled

43

42

44

49

Table 2: (3) the number of people sentenced to DPP that were in the community on licence, in each of the most recent four quarters of available data.

30 Sep 2022

31 Dec 2022

31 Mar 2023

30 Jun 2023

(3) in the community on licence

99

102

101

99

Table 3: Tariff-expired unreleased DPP prisoner population by original tariff length and time over tariff, 30 September 2023.

Time over tariff

Original Tariff length

Total

Less than 2 years

2 years to less than or equal to 4 years

Greater than 4 years to less than or equal to 6 years

Less than 5 years

0

0

0

0

From 5 years to less than 6 years

0

0

*

*

From 6 years to less than 7 years

0

0

*

*

From 7 years to less than 8 years

0

*

*

4

From 8 years to less than 9 years

0

4

0

4

From 9 years to less than 10 years

0

0

*

*

From 10 years to less than 11 years

*

*

*

5

From 11 years to less than 12 years

*

*

*

5

From 12 years to less than 13 years

0

*

*

4

From 13 years to less than 14 years

0

0

*

*

From 14 years to less than 15 years

*

*

0

*

15 years or more

*

*

0

6

Total

9

13

14

36

Please note:

(1) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

(2) An asterisk (*) has been used to suppress values of one or two. This is to prevent the disclosure of individual information. Further disclosure control may be completed where this alone is not sufficient.

Table 4: Number of people serving a DPP sentence that were recalled to prison, in each year since 2010.

Recall Year

Number of Recalls

2010

1

2011

6

2012

4

2013

13

2014

9

2015

5

2016

16

2017

18

2018

22

2019

16

2020

20

2021

21

2022

14

2023

13*

Please note:

(1) The table gives the number of recalls and not the number of individuals recalled in each year. Recording of unique IDs has not been complete throughout these years, so we are unable to give an accurate count of unique individuals recalled from 2010

(2) Processed data are available from 2010.

(*) Figures for 2023 are for the first two quarters only.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government, of those currently serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence in (1) prison, or (2) the community, how many are (a) eligible for support, and (b) receiving support, under section 117 of the Mental Health Act 1983.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government, of those currently serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence on licence in the community, how many have been held in a secure hospital at any point during their sentence.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence were eligible for a review of their licence, in each quarter since 2021; and of those how many referrals were made to the Parole Board for review.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many hearings were held by the Parole Board to review an imprisonment for public protection licence, in each quarter since 2021, and of those how many resulted in (1) termination of the licence, (2) variation of licence conditions, or (3) no change to licence conditions.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence were (1) transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and (2) held in a secure hospital, in each year since 2005.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
13th Nov 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government, of those currently serving an imprisonment for public protection sentence in prison, how many have been held in a secure hospital at any point during their sentence, and are (1) unreleased or (2) have been recalled.

Where 10 years have elapsed since the Parole Board first directed the release of an offender serving a sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), the Secretary of State must by law refer that offender to the Parole Board, in order for the Board to determine whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The minimum 10-year period is not paused or reset if an offender is recalled to prison or serves a subsequent sentence for further offences. Where the Board does not terminate the licence, the Secretary of State must by law re-refer the offender every 12 months. This ensures that every eligible offender is considered by the Parole Board annually and will enable the IPP licence, and the IPP sentence as a whole, to be brought to a definitive end for more offenders.

On 16 October 2023, the Lord Chancellor announced he would be looking at options to curtail the licence period to restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences in line with recommendation 8 of the report by the Justice Select Committee’ (JSC) report, published on 28 September 2022.

These changes are being taken forward in the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

The new measure will:

  1. Reduce the qualifying period which triggers the duty of the Secretary of State to refer an IPP licence to the Parole Board for termination from ten years to three years;
  2. Include a clear statutory presumption that the IPP licence will be terminated by the Parole Board at the end of the three-year qualifying period;
  3. Introduce a provision that will automatically terminate the IPP licence two years after the three-year qualifying period, in cases where the Parole Board has not terminated the licence; and
  4. Introduce a power to amend the qualifying period by Statutory Instrument.

The Lord Chancellor was persuaded by the Committee’s recommendation to reduce the qualifying licence period from 10 years to 5 years and is going further: reducing the period to 3 years. These amendments will restore greater proportionality to IPP sentences and provide a clear pathway to a definitive end to the licence and, therefore, the sentence.

In addition to these changes, the actions this Government are taking are working; the number of prisoners serving the IPP sentence who have never been released now stands at 1,269 as of September 2023, down from more than 6000 in 2012.

Table 1: Shows the number of offenders serving an IPP sentence under pre- and post-release supervision who are eligible to be considered for termination of their licence, at end of period, December 2020 to June 2023, England and Wales.

Period

Eligible

2021 Q1

187

2021 Q2

237

2021 Q3

299

2021 Q4

391

2022 Q1

477

2022 Q2

571

2022 Q3

662

2022 Q4

769

2023 Q1

842

2023 Q2

945

Please Note:

(1) This table includes IPP offenders who have been returned to custody following a recall.

(2) The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 2: Shows the number of cases referred to the Parole Board

Period

Referrals

2021 Q1

2

2021 Q2

8

2021 Q3

3

2021 Q4

9

2022 Q1

46

2022 Q2

42

2022 Q3

72

2022 Q4

69

2023 Q1

83

2023 Q2

147

Please Note:

(1) Figures could contain cases where the offender became eligible for licence termination in previous quarter.

(2) Figures from Table 1 are snapshot figures and are not comparable to figures in Table 2

Table 3: Shows the outcomes of licence termination applications in each quarter since 2021.

Outcome Period

Terminated

Suspended/ Varied

Refused

2021 Q1

1

0

1

2021 Q2

3

0

0

2021 Q3

3

1

2

2021 Q4

4

0

2

2022 Q1

21

5

10

2022 Q2

25

7

12

2022 Q3

22

8

18

2022 Q4

28

6

46

2023 Q1

25

6

23

2023 Q2

38

14

72

Table 4: Shows the number of people serving an IPP sentence that were transferred from prison to a secure hospital, and held in a secure hospital, in each year, since 2009

Year

Number of transfers in the year

Population in Secure Hospital at end of year

2009

54

472

2010

107

467

2011

100

438

2012

86

380

2013

90

326

2014

88

264

2015

72

274

2016

66

274

2017

59

278

2018

65

282

2019

59

276

2020

55

275

2021

39

287

2022

44

262

Please Note:

(1) We do not hold figures prior to 2009 as the data entry system which holds these data was implemented in 2009 and data prior to this period are not of sufficient quality to allow for the breakdown requested.

(2) The number of transfers is not the same as number of offenders transferred as there could be more than one transfer associated with an offender in a year.

(3) These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

The information requested for HL236 and HL237 could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The information for HL238 is not held centrally.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
2nd Mar 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what forecast they have made of the number of people who will be in prison serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence, in each of the next five years.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The HM Prison and Probation Service IPP Action Plan remains the route by which IPP offenders can be supported to progress towards safe release. As per the Government’s response to the Justice Select Committee’s report on the IPP sentence, work to refresh the Action Plan is already underway.

The modelling of the IPP population will be revised to take account of any potential impact delivered through the refreshed IPP Action Plan, due to be published at the end of March. The Action Plan promotes the progression of offenders serving the IPP sentence. Future prison population forecasts will factor in the impact of the refreshed Action Plan.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
2nd Mar 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what forecast they have made of the number of people who will be in prison serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence having never been released from custody, in each of the next five years.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The HM Prison and Probation Service IPP Action Plan remains the route by which IPP offenders can be supported to progress towards safe release. As per the Government’s response to the Justice Select Committee’s report on the IPP sentence, work to refresh the Action Plan is already underway.

The modelling of the IPP population will be revised to take account of any potential impact delivered through the refreshed IPP Action Plan, due to be published at the end of March. The Action Plan promotes the progression of offenders serving the IPP sentence. Future prison population forecasts will factor in the impact of the refreshed Action Plan.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
2nd Mar 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what forecast they have made of the number of people who will be in prison serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence having been recalled to custody, in each of the next five years.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The HM Prison and Probation Service IPP Action Plan remains the route by which IPP offenders can be supported to progress towards safe release. As per the Government’s response to the Justice Select Committee’s report on the IPP sentence, work to refresh the Action Plan is already underway.

The modelling of the IPP population will be revised to take account of any potential impact delivered through the refreshed IPP Action Plan, due to be published at the end of March. The Action Plan promotes the progression of offenders serving the IPP sentence. Future prison population forecasts will factor in the impact of the refreshed Action Plan.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
2nd Mar 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what forecast they have made of the number of (1) first releases from custody, (2) recalls to custody, and (3) re-releases from custody having been recalled, of people serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence, in each of the next five years.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The HM Prison and Probation Service IPP Action Plan remains the route by which IPP offenders can be supported to progress towards safe release. As per the Government’s response to the Justice Select Committee’s report on the IPP sentence, work to refresh the Action Plan is already underway.

The modelling of the IPP population will be revised to take account of any potential impact delivered through the refreshed IPP Action Plan, due to be published at the end of March. The Action Plan promotes the progression of offenders serving the IPP sentence. Future prison population forecasts will factor in the impact of the refreshed Action Plan.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
9th Dec 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people received an indeterminate sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection in total; and of those, how many were sentenced under (1) the original provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 unamended by any subsequent Act, and (2) the provisions of the 2003 Act as amended by the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The amendment to the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (the 2003 Act) in relation to sentencing a person convicted of a relevant specified offence to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), by the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (the 2008 Act), commenced on 14 July 2008. It is not possible to split the sentencing data provided below by that specific date, as it can be extracted from all data only within a single month. A separate figure has been provided for July 2008 alone as this may include cases where individuals were sentenced under either the original provisions of the 2003 Act or as amended by the 2008 Act.

The following table shows the total number of offenders who received an IPP sentence, on a principal offence basis, between the commencement and abolishment of the sentence, in England and Wales [1] [2] [3]:

Year

Count

Total

2005

426

426

2006

1445

1445

2007

1707

1707

2008*

947 (January to June)

1538

122 (July)

469 (August to December)

2009

1001

1001

2010

1019

1019

2011

819

819

2012

747

747

2013

9

9

Source: Court Proceedings Database

* The Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 amendments commenced on 14 July 2008.

The following table shows the number of people currently in prison serving an IPP sentence who (1) have never been released, and (2) have been recalled; and for each of those groups, how many were sentenced under (a) the original provisions of the 2003 Act unamended by any subsequent Act, and (b) the provisions of the 2003 Act as amended by the 2008 Act [1]:

Sentenced under CJA 2003 unamended (before 14 July 2008)

Status

Yes

No

Unknown**

Total

Recalled IPP***

897

556

-

1,453

Unreleased IPP***

553

883

1

1,437

Total

1,450

1,439

1

2,890

** Date of sentence could not be located.

*** Figures as of 30 September 2022.

Notes:

  1. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that this data has been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts or prison service. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

  1. The figures given in the tables relate to defendants for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

  1. Data are given on a principal disposal basis - i.e. reporting the most severe sentence for the principal offence.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
9th Dec 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people currently in prison serving an indeterminate sentence of Imprisonment for Public Protection (1) have never been released, and (2) have been recalled; and for each of those groups, how many were sentenced under (a) the original provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 unamended by any subsequent Act, and (b) the provisions of the 2003 Act as amended by the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008.

The Government is committed to the protection of the public and the effective management of offenders. By law, prisoners serving indeterminate sentences who have completed their tariff will be released only when the Parole Board concludes that it is no longer necessary on the grounds of public protection for them to remain confined.

The amendment to the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (the 2003 Act) in relation to sentencing a person convicted of a relevant specified offence to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP), by the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (the 2008 Act), commenced on 14 July 2008. It is not possible to split the sentencing data provided below by that specific date, as it can be extracted from all data only within a single month. A separate figure has been provided for July 2008 alone as this may include cases where individuals were sentenced under either the original provisions of the 2003 Act or as amended by the 2008 Act.

The following table shows the total number of offenders who received an IPP sentence, on a principal offence basis, between the commencement and abolishment of the sentence, in England and Wales [1] [2] [3]:

Year

Count

Total

2005

426

426

2006

1445

1445

2007

1707

1707

2008*

947 (January to June)

1538

122 (July)

469 (August to December)

2009

1001

1001

2010

1019

1019

2011

819

819

2012

747

747

2013

9

9

Source: Court Proceedings Database

* The Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 amendments commenced on 14 July 2008.

The following table shows the number of people currently in prison serving an IPP sentence who (1) have never been released, and (2) have been recalled; and for each of those groups, how many were sentenced under (a) the original provisions of the 2003 Act unamended by any subsequent Act, and (b) the provisions of the 2003 Act as amended by the 2008 Act [1]:

Sentenced under CJA 2003 unamended (before 14 July 2008)

Status

Yes

No

Unknown**

Total

Recalled IPP***

897

556

-

1,453

Unreleased IPP***

553

883

1

1,437

Total

1,450

1,439

1

2,890

** Date of sentence could not be located.

*** Figures as of 30 September 2022.

Notes:

  1. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that this data has been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts or prison service. Consequently, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

  1. The figures given in the tables relate to defendants for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

  1. Data are given on a principal disposal basis - i.e. reporting the most severe sentence for the principal offence.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
22nd Nov 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many foreign nationals serving sentences of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) were released under the Tariff-Expired Removal Scheme (TERS) in the financial years (1) 2020/2021, and (2) 2021/2022; how long was the tariff for each prisoner; and how many years beyond tariff each prisoner had served at point of release.

The Tariff Expired Removal Scheme (TERS) applies to foreign national offenders serving an indeterminate sentence. Section 32A of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 provides the Secretary of State with the power to approve the removal of a prisoner for the purposes of deportation once the minimum tariff date has expired and without the Parole Board directing release. A prisoner is not released from their sentence and is liable to continue to serve the sentence if they return to the UK.

There were six foreign national offenders serving sentences of Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) removed under TERS, three in each financial year. The tariff lengths for these prisoners were one of ten years, three of eight years, and two of seven years. Four prisoners were removed between one- and two-years post-tariff and two were removed less than one-year post-tariff. The data apply solely to IPP offenders and only include those cases where the Home Office has confirmed their removal.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
27th Oct 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence are currently on licence in the community, broken down by the number of years since they were first released from custody.

As of June 2022, 3,251 offenders serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentence were on licence in the community. The following table shows this figure broken down by the number of years since they were first released from custody*.

Table 1: Imprisonment for Public Protection offenders on licence in the community, by the number of years since they were first released from custody, as at 30 June 2022, England and Wales

Years since first release from custody

Number of IPP offenders on licence

Less than 1 year

189

1 year

173

2 years

196

3 years

287

4 years

319

5 years

370

6 years

336

7 years

285

8 years

314

9 years

346

10 years

263

11 years

101

12 years

36

13 years

20

14 years

13

15 years

2

16 years

0

17 years

1

Total

3251

*Data Caveats:

  • The figures in this table have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Once 10 years have elapsed since an offender serving an IPP sentence was first released, the Secretary of State will refer the offender to the Parole Board, for the Board to consider whether to terminate the offender’s IPP licence. The Parole Board will then determine whether it is necessary for the protection of the public that the offender remains subject to an IPP licence. If the Parole Board decides not to terminate the offender’s IPP licence, the Secretary of State will re-refer the offender to the Parole Board every 12 months.

Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
10th Oct 2022
To ask His Majesty's Government how many people serving an Imprisonment for Public Protection sentence are currently on licence in the community; and of those, how many have had their supervision requirement terminated, broken down by the number of years since they were first released from custody.

All IPP offenders are released on an IPP licence for a minimum period of 10 years. The Probation Service may apply to the Parole Board for the suspension of the supervisory conditions on an offender’s IPP licence only after the offender has completed five years of continuous, trouble-free resettlement and good behaviour in the community (other than in exceptional circumstances). The Parole Board is responsible for making the final decision on whether supervision should be suspended.

As of March 2022, 3,258 offenders, serving an IPP sentence, were on licence in the community. Of these, 172 offenders serving an IPP sentence have had their supervision requirement suspended. The following table shows this figure broken down by the number of years since they were first released from custody*.

Years since first release from custody

Count of IPP cases where the supervision requirement is terminated

4

3

5

4

6

9

7

12

8

47

9

42

10

30

11

13

12

5

13

6

14

1

Grand Total

172

*Data Caveats:

  • Three cases are shown as having data suspended after 4 years in the table above. This is because the policy previously allowed for consideration after 4 years, so some currently in the community applied under the previous policy at the 4 year point.
  • As with any large administrative data source the possibility of errors cannot be eliminated.
  • While data has been assured as much as practical, as with any large administrative dataset data should not be assumed to be accurate to the last value presented.
Lord Bellamy
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice)
10th May 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Wolfson of Tredegar on 4 April (HL7159) which said there would be greater ministerial scrutiny of the moves of indeterminate sentence prisoners to open conditions”, whether this policy has already been put into effect and, if so, from what date; if the policy has not been put into effect, on what date it will come into force; which minister will be charged with undertaking the scrutiny referred to; what criteria will determine which cases are considered; against what criteria they will assess the case for a move to open conditions, and if these will differ from the criteria currently applied by officials; and what documentation the minister will receive and consider in order to reach a decision in the cases they consider personally.

Following a decision by the Deputy Prime Minister last year, there will now be greater scrutiny of Parole Board recommendations on open prison moves. The test for considering a recommendation for open conditions for Indeterminate Sentence Prisoners (ISPs) will change, and I will write to the noble Lord in due course to provide an update.

Our primary responsibility is to protect the public and it remains the case that the independent Parole Board will grant those serving indeterminate sentences release only once they have demonstrated they will no longer pose a significant risk to the public.

Baroness Scott of Bybrook
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
22nd Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences have been referred into the offender personality disorder pathway broken down by protected characteristics in each year since 2017.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

22nd Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences have been referred into the offender personality disorder pathway in each year since 2017.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

22nd Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences have had two or more post tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

21st Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many places were available in progression regimes for prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences in England and Wales in each year since 2017, broken down by establishment.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

21st Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress they have made in identifying gaps in the provision of learning, training and progression opportunities for women prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences, further to the Joint IPP Action Plan by Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service and Parole Board, published in June 2019.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

21st Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences have been reviewed by Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service psychology services in each year since 2017.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

21st Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, progression regimes in each year since 2017.

The IPP Action Plan is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to the needs of those serving IPP sentences, whether in prison or in the community. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and in accordance with measures mandated in the interests of public health, HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) implemented exceptional delivery models which inevitably had some impact on all operational work. A large number of IPP prisoners have been released each year since the IPP Action Plan was first introduced in 2016, and the Plan will be refreshed, reviewed and republished after careful consideration of the forthcoming Justice Select Committee’s Report and recommendations.

HL7157 & HL7158:

HMPPS operate four Progression Regimes in closed, adult male category C prisons which provide opportunities for parole-eligible prisoners who are not making anticipated progress, and particularly prioritise places for those serving an IPP sentence. The first Progression Regime opened at HMP Warren Hill in December 2014. Following the success of the Regime at HMP Warren Hill, a further three Progression Regimes were opened in 2018 at HMP The Humber, Erlestoke and Buckley Hall.

The following table shows the number of prisoners in England and Wales subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences that have been (1) received into, and (2) released from, Progression Regimes in each year since 2017.

Year

Received onto a Progression Regimes

Release from a Progression Regime

2017

80

47

2018*

124

30

2019

119

43

2020

92

43

2021

80

44

* Progression Regimes opened at HMPs Erlestoke, Humber and Buckley Hall.

These data have been drawn from local spreadsheets and databases held by the Progression Regimes, as national data systems can only capture movement for a whole prison, rather than individual units within a prison. As with any large scale recording systems, the figures are subject to possible errors with data migration and processing.

The total capacity of the Progression Regimes was 202 in 2017, with only the Progression Regime at HMP Warren Hill operational at that time. This number rose to 350 spaces (202 in HMP Warren Hill, 40 in HMP Erlestoke, 48 in HMP Humber and 60 in HMP Buckley Hall) with the opening of the three additional Progression Regime sites by the end of 2018. In 2019 a further 40 places were opened in HMP Erlestoke, however last year one of their Progression Regime units closed, affecting their number of places. This unit is being replaced with a new one later this year.

HL7160:

Psychology reviews for IPP prisoners commenced in 2016 and targeted those serving IPP sentences where no progress had been made to either open conditions or release despite 2 or more post tariff parole reviews. In 2019, the cohort was widened to incorporate IPP prisoners with tariffs of fewerless than 2 years. In 2021, the cohort was again expanded to include all those 5 or more years post tariff irrespective of whether they had been to open prison previously, those serving IPP sentences for non-sexual and non-violent offences, and those serving IPP sentences for robbery.

The following table shows the number of IPP psychology reviews completed for eligible IPP prisoners, as described above, each year since 2016. The high figure in 2016 reflects the fact that a large proportion of those eligible had their reviews in the first year the central reviews were introduced:

Year

Reviews completed

2016

873

2017

209

2018

225

2019

159

2020

107

2021

212

HL7161:

HMPPS Women’s Estate Psychology Services have implemented an indeterminate sentence prisoners strategy which includes the IPP cohort. The overarching goal of the strategy is to ensure that all are supported to progress through their prison sentences as quickly as possible. Psychologists regularly review cases and work with prison and probation colleagues to remove barriers to progression and expedite completion of interventions and services.

HL7216:

The following table shows the number of prisoners subject to IPP sentences that have had two or more post-tariff parole reviews with no progression to (1) open conditions, or (2) release, in each year since 2017:

Snapshot Date

Total number of IPP prisoners with two or more “no release” decisions in their latest two reviews (up to the snapshot date)*

31-Dec-17

1,173

31-Dec-18

1,028

31-Dec-19

943

31-Dec-20

887

31-Dec-21

874

*Caveats:

1. The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

2. These figures include both the recalled and unreleased IPP populations.

HL7217 & HL7218:

The following data are produced from service provider returns and, whilst quality assured, are subject to reporter error. As of 31 December 2021 there were 4,869 people with IPP sentences who had been identified as meeting the screening criteria for the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway. OPD pathway screening is an administrative activity which does not necessarily mean someone needs a specific intervention to address a personality disorder. Such a need would be identified when the prisoner’s probation officer reviews the prisoner’s sentence plan to take account of the OPD pathway screening.

Of those identified as meeting the screening criteria, 2,780 are currently in custody (with 1,200 of these in custody on recall).

From 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021, a total of 1,892 offenders serving IPP sentences have been referred to OPD Services as follows:

Year of referral

No of IPP Referrals

2017

177

2018

221

2019

358

2020

517

2021

619

Total (2017-2021)

1892

To note: in the breakdown of protected characteristics below, some categories have been merged where necessary to avoid the risk of identifying individual offenders.

By Age:

Year of referral

18-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Total

2017

11

72

53

33

8

177

2018

7

94

66

44

10

221

2019

17

159

99

61

22

358

2020

19

238

150

86

24

517

2021

22

276

184

101

36

619

Total

76

839

552

325

100

1892

By Ethnicity:

Year of referral

Asian: Asian British

Black: Black British

Mixed/ Multiple Ethnic Groups

Other / Not Stated

White

Total

2017

8

18

7

0

144

177

2018

4

18

17

0

182

221

2019

15

41

6

1

295

358

2020

14

57

24

0

422

517

2021

12

63

32

7

505

619

Total

53

197

86

8

1548

1892

By Sex:

Year of referral

Female

Male

Unspecified

Total

2017

3

174

0

177

2018

7

214

0

221

2019

11

347

0

358

2020

27

490

0

517

2021

39

577

3

619

Total

87

1802

3

1892

21st Mar 2022
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many prisoners subject to Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentences in England and Wales were progressed to open conditions but subsequently returned to closed conditions in each year since 2017.

Year

Number of transfers of IPP prisoners from predominant function ‘Open’ to predominant function ‘Closed’ prisons

2017

235

2018

205

2019

159

2020

116

Note: These figures exclude those recalled from IPP sentences.

Data sources and quality

The figures in this table have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Almost invariably, an IPP prisoner will be approved for open conditions only in response to a positive recommendation from the Parole Board. Recently, the Deputy Prime Minister and Secretary of State for Justice announced that there would be greater ministerial scrutiny of the moves of indeterminate sentence prisoners to open conditions. A prisoner in open conditions will be returned to closed conditions in response to poor behaviour or evidence of increased risk.

25th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to publish data on (1) the number of offenders subject to indeterminate sentences for public protection who became eligible for licence review over the past year, and (2) the number of those who applied for a licence review over the same period.

We do not publish the data at the present time; however, we continue to review processes to allow the publication of more information in the future.

The accumulative number of IPP offenders, who will become eligible for a licence review each year for the next five years is set out below.

Table: IPP cases with at least one release by 30/09/2021 by eligibility to apply for licence termination:

Year

Number of cases eligible

End of 2021

403

End of 2022

850

End of 2023

1,353

End of 2024

1,771

End of 2025

2,272

End of 2026

2,829

Notes:

1. Number of Cases Eligible is Cumulative (i.e. cases eligible in 2021 will also be eligible in 2022 etc).

2. Data is taken from administrative sources (nDelius) and subject to the inherent inaccuracy in any such large-scale data source.

Statistics on the prison population are routinely published as part of the quarterly Offender Management Statistics on Gov.uk - https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/offender-management-statistics-quarterly

25th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many offenders subject to indeterminate sentences for public protection will be eligible for a licence review each year for the next five years.

We do not publish the data at the present time; however, we continue to review processes to allow the publication of more information in the future.

The accumulative number of IPP offenders, who will become eligible for a licence review each year for the next five years is set out below.

Table: IPP cases with at least one release by 30/09/2021 by eligibility to apply for licence termination:

Year

Number of cases eligible

End of 2021

403

End of 2022

850

End of 2023

1,353

End of 2024

1,771

End of 2025

2,272

End of 2026

2,829

Notes:

1. Number of Cases Eligible is Cumulative (i.e. cases eligible in 2021 will also be eligible in 2022 etc).

2. Data is taken from administrative sources (nDelius) and subject to the inherent inaccuracy in any such large-scale data source.

Statistics on the prison population are routinely published as part of the quarterly Offender Management Statistics on Gov.uk - https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/offender-management-statistics-quarterly

20th Jul 2023
To ask His Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the Northern Ireland Department of Education concerning its guidance on relationships and sexual education, particularly in relation to whether that guidance will permit parents to withdraw their children in a similar manner to that in England.

The Relationships and Sexuality Education (Northern Ireland) (Amendment) Regulations 2023 place a duty on the Department of Education to introduce regulations to ensure that a pupil may be withdrawn from education on sexual and reproductive health and rights or elements of that education, at the request of a parent. This follows the approach taken in England and Scotland. Officials will continue to engage with the Northern Ireland Department of Education to ensure this duty is successfully discharged.

The Department of Education has confirmed it will consult on both the guidance and the provisions for the circumstances in which a pupil may be excused from the education or specified elements of that education.

Lord Caine
Lord in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)