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Written Question
Terrorism: Social Media
21 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

What recent discussions he has had with (a) Cabinet colleagues and (b) representatives of social media platforms on tackling sectarian abuse and incitement online.

Answered by Robin Walker

Online abuse is an issue that affects all four nations of the United Kingdom and it is important that we work together to keep people safe from such abuse.

In May, the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport published its draft Online Safety Bill. The Northern Ireland Department of Justice, who have lead responsibility in Northern Ireland for tackling sectarian abuse and incitement online, has been engaged in this work.


Written Question
Travel: Carbon Emissions
20 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2021 to Question 14131, what the carbon emissions were from the travel by (a) the Prime Minister, (b) other G7 leaders and (c) staff for the G7 summit; and whether the Prime Minister's travel by private jet was included in the Carbon Management Plan designed by Arup.

Answered by Penny Mordaunt

The Cabinet Office worked with UK-based consulting firm Arup to provide independent expertise to secure ISO20121 sustainability accreditation for the G7 Summit and deliver a carbon neutral summit, as part of the Prime Minister’s commitment to hosting a sustainable and carbon-neutral event.

The Government plans to publish an executive summary of the Carbon Management Plan developed as part of this work in due course, following a full assessment. It is intended that this document will be made available publicly on the G7 website. https://www.g7uk.org/sustainability/

The Carbon Management Plan will include the final travel arrangements for all G7 and Partner Country Leaders and staff for the G7 summit, including air travel.

Arup did not make specific recommendations on air pollution, as this was not within the remit of their support for the Summit’s ISO20121 accreditation and assisting HMG in delivering a carbon neutral summit.

The cost for Arup’s work developing the Carbon Management Plan for the G7 Summit will be released under the usual transparency process, along with other Summit costs.


Written Question
Carbon Emissions
20 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2021 to Question 14131, if he will publish the Carbon Management Plan designed by Arup (a) for the G7 event and (b) any other events they have worked on.

Answered by Penny Mordaunt

The Cabinet Office worked with UK-based consulting firm Arup to provide independent expertise to secure ISO20121 sustainability accreditation for the G7 Summit and deliver a carbon neutral summit, as part of the Prime Minister’s commitment to hosting a sustainable and carbon-neutral event.

The Government plans to publish an executive summary of the Carbon Management Plan developed as part of this work in due course, following a full assessment. It is intended that this document will be made available publicly on the G7 website. https://www.g7uk.org/sustainability/

The Carbon Management Plan will include the final travel arrangements for all G7 and Partner Country Leaders and staff for the G7 summit, including air travel.

Arup did not make specific recommendations on air pollution, as this was not within the remit of their support for the Summit’s ISO20121 accreditation and assisting HMG in delivering a carbon neutral summit.

The cost for Arup’s work developing the Carbon Management Plan for the G7 Summit will be released under the usual transparency process, along with other Summit costs.


Written Question
Air Pollution
20 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2021 to Question 14131, whether Arup made any specific recommendations on air pollution as part of their work on the G7 event.

Answered by Penny Mordaunt

The Cabinet Office worked with UK-based consulting firm Arup to provide independent expertise to secure ISO20121 sustainability accreditation for the G7 Summit and deliver a carbon neutral summit, as part of the Prime Minister’s commitment to hosting a sustainable and carbon-neutral event.

The Government plans to publish an executive summary of the Carbon Management Plan developed as part of this work in due course, following a full assessment. It is intended that this document will be made available publicly on the G7 website. https://www.g7uk.org/sustainability/

The Carbon Management Plan will include the final travel arrangements for all G7 and Partner Country Leaders and staff for the G7 summit, including air travel.

Arup did not make specific recommendations on air pollution, as this was not within the remit of their support for the Summit’s ISO20121 accreditation and assisting HMG in delivering a carbon neutral summit.

The cost for Arup’s work developing the Carbon Management Plan for the G7 Summit will be released under the usual transparency process, along with other Summit costs.


Written Question
Carbon Emissions
20 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what the cost to the public purse was of Arup's work on the Carbon Management Plan for the G7 summit in Cornwall.

Answered by Penny Mordaunt

The Cabinet Office worked with UK-based consulting firm Arup to provide independent expertise to secure ISO20121 sustainability accreditation for the G7 Summit and deliver a carbon neutral summit, as part of the Prime Minister’s commitment to hosting a sustainable and carbon-neutral event.

The Government plans to publish an executive summary of the Carbon Management Plan developed as part of this work in due course, following a full assessment. It is intended that this document will be made available publicly on the G7 website. https://www.g7uk.org/sustainability/

The Carbon Management Plan will include the final travel arrangements for all G7 and Partner Country Leaders and staff for the G7 summit, including air travel.

Arup did not make specific recommendations on air pollution, as this was not within the remit of their support for the Summit’s ISO20121 accreditation and assisting HMG in delivering a carbon neutral summit.

The cost for Arup’s work developing the Carbon Management Plan for the G7 Summit will be released under the usual transparency process, along with other Summit costs.


Written Question
Carbon Emissions
20 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to the Answer of 15 July 2021 to Question 902805 on carbon tax in the transition to net zero, what other potential measures the Government is assessing to mitigate the risk of carbon leakage.

Answered by Kemi Badenoch

As discussed in the Net Zero Review Interim Report and the Industrial Decarbonisation Strategy, a range of approaches could be used to help address the risk of carbon leakage.

Currently, the UK addresses carbon leakage risk primarily through the provision of free UK Emissions Trading Scheme (UK ETS) allowances. Our approach to the provision of free allowances is being reviewed and we aim to consult later this year to ensure the system continues to be fair, equitable and to incentivise decarbonisation. In addition, there are further relief schemes to reduce the cumulative impact of some energy and climate change policies on industrial electricity prices for eligible energy intensive industries (EIIs), on which a separate consultation is currently open.


Written Question
Imports: Carbon Tax
15 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on the introduction of a carbon tax for imported goods.

Answered by Kemi Badenoch

As we transition to net zero, the UK recognises the carbon leakage risk. A range of approaches could potentially help to address this risk, of which carbon border adjustments are one. Treasury ministers and officials are in regular contact with colleagues across the government on all matters related to the Net Zero transition.


Written Question
Car Sharing
12 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government on publishing best practice and guidance for local authorities on how they should interact with car club operators.

Answered by Rachel Maclean

Local authorities are responsible for entering into agreements with car club operators to allow car club vehicles to be parked in their area. Guidance for local authorities is available from organisations representing car clubs.

In addition, the Department for Transport is working closely with the Ministry for Housing Communities and Local Government to understand the ways in which future planning reforms can reduce car dependency, including the role car clubs can play, to provide genuine modal choice for journeys and ultimately make walking cycling and public transport the first choice for journeys.

The Future of Mobility Urban Strategy was published in March 2019 and sets out in its Principles that "mobility innovation must help to reduce congestion through more efficient use of limited road space”. We will soon be publishing our Transport Decarbonisation Plan to achieve net zero emissions across all modes of transport which represents the biggest piece of work we have ever done to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from transport. Car clubs and shared mobility will be considered within the Transport Decarbonisation Plan.


Written Question
Car Sharing: Air Pollution
8 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs on the impact of car clubs on air pollution; and what steps he is taking to support the growth of car clubs in the UK.

Answered by Rachel Maclean

My officials have engaged with car clubs in the past to understand their impact on air quality, and I would be happy to discuss this with them further.

Local authorities are responsible for entering into agreements with car clubs to allow access to vehicles on the roads in their area, and authorities should consider this as part of the actions they are taking to tackle air quality problems.

The Future of Mobility Urban Strategy was published in March 2019 and sets out in its Principles that "mobility innovation must help to reduce congestion through more efficient use of limited road space”. We will soon be publishing our Transport Decarbonisation Plan to achieve net zero emissions across all modes of transport which represents the biggest piece of work we have ever done to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from transport. Car clubs and shared mobility will be considered within the Transport Decarbonisation Plan and we recognise that these measures will also benefit air quality.


Written Question
Car Sharing
8 Jul 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he has taken to ensure that charging infrastructure is suitable for car club use.

Answered by Rachel Maclean

This Government is investing £1.3 billion in accelerating the roll out of charging infrastructure over the next four years, targeting support on rapid chargepoints on motorways and major roads, and installing more on-street chargepoints near homes and workplaces. We want to make recharging electric vehicles as easy as refuelling a petrol or diesel car.

We will soon be publishing our Transport Decarbonisation Plan to achieve net zero emissions across all modes of transport which represents the biggest piece of work we have ever done to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from transport. The holistic and cross-modal approach to decarbonising the entire transport system will set out a credible and ambitious pathway to deliver transport’s contribution to carbon budgets and meet net zero by 2050. E-car clubs and shared mobility will be considered within the Transport Decarbonisation Plan.

Later this year we will publish an electric vehicle Infrastructure Strategy to set out the vision and action plan for charging infrastructure rollout needed to achieve the 2030/35 phase out successfully. This will set expected roles for different stakeholders and how Government will intervene to address the gaps between the current market status and our vision.


Written Question
Chemicals: Health Hazards
24 Jun 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 16 June 2021 to Question 14143 on Chemicals: Health Hazards, if he will take steps to (a) introduce hazard-based protection measures for reducing exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that are set out in the EU’s Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability, (b) update regulatory information requirements to allow the identification of endocrine disruptors under REACH and other relevant legislation, (c) amend REACH Article 57 to add EDCs to the list of substances of very high concern and (d) phase out EDCs from consumer products.

Answered by Rebecca Pow

The UK Government's goal is to enhance protections to human health and the environment, while enabling economic growth through the safe management, production and disposal of chemicals.

The identification of intrinsic chemical hazards is already a principal requirement of the classification, labelling and packaging regulation (CLP). The hazard classes in CLP classify physical, health and environmental hazards. Endocrine disrupting properties are not captured by a specific CLP hazard class, however human health endocrine disrupting properties are closely linked to existing CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction) hazard classes.


Under Article 57 of REACH, endocrine disrupting properties can already be used to demonstrate that the substance is of 'equivalent level of concern' to be identified as a Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC). SVHC identification is the first step in making a substance subject to authorisation - controls that limit the use of the most hazardous substances.

The Government is committed to protecting consumers from unsafe products. Legislation is in place to require that manufacturers only place safe products on the market and take action where they identify a safety issue with products already on the market.


Written Question
Transport: Refrigeration
21 Jun 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of levels of pollution (a) caused by diesel non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) engines fitted to transport refrigeration equipment and (b) in areas with temperature controlled warehouses where NRMM are used and make frequent deliveries.

Answered by Rebecca Pow

Tailpipe emissions from vehicles which power transport refrigeration units are recorded as road traffic emissions in the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory. The data for road transport emission is published annually and has been reported since 1990 onwards. The Government has not historically estimated emissions from transport refrigeration unit auxiliary engines as the available data is limited.

Defra has recently completed a research project which involved working with industry and sector experts and aimed to improve the evidence base on emissions from non-road mobile machinery, including transport refrigeration units, and we are considering next steps. As set out in the Clean Air Strategy, the Government is considering the options to reduce emissions from non-road mobile machinery, and this research will help ensure that we have a robust and accurate evidence base to consider policy options from.


Written Question
Transport: Refrigeration
21 Jun 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of California's restrictions on non-road mobile machinery as a result of risk to life posed by that machinery.

Answered by Rachel Maclean

The Government is aware of a number of pollution reduction initiatives for non-road mobile machinery currently underway in California, but the Department has not undertaken an assessment of the policy implications.

Tougher pollutant emission limits and more comprehensive requirements for non-road mobile machinery engines were introduced in January 2019, and new engines were required to be compliant with these provisions from January 2021 in the UK.


Written Question
Transport: Air Pollution and Biodiversity
18 Jun 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, whether he had discussions with the Prime Minister on the impact of private modes of transport including private jets on (a) air pollution and (b) biodiversity before the G7 meeting in Cornwall.

Answered by Rebecca Pow

The Government considered this issue and took steps to ensure a sustainable event. We appointed engineering, design and consultancy firm Arup, to help the event achieve ISO 20121 sustainability certification and to deliver a carbon-neutral event by developing a Carbon Management Plan. This included offsetting for G7 and guest leader and staff travel.

The Government is committed to improving the environmental sustainability of its own estates and operations through the Greening Government Commitments (GGCs). As part of these, central Government departments are currently required to report on and reduce the number of domestic flights they take. The latest annual report showed the Government as a whole had reduced the number of domestic flights it took by 28% in 2018-19 compared with the 2009-10 baseline. The Government Fleet Commitment also commits central Government departments to have 25% of their fleet as ultra-low emissions vehicles by 2022 and 100% by 2030. Progress against the fleet commitment will be reported on for the first time in the forthcoming 2019-20 GGC annual report.


Written Question
Police: Demonstrations
18 May 2021

Questioner: Geraint Davies (LAB - Swansea West)

Question

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the (a) behaviour and (b) alleged use of force by police in response to the vigil for Sarah Everard in London and demonstrations in Bristol against the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill in March 2021.

Answered by Kit Malthouse

The Government fully supports the public’s right to peaceful protest. However, those rights do not extend to violent or threatening behaviour and the police have powers to deal with any such acts.

The management of demonstrations and the use of the powers available is an operational matter for the police, who take decisions based on the circumstances they are faced with on the ground.

Police put themselves in harm’s way to defend us and the use of force is a vital part of their powers. However, the Government is also clear that all use of force must be lawful, proportionate and reasonable in the circumstances and subject to proper scrutiny.

Following the events on Clapham Common, the Home Secretary asked Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services (HMICFRS) to conduct a full, independent lessons learned review. The report was published on 30 March and concluded that whilst the vast majority of attendees were peaceful and respectful; severe provocations in the evening by a minority of those present warranted the proportionate enforcement actions taken by the police.