Heat Pumps

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Wednesday 6th March 2024

(2 months, 2 weeks ago)

Lords Chamber
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Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, what studies have the Government carried out on terraced housing in our country? Many people live in terraced housing with little or no front gardens and little, if any, gardens behind. Where will the heat pumps go in those circumstances? What, if any, research have the Government done on that?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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A huge amount of research has gone into it. We reckon that about 90% of homes in the UK are suitable for heat pumps. Obviously, there is a wide variety of different homes; the area that the noble Lord and I come from has a lot of terraced properties. You can use ground source heat pumps with common arrays in the road, and you can use heat networks that have one remote location powering the heat pumps. There are a number of different technologies where this is perfectly possible.

Employment Rights Legislation

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Wednesday 1st February 2023

(1 year, 3 months ago)

Lords Chamber
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Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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We are providing certainty. The sunset date provides certainty: a target by which departments can look at their body of retained EU law and decide whether it needs replacing, retaining or updating.

Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, why are the Government intent on diminishing scrutiny in this House, as is strongly suspected by many Members? Why are Members of this House being denied the opportunity to question Ministers on these changes, and why is Parliament itself, which apparently is in the Minister’s mind, being refused the opportunity to discuss these things?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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Parliament is not being refused the opportunity to discuss these things. We will no doubt have many days of debate on the retained EU law Bill. All the regulations that are updated or changed will come back to Parliament for approval, in precisely the same way as the EU regulations were introduced in the first place—in fact, they were subject to a lesser degree of scrutiny. I would have a little more support for the position of some noble Lords if they had objected to the way this legislation was introduced into UK law in the first place.

Horizon Europe: UK Participation

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Tuesday 31st January 2023

(1 year, 3 months ago)

Lords Chamber
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Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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I agree with the noble Lord. There is a limit to how long this period of limbo can go on. We have provided guarantees to researchers, and we are funding them in the meantime. The time is approaching when we will need to make a final decision on this.

Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, since the Minister has considerable experience of the European Union and its institutions, why does he think that the European Union is behaving in this remarkably unkind way? Is there some explanation or is it just a question of the EU using this issue to try to succeed in some other way in the negotiations?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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I think the Commission has been very clear in intimating that the issue is linked to the Northern Ireland protocol, but, as I have said, this is a separate issue. They are separate legal agreements, and we stand ready to continue the discussions about association, which is part of an agreement we already have with the EU.

Small Modular Nuclear Reactors

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Tuesday 28th June 2022

(1 year, 10 months ago)

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Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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The noble Lord might want to ask the people of Sheffield whether they want an SMR beforehand. As a serious point, this is very important; indeed, it is a matter of legislation that reactors are proved to be safe. I agree that it is a shrunken design of existing reactors; these are on a much smaller scale and designed in a modular way. It is important that we go through all the relevant approval processes. The design is not yet complete, and they have not even been submitted yet for GDA.

Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, can the Minister remind the House of when Britain built a civil nuclear reactor on time and within budget? I ask this not to cast any doubt on the Minister’s commitment, but to say that we know that there are numerous opponents of civil nuclear power and every time we build a reactor we give them more and more excuses over delays and cost overruns to attack the idea of civil nuclear power. It is a terrible error for which both Governments have been responsible; I am not just blaming the present Government. We give them open goals to shoot at. Should the Government not look at the whole process and come up with a new scheme or ideas to ensure that this error is eliminated?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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We are always open to new ideas for how we can speed the process up. We want to see both existing nuclear technology and the SMR process brought forward as quickly as possible, but it is important that we go through all the relevant design approval phases to make sure the technology is safe. Many communities are willing to accept SMRs, particularly those that already have nuclear reactors in their area, so it is not the case that everybody is opposed to them. Nevertheless, it is important that we go through the proper processes.

Mathematical Sciences

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Tuesday 8th February 2022

(2 years, 3 months ago)

Lords Chamber
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Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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I am sure that maths can be fun for everybody. I am disappointed that my noble friend does not think so.

Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, the Minister has rightly defended a reasonably good record of government funding of mathematics. I applaud that, but he is he convinced that sufficient attention is being given to biology, chemistry, physics and other scientific subjects, many of which now depend fundamentally on mathematics being inherent in their teaching?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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I will need to refer to the Department for Education for the details of how it supports these other vital subjects in its teaching programmes, but I agree with the thrust of the noble Lord’s question.

Small Business Commissioner: Late Payments

Debate between Lord Cunningham of Felling and Lord Callanan
Tuesday 7th December 2021

(2 years, 5 months ago)

Lords Chamber
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Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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The noble Earl makes a good point. I remind him that UK legislation already establishes a 60-day maximum payment term for contracts for the supply of goods and services between businesses, although those terms can be varied if they are not grossly unfair to the supplier. We also have the prompt payment code. We have received more than 50,000 reports from businesses that they are abiding by the prompt payment code, but there is always more to do on this.

Lord Cunningham of Felling Portrait Lord Cunningham of Felling (Lab)
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My Lords, I have been in Parliament for a long time—perhaps people would say for too long. For all that time, late payment has been a problem under Governments of both major parties and the coalition Government. Why is it such an elusive problem? Why is it so difficult to find a solution to what is damaging to small and medium-sized businesses?

Lord Callanan Portrait Lord Callanan (Con)
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I would never say that the noble Lord has been in Parliament too long. We need more representatives from the north-east in Parliament, for as long as possible—says he in a self-congratulatory way. The noble Lord is right. It is a difficult and complicated problem which Governments of all persuasions have grappled with. It is different in different industries, with different suppliers for small businesses and large businesses, but there was a commitment in the Conservative manifesto to crack down on late payment. That is why we launched the consultation. We are currently working through the responses. We will need primary legislation to implement it. The noble Lord will know, from his time in government, how tricky it is to work through those problems.