Chris Law Portrait

Chris Law

Scottish National Party - Dundee West

Shadow SNP Spokesperson (International Development)

(since June 2017)
Committees on Arms Export Controls (formerly Quadripartite Committee)
10th Oct 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
International Development Sub-Committee on the Work of the Independent Commission for Aid Impact
13th Sep 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
International Development Committee
11th Sep 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Committees on Arms Export Controls
10th Oct 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Climate Justice)
20th Jun 2017 - 1st Jul 2018
Scottish Affairs Committee
6th Jul 2015 - 3rd May 2017


There are no upcoming events identified
Division Votes
Monday 7th June 2021
Advanced Research and Invention Agency Bill
voted Aye - in line with the party majority
One of 42 Scottish National Party Aye votes vs 0 Scottish National Party No votes
Tally: Ayes - 263 Noes - 364
Speeches
Tuesday 20th July 2021
Oral Answers to Questions

The newly unelected Baroness Davidson of Lundin Links described her Tory colleagues as “a bloody disgrace” for condemning millions of …

Written Answers
Tuesday 20th July 2021
Coronavirus: International Cooperation
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to help ensure …
Early Day Motions
Wednesday 21st July 2021
European nationals in the UK
That this House recognises the contribution that the hundreds of thousands of European nationals living in the UK have made …
Bills
None available
MP Financial Interests
Saturday 11th January 2020
3. Gifts, benefits and hospitality from UK sources
Name of donor: Heineken
Address of donor: Broadway Park, 35 Gyle Broadway, Edinburgh EH12 9 JZ
Amount of donation, or …
EDM signed
Thursday 22nd July 2021
Israel Arms Trade (Prohibition) Bill
This House notes that the UK Government has authorised hundreds of millions of pounds worth of arms sales to Israel …
Supported Legislation
Monday 6th July 2020
Tibet (Reciprocal Access) Bill 2019-21
A Bill to require the Secretary of State to report annually on restrictions on access by UK nationals to Tibet …

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Chris Law has voted in 209 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
View All Chris Law Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Dominic Raab (Conservative)
Foreign Secretary and First Secretary of State
(9 debate interactions)
James Cleverly (Conservative)
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
(9 debate interactions)
Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Conservative)
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
(8 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Cabinet Office
(14 debate contributions)
Department for International Trade
(4 debate contributions)
Scotland Office
(2 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
Legislation Debates
Chris Law has not made any spoken contributions to legislative debate
View all Chris Law's debates

Dundee West Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

Petitions with highest Dundee West signature proportion
Petitions with most Dundee West signatures
Chris Law has not participated in any petition debates

Latest EDMs signed by Chris Law

8th July 2021
Chris Law signed this EDM on Thursday 22nd July 2021

Israel Arms Trade (Prohibition) Bill

Tabled by: Richard Burgon (Labour - Leeds East)
This House notes that the UK Government has authorised hundreds of millions of pounds worth of arms sales to Israel between 2016 and 2020; believes that the UK Government should end these arms sales as part of efforts to end Israel's militarized repression of Palestinians, violations of international law and …
35 signatures
(Most recent: 22 Jul 2021)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 18
Scottish National Party: 11
Independent: 2
Alba Party: 2
Plaid Cymru: 1
Green Party: 1
Social Democratic & Labour Party: 1
21st July 2021
Chris Law signed this EDM as the primary signatory on Wednesday 21st July 2021

European nationals in the UK

Tabled by: Chris Law (Scottish National Party - Dundee West)
That this House recognises the contribution that the hundreds of thousands of European nationals living in the UK have made to the UK; further recognises that one of those European Nationals is Dundee’s Irena Jendrycha, one of the UK’s last Holocaust survivors, who moved to the UK aged four after …
16 signatures
(Most recent: 22 Jul 2021)
Signatures by party:
Scottish National Party: 13
Alba Party: 1
Democratic Unionist Party: 1
Green Party: 1
View All Chris Law's signed Early Day Motions

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Chris Law, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Chris Law has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Chris Law has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

Chris Law has not introduced any legislation before Parliament


174 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
1 Other Department Questions
10th Jun 2021
To ask the President of COP26, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of appointing a loss and damage champion to help identify the potential suffering caused by climate change.

In November 2020, the Rt. Hon. Anne Marie Trevelyan was appointed by the Prime Minister as the UK's International Champion on Adaptation and Resilience for the COP26 Presidency. In this role she is actively promoting work on adaptation and building resilience, which includes activities to avert, minimise and address loss and damage.

Alok Sharma
COP26 President (Cabinet Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has of the effect of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on the Tomorrow's Cities programme on the ability of vulnerable communities in Kenya, Nepal, and Ecuador to protect themselves from flooding and fires caused by climate change.

The challenging financial situation we face due to the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in a temporary reduction in the UK’s aid spending target from 0.7% of GNI to 0.5%. This means making difficult decisions when it comes to prioritising how we spend aid money to deliver the most impactful outcomes.

BEIS published its R&D ODA allocations for financial year 2021/22 on May 27th. Our R&D ODA spend has been allocated in line with the priorities of the Strategic Framework for UK ODA, as outlined by my Rt. Hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary in his letter to the Chair of the International Development Committee on 2nd December 2020, whilst prioritising those projects with the most value-for-money and honouring existing legal commitments. Specifically, one of these Strategic Framework priorities is climate change, as you have outlined, which is why this Government has allocated £11.6bn from 2021-25 to support climate change activities in developing countries through our International Climate Finance portfolio.

The Government recognises the importance of supporting international research partnerships, and supporting the UK research sector. Our commitment to research and innovation has been clearly demonstrated by my Rt. Hon. Friend Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer’s Budget announcement of increasing investment in R&D across government to £14.6bn in 2021/22.

We have been working with UKRI, and all our Global Challenges Research Fund Delivery Partners, to manage the financial year 2021/22 ODA allocations. UKRI have written to all impacted award holders setting out the next stage of the review of ODA funding this year, and to explore options for individual programmes. Full details of this process have been published on the UKRI website, and further information about the impact on the countries you refer to can be found on the Tomorrow’s Cities website.

Amanda Solloway
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of whether all UK Official Development Assistance (ODA) programmes run by his Department fulfil the primary requirement that ODA supports the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective.

BEIS ODA Funds must act in compliance with the International Development Act (IDA) 2002. The primary purpose of the IDA requires that spend will help reduce poverty overseas. In parallel to ensuring my Department’s ODA spend is compatible with the IDA, the spend must be in line with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) rules on ODA. BEIS officials work in close contact with counterparts in the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) to ensure that all of our ODA spending meets this primary purpose requirement, and is accurately accounted for through the annual Statistics on International Development (SID) reporting process (published every April on gov.uk). All programmes employ relevant and robust mechanisms through programme design and implementation to ensure their primary development purpose is met.

Amanda Solloway
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what criteria his Department is using to make decisions on UK Official Development Assistance funded programmes for 2021.

All Government Departments with responsibility for spending Official Development Assistance took part in a cross-government process, led by my Rt. Hon. Friend the First Secretary of State, to review in detail how ODA is allocated between key priorities - recognising the difficult economic circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic.

On 2nd December last year, my Rt. Hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary wrote to the Chair of the International Development Committee setting out the Strategic Framework for UK ODA, which details the UK’s foreign aid spending priorities. In line with these priorities, he confirmed each Department’s total ODA settlement on 26th January.

We are currently working with UKRI, and all our Global Challenges Research Fund and Newton Fund Delivery Partners to manage the Financial Year 2021/22 ODA allocations. UKRI have written to their award holders to set out the process for reviewing ODA funding next year, and to explore options for individual programmes. (Full details have been published on the UKRI website). Ongoing GCRF and Newton Fund programme activity will be prioritised according to the Strategic Framework for UK ODA priorities.

Amanda Solloway
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to ensure that people most adversely affected by the covid-19 pandemic receive the warm home discount to which they are entitled.

This winter (2020/21), around 1 million Pension Credit Guarantee Credit recipients will receive the rebate automatically on their energy bills, as a result of data matching between the Department for Work and Pensions and participating energy suppliers. A further 200,000 low income pensioners, who meet some of the eligibility criteria, will receive a letter from Government encouraging them to claim via a dedicated helpline if they meet the remaining criteria. Of these, over 45,000 have claimed a rebate through calling the helpline so far.

To make sure that all eligible pensioners claim the support to which they are rightly entitled, in 2020 Government ran a nationwide 12-week campaign to raise awareness of Pension Credit, and launched a new online claim service, which improves access.

In addition to the Core Group, over 1.1 million vulnerable and low income households will also receive a Warm Home Discount rebate through the Broader Group, which is administered by energy suppliers.

To help vulnerable energy customers during the pandemic, Government negotiated a Voluntary Agreement with energy suppliers, to support customers impacted by COVID-19 who may be struggling with their energy bills and help to keep them on supply. Additionally, the Energy Price Cap has continued to protect around 15 million households on default and prepayment meter tariffs. Government also operates other schemes, such as the Cold Weather Payments and Winter Fuel Payment, which help vulnerable households with their winter energy costs.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission's 2015 Joint Consultation Paper, Unfair Terms in Contracts?, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the recommendations made in that Paper on protecting small businesses from unfair contract clauses.

Following the joint consultation paper, the Department held two calls for evidence relating to the protection of small business when buying goods and services. As a result, it has decided not to intervene in the contractual relations agreed between businesses outside of certain sectors such as groceries and pubs. The second call for evidence led to the establishment of the Small Business Commissioner by the Department.

Paul Scully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
19th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps the Government is taking to ensure that the effect of climate change on gender equality and women and girls in the global south is being tackled through its presidency of COP26.

Through our Presidency of COP26, we will support all to be active agents of change in addressing climate and environment issues. We will champion women, indigenous people and other key groups roles as decision-makers, educators and climate leaders in order to deliver effective, long-term solutions to climate change. For example, through the UK-funded Climate Ambition Support Alliance, we are supporting the ECBI (European Capacity Building Initiative) ‘Women Negotiator Mentoring Initiative.’ This initiative will help to level the playing field in international climate negotiations, not only in terms of developed and developing countries, but also between men and women.

The UK is also fully committed to implementing and facilitating the implementation of the Gender Action Plan agreed at COP25, both domestically and internationally. We recognise that the Gender Action Plan is a valuable tool in addressing the differentiated impacts of climate change and continue to call on all countries to develop gender-responsive climate policies, plans, strategies and actions.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
19th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to improve (a) recruitment and (b) retention of key workers during the covid-19 outbreak.

The Government defines key workers as those whose work are critical to the Coronavirus response. This includes those who work in the health and social care sectors, as well as in education and childcare, transport, food and delivery, utilities, communications, public safety, and the Government.

To assist retention, schools will provide essential support to the most vulnerable children and the children of those identified as key workers.

In addition, the Department of Health and Social Care is enhancing the capacity and flexible deployment of staff across essential services, for example:

  • By allowing the temporary registration of recently retired NHS staff and social workers.
  • By allowing retired staff to return to the NHS without a negative impact on their pension.
  • By providing additional indemnity cover to key workers.

By protecting the employment rights of NHS volunteers.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
10th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what assessment she has made on the effect of the proposed reductions in Official Development Assistance on the UK’s contribution to multilateral agencies operating in Yemen, including the (a) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, (b) UN International Children’s Fund and (c) World Food Programme.

Yemen remains a key priority for the UK Government. The UK’s £160 million pledge made at the 2020 Yemen Humanitarian Pledging Conference on June 2nd was the third largest by any country and brings our total commitment to Yemen to nearly £1 billion since the conflict started in 2015. The UK remains committed to honouring this pledge and supporting various multilateral agencies operating in Yemen.

Our funding will help UN agencies provide support to at least 300,000 vulnerable people each month to help them buy food and household essentials, treat 40,000 children for malnutrition and provide 1 million people with improved water supply and basic sanitation.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what assessment she has made on the effect of the proposed reductions in Official Development Assistance on the UK’S contribution to multilateral funding bodies in (a) Syria and (b) the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The UK is committed to spending 0.7% of Gross National Income (GNI) on Official Development Assistance, which is enshrined in law. This means the aid budget increases when the UK economy grows and decreases if the economy shrinks.

Given the expected fall in GNI this year, aid spending is under review across all departments. No decision has been taken and we are considering the full range of our work.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what assessment she has made of the implications for the merger of her Department with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the Aid Transparency Index rating the transparency of aid spending by her Department as very good and by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as fair.

The 2020 Aid Transparency Index was launched on 24 June and DFID remains ‘very good’ and the 2nd best bilateral donor, and the FCO has improved performance, moving into the ‘fair’ category for the first time and scoring above average for the non-specialised ministries (foreign/defence/trade) assessed. DFID and FCO both lost points because they were unable to provide sufficiently forward-looking budget forecasts due to the limitations of the current Spending Review settlement, which will be addressed in future assessments.

The UK is globally recognised for its expertise and transparency in aid spending. The new Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office will continue to benefit from that expert knowledge as it delivers aid programmes to some of the world’s poorest people.

We are committed to improving transparency of aid globally and maintaining our high standards for overseas spending.?We will continue to be accountable to parliament and to taxpayers for how we spend UK aid, and to mandate our partners to be transparent.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
16th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps she is taking to ensure that programmes funded by her Department can be adapted to respond to the covid-19 pandemic and progress on development does not stop as a result of it.

We are maximising the UK’s efforts to tackle COVID-19 by adapting and scaling up existing programmes where they can respond to the crisis. In country, we are working quickly to pivot our programming to support the COVID-19 response, reinforcing health, humanitarian, social protection or economic support programmes.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that aid to Yemen is received by people who need it most.

The UK Government has a zero-tolerance policy to the diversion of UK aid funds and seeks to minimise the risks, to ensure our life-saving assistance (such as food, clean water and medical support) reaches those vulnerable Yemenis who need it most.

We do this by only channelling our support through organisations with a strong record of delivering and monitoring assistance, such as UN agencies and international NGOs. We also subject our partners to rigorous due diligence processes and regular reviews (including independent third-party verification of delivery).

We also continue to actively call on the Houthis and all parties to the conflict to immediately end all restrictions on aid agencies and comply with UN Security Council Resolution 2451 by allowing safe, rapid, and unhindered access for the humanitarian response and commercial supplies.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what plans her Department has to help ensure that girls are not prevented from returning to education as schools reopen following the covid-19 pandemic.

Ensuring 12 years of quality education for all girls remains a UK priority. As the effects of the COVID-19 crisis play out, the impact on girls’ education is becoming increasingly clear. The UK’s response to the pandemic aims to tackle the preventative measures to girls returning to education by mitigating short term risks by focussing on safety, nutrition, wellbeing and learning whilst schools are closed; and supporting countries to protect and maintain education budgets in the longer term.

DFID is adapting its bilateral education programmes in 18 countries. The Global Partnership for Education, to which the UK is the largest donor, is flexing over £200 million to support education sector stability in response to the pandemic. The UK has also announced £20 million for UNICEF’s crisis appeal, which includes education, and a further £5 million to the Education Cannot Wait fund to support emergency education in fragile contexts.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, if she will take steps to ensure that the provision of vaccines following the Global Vaccine Summit achieves the Sustainable Development Goal to leave no one behind by prioritising the poorest and most marginalised children.

The UK is proud to have raised $8.8 billion for Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance at the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June. This funding, which includes the UK’s world-leading £1.65 billion pledge, will support Gavi’s strategy to leave no one behind with immunisation over the next five years.

The UK’s central priority for Gavi is equity. Gavi immunises nearly half of the world’s children, and since 2000, has increased basic immunisation coverage levels in Gavi-supported countries from 59% to 80%. Despite increases in overall immunisation coverage levels, health systems in the poorest countries are still not reaching almost one in five children with a full course of basic vaccines.

These remaining pockets of under-immunised children are often the hardest to reach. The UK is working closely with Gavi to ensure that we remove barriers to immunisation for the most marginalised children. Gavi is working closely with its Alliance Partners, WHO and UNICEF, to adopt new strategies in-country to address gender, poverty, fragility and intra-country barriers to immunisation.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what discussions she is having with UN agencies to ensure that funding for the covid-19 response is allocated urgently to organisations operating at community level.

My officials continue to liaise with UN partners on all aspects of its COVID-19 response, including their work with NGOs and civil society organisations.

DFID welcomes the vital role that NGOs and civil society organisations will continue to play in service delivery through multilaterals. UN agencies have undertaken a review of their existing procedures related to partnership management and issued additional internal guidance to simplify and expedite collaboration where appropriate. We will be working with the UN and DFID’s country offices.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to help ensure that humanitarian (a) access and (b) principles are protected in the global covid-19 response.

To date, the UK has committed £744 million of UK Aid to support global efforts to combat COVID-19. We are working with all our international partners to ensure aid is effectively distributed to vulnerable countries.

The UK is a key contributor to the UN’s Global Humanitarian Response Plan (GHRP), which focuses on humanitarian access, through securing the continuity of the supply chains for essential commodities and services, and supporting the most vulnerable, including protecting and assisting refugees, Internally Displaced Peoples, migrants and host communities.

We are co-leading work with Italy through the G7 to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable countries. A large part of this work is to ensure unhindered humanitarian access for vulnerable populations, and to make sure the global response is prioritising the most in need.

We are also using diplomatic channels to ensure that international humanitarian law and global commitments regarding the rights and protection of refugees and access to asylum are upheld in this crisis.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to (a) enhance and (b) maintain humanitarian access in Yemen.

The UK is extremely concerned that Houthi restrictions and interference in the delivery of humanitarian assistance is now forcing humanitarian agencies, such as the World Food Programme, to scale back their assistance in northern Yemen. In line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2451, we are calling on all parties to facilitate unhindered access for humanitarian actors and agencies and ensure that humanitarian workers are able to conduct their work safely and without harm.

Ministers and officials continue to engage closely with other donors and humanitarian agencies to ensure a coordinated international approach on how we adjust the way we all give aid, to ensure it gets to those in need.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what discussions she has had with her international counterparts on planned funding levels for a humanitarian response in Yemen.

As reported by the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Mark Lowcock, in his UN Security Council briefing of Monday 16 April, UN agencies estimate that they need more than $900 million to enable them to continue their operations in Yemen until July.

On Thursday 23 April, DFID’s acting Permanent Secretary discussed ways of improving humanitarian funding levels in Yemen with Mark Lowcock.

The Secretary of State also discussed Yemen funding with the Executive Director of the World Food Programme on Friday 17 April and UK officials remain in close contact with other major donors such as Saudi Arabia, the US and Germany.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to support countries with weak health systems to ensure they have the resilience to respond to the covid-19 pandemic and maintain pre-existing health priorities.

The UK has, so far, pledged £744 million of UK aid to help end the COVID-19 pandemic as quickly as possible. This includes a package of £200 million to support UK charities and international organisations to help prevent infections and mitigate the impact of COVID-19 in developing countries, including maintaining essential health services.

DFID recognises strong and resilient health systems are vital to national and global health security and helping to protect the world from health threats, including COVID-19, and to maintaining the delivery of essential health services.

Through our multilateral partnerships, and our regional and national programmes, we support developing countries to make their health systems stronger and more resilient, and prepared to detect, prevent and respond to health threats, such as COVID-19.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to support women and girls as part of its response to covid-19.

There must be an explicit and visible consideration of, and support to, women and girls across DFID’s response to COVID-19. DFID has committed an additional £10 million to the United Nation’s Population Fund COVID-19 response to strengthen health systems to deliver sexual and reproductive health and gender-based violence services, support supply chains for lifesaving commodities and deliver community engagement activities. We also recently committed £20 million to the UN Children’s Fund to help keep children in developing countries safe and learning throughout the crisis. DFID has also launched a call for proposals under our Rapid Response Facility, which required all projects to mainstream gender, protection and safeguarding.

DFID is flexing existing programmes to ensure we can better respond to the specific impacts women and girls are facing as a result of COVID-19. For example, the Women's Integrated Sexual Health (WISH) programme is our flagship women’s sexual and reproductive health programme and provides lifesaving services to women in 27 countries around the world. WISH is finding innovative ways to keep delivering desperately-needed services and supplies during this pandemic, while also supporting efforts to stop the spread of the disease.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what her Department’s policy is on the Gavi replenishment period and strategy review.

As Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance’s largest donor, the UK fully supports the Gavi 5.0 strategy for 2021-2015 to ‘leave no one behind with immunisation’. The UK has committed £1.65 billion, the equivalent of £330 million per year, to support Gavi’s goal to immunise a further 300 million children and save up to 8 million lives.

The UK is hosting the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June, which will bring countries together to raise the funds required to save millions of lives. The Gavi replenishment period is vital to raise at least $7.4 billion to fund Gavi’s investment case for its next five years of work (2021-2025).

Gavi’s strategy for the next five years was approved by the Gavi Board in June 2019, with a focus on equity and increasing vaccination coverage to unreached and under-immunised children. Gavi is adapting its strategy to support countries’ responses to the impacts of COVID-19 on routine immunisation.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what level of funding she plans to allocate to the replenishment of Gavi, the Vaccines Alliance.

The Secretary of State announced the UK’s support to Gavi in Parliament on Wednesday 29 April. Our pledge of £1.65 billion to Gavi over the next five years. will immunise up to 75 million children against vaccine preventable diseases, strengthen health systems, build resilience against coronavirus and other diseases and support global access to any future coronavirus vaccine.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that user fees are not a barrier to the treatment of covid-19 in developing countries.

I refer my honourable friend to the answer to question 39671, on 1 May.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that services to help prevent maternal, new-born and child deaths that may be under pressure as a result of covid-19 are protected.

The UK government’s commitment to end the preventable deaths of mothers, new-born babies and children by 2030 is more essential now than ever given the COVID-19 outbreak. DFID is stepping up efforts to ensure sexual, reproductive, maternal and new-born health services continue to be prioritised in our response to the pandemic, to stop mothers and babies dying unnecessarily.

Globally we are working with agencies such as the World Health Organisation, UNFPA, the Partnership for Maternal New-born and Child Health and the Global Financing Facility (GFF) to support governments to maintain health systems in affected countries, provide technical guidance and advocate for sustained reproductive, maternal, new-born and child health services. This may include filling essential supply chain gaps and supporting frontline health workers. The UK supported the GFF Investors Group press release last week that called for strong, collective action to avoid a potential secondary health crisis from disruptions in health services from COVID-19.

The UK has committed £1.65 billion, the equivalent of £330 million per year, to support Gavi’s goal to immunise a further 300 million children and save up to 8 million lives. The UK is hosting the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June, which will bring countries together to raise the funds required to save millions. The Gavi replenishment period is vital to raise at least $7.4 billion to fund Gavi’s investment case for its next five years of work (2021-2025).

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, how many projects and at what cost to the public purse have been assessed by (a) her and (b) her Chief Statistician as not meeting the definition of Official Development Assistance in each of the last five years.

Spend reported as Official Development Assistance (ODA) must meet the criteria set by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC). DFID receives a small non-ODA allocation from HMT for the known areas of spend we have that fall outside of the scope of ODA.

DFID collates and checks UK ODA spend data in reporting to the OECD DAC and in our National Statistics publication ‘Statistics on International Development’. The DAC Secretariat quality assures donors’ ODA spend to ensure that it is reported correctly and qualifies under the ODA rules.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, how much funding his Department has allocated to the UK-Africa Investment Summit; and whether that funding was classified as Overseas Development Assistance.

As with all such Government events, the full costing will be available in due course. 2020 UK ODA spend, including for this Summit, will be reported in Statistics on International Development, published by DFID in Autumn 2021.

Andrew Stephenson
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
13th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps he has taken to ensure that his Department's funding for Sittwe General Hospital, Rakhine State, Burma, is not being used to discriminate against Rohingya people.

The UK supports improved health care for all communities in Rakhine through the multi-donor Access to Health Fund. We are clear that funding for Sittwe Hospital, provided as one part of this programme, must deliver improved access to healthcare for Rohingya people. We will not fund activities that further disadvantage this group.

Baroness Sugg raised the need for equal access to health treatment for all, when she met with the Rakhine State Health Director and the Union Minister of Health and Sport during her visit to Myanmar last autumn. This is in accordance with the Rakhine Advisory Commission recommendations. The UK will continue to raise this issue in discussions.

Andrew Stephenson
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what recent steps her Department has taken to help ensure that legal protection for intellectual property and patents does not determine the ability of people around the world to gain urgent access to a safe, timely and effective covid-19 vaccine.

Whilst the UK has not seen evidence that Intellectual Property is a barrier to the production or supply of COVID-19 goods, including vaccines, the Government will continue to engage constructively in debates at the World Trade Organisation Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Council and other international institutions to promote affordable and equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines for all.

The UK will continue to push ahead with pragmatic action, including voluntary licensing and technology transfer agreements for vaccines, support for COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access, and solutions for production bottlenecks and supply chain issues.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 27 October 2020 to 106364, how many projects were applied for by the Department of International Trade under the Integrated Activity Fund in the (a) 2016-17, (b) 2017-18, (c) 2018-19 and (d) 2019-20 financial years; and what the (a) allocated budget and (b) actual spending was for each project.

The Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) provides funding in support of a range of programmes across the Gulf Region. The Department for International Trade has led or been involved in programmes that include, but are not limited to, activities focusing on education; sport and culture; and healthcare. All of our work is in line with international standards and aims to share the United Kingdom's expertise and experience.

It is government policy to not disclose specific information related to individual IAF projects to maintain the confidence and confidentiality of commercial interests and our Gulf partners.

Ranil Jayawardena
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what the total value was of arms exports from the UK to Saudi Arabia in 2019.

Defence and security export statistics by region – rather than individual countries – are published on GOV.UK annually

However, HM Government publishes Official Statistics about export licences granted and refused each quarter. The publicly available data on GOV.UK currently includes details of licences up to 31st March 2020; data for the period 1st April 2020 to 30th June 2020 will be published on 13th October 2020.

Licensing data does not provide an accurate export value as value needs only to be declared for Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs). Nonetheless, export values declared in SIELs for military exports granted to Saudi Arabia in 2019 were £638,236,675; and in the last 10 years were £9,262,769,732. Licences granted are not necessarily a measure of exports shipped in a given period though – as they are valid for between two and five years – and some such licences expire before they are used so, in these circumstances, exporters must submit a further application, which can result in double counting.

Ranil Jayawardena
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what the total value of arms exports from the UK to Saudi Arabia was in the last ten years.

Defence and security export statistics by region – rather than individual countries – are published on GOV.UK annually

However, HM Government publishes Official Statistics about export licences granted and refused each quarter. The publicly available data on GOV.UK currently includes details of licences up to 31st March 2020; data for the period 1st April 2020 to 30th June 2020 will be published on 13th October 2020.

Licensing data does not provide an accurate export value as value needs only to be declared for Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs). Nonetheless, export values declared in SIELs for military exports granted to Saudi Arabia in 2019 were £638,236,675; and in the last 10 years were £9,262,769,732. Licences granted are not necessarily a measure of exports shipped in a given period though – as they are valid for between two and five years – and some such licences expire before they are used so, in these circumstances, exporters must submit a further application, which can result in double counting.

Ranil Jayawardena
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
24th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will publish data on the use of motorcycles during the covid-19 outbreak in line with the data published by his Department entitled Transport use by mode: Great Britain, since 1 March 2020.

Road traffic data on the use of motorcycles during the COVID-19 pandemic is not available.

Road traffic data published as part of ‘Transport use by mode: Great Britain, since 1 March 2020’ is based on approximately 275 automatic traffic counter sites, as used for the Quarterly Road Traffic National Statistics publication series.

As with the Quarterly series (where motorcycle traffic estimates are not published), the pattern and relative infrequency of motorcycle travel means that robust estimates of change in use of this mode during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic are unavailable.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
12th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will include commuter motorcycling within his transport policy response to covid-19 announced on 9 May 2020; and if he will make a statement.

We recognise the social distancing benefits of using motorcycles at this time. However, the Department is keen to encourage cycling and walking as healthy and environmentally friendly forms of travel that support social distancing as well. More people have been cycling and walking during lockdown and it is the right time to encourage people to continue with this travel behaviour.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
12th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he plans to take to support the (a) increased, (b) easier and (c) safe use of (i) motorcycles, (ii) e-scooters and (iii) other two-wheeled commuter transport as the covid-19 lockdown is eased.

The recent update of the Department’s Road Safety Statement, which was published on 19 July 2019, provides steps to improve motorcycle safety.

In response to COVID-19, the Department is accelerating and expanding planned trials of rental e-scooters, allowing all areas that want to host trials to do so. We will introduce legislation in June to allow trials to begin.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what the rate was of successful applications for pension credit in each year from 2015 to 2019 inclusive.

The Department does not hold this information.

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, with reference to the Scottish Social Security Committee's report on Benefit take-up, published 11 March 2020, whether her Department plans to respond to the (a) recommendation that the Government develops a written strategy that aims to?maximise?take-up of reserved benefits across the UK and (b) other recommendations made in that report.

DWP officials appeared at the inquiry to provide information on reserved benefits, and they will provide further information to the Committee should it be required.

Justin Tomlinson
Minister of State (Department for Work and Pensions)
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, with reference to the covid-19 outbreak, what plans she has to allow universal credit advance payments to be made as soon as possible without work coach meetings.

Face-to-face checks for Universal Credit advances have been removed for people self-isolating due to coronavirus so they can get the support they need quickly. Advances are available online or via the phone.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
23rd Feb 2021
What recent assessment he has made of the effectiveness of his Department’s response to the covid-19 outbreak.

The Government has assessed and managed the impact of COVID-19, taking the necessary action to suppress the virus, prevent the National Health Service from becoming overwhelmed and save lives. Levels of infection are showing clear signs of coming down and over 17 million people – one in three – have received the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine

18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans he has to extend the professional registration of health care staff on the Health and Care Professions Council register beyond the groups currently listed.

The Government does not have any plans to extend the list of professions that are regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council at this time.

Helen Whately
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
6th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will ask the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to review the evidence behind its initial decision to reject siponimod for routine use to treat active secondary multiple sclerosis.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) follows established methods and processes when developing its technology appraisals guidance and only publishes final guidance on the use of a drug after careful consideration of the evidence and consultation with stakeholders.

The appraisal consultation document (ACD) on siponimod for treating secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is draft guidance and is currently subject to public consultation, allowing stakeholders and individuals to comment on the draft guidance so that their views can be taken into account. The ACD is not NICE's final guidance on a technology and the recommendations may change after consultation.

The consultation has been running from 25 June to 5pm on 23 July 2020. The consultation can be found at the following link:

https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/indevelopment/gid-ta10436/consultation/html-content-2

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to help ensure immediate access to (a) vaccines and (b) treatments in (i) sub-Saharan Africa and (ii) other areas where there is a surge in covid-19 cases and deaths.

The UK has played a leading role in supporting global access to safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines and treatments from the outset of the pandemic and stands side by side with our international friends and partners during this deeply challenging time to tackle COVID-19. The UK is among the largest donors to COVAX, which has so far shipped over 107 million COVID-19 vaccines to 135 participants, including 47 countries in Africa. It aims to provide doses equivalent to up to 30% population in low- and middle-income countries by early 2022. The UK has also pledged up to £40 million to the COVID-19 Therapeutics Accelerator to support the rapid development of, and access to, treatments for COVID-19 in low and middle income countries.

The UK is proud that our G7 Presidency secured agreement from leaders to support vaccinating the world in 2022 and to share and finance an additional 1 billion doses over the next year to accelerate vaccine roll-out. This includes a commitment from the UK to share 100 million doses, 80% of which will go to COVAX to support countries in need, with 5 million doses to be shared by the end of September beginning in the coming weeks. We continue to work closely with the G7 and international partners on expanding global access, including efforts to mobilise international financing, increase vaccine supply and support in-country delivery, including community mobilisation and efforts to build vaccine confidence.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many doses of the Oxford/AstraZeneca covid-19 vaccine have been distributed to low-income countries; and how that figure compares to the number of doses distributed by that company globally.

The UK is proud to be playing a leading role in the global effort to develop and distribute COVID-19 vaccines and our investment in the research and development of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine has been a key contribution to this effort. Through voluntary licensing and manufacturing partnerships across the world, more than half a billion doses of the vaccine have so far been distributed worldwide at non-profit prices, with two-thirds of these going to lower- and middle- income countries. This includes a significant portion of COVAX's supply, which has so far shipped over 109 million COVID-19 vaccines to 135 participants worldwide. We encourage others to follow this lead and are working to facilitate more partnerships like this.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions he has with (a) relevant stakeholders and (b) Cabinet colleagues on the communication by the EU to the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Council of the World Trade Organization proposing a declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health in the circumstances of a pandemic.

The UK Government is currently assessing the proposal submitted by the European Union to the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Council at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The Department for International Trade leads on this issue for the UK.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he has had discussions with his US counterpart on the proposed waiver of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights at the World Trade Organization; and if he will make a statement.

The UK Government is currently assessing the proposal submitted by the European Union to the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Council at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The Department for International Trade leads on this issue for the UK.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the UK’s efforts in ensuring accessibility and availability of covid-19 vaccines across the globe; and what steps he is taking to increase access to those vaccines in low-income countries.

The UK is committed to supporting global access to safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines and has played a leading role in driving international support for the COVAX Facility as an effective multilateral mechanism to deliver this. The UK was one of the earliest and largest donors to COVAX, committing £548 million to COVAX's Advance Market Commitment which, through match funding, leveraged $1 billion from other donors in 2020. Our early funding has been key to helping COVAX secure deals with manufacturers to supply up to 1.8 billion doses of safe and effective vaccines for up to 92 low- and middle-income countries by early 2022. The UK's investment in the research and development of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine has been a key contribution to the global vaccination effort and we are proud that the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine forms a significant part of the COVAX portfolio in support of these efforts.

The Prime Minister also announced at the G7 that the UK will donate 100 million doses within the next year, 80% of which will go to COVAX to further support countries in need. We continue to work closely with the G7 and international partners on expanding and accelerating global access, including efforts to mobilise international financing, increase vaccine supply and support in-country delivery, including community mobilisation and efforts to build vaccine confidence, particularly in low-income countries.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the UK's donation of covid-19 vaccine doses to the COVAX programme as announced on 11 June 2021, when he plans to announce details of (a) exact volumes of doses given to date and (b) the timescale for future doses being given.

Our G7 Presidency in June championed equitable access to vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics and confirmed the UK will share 100 million doses within the next year, 30 million of those by the end of 2021. We have already begun discussions to ensure the first 5 million doses are shared by the end of September and we will make an announcement shortly.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent progress his Department has made on its consultations with representatives of (a) the pharmaceutical industry and (b) relevant institutions to catalyse (i) engagement with and (ii) participation in the World Health Organization’s COVID Technology Access Pool.

The UK has engaged extensively with all interested parties on the COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP) since the World Health Organisation (WHO) published its concept paper in October 2020. We continue to have ongoing, constructive discussions with the WHO as well as industry and relevant institutions on the initiative. Joining C-TAP is a decision for industry to take and we will continue to act as an interface between the WHO and relevant stakeholders, and share lessons learnt from UK licensing models for voluntary sharing of intellectual property.

The UK has supported efforts to boost vaccine manufacturing through voluntary licensing and technology transfer partnerships, working with partners including through the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator Vaccine Manufacturing Working Group and the COVAX Supply Chain and Manufacturing Task Force. Our contribution to the development of the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine is well known and is already ensuring more than half a billion doses of vaccine are available across the world at cost. We encourage others to follow this lead and are working to facilitate more partnerships like this.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent estimate his Department has made of the number of covid-19 vaccine doses available to low- and middle-income countries and humanitarian contexts through COVAX relative to requirement, including from the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine; and what steps he plans to take to tackle any shortfall.

The UK was one of the earliest and largest donors to COVAX, committing £548 million to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment. Our early funding helped COVAX secure deals with manufacturers to supply safe and effective vaccines for up to 92 low- and middle-income countries. COVAX has so far helped deliver over 107 million doses to over 135 participants. It aims to provide doses equivalent to up to 30% population in low- and middle-income countries by early 2022. The UK's investment in the research and development of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine has been a key contribution to the global vaccination effort and we are proud that the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine forms a significant part of the COVAX portfolio in support of these efforts.

The UK is proud that our G7 Presidency secured agreement from leaders to support vaccinating the world in 2022 and to share and finance an additional 1 billion doses over the next year to accelerate vaccine roll-out. This includes a commitment from the UK to share 100 million doses, 80% of which will go to COVAX to support countries in need, with 5 million doses to be shared by the end of September beginning in the coming weeks. We continue to work closely with the G7 and international partners on expanding global access, including efforts to mobilise international financing, increase vaccine supply and support in-country delivery, including community mobilisation and efforts to build vaccine confidence.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the expiry dates of (a) domestic surplus covid-19 vaccines and (b) future vaccine donations to the COVAX programme; and what steps he is taking to mitigate potential wastage.

Our G7 Presidency in June championed equitable access to vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics and confirmed the UK will share 100 million doses within the next year, 30 million of those by the end of 2021 with 5 million doses shared by the end of September, beginning in the coming weeks. Expiry of vaccines and the need to ensure no wastage of vaccines takes place remains a significant element in our planning of when and where the UK will share/deploy doses both domestically and with international partners. No vaccines will be shared without an agreement there is time for recipients to distribute and deploy vaccines before expiry.

Decisions on which vaccines will be shared and when will also be based on the continued reliability of supply chains, regulatory restrictions and advice from the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many civil service jobs his Department and its agencies had located in Scotland in (a) March 2011 and (b) the most recent period for which figures are available.

Headcount information prior to 2014 is not held centrally. The figures shown below are based on the headcount as at 31 March in each financial year.

Date

Number of staff based in Scotland

2014

570 - 579

2021

960 - 969

The 2014 figure relates only to former DFID. The former FCO did not have an office in Scotland.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
17th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to to ensure the safety of aid workers and diplomats in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

All FCDO staff undertake specialist safety training before deployment and are provided with regular security briefs at post on common threats, risks areas, and how to stay safe. The British Embassy has a highly professional and trained guard force based at the Embassy 24/7; a dedicated security provider who acts as first responders to incidents; and a communications alert system. It also security assesses all staff accommodation. A rigorous risk assessment is carried out prior to any field visits for staff and they travel in armoured vehicles where necessary.

We conduct thorough due diligence assessments of our implementing partners including their risk mitigation capabilities. We share urgent security information and best practice, and provide training sessions to ensure they have risk mitigations in place to safeguard their staff.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
17th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps his Department is taking to protect child nutrition services in the immediate and long-term in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The UK remains a committed development partner of the Democratic Republic of Congo, including on child nutrition services. Through our humanitarian and health programmes, UK aid has supported better nutrition for over 4 million children from April 2019 - December 2020. Preventing and treating severe acute malnutrition in children remains a priority for our current and future humanitarian and health programmes.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
17th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to ensure long-term stability and security in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The UK is deeply concerned about violence, instability and the humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in the east. Protecting communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo from violence is an immediate priority, which is why the UK, alongside other UN Security Council members, has ensured that the protection of civilians remains central to the mandate of the UN peace keeping Mission, MONUSCO. Since 2017, the UK's humanitarian programme has helped over three million people in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with cash, emergency nutrition, water and healthcare. Longer term, the UK's peace and stability programme is providing access to livelihoods, helping secure land access and supporting inclusive dialogue to address the drivers of conflict in conflict-affected communities, and we are working towards the eradication of poverty through the provision of enhanced access to basic services, increased economic opportunities, and by strengthening governance. The Minister for Africa discussed the importance of tackling these issues with President Tshisekedi during his visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo in November 2020 and again during a telephone call in March this year.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
17th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the proposed reduction in Official Development Assistance on ongoing and planned UK aid programmes in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The UK remains a committed development partner of the Democratic Republic of Congo. As one of the largest bilateral donors to the Democratic Republic of Congo, we are providing life-saving assistance to 3 million people, as well as supporting basic health and education services, improving the environment for business, increasing people's incomes, and strengthening stability and governance.

The seismic impact of the pandemic on the UK economy has forced us to take tough but necessary decisions, including temporarily reducing the overall amount we spend on aid to 0.5% of GNI. We will remain a world-leading Official Development Assistance donor and still spend more than £10 billion this year to fight poverty, tackle climate change and improve global health.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what consultation he has conducted on the impact of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on individuals living in conflict zones.

Following the move to 0.5%, FCDO Ministers consulted with over 80 NGOs, partners and parliamentarians about the changes to ODA. NGOs, partners and parliamentarians fed in their views on development priorities and programmes to officials and Ministers on a regular basis, including through a roundtable for civil society. The FCDO will spend £419 million bilaterally in 21/22 on open societies and conflict resolution including to harness the UK's unique strengths in conflict management and resolution. The cross-government Conflict, Stability and Security Fund will receive £874 million for 2021-22 to focus on the link between stability, resilience and security, and work with governments and civil society on peace initiatives.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he is developing a conflict prevention strategy.

As announced in the Integrated Review, the FCDO's new conflict centre will support a more integrated HMG approach to conflict prevention, management and resolution, including working with teams across FCDO and HMG to support the wide range of interconnected agendas aimed at building inclusive and stable environments and preventing possible atrocities. A core part of the centre's role will be to draw on expertise from across HMG and beyond to support the UK's work on conflict, including from civil society, academia, and the private sector, and through cooperation with bilateral partners and multilateral organisations.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to ensure that the whole aid portfolio delivered in conflict affected countries is sensitive to the conflict dynamics around them.

Conflict sensitivity is an essential part of UK aid programming. At a minimum, all our aid-funded programmes must ensure they minimize the risk of doing harm in conflict-affected countries. The UK government regularly conducts analyses of evolving conflict dynamics to inform our interventions, and our conflict sensitivity tools and guidance are widely used. Moreover, we have used UK aid to fund resources and technical support on conflict sensitivity open to other donors and implementing partners.

The Integrated Review calls for the government to take a more integrated approach to addressing the long-term drivers of conflict. As part of this, FCDO will continue to ensure our aid-funded work, where appropriate, addresses drivers of conflict and supports stability building and conflict prevention. This will be key to achieving our commitment to reduce the frequency and intensity of conflict and instability to alleviate suffering, harnessing the full range of government capabilities.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential long-term effects of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on the potential for peace in conflict-affected states.

The UK is committed to working to reduce the frequency and intensity of conflict and instability. ODA programming is one of a number of tools which will help the UK to address this, along with diplomatic engagement and our ability to provide technical expertise to effectively support peace processes and mediation. It is the effective combination of these tools that enables the UK to play a leadership role in supporting peace processes, and ensuring mediators sustain engagement with all relevant armed actors. The FCDO's new conflict centre will draw on expertise and learning from across HMG and the wider peacebuilding community including from civil society organisations and academia. This new strategic approach will allow us to drive greater impact from our aid budget, notwithstanding the difficult financial position we face.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential long-term effects of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on the Government's ability to engage armed groups in dialogue and peace processes.

The UK is committed to working to reduce the frequency and intensity of conflict and instability. ODA programming is one of a number of tools which will help the UK to address this, along with diplomatic engagement and our ability to provide technical expertise to effectively support peace processes and mediation. It is the effective combination of these tools that enables the UK to play a leadership role in supporting peace processes, and ensuring mediators sustain engagement with all relevant armed actors. The FCDO's new conflict centre will draw on expertise and learning from across HMG and the wider peacebuilding community including from civil society organisations and academia. This new strategic approach will allow us to drive greater impact from our aid budget, notwithstanding the difficult financial position we face.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the impact of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on the UK’s ability to use learning from peacebuilding organisations in the Government’s policy and programming responses.

The UK is committed to working to reduce the frequency and intensity of conflict and instability. ODA programming is one of a number of tools which will help the UK to address this, along with diplomatic engagement and our ability to provide technical expertise to effectively support peace processes and mediation. It is the effective combination of these tools that enables the UK to play a leadership role in supporting peace processes, and ensuring mediators sustain engagement with all relevant armed actors. The FCDO's new conflict centre will draw on expertise and learning from across HMG and the wider peacebuilding community including from civil society organisations and academia. This new strategic approach will allow us to drive greater impact from our aid budget, notwithstanding the difficult financial position we face.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the impact of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on the UK’s capabilities in and contribution to peace and stability.

The UK is committed to working to reduce the frequency and intensity of conflict and instability. ODA programming is one of a number of tools which will help the UK to address this, along with diplomatic engagement and our ability to provide technical expertise to effectively support peace processes and mediation. It is the effective combination of these tools that enables the UK to play a leadership role in supporting peace processes, and ensuring mediators sustain engagement with all relevant armed actors. The FCDO's new conflict centre will draw on expertise and learning from across HMG and the wider peacebuilding community including from civil society organisations and academia. This new strategic approach will allow us to drive greater impact from our aid budget, notwithstanding the difficult financial position we face.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the impact on the UK of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on countries that will be affected by climate change.

As stated in the Integrated Review, tackling climate change and biodiversity loss will be the UK's international priority through COP26 and beyond

We are committed doubling our International Climate Finance to at least £11.6 billion between 2021/22 and 2025/26 and we will invest at least £3 billion of our International Climate Finance to protect and restore nature and biodiversity over the next five years.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending on developing countries’ ability to become and remain climate resilient.

We are committed doubling our International Climate Finance (ICF) to at least £11.6 billion over the next five years, between 2021/22 and 2025/26. We aim for a balance between mitigation and adaptation in our ICF. This is crucial both to reducing emissions and helping countries prepare for, and build resilience to, the impacts of climate change.

The UK is using our COP26 Presidency to mobilise action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement, encourage greater political ambition, and turn this into targeted, tangible and practical action to support adaptation and resilience.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Written Statement made on 26 January 2021 on development update HCWS735, what plans the Government has to undertake a consultation with (a) civil society and (b) development partners on the development of the International Development Strategy.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Secretary is leading work on the new International Development Strategy, which will be cross-government in scope. We look forward to engaging with partners and stakeholders, including civil society, Parliament and the devolved administrations, over the coming months. This will build on the extensive engagement and call for evidence that was undertaken to inform the Integrated Review.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Written Statement made on 26 January 2021 on development update, HCWS735, when the Government plans to begin targeted engagement with stakeholders on the International Development Strategy.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Secretary is leading work on the new International Development Strategy, which will be cross-government in scope. We look forward to engaging with partners and stakeholders, including civil society, Parliament and the devolved administrations, over the coming months. This will build on the extensive engagement and call for evidence that was undertaken to inform the Integrated Review.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Written Statement on 26 January 2021 on development update HCWS735, when he plans to begin engagement with (a) Parliament, (b) the devolved Administrations, and (c) civil society on the International Development Strategy.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Secretary is leading work on the new International Development Strategy, which will be cross-government in scope. We look forward to engaging with partners and stakeholders, including civil society, Parliament and the devolved administrations, over the coming months. This will build on the extensive engagement and call for evidence that was undertaken to inform the Integrated Review.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 20 April 2021 to Question 181249 on the international development strategy, when the Government plans to consult with (a) partners and (b) other stakeholders on the strategy.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Secretary is leading work on the new International Development Strategy, which will be cross-government in scope. We look forward to engaging with partners and stakeholders, including civil society, Parliament and the devolved administrations, over the coming months. This will build on the extensive engagement and call for evidence that was undertaken to inform the Integrated Review.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Written Statement made on 26 January 2021 on development update HCWS735, what the next steps are for the International Development Strategy; and what consultation he plans to have with civil society groups as part of the development of that strategy.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Secretary is leading work on the new International Development Strategy, which will be cross-government in scope. We look forward to engaging with partners and stakeholders, including civil society, Parliament and the devolved administrations, over the coming months. This will build on the extensive engagement and call for evidence that was undertaken to inform the Integrated Review.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what plans he has to communicate the decision to defer of start dates of the provisional grants under round 4 of the UK Aid Match programme to people who donated to fundraising campaigns on the basis that (a) their donation would be matched by the Government and (b) projects would begin in June 2021.

In his written ministerial statement to parliament, the Foreign Secretary protected the UK Aid Match programme including all active grants. The reduction in this year's budget has meant that projects scheduled to start between June and November 2021, will now start in April 2022. We continue to work closely with the organisations impacted and encourage them to advise patrons and donors of delays via their communications channels. It is not common for fundraising appeals to detail project start dates as they are often delayed for many reasons. To provide further assurance to the charities and their supporters, we have agreed to exceptionally sign grants in advance, reaffirming FCDO's commitment to match appeal donations pound for pound.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will provide a breakdown of the amount of Official Development Assistance spent on the 2021-22 thematic area trade and economic development in 2019-20.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020. The Statistics on International Development (SID) National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on Official Development Assistance (ODA) by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the SID are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, he will provide a breakdown of the total amount of Official Development Assistance spent on the 2021-22 thematic area humanitarian preparedness and response in 2019-20.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic Official Development Assistance (ODA) framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020. This included a thematic area for humanitarian preparedness and response. The Statistics on International Development (SID) National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on ODA by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the SID are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will provide a breakdown of the amount of Official Development Assistance spent on the 2021-22 thematic area climate change and biodiversity in 2019-20.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020. The Statistics on International Development (SID) National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on Official Development Assistance (ODA) by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the SID are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, when partners still waiting for confirmation as to the status of projects due to the changes in funding under the ODA will be informed of the status of these projects.

FCDO Officials are working through the implementation of the budgets set out in the Foreign Secretary's WMS of 21 April 2021, with partners and suppliers.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, when he plans to inform all current government partners of the status of their projects as a result of the changes in funding under the ODA.

FCDO Officials are working through the implementation of the budgets set out in the Foreign Secretary's WMS 21 April 2021. We will continue to engage with all our partners through our regular channels.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the total number of partners waiting for confirmation on the status of projects due to changes to ODA.

FCDO Officials are working through the implementation of the budgets set out in the Foreign Secretary's WMS on 21 April 2021 with partners and suppliers.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will provide a breakdown of the amount of Official Development Assistance spent on the 2021-22 thematic area open societies and conflict in 2019-20.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020. The Statistics on International Development (SID) National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on Official Development Assistance (ODA) by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the SID are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will provide a breakdown of the amount of Official Development Assistance spent on the 2021-22 thematic area science, research and technology in 2019-20.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020.

The Statistics on International Development National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on Official Development Assistance (ODA) by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the Statistics on International Development are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what impact assessment he made of the potential effects of the deferral of start dates of the provisional grants under round 4 of the UK Aid Match programme.

We are monitoring the impact of the ODA budget reductions on our partners, including UK charities, very closely. We have protected all active UK Aid Match projects and we are fully committed to match fund all appeals which were approved under UK Aid Match round 4. Due to the reduction in ODA, we've had to make the difficult decision to defer the start dates for round 4 projects to 1 April 2022. Officials have been in touch with all 16 organisations affected to sign grant agreements in advance to provide additional assurance to their partners and supporters that the FCDO is still matching their fundraising appeal pound for pound.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the Written Statement of 21 April 2021, FCDO update, HCWS935, what the total amount of Official Development Assistance spending was in 2019-20 on the thematic area girls’ education as referenced in that Written Statement for 2021-22.

The Foreign Secretary laid a statement before the House of Commons on 21 April 2021, which sets out how he is directing the FCDO's aid portfolio this year. He announced that the FCDO will spend £400 million of bilateral ODA on girls' education in the financial year 2021/22

Statistics on International Development: Final UK Aid Spend 2020 will be published in the autumn 2021, and will contain a detailed breakdowns of the UK's ODA spend for 2020. Statistics on International Development: Final UK Aid Spend 2019 is already available.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the Written Statement of 21 April 2021, FCDO update, HCWS935, if he will provide a breakdown of Official Development Assistance spending in 2019-20 in line with the thematic areas the Government has announced for 2021-22.

The thematic areas announced for 2021-22 reflect the Foreign Secretary's strategic framework outlined to parliament on 26 November 2020. The Statistics on International Development (SID) National Statistics, published on GOV.UK, provide an overview of all UK spend on Official Development Assistance (ODA) by calendar year (2019 is the latest available year). Sector groupings reported in the SID are collected and reported in line with the OECD reporting directives, using the international OECD sector categories and will not directly correspond with the thematic areas announced for planned 2021-22 spend.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how much funding he has allocated to the Commonwealth Fund programme Women Mediators across the Commonwealth for 2021-22.

We are engaged in ongoing discussions with the Steering Committee of the Women Mediators across the Commonwealth Network (WMC) on the future direction of the network and how best the FCDO can support, along with suitable funding options. We remain committed to supporting women's meaningful engagement in peace processes; inclusion is a cornerstone of our new, integrated foreign, security and development policy.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of the reduction in the Official Development Assistance budget on the UK’s COP26 ambitions.

As set out in the Integrated Review, tackling climate change and biodiversity loss is the number one international priority for the UK in 2021 and beyond. As host of COP26, securing greater global ambition is a priority for this Government and finance is key. We are fulfilling our own pledge to provide £5.8 billion in international climate finance (ICF) to developing countries, and are committed to doubling our ICF to £11.6 billion over the next five years. Since 2011 UK ICF has helped over 66 million people cope with the effects of climate change, and installed 2000 megawatts of clean energy.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of reductions in the Official Development Assistance (ODA) budget on the UK’s ability to fulfil its Paris Agreement requirement that all International Climate Finance be additional to existing ODA.

As set out in the Integrated Review, tackling climate change and biodiversity loss is the number one international priority for the UK in 2021 and beyond. As host of COP26, securing greater global ambition is a priority for this Government and finance is key. We are fulfilling our own pledge to provide £5.8 billion in international climate finance (ICF) to developing countries, and are committed to doubling our ICF to £11.6 billion over the next five years. Since 2011 UK ICF has helped over 66 million people cope with the effects of climate change, and installed 2000 megawatts of clean energy.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of reductions in the Official Development Assistance (ODA) budget on the UK’s COP26 ambitions.

As set out in the Integrated Review, tackling climate change and biodiversity loss is the number one international priority for the UK in 2021 and beyond. As host of COP26, securing greater global ambition is a priority for this Government and finance is key. We are fulfilling our own pledge to provide £5.8 billion in international climate finance (ICF) to developing countries, and are committed to doubling our ICF to £11.6 billion over the next five years. Since 2011 UK ICF has helped over 66 million people cope with the effects of climate change, and installed 2000 megawatts of clean energy.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of the reductions in the Official Development Assistance budget on the UK’s COP26 ambitions.

As set out in the Integrated Review, tackling climate change and biodiversity loss is the number one international priority for the UK in 2021 and beyond. As host of COP26, securing greater global ambition is a priority for this Government and finance is key. We are fulfilling our own pledge to provide £5.8 billion in international climate finance (ICF) to developing countries, and are committed to doubling our ICF to £11.6 billion over the next five years. Since 2011 UK ICF has helped over 66 million people cope with the effects of climate change, and installed 2000 megawatts of clean energy.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the potential effect of reductions in Official Development Assistance spending in 2021 on civil society organisations.

We are currently working through the implications of the cuts to the ODA budget for individual programmes. Once decisions have been made we will work closely with partners, including civil society organisations, to manage the implications for them and their work, as well as monitoring the impact on the sector as a whole.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the Statistics on International Development: Provisional UK Aid Spend 2020, published by his Department on 8 April 2021, what plans he has to publish details of the effect of the £712m reduction in Official Development Assistance spending between 2019 and 2020 on UK aid programmes.

Statistics on International Development: Final UK Aid Spend 2020, published in the autumn, will contain detailed breakdowns of the UK's ODA spend for 2020 including bilateral UK ODA by recipient country and sector.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the Statistics on International Development: Provisional UK Aid Spend 2020 published by his Department on 8 April 2021, whether UK aid programmes been (a) reduced and (b) cancelled as a result of the £712m reduction in Official Development Assistance spending in 2020.

The decrease in 2020 ODA spend reflects the decrease in the size of the economy in 2020, therefore a decrease in the value of the 0.7 per cent commitment for 2020, as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. UK aid spend on ODA programmes were reduced or cancelled in line with this decrease.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the potential effect of rapid reductions in Official Development Assistance spending in 2021 on existing UK aid programmes.

The Covid pandemic's economic impact has forced the government to take the difficult decision to temporarily reduce ODA to 0.5% of GNI. Despite this reduction, we will remain a world-leading ODA donor, spending around £10 billion on ODA in 2021-22. The Foreign Secretary has set out a strategic approach to ensure maximum impact for our aid spend for 2021-22, laying a Written Ministerial Statement for Parliament in January, summarising overall departmental cross-government allocations of ODA.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the Commonwealth Fund will continue to support (a) the network of Women Mediators across the Commonwealth and (b) a programme to provide support to Commonwealth governments seeking to reform legislation that disproportionately affects women and girls and LGBT people.

FCDO Ministers are currently working with officials to finalise ODA budget allocations for 2021/22. Final decisions have not yet been made, including on individual programmes.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if, in response to the military coup in Myanmar and renewed attacks in ethnic areas, he will work with ethnic civil society organisations to find informal mechanisms to ensure aid reaches vulnerable populations, including cross border aid mechanisms.

UK aid provides life-saving humanitarian assistance to around 460,000 conflict affected and displaced people in Myanmar and on the Thai border. We have reviewed our aid programme in Myanmar to ensure that we focus on the most vulnerable people. We are closely monitoring the ongoing impacts of the military coup with our partners, including ethnic civil society organisations, so that our support continues to reach those most in need and can respond to new needs.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with the (a) Myanmar military and (b) Myanmar defence attaché in the UK on the military's escalating attacks on civilians in Karen state.

The UK is very concerned about the worsening situation in Karen state and other ethnic regions. In particular we note the repeated breaches of the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement by the Tatmadaw in Karen state. We raised these issues at the Special Session of the Human Rights Council, which we convened with the EU on 12 February.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how much funding he has allocated to the Commonwealth Fund programme Women Mediators across the Commonwealth for 2020-22.

The UK has provided £2.6 million to support the Women Mediators across the Commonwealth Network since 2018, including £1 million in 2020/21. Funding for 2021/22 has not yet been confirmed. Despite the need to take tough but necessary decisions, including temporarily reducing the overall amount we spend on ODA, we remain committed to championing the full, equal and meaningful role of women in all aspects of peace and security.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what the gender balance is of full-time permanent contract staff in his Department.

As of 31 December 49.5% of FCDO full-time permanent staff are female.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what the gender balance is of temporary contract staff in his Department.

As of 31 December 49.8% of FCDO temporary staff are female. Temporary staff includes staff on fixed term contracts, interchange from another Government department and secondments. The figure does not include contractors.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many women were employed by his Department in each year since 2018.

On 2 September 2020 the Department for International Development and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office merged to become the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office. The data below for 2018 and 2019 is separated into DfID and FCO data. The data for 2020 is FCDO.

The data below is taken from 31 December for each of the three years.

For DfID in 2018 there were 1543 women in 2018 and 1517 women in 2019.

For FCO in 2018 and 2019 there were between 2000-2499 women.

As of 31 December 2020 there are between 3500 and 3999 women in the FCDO.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 November 2020 to Question 111558 on Overseas Aid, (a) on what date the in-year review of the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office programme budgets was conducted and (b) which Government department or departments applied for the two programmes over £1 million which will be delivered in 2020-21.

The review took place in September 2020 after the International Programme received confirmation of its revised allocation, including £8.4 million for the Gulf Strategy Fund. Both programmes over £1 million were applications by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, further to written answers 5457 and 103608 in which the Minister stated in January that the allocated budget for the Integrated Activity Fund (IAF)/ Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF) for the financial year 2020-2021 was £20m, but in October stated that this number had been reduced to £8.4m, to account for the reduction in funding allocated to the fund.

Foreign and Commonwealth Office programming, including the International Programme (IP), was temporarily put on hold earlier this year owing to the Covid-19 pandemic, except where the programmes were directly responding to Covid-19 or National Security priorities. Following a Ministerial-led reprioritisation exercise in the summer of 2020, a revised allocation for the IP, which includes £8.4 million for the Gulf Strategy Fund was approved in September to be spent in the remainder of the financial year.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 November 2020 to Question 111558, if he will publish information on (a) the total number of applications over £1 million that were made to the Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) in the 2019-20 financial year, (b) which Government departments made those applications and (c) how many applications over £1 million each Government department made.

We do not disclose information related to individual Integrated Activity Fund projects to maintain the confidence and confidentiality of our Gulf partners.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of whether there will be sufficient stocks of covid-19 vaccine doses available for the Covax facility to distribute to low and middle income countries after the UK and other high income countries have secured their own bilateral deals for potential covid-19 vaccines.

The COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC) aims to provide 1 billion doses for high-risk populations in up to 92 developing countries in 2021, at the same pace as for richer countries. The UK has committed up to £548 million in Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the COVAX AMC. Through this investment, the UK is supporting the fair and equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccines for up to 500 million people in low and middle-income countries during 2021. We have made our financial commitment early precisely to ensure that there will be supplies for AMC countries once safe and effective vaccines are available.

The COVAX AMC is the only ODA mechanism investing in expanding the supply of a portfolio of vaccines explicitly for use in developing countries. It provides the highest chance of successfully securing access for these countries during 2021, regardless of any country's bilateral deals.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 October 2020 to Question 102832 on Overseas Aid, which Departments applied for the 31 projects in 2018-19 not covered by Overseas Security and Justice Assessments; and how many projects each Department applied for.

I refer the Honourable Member to my response of 27 October to question 106365.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many projects were applied for by the Ministry of Defence under the Integrated Activity Fund in the (a) 2016-17, (b) 2017-18, (c) 2018-19 and (d) 2019-20 financial years; and what the (i) allocated budget and (ii) actual spending was for each project.

We do not disclose information related to Integrated Activity Fund projects to maintain the confidence and confidentiality of our Gulf partners.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many applications over £1 million were made to the Integrated Activity Fund in the (a) 2019-20 and (b) 2020-21 financial years; which Departments submitted those applications; how many of those applications were approved; and which (i) minister or (ii) director approved those applications in each of those financial years.

Six Integrated Activity Fund applications over £1 million were approved in 2019/20. Six programme applications over £1 million were originally made to the 2020/21 Gulf Strategy Fund by the Foreign and Commonwealth office, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. Four applications were approved. Currently only two programmes over £1 million will be delivered in 2020/21 following an in-year review of Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office programme budgets.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 October 2020 to Question 106362 on Overseas Aid, which Departments applied for the 31 projects in 2019-20 not covered by Overseas Security and Justice Assessments; and how many projects each Department applied for.

During the 2019/20 financial year the Integrated Activity Fund, now named the Gulf Strategy Fund, received applications for funding from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, the Crown Prosecution Service, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Department for International Trade, the Department of Health, the Home Office, HM Revenue and Customs and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if the Government will make it its policy to withdraw from the upcoming G20 in Saudi Arabia unless that country releases (a) human rights (b) women’s rights and (c) senior political detainees.

The UK will participate in the G20 Summit, which is likely to focus on health, the global economic recovery and wider global challenges (including climate change, trade and development). It is a key part of international planning for a sustainable recovery from coronavirus. As current G20 President, Saudi Arabia will play a vital role in coordinating the global health and economic response. We hope that the international platform provided by the G20 Presidency encourages continued progress on domestic reforms.

Our close relationship with Saudi Arabia allows us to raise our concerns about human rights, including on political detainees, in private and in public. We have expressed significant concerns about reports of continuing arrests and arbitrary detentions in Saudi Arabia. We raise concerns about individual cases regularly, using a range of Ministerial and diplomatic channels, including our Embassy in Riyadh. The UK signed a statement at the UN Human Rights Council on 15 September. It noted our human rights concerns in Saudi Arabia, regretted the continued detention of at least five women's human rights defenders, arrested in 2018, and called for the release of all political detainees. We continue to raise concerns at all levels and are monitoring the situation closely.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he plans to hold with his Saudi counterpart prior to the G20 Summit in Riyadh on the release of (a) Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, (b) Prince Turki bin Abdullah and (c) other political detainees.

The UK will participate in the G20 Summit, which is likely to focus on health, the global economic recovery and wider global challenges (including climate change, trade and development). It is a key part of international planning for a sustainable recovery from coronavirus. As current G20 President, Saudi Arabia will play a vital role in coordinating the global health and economic response. We hope that the international platform provided by the G20 Presidency encourages continued progress on domestic reforms.

Our close relationship with Saudi Arabia allows us to raise our concerns about human rights, including on political detainees, in private and in public. We have expressed significant concerns about reports of continuing arrests and arbitrary detentions in Saudi Arabia. We raise concerns about individual cases regularly, using a range of Ministerial and diplomatic channels, including our Embassy in Riyadh. The UK signed a statement at the UN Human Rights Council on 15 September. It noted our human rights concerns in Saudi Arabia, regretted the continued detention of at least five women's human rights defenders, arrested in 2018, and called for the release of all political detainees. We continue to raise concerns at all levels and are monitoring the situation closely.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many meetings have taken place since January 2019 between Ministers in his Department and members of the Chinese Government on the rights of the Hong Kong people enshrined in the joint Sino-British declaration.

We hold regular discussions with the Chinese Government and the Hong Kong authorities about the situation in Hong Kong. Both are well aware of our serious concerns about the National Security Law, and we will continue to raise these concerns at senior levels with the Chinese and Hong Kong administrations.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether representatives of (a) the Government and (b) non-departmental public bodies have met with representatives of the (i) Hong Kong Government and (ii) Chinese Government to discuss providing training to members of the police and other law enforcement bodies in Hong Kong since January 2019.

We are not aware of any discussions by representatives of (a) the Government and (b) non-departmental public bodies with the Hong Kong or Chinese Governments on the provision of training to members of the police and other law enforcement bodies in Hong Kong since January 2019.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many meetings have taken place between Ministers in his Department and members of the Hong Kong Government on the rights of the Hong Kong people under the joint Sino-British declaration, since January 2019.

We hold regular discussions with the Chinese Government and the Hong Kong authorities about the situation in Hong Kong. Both are well aware of our serious concerns about the National Security Law, and we will continue to raise these concerns at senior levels with the Chinese and Hong Kong administrations.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps his Department is taking to ensure that Yemeni civilians are protected from the covid-19 pandemic in the conflict lines of (a) Marib, (b) Hodeidah and (c) Abyan.

We are extremely concerned by the capacity of the Yemen's healthcare system to respond to the threat of a second wave of COVID-19 and continue to disburse our £200 million aid commitment for this financial year (2020/21) promptly to help the UN's response. Ultimately, a permanent ceasefire and co-operation with the UN-led political process is the best defence we have against COVID-19 in Yemen. We continue to call on all parties to the conflict to engage constructively with the peace process.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to ensure gender equality remains a strategic priority of his Department.

Advancing gender equality and women's rights are a core part of the UK Government's mission, and Global Britain's role as a force for good in the world. For example, between 2015 and 2020, we supported 8.1 million girls gain access to a decent education, and in 2019-20 alone we provided 25.4 million women and girls with modern methods of family planning, saving thousands of lives. The Government remains steadfast in its commitment to this agenda.

As the Foreign Secretary set out in his speech at the United Nations General Assembly on the 1 October, the UK is working with our international partners to ensure gender equality is a central element of the COVID-19 recovery. The FCDO will continue to champion 12 years of quality education for every girl in the world.

This October marks the 20th anniversary of UN Security Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, next year the UK will take up Presidency of the G7 and COP26, and the UK is already co-leading the new global Generation Equality Action Coalition on gender-based violence to mark the 25th Anniversary of the Beijing Platform for Action on Gender Equality. All these represent moments for the UK to champion gender equality

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he plans to take to ensure that the UK continues to uphold its Grand Bargain commitments (a) for donors to provide 25 per cent of global humanitarian funding to local and national responders by 2020 and (b) on localisation more widely.

The UK is a signatory to the Grand Bargain and the Good Humanitarian Donorship Principles, which make explicit commitments on localisation, and the UK's Humanitarian Reform Policy recognises national and local organisations and communities as first responders to disasters. We also recognise the value local and national actors have brought to COVID-19 response, playing a critical role in meeting humanitarian needs on the ground in the face of unprecedented challenges.

The UK continues to be one of the biggest humanitarian donors globally. We have been one the largest donors to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs' (UNOCHA) Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPF). The CBPF is one platform that channels funding to local and national actors and in 2019, they allocated a quarter of their resources to local and national partners.

More broadly, the UK continues to invest in initiatives to support localisation, including the creation of the Start Network, Humanitarian Learning Academy, and the Humanitarian to Humanitarian (H2H) Network, among others.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will make it his policy to adopt and implement the Department for International Development's Strategic Vision on Gender Equality as the gender strategy for his Department.

As the Foreign Secretary said in his speech to the United Nations General Assembly on the 1 October, we must use this moment as a catalyst for change, so that all women and girls have equal rights, so that they can fulfil their potential. Global Britain is proud to be a force for good in the world, holding up democracy and human rights as our guiding lights.

As part of the launch of the new FCDO, we will refresh and build on existing strategies, as well as develop new approaches, but we do not see the core ambitions of the Strategic Vision for Gender Equality changing. The challenges of advancing girls' education, sexual reproductive health and rights (SRHR), women's political empowerment, women's economic empowerment advancing the Women Peace and Security agenda, tackling and ending violence against women and girls (VAWG) including conflict related sexual violence, are as acute now, if not more so, as when we published the strategy in 2018.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many people were employed by his Department on 1 September 2020.

On 1 September 2020, the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office employed between 7500 and 7999 Home Civil Service and Diplomatic Service Staff, and between 9000 and 9499 Locally Employed Staff and Staff Appointed in Country.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what proportion of staff employed by the Department for International Development were from BAME backgrounds prior to the announcement of the merger of that Department with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on 16 June 2020.

As of 30 June 2020, the proportion of staff who identified as BAME employed by the Department for International Development was 15%. This figure is for Home Civil Service staff only.

As of 30 June 2020, the proportion of staff who identified as BAME employed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office was 17%. This figure is for Home Civil Service and Diplomatic Service staff only.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what proportion of staff employed by his Department identified as BAME immediately prior to the announcement of the merger of the Department for International Development with his Department on 16 June 2020.

As of 30 June 2020, the proportion of staff who identified as BAME employed by the Department for International Development was 15%. This figure is for Home Civil Service staff only.

As of 30 June 2020, the proportion of staff who identified as BAME employed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office was 17%. This figure is for Home Civil Service and Diplomatic Service staff only.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many people were employed by the Department for International Development prior to the announcement of the merger of Department for International Development and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on 16 June 2020.

The total number of staff employed by Department for International Development prior to the announcement of the merger was 3414 (2655 UK based staff and 759 Staff Appointed In Country (SAIC)). The data extract closest to the reference date of 16th June 2020 is 30th June 2020.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many people were employed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office prior to the announcement of the merger of that Department with the Department for International Development on 16 June 2020.

On 31 May 2020, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office employed between 5000 and 5499 UK Based staff and between 8000 and 8499 Locally Employed staff.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations he plans to make at the forthcoming 45th session of the Human Rights Council on the situation of Uyghurs in Xinjiang.

The UK has played a leading role at the Human Rights Council in registering the breadth and depth of international concern about the situation of Uyghurs in Xinjiang, and will continue to do so. Most recently, on 30 June, the UK read out a formal statement on behalf of 28 countries at the 44th session of the UN Human Rights Council highlighting arbitrary detention, widespread surveillance and restrictions, particularly those targeting Uyghurs and other minorities, and urging China to allow the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights meaningful access to Xinjiang.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what plans he has to impose sanctions on the people responsible for human rights abuses against Uyghurs in Xinjiang.

On 6 July, the UK Government established the Global Human Rights ('Magnitsky') sanctions regime by laying regulations in Parliament. This sanctions regime enables the UK to hold to account those involved in serious human rights violations or abuses. It is not appropriate to speculate who may be designated under the sanctions regime in the future, as to do so could reduce the impact of the designations. We keep all evidence and potential listings under close review.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
15th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the cases of (a) Mohammed Ramadan and (b) Hussein Moosa were discussed during meetings between Ministers of his Department and Bahrain’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs on 7 September 2020.

During the recent visit to the UK of Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani, I raised the use of the death penalty in Bahrain, reiterating the UK's opposition to the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. Separately, the Minister for Human Rights, Lord Ahmad, raised the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
15th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the reported rise in the number of political prisoners at imminent risk of execution in Bahrain, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of UK Official Development Assistance provided to Bahrain to support human rights in that country.

The UK does not provide Official Development Assistance to Bahrain. The technical assistance we provide is kept under regular review to ensure compliance with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will take steps to implement the recommendation of the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales which has called on countries to give effect to their responsibilities under the relevant treaties to create, maintain and utilise international bodies to carry out investigations and due diligence in respect of China’s alleged violations of its obligations and responsibilities concerning its Uyghur and other Turkic Muslim populations.

We are aware of the Bar Human Rights Committee report published on 22 July. We are carefully considering its findings. We regularly raise our serious concerns about the human rights situation in Xinjiang, including at the UN Human Rights Council on 30 June.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether he is taking steps to implement the recommendation of the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales and use all available offices and legal means to investigate, apprehend and punish alleged perpetrators of any violations being committed against Uyghur and Turkic Muslim populations.

We are aware of the Bar Human Rights Committee report published on 22 July. We are carefully considering its findings. We regularly raise our serious concerns about the human rights situation in Xinjiang, including at the UN Human Rights Council on 30 June.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what plans he has to consult civil society organisations throughout the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy.

The Integrated Review will be a wholescale reassessment of our foreign, defence, security and development policy. The Review will define and strengthen Britain's place in the world at a time when the global landscape is changing dramatically. We will consult inside and outside Government, ensuring some of the UK's best minds are feeding into its conclusions and challenging traditional Whitehall assumptions and thinking.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will ensure that continuing progress on Sustainable Development Goal 5 is included in the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy.

The Government continues to champion girls' education through the 'Leave No Girl Behind' campaign, and at the UN General Assembly in September 2019, the Prime Minister announced £515 million to provide over 12 million children - half of them girls - with a decent education. We will continue to lead the way globally on preventing and responding to all forms of gender-based violence. The Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative (PSVI) International Conference - Time For Justice: Putting Survivors First, will bring together countries from around the world to focus on justice and accountability.

As we conduct the Integrated Review our guiding lights will remain the values of free trade, liberal democracy, human rights and the international rule of law - values for which we are respected the world over. We want to ensure we are a force for good in the world. This means championing basic human rights.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the findings in the report by the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy entitled Bahrain human rights report 2020, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the finding that the human rights situation in Bahrain continued to deteriorate in 2019.

Our most recent assessment was published as part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's (FCO) Human Rights and Democracy Report in June 2019. Bahrain remains an FCO human rights priority country, particularly because of the use of the death penalty, allegations of torture and mistreatment in detention and concerns over freedom of expression and assembly. We monitor events in Bahrain closely and continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 11 February 2020 to Question HL1537, whether his Department was consulted by the University of Huddersfield on the establishment of an MSc in Security Science reserved for students at Bahrain's Royal Academy of Policing.

There have not been any discussions with the University of Huddersfield about its provision of an MSc in Security Science exclusively to students at the Royal Academy of Policing.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether he has made an assessment of the veracity of the evidence for the charges against the Büyükada group of activists in Turkey; and if he will make a statement.

The British Government remains concerned by the ongoing trial of the Büyükada group of human rights defenders (HRDs) in Turkey. We have been closely following the case since it first came to court in 2017. We note the next hearing is on 19 February. As a modern democracy we expect Turkey to undertake any legal processes fairly, transparently and with full respect for the rule of law and we consistently reiterate this message to our Turkish counterparts at all levels.

We have long encouraged Turkey to work towards the full protection of fundamental rights, particularly in the area of freedom of expression. On 28 January at the 35th Universal Periodic Review on Human Rights, one of the recommendations that the United Kingdom put forward for Turkey is protecting freedom of expression, including for journalists and human rights defenders, by decriminalising defamation. We will continue to engage the Turkish Government on these issues and be clear in our expectation that Turkey live up to its human rights obligations, which is essential to the long-term health of Turkish democracy.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
10th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment the Government has undertaken on the effectiveness of the Integrated Activity Fund in meeting its objectives since the establishment of the fund.

The British Government monitors programmes and projects under the Integrated Activity Fund throughout the project life-cycle to ensure that they are on track to deliver expected outcomes.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 January 2020 to Question 5457, how the decision to extend the Integrated Activity Fund budget for 2020-21 was reached; when that decision was authorised; and which Minister of his Department authorised that decision.

The budget for the Integrated Activity Fund for 2020-21 was agreed as part of the 2019 Spending Round which was presented to Parliament by the Chancellor of the Exchequer in September 2019.

21st Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the human rights situation in Bahrain.

We published our assessment of the human rights situation in Bahrain in the annual Foreign and Commonwealth Office Human Rights Report, most recently in June 2019.

21st Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the joint statement published on 8 October 2019 by Human Rights Watch and the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy, entitled Bahrain: Prisoners Denied Medical Care, what steps he has taken to help ensure that Hassan Mushaima and Dr Abdujalil al-Singace (a) have access to medical treatment in accordance with international human rights standards and (b) are released from prison.

We continue to monitor the cases of Hassan Mushaima and Abduljalil al-Singace. We have raised these cases at senior levels with the Bahraini Government. The Government of Bahrain has been clear in public statements that access to medical care, including dental, for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies in Bahrain to carry out thorough and swift investigations into any such claims.

21st Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the UN expert report to the Bahraini Government on the cases of Nabeel Rajab, Hajer Mansoor and Medina Ali, what assessment he has made as to whether the Bahraini Government discriminates against political prisoners when granting alternative sentences; and what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of study visits for Bahraini delegations to the UK on alternative sentencing as part of the technical assistance provided by the Government to its Bahraini counterparts.

​Bahrain has brought in new legislation related to alternative sentencing and has started to implement provisions under this new legal framework. British expertise has supported this process, and we welcome this positive move in reforming the judicial system. There are clear provisions in place regarding eligibility of detainees for alternative sentencing. We continue to follow the cases of Nabeel Rajab and Hajer Mansoor. Medina Ali received a Royal pardon in December 2019.

20th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what the planned (a) duration and (b) budget is for the Integrated Activity Fund after financial year 2019-20.

​The Integrated Activity Fund will have a budget of £20 million for the financial year 2020/21. Budget allocations beyond 2020/21 will be agreed as part of the forthcoming Spending Review.

20th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will publish the (a) names and (b) organisations (a) delivering and (b) benefiting from training funded through the Integrated Activity Fund to Bahrain in the financial years (i) 2018-19 and (ii) 2019-20.

​The Integrated Activity Fund provides funding in support of a range of programmes across the Gulf Region. These include, but are not limited to, activities focusing on aquaculture, sport and culture, healthcare and institutional capacity building. All of our work is in line with international standards and aims to share the UK's expertise and experience.

20th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what the Integrated Activity Fund’s (a) allocated budget and (b) projected spending is for the financial year 2019-20.

​The allocated budget for the Integrated Activity Fund for the 2019/20 financial year is £20 million. Final spend is projected to be £13.9 million.

20th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, how much money from the public purse was allocated to the Integrated Activity Fund in the financial year 2018-19; and how much did that fund allocate to Bahrain in 2018-19.

​Overall spend from the Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) in 2018/19 financial year was £17.08 million. The IAF funded activity in all six Gulf Cooperation Council states: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Many of the projects and programme activities were delivered regionally, so it is not possible to provide a breakdown by beneficiary state.

13th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions the UK Government has had with Aung San Suu Kyi on the detention of political prisoners in Burma.

The UK Government continues to be concerned about the many journalists and political prisoners who are incarcerated in Myanmar. Myanmar's laws on freedom of expression remain oppressive and are used, particularly by the military, to imprison opponents. In September 2018, , the former Foreign Secretary raised the cases of the two imprisoned Reuters journalists with Aung San Suu Kyi. They were released in May 2019. The British Ambassador continues to raise the issue of political prisoners with other Myanmar Ministers as well as urging reform of repressive legislation.

13th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, what advice the UK Government provides to British companies on entering into business relationships with the Burmese military.

We offer advice and support on working with responsible local partners and encourage all British companies to undertake their own due diligence on any investment projects. We continue to work with trusted organisations, such as the Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business, to encourage businesses in Myanmar, including UK businesses, to invest responsibly and conduct appropriate due diligence.

Decisions to enter business relationships are the responsibility of the company , as is ensuring they are legally compliant.

As the recent UN Fact Finding Mission report sets out, the Myanmar Military and companies linked to it are entrenched across the economy. Some of the relationships are opaque, and being clear about the precise details of ownership of a company or infrastructure is sometimes very difficult. Following the publication of the UN Fact Finding Mission report, the British Embassy has met regularly with British companies and stressed the importance of undertaking robust due diligence.

13th Apr 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what recent assessment he has made of the potential effect of the reduction in Official Development Assistance spending from 0.7 per cent to 0.5 per cent of GNI in 2021 on the UK fiscal situation.

In the context of unprecedented economic and fiscal circumstances, the Government decided at the 2020 Spending Review that sticking rigidly to spending 0.7% of gross national income as Official Development Assistance (ODA) was not an appropriate prioritisation of resources.

To ensure coherence and maximum value for money from the UK’s ODA spending, the Foreign Secretary led a cross-government process after the 2020 Spending Review to review in detail how ODA is allocated against the Government’s priorities. This has ensured that UK ODA is focused on our strategic priorities, spent where it will have the maximum impact, has greater coherence and delivers most value for money.

The Government intends to return to the 0.7% target when the fiscal situation allows. We cannot at this moment predict with certainty when the current fiscal circumstances will have sufficiently improved.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what recent assessment he has made on the potential effect of reducing Official Development Assistance spending in 2021 from 0.5 per cent to 0.7 per cent of GNI on the value for money of existing UK aid investments.

In the context of unprecedented economic and fiscal circumstances, the Government decided at the 2020 Spending Review that sticking rigidly to spending 0.7% of gross national income as Official Development Assistance (ODA) was not an appropriate prioritisation of resources.

To ensure coherence and maximum value for money from the UK’s ODA spending, the Foreign Secretary led a cross-government process after the 2020 Spending Review to review in detail how ODA is allocated against the Government’s priorities. This has ensured that UK ODA is focused on our strategic priorities, spent where it will have the maximum impact, has greater coherence and delivers most value for money.

The Government intends to return to the 0.7% target when the fiscal situation allows. We cannot at this moment predict with certainty when the current fiscal circumstances will have sufficiently improved.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to his Oral Statement of 25 November 2020, Official Report, column 830, what plans he has to set out in detail the measurements that will be used to define the fiscal situation under which Official Development Assistance spending can return to .the 0.7 of GNI level.

In the context of unprecedented economic and fiscal circumstances, the Government decided at the 2020 Spending Review that sticking rigidly to spending 0.7% of gross national income as Official Development Assistance (ODA) was not an appropriate prioritisation of resources.

To ensure coherence and maximum value for money from the UK’s ODA spending, the Foreign Secretary led a cross-government process after the 2020 Spending Review to review in detail how ODA is allocated against the Government’s priorities. This has ensured that UK ODA is focused on our strategic priorities, spent where it will have the maximum impact, has greater coherence and delivers most value for money.

The Government intends to return to the 0.7% target when the fiscal situation allows. We cannot at this moment predict with certainty when the current fiscal circumstances will have sufficiently improved.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to his Oral Statement of 25 November 2020, Official Report, column 830, how his Department will (a) measure and (b) define the fiscal situation to determine whether Official Development Assistance spending can return to 0.7 per cent of GNI.

In the context of unprecedented economic and fiscal circumstances, the Government decided at the 2020 Spending Review that sticking rigidly to spending 0.7% of gross national income as Official Development Assistance (ODA) was not an appropriate prioritisation of resources.

To ensure coherence and maximum value for money from the UK’s ODA spending, the Foreign Secretary led a cross-government process after the 2020 Spending Review to review in detail how ODA is allocated against the Government’s priorities. This has ensured that UK ODA is focused on our strategic priorities, spent where it will have the maximum impact, has greater coherence and delivers most value for money.

The Government intends to return to the 0.7% target when the fiscal situation allows. We cannot at this moment predict with certainty when the current fiscal circumstances will have sufficiently improved.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what estimate he has made of the number of Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme claims that have been approved by HMRC but where a payment was not subsequently received by the applicant.

HMRC do not have an estimate for the number of Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) claims which have been approved by HMRC but not received by applicants, as all claims made within the necessary deadline will be paid six working days after they have been submitted via the online portal. The claims system has been running successfully.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how many incorrectly refused Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme claims are currently being investigated.

In order to decide if a case has been incorrectly refused, HMRC must obtain evidence of alleged errors and investigate them. Cases differ widely, and the time taken to resolve a case will vary depending on the circumstances and complexity.

HMRC have received a total of 7,293 complaints (up to 4 February 2021) relating to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. Of this figure, 374 have been upheld, 225 have been partially upheld, and 5,579 have been rejected. A further 1,115 claims are currently being investigated.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how many incorrectly refused Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme claims have been investigated and resolved since the scheme began.

In order to decide if a case has been incorrectly refused, HMRC must obtain evidence of alleged errors and investigate them. Cases differ widely, and the time taken to resolve a case will vary depending on the circumstances and complexity.

HMRC have received a total of 7,293 complaints (up to 4 February 2021) relating to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. Of this figure, 374 have been upheld, 225 have been partially upheld, and 5,579 have been rejected. A further 1,115 claims are currently being investigated.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how many Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme claims have been incorrectly refused since the scheme began.

In order to decide if a case has been incorrectly refused, HMRC must obtain evidence of alleged errors and investigate them. Cases differ widely, and the time taken to resolve a case will vary depending on the circumstances and complexity.

HMRC have received a total of 7,293 complaints (up to 4 February 2021) relating to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. Of this figure, 374 have been upheld, 225 have been partially upheld, and 5,579 have been rejected. A further 1,115 claims are currently being investigated.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how many contractors have worked for HMRC whilst using disguised remuneration schemes.

HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) are aware of 15 contractors who have used disguised remuneration (DR) schemes while engaged either by the department or by Revenue & Customs Digital Technology Services (RCDTS). In each of the cases, the contractors were engaged via an agency or a company providing a service.

HMRC do not engage in, or enter into, disguised remuneration schemes. It is possible for a contractor providing services to HMRC to use a disguised remuneration scheme without the department’s knowledge or participation. Where HMRC become aware of a contractor who is using a disguised remuneration scheme, they take robust compliance action, including the immediate termination of the engagement. Any contractor identified in the course of HMRC’s compliance work as a scheme user would be investigated in the same way as any other contractor.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how many people subject to the Loan Charge who were in settlement discussions with HMRC relating to the Loan Charge have reached a settlement on that matter.

HMRC are currently preparing a report to Parliament on the implementation of the independent Loan Charge Review, which is due imminently. The report will include figures up to the 30 September 2020 deadline for taxpayers who settled their use of disguised remuneration tax avoidance schemes.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what recent estimate he has made of the number of people who have declared bankruptcy as a result of the Loan Charge.

HMRC do not want to make anybody bankrupt, and insolvency is only ever considered as a last resort. HMRC will work with individuals to reach sustainable and manageable payment plans wherever possible. In line with current practice, HMRC will pause recovery action where a taxpayer has no ability to pay, until there is a significant change of circumstance.

HMRC are not always the only creditor and some individuals may choose to enter insolvency themselves based on their overall financial position.

Anyone who is worried about being able to pay what they owe is encouraged to get in touch with HMRC as soon as possible on 03000 599110.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
8th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what plans his Department has to work with international partners to extend the Debt Service Suspension Initiative beyond the end of 2020; and what plans he has to promote the inclusion of (a) private lenders and (b) multilateral institutions in that agreement.

To date, the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) has supported 43 countries which have requested suspensions by freeing up $5 billion to fund their COVID-19 responses. Given the depth of liquidity needs in these countries, the Chancellor supports an extension of the DSSI into 2021 and is working with his G20 counterparts to secure agreement on the extension.

The G20 agreed private sector DSSI participation should be voluntary and at borrowers’ discretion. The Chancellor continues to support this approach, which helps protect these countries’ hard-won market access which will be essential for financing COVID recovery. Where borrowers do make requests, private creditors should implement the DSSI. Where sovereign debt reductions are necessary, it will be important for there to be fair and timely burden sharing between all creditor types, including commercial creditors.

The G20 has supported the Multilateral Development Banks taking a “net positive flows” approach to complement the DSSI, ensuring that borrowing countries receive significantly more funds from the MDBs in 2020 than they repay. For the poorest countries, much of this funding will be on grant terms. This helps ensure the financial model of the MDBs remains sustainable, while allowing donors to target resources to support the most vulnerable countries.

John Glen
Economic Secretary (HM Treasury)
30th Jun 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to the Answer of 30 June 2020 to Question 64944, on what dates Departments were (a) asked to identify reductions in their Official Development Assistance spend and (b) required to return that information to his Department.

As mentioned in my reply to you on 30 June, the government regularly discusses with departments the ODA funding allocated to projects, in order to ensure delivery of its commitment to spend 0.7% of GNI on Official Development Assistance (ODA).

Since this commitment is linked to the size of the economy, the level of ODA spend is likely to decrease this year, and therefore commitments of aid spending are being reviewed across all departments.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
29th Jun 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what (a) impact and (b) risk assessments the Government has made of planned reduced ODA spend across Government departments.

The UK has a legal commitment to spend 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) each year on Official Development Assistance (ODA). Given the expected fall in GNI this year, commitments of aid spending are being reviewed across all departments.

HM Treasury allocates ODA budgets to departments and is responsible for decisions on changes to these. Departments are responsible for assessing and assuring the impact and value for money of their ODA programmes on an ongoing basis in line with Managing Public Money. HM Treasury take evidence-based spending decisions and ensure departments maintain high standards of programme delivery that are consistent with HMG best practice.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
25th Jun 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether his Department has requested that government departments identify a minimum of 30 per cent reduction in planned Official development Assistance spending for 2020.

The UK has a legal commitment to spend 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) each year on Official Development Assistance (ODA). The government reviews the ODA funding it allocates to projects on a regular basis in order to ensure delivery of its commitment to spend 0.7% of GNI on ODA. Since this commitment is linked to the size of the economy, the level of ODA spend is likely to decrease this year, and therefore commitments of aid spending are being reviewed across all departments.

HM Treasury allocates ODA budgets to departments and is responsible for decisions on changes to these. We take evidence-based spending decisions and ensure departments maintain high standards of programme delivery that are consistent with HMG best practice.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
19th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of introducing financial incentives to increase the (a) recruitment, (b) retention and (c) availability of key workers during the covid-19 outbreak.

Key workers across the country have already demonstrated their courage and resolve by supporting the public during this difficult time. It is vital that public and other essential services have the workers they need going forward.

The Government is considering appropriate measures to ensure that the public continues to have access to essential services during the COVID-19 outbreak.

For public services, HM Treasury is working closely with departments to take appropriate action so that workforces have the staff they need. Departments will announce measures as soon as they have been agreed.

The Government is also amending pension rules where necessary to remove barriers to retired workers returning to work, including for the NHS, which have already been announced.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
13th Jan 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what the value is of the assets frozen under EU sanctions on targeted Burmese military and security personnel.

The Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation (OFSI) undertakes an annual review of frozen assets in the UK, requiring all persons or institutions that hold or control frozen assets in the UK to report to OFSI. Details of assets reported to OFSI in 2019 are not yet available and will be published in OFSI’s 2019-2020 Annual Review.

Details of assets reported to OFSI in 2018 were published in OFSI’s 2018-2019 Annual Review. As of September 2018, £11.9 billion of frozen funds across all regimes were reported to be held by UK institutions. This figure is provided on an aggregate basis so as not to indirectly disclose the value of funds held by particular individuals.

John Glen
Economic Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to the Answer of 27 April 2021 to Question 185914 on British Nationality: Children, by what date she plans to have completed her review into fees for immigration and nationality applications in response to the recent Court of Appeal's ruling on citizenship application fees for children.

The Home Office has acknowledged the Court of Appeal’s judgment and has committed to reviewing the child citizenship registration fee in line with its duties under Section 55.

This review is on-going and the results will be published in due course

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to the answer of 13 April 2021 to Question 175906 on British Nationality: Children, what review of fees for immigration and nationality applications has the Department undertaken in response to the Court of Appeal's ruling on citizenship application fees for children.

As advised in the answer to PQ 175906, all fees for immigration and nationality applications are kept under regular review and we ensure they are within the parameters agreed with HM Treasury and Parliament, as set out in Section 68 (9) of the Immigration Act 2014.

The Home Office has acknowledged the recent judgement and is reviewing the fee in line with its duties under Section 55.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
25th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will make it her policy to remove citizenship application fees for children.

We keep fees for immigration and nationality applications under review and ensure they are within the parameters agreed with HM Treasury and Parliament, as set out in Section 68 (9) of the Immigration Act 2014.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
15th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civil service jobs (a) his Department and (b) its agencies had located in Scotland in (i) March 2011 and (ii) in the latest period for which figures are available.

As at March 2011 there were 5,550 Ministry of Defence (MOD) civilian jobs located in Scotland.

The latest published figures confirm that as at 1 April 2020 there were 3,970 MOD civilian jobs located in Scotland.

The figures are full time equivalent and are based on the personnel station location. The March 2011 data includes c104 Meteorological Office personnel. However, as the Meteorological Office has since ceased to be a part of MOD, these are not included in the April 2020 data.

Leo Docherty
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (jointly with the Ministry of Defence)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the gender balance is of full-time permanent contract staff in his Department.

As at 1 October 2020, there were 19,620 male and 13,037 female full-time civilian staff employed on a permanent contract by the Ministry of Defence (MOD).

The most recent publication for the MOD Diversity Dashboard can be found on the Gov.uk website, at the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/mod-diversity-dashboard-index

25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many women were employed in his Department in each year since 2018.

The Ministry of Defence publishes statistics relating to the number of women employed within the Department in the MOD Diversity Dashboard on Gov.uk website. Details of each year, back to 2018, can be found at the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/mod-diversity-dashboard-index

25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what proportion of recruits to the armed forces in 2020 were female.

The requested information can be found in the ‘Female Intake’ and ‘Gender’ sections of the published 2020 and 2019 Biannual Diversity Statistics:
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/943009/Biannual_Diversity_Statistics_Publication_Oct20.pdf
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/851974/UK_Armed_Forces_Biannual_Diversity_Statistics_-_1_October_2019.pdf

Defence remains dedicated to achieving a more diverse workforce and is undertaking a wide range of activities to increase the number of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) and female recruits into the Armed Forces. In 2015 we set ourselves ambitious targets to increase the diversity of personnel joining the Armed Forces by 2020; for female personnel, this was set at 15 per cent. Although progress has been made and the proportion of women joining increased during this period, we fell just under three per cent short of our target and thus recognise that there is still more to do.

James Heappey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Defence)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what proportion of recruits to the armed forces in 2019 were female.

The requested information can be found in the ‘Female Intake’ and ‘Gender’ sections of the published 2020 and 2019 Biannual Diversity Statistics:
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/943009/Biannual_Diversity_Statistics_Publication_Oct20.pdf
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/851974/UK_Armed_Forces_Biannual_Diversity_Statistics_-_1_October_2019.pdf

Defence remains dedicated to achieving a more diverse workforce and is undertaking a wide range of activities to increase the number of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) and female recruits into the Armed Forces. In 2015 we set ourselves ambitious targets to increase the diversity of personnel joining the Armed Forces by 2020; for female personnel, this was set at 15 per cent. Although progress has been made and the proportion of women joining increased during this period, we fell just under three per cent short of our target and thus recognise that there is still more to do.

James Heappey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Defence)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many women in his Department have participated in the Crossing Thresholds programme since 2018.

Since 2018, 158 women in the Ministry of Defence have participated, or are participating, in the Crossing Thresholds programme. The Positive Action Pathway is currently being redesigned by Civil Service Learning and is no longer running; however, 134 civilian staff took part in the scheme from when it began in 2018 until it was suspended for redesign.

25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian staff in his Department have taken part in the Positive Action Pathway scheme since 2018.

Since its inception in 2018, 158 women in the Ministry of Defence have participated, or are participating, in the Crossing Thresholds programme. The Positive Action Pathway is currently being redesigned by Civil Service Learning and is no longer running; however, 134 civilian staff took part in the scheme from when it began in 2018 until it was suspended for redesign.

4th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel are stationed at Muharraq air base in Bahrain; which units those personnel belong to; what the cost of those personnel was in financial year 2019-20; and what roles those personnel are fulfilling.

The UK has eight Armed Forces personnel based between Muharraq Air Base and Headquarters Maritime Component Commander in Bahrain. These personnel form the UK Joint Support Detachment and belong to the UK Maritime Component Commander and the UK Air Component Commander. They fulfil a variety of roles to facilitate the entry and departure of UK personnel and stores from Bahrain under Operation KIPION, including postal services and logistics movements. The cost of supporting these personnel in Bahrain was approximately £270,000 during financial year 2019-20

James Heappey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Defence)