Transport: Infrastructure

(asked on 29th October 2018) - View Source

Question to the Department for Transport:

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding from the public purse has been allocated to transport infrastructure projects in each region of England in each of the past three years; and what estimate he has made of that funding per head of population in those regions.


Answered by
Jesse Norman Portrait
Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
This question was answered on 1st November 2018

Figures on public sector expenditure at a regional level are part of the Government’s Country and Regional Analysis (CRA) statistics.

The latest CRA statistics, published by HM Treasury in November 2017, present data up to 2016-17 and are published at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/country-and-regional-analysis.

The statistics include spend on transport by all public sector organisations including the Department for Transport, Local Authorities, Public Corporations (in the case of transport, this is mainly spend by London Underground) and other Government Departments including devolved administrations.

When assessing expenditure across regions it is important to compare like with like. The benefits from spend on transport interventions often accrue to people far beyond the residents of the immediate local area or region. This is particularly the case for spending on the railways which connect cities and regions across the country and deliver broader benefits beyond the region concerned. Furthermore, when expenditure is presented on a “per head of population”(or “per capita”) basis, it does not account for the pressure that large numbers of commuters and visitors from outside a region can add to the transport networks. In addition, larger built-up areas tend to make greater use of mass public transport systems, though these will generate fares income which contributes to their operating costs.

Statistics for public sector capital expenditure by region are given in Table 1 below. Table 2 provides the equivalent statistics per capita. Capital expenditure has been used as a proxy for spending on infrastructure specifically.

Table 1: Capital spending on all transport, by all public sector bodies

£millions nominal

Region

2014-15

2015-161

2016-17

England - East

1,176

1,404

1,450

England - East Midlands

749

799

666

England - London

4,550

5,247

6,082

England - North East

417

474

520

England - North West

1,358

1,891

1,775

England - South East

1,571

2,002

2,211

England - South West

802

1,008

1,165

England - West Midlands

1,080

1,333

1,260

England - Yorkshire and Humber

1,085

1,297

1,092

England

12,787

15,455

16,221

1Due to the reclassification of Network Rail into the public sector from 2015-16, care should be taken when making historical comparisons.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/country-and-regional-analysis-2017

Table 2: Capital spending, on all transport, by all public sector bodies, per capita

£s nominal

Region

2014-15

2015-161

2016-17

England - East

195

231

236

England - East Midlands

161

171

141

England - London

533

605

693

England - North East

159

181

197

England - North West

190

264

246

England - South East

177

224

245

England - South West

148

184

211

England - West Midlands

189

232

217

England - Yorkshire and Humber

202

241

201

England

235

282

293

1Due to the reclassification of Network Rail into the public sector from 2015-16, care should be taken when making historical comparisons.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/country-and-regional-analysis-2017

For future years, the Infrastructure and Projects Authority’s (IPA) National Infrastructure and Construction Pipeline (NCIP) 2017 shows regional transport spend. Analysis of the NCIP shows that central government transport investment is more balanced across regions than previous reports have suggested. The table below sets out the allocation of central government transport capital spending in the pipeline between 2017/18 and 2020/21, per head and across regions [1]

Region

Investment per capita £ (2016/17 prices)

East of England

994

East Midlands

946

London[1]

1,026

North East

822

North West

1,353

South East

1,139

South West

851

West Midlands

1,269

Yorkshire and the Humber

726

[1] As this table only looks at transport capital spending funded by central government, TfL expenditure is excluded. TfL’s capital programme is funded by a mixture of locally-retained business rates and fare receipts from TfL-operated services, and from 2017/18 onwards it receives no direct central government funding. However, DfT does directly fund major transport projects across London, such as Crossrail, and Thameslink

[1] As this table only looks at transport capital spending funded by central government, TfL expenditure is excluded. TfL’s capital programme is funded by a mixture of locally-retained business rates and fare receipts from TfL-operated services, and from 2017/18 onwards it receives no direct central government funding. However, DfT does directly fund major transport projects across London, such as Crossrail, and Thameslink

This content was generated for your convenience by Parallel Parliament and does not form part of the official record.
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