Kerry McCarthy Portrait

Kerry McCarthy

Labour - Bristol East

Shadow Minister (Transport)

(since April 2020)
Environmental Audit Committee
2nd Mar 2020 - 8th Jun 2020
Petitions Committee
2nd Mar 2020 - 8th Jun 2020
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee
11th Dec 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Environmental Audit Committee
11th Sep 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee
31st Oct 2016 - 3rd May 2017
Environmental Audit Committee
4th Jul 2016 - 3rd May 2017
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
14th Sep 2015 - 26th Jun 2016
Shadow Minister (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)
7th Oct 2011 - 14th Sep 2015
Shadow Minister (Treasury)
8th Oct 2010 - 7th Oct 2011
Opposition Assistant Whip (Commons)
12th May 2010 - 8th Oct 2010
Shadow Minister (Work and Pensions)
6th May 2010 - 8th Oct 2010
Assistant Whip (HM Treasury)
10th Jun 2009 - 6th May 2010
South West Regional Select Committee
3rd Mar 2009 - 6th May 2010
Treasury Committee
12th Jul 2005 - 4th Jun 2007


Oral Question
Monday 25th October 2021
14:30
Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities
Oral Question No. 25
What recent discussions he has had with the President of COP26 on his Department's role in helping city regions to achieve the Government's net zero emissions target ahead of COP26.
Department Event
Thursday 4th November 2021
09:30
Department for Transport
Oral questions - Main Chamber
4 Nov 2021, 9:30 a.m.
Transport (including Topical Questions)
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Department Event
Thursday 16th December 2021
09:30
Department for Transport
Oral questions - Main Chamber
16 Dec 2021, 9:30 a.m.
Transport (including Topical Questions)
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Note: This event involves a Department with which this person is linked, and does not guarantee their actual attendance.
Division Votes
Friday 22nd October 2021
Prayers
voted No - in line with the party majority
One of 114 Labour No votes vs 0 Labour Aye votes
Tally: Ayes - 3 Noes - 336
Speeches
Thursday 21st October 2021
Climate Change Committee Progress Report 2021

It is a pleasure to see you in the chair, Sir Christopher. I think we may have another Back-Bench speaker …

Written Answers
Friday 22nd October 2021
Animal Experiments: Antidepressants
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions she has had with the Animals in …
Early Day Motions
Monday 11th April 2016
ANIMALS
That the draft Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock: Meat Chickens and Breeding Chickens (Revocation) (England) Order 2016, …
Bills
Wednesday 11th November 2020
Supported Housing (Regulation) Bill 2019-21
A Bill to regulate supported housing; to make provision about local authority oversight and the enforcement of standards of accommodation …
MP Financial Interests
Monday 18th October 2021
1. Employment and earnings
7 September 2021, payment of £75 for a survey completed on 2 August 2021. Hours: 20 mins. (Registered 07 October …
EDM signed
Wednesday 3rd February 2021
EU Settlement Scheme
That this House is concerned that the EU Settlement Scheme does not deliver sufficient assurance of their future status to …
Supported Legislation
Clean Air (No. 3) Bill 2017-19
The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will …

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Kerry McCarthy has voted in 302 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
View All Kerry McCarthy Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Rachel Maclean (Conservative)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
(28 debate interactions)
Victoria Prentis (Conservative)
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
(26 debate interactions)
Rebecca Pow (Conservative)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
(17 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Department for Transport
(31 debate contributions)
Cabinet Office
(18 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
View all Kerry McCarthy's debates

Bristol East Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

Petition Debates Contributed

The right to peaceful assembly and protest are fundamental principles of any democracy and the proposed part of this bill that gives the police new powers to tackle disruptive peaceful protests should be removed from The Policing, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill.


Latest EDMs signed by Kerry McCarthy

6th February 2020
Kerry McCarthy signed this EDM on Wednesday 3rd February 2021

EU Settlement Scheme

Tabled by: Kate Green (Labour - Stretford and Urmston)
That this House is concerned that the EU Settlement Scheme does not deliver sufficient assurance of their future status to all EU nationals resident in the UK; notes that some EU nationals and non-EU family members will be unable to obtain their status for a number of reasons, including a …
86 signatures
(Most recent: 13 Apr 2021)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 45
Scottish National Party: 22
Liberal Democrat: 9
Plaid Cymru: 3
Democratic Unionist Party: 2
Alba Party: 2
Social Democratic & Labour Party: 2
Green Party: 1
Alliance: 1
Independent: 1
14th January 2021
Kerry McCarthy signed this EDM on Monday 18th January 2021

Godfrey Colin Cameron

Tabled by: Chris Stephens (Scottish National Party - Glasgow South West)
That this House is deeply saddened by news of the death of Godfrey Colin Cameron, a hardworking member of Parliamentary security staff and member of the PCS trade union who passed away aged just 55 after contracting covid-19; extends our sincere condolences to his devoted wife Hyacinth, children Leon and …
139 signatures
(Most recent: 8 Feb 2021)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 117
Scottish National Party: 15
Plaid Cymru: 3
Independent: 2
Alba Party: 1
Democratic Unionist Party: 1
View All Kerry McCarthy's signed Early Day Motions

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Kerry McCarthy, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Kerry McCarthy has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Kerry McCarthy has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

5 Bills introduced by Kerry McCarthy


A Bill to regulate supported housing; to make provision about local authority oversight and the enforcement of standards of accommodation and support in supported housing; to prohibit the placing of children in care in unregulated accommodation; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading (Commons)
Wednesday 11th November 2020
(Read Debate)

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to impose a duty on public bodies in relation to the welfare needs of animals as sentient beings.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 3rd April 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Commons
Date TBA

A Bill to require the Secretary of State to make provision for a scheme to establish incentives to implement and encourage observance of the food waste reduction hierarchy; to encourage individuals, businesses and public bodies to reduce the amount of food they waste; to require large supermarkets, manufacturers and distributors to reduce their food waste by no less than 30 per cent by 2025 and to enter into formal agreements with food redistribution organisations; to require large supermarkets and food manufacturers to disclose levels of food waste in their supply chain; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 9th September 2015

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to require large food retailers and large food manufacturers to take steps to reduce food waste and donate surplus food to charities for redistribution and, where food is unfit for human consumption, to make it available for livestock feed in preference over disposal; to encourage and incentivise all other businesses and public bodies which generate food waste to donate a greater proportion of their surplus for redistribution; to protect from civil and criminal liability food donors and recipient agencies where food has been donated in good faith; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 14th March 2012

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to require the Secretary of State to make provision to extend the system of parental responsibility agreements to enable a kinship carer to obtain parental responsibility for a child they are raising without having to bring a case to court; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Tuesday 7th June 2011

377 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
9 Other Department Questions
20th Sep 2021
To ask the Member for South West Bedfordshire, representing the Church Commissioners, what recent estimate he has made of the value of investment and liquid assets of the Church of England (a) centrally and (b) by diocese and cathedral, including those of the Church Commissioners less the liability for pensions for which they are responsible.

At the end of 2020 the total value of the Church Commissioners’ assets, less the estimated value of future pensions obligations, was £7,573m.

The Commissioners have additional and ongoing statutory funding obligations over and above pension liabilities, including support for the work of bishops and cathedrals. The Commissioners also make grants to support the work of the Church across the country, with a focus on supporting the poorest communities.

The Commissioners plan their spending in three year cycles and estimated expenditure in 2020-22 is £930m including £383m for pensions.

Further information is available in the most recent annual report of the Church Commissioners: https://www.churchofengland.org/about/leadership-and-governance/church-commissioners-england/how-we-are-governed/publications

The year end balances for Dioceses in 2019 (the most recent information available) were £1,692m in investments (the majority restricted for particular purposes) and £184m in cash. For cathedrals this was £524m in investments and £50m in cash. The majority of investment assets are in property investments, which are less liquid than stock market investments. Typically around two-thirds of diocesan incomes come from parish share, the majority of which is funded by individuals’ donations to Parochial Church Councils. This funding stream has been impacted by the pandemic and resulted in a significant draw on diocesan reserves.

Andrew Selous
Second Church Estates Commissioner
20th Sep 2021
To ask the Member for South West Bedfordshire, representing the Church Commissioners, how much has been paid in (a) tax rebates, including of VAT on repairs and (b) Gift Aid to Church of England bodies including (i) dioceses, (ii) parochial church councils, (iii) cathedrals, (iv) the Church Commissioners and (v) the Churches Conservation Trust in each of the last five years.

Dioceses, parochial church councils and cathedrals:

Government (DCMS) figures for grants equal to the value of VAT for works to listed places of worship over the past five years are below. These are grants to the value of VAT, not rebates. The Church Commissioners do not hold these figures broken down by Church of England diocese, parochial church council or cathedral:

2016 £20,689,034.00

2017 £23,839,469.00

2018 £24,773,038.00

2019 £24,522,362.00

2020 £24,665,225.00

This website, maintained by DCMS, contains details of the Listed Places of Worship Scheme and recent total disbursement: http://www.lpwscheme.org.uk/

Like all bodies that have charitable status, Gift Aid on donations can be claimed by parochial church councils, dioceses and cathedrals. The funding model of the Church of England means that the vast majority of donations from worshippers, visitors and other supporters are made to parochial church councils and to cathedral chapters. The Church Commissioners do not keep a record of Gift Aid receipts by dioceses, but the amount claimed will be modest.

Parochial Church Council Gift Aid receipts for the past five years are:

2016 £91.9m

2017 £94.5m

2018 £94.3m

2019 £96.4m

2020 £91.3m*

*The figure for 2020 is provisional and yet to be fully reviewed.

See also Parish Finance Statistics 2019, page 12: https://www.churchofengland.org/sites/default/files/2021-01/Parish%20Finance%20Statistics%202019.pdf

In 2018, the most recent year for which statistics are readily available, Church of England cathedrals reported in their accounts a total of £1.3m of Gift Aid from donations.

Church Commissioners:

The Church Commissioners have not received any Gift Aid on donations made by individuals.

Churches Conservation Trust:

The Churches Conservation Trust is an independent charity reporting to both Parliament and the General Synod. It receives income from donations from individuals, trusts and foundations, and core funding from Government (DCMS) and the General Synod of the Church of England via the Church Commissioners.

2016/172017/182018/192019/202020/21
Tax Rebates / LPWGS*£550,556£239,520£318,174£289,460£834,592
Gift Aid£16,063£22,756£28,787£19,824£27,524

*figure includes grants from the Listed Places of Worship Grants Scheme


The Annual Report and Accounts of the Trust are laid before Parliament and are available at https://www.visitchurches.org.uk/what-we-do/about-us/annual-report-accounts.html*figure includes grants from the Listed Places of Worship Grants Scheme

Andrew Selous
Second Church Estates Commissioner
20th Sep 2021
To ask the Member for South West Bedfordshire, representing the Church Commissioners, how much has been paid in (a) National Lottery Funds and (b) Government grants to Church of England bodies including (i) dioceses, (ii) parochial church councils, (iii) cathedrals, (iv) the Church Commissioners and (v) the Churches Conservation Trust in each of the last five years.

Dioceses, parochial church councils and cathedrals:

The Church Commissioners do not hold figures broken down by Church of England diocese, parochial church council or cathedral, for National Lottery Heritage Fund or Government grants.

Grants from the National Lottery Heritage Fund to Church of England churches and cathedrals over the past five years are as follows. Brackets indicate the number of grants awarded:

2016 £ 49,292,200 (166)

2017 £ 25,264,900 (184)

2018 £12,458,450 (144)

2019 £11,652,300 (57)

2020 £3,376,200 (67)

Government (DCMS) figures for grants equal to the value of VAT for works to listed Church of England places of worship over the past five years are:

2016 £20,689,034

2017 £23,839,469

2018 £24,773,038

2019 £24,522,362

2020 £24,665,225

This website, maintained by DCMS, contains details of the Listed Places of Worship Scheme and recent total disbursement: http://www.lpwscheme.org.uk/

Grants to Church of England listed places of worship under the Government’s Culture Recovery Fund in 2020-21 totalled £54,387,240, broken down as follows:

Building type

Number of grants

Total amount of funding

Cathedral

107

£29,424,529

Major Parish Church

154

£14,903,597

Parish Church

484

£9,889,114

Church Commissioners:

The Church Commissioners do not receive funding from the National Lottery Heritage Fund or Government grants.

Churches Conservation Trust:

The Churches Conservation Trust is an independent charity reporting to both Parliament and the General Synod. It receives income from donations from individuals, trusts and foundations, and core funding from Government (DCMS) and the General Synod of the Church of England via the Church Commissioners. Funding for the last five years is as follows:

2016/17

2017/18

2018/19

2019/20

2020/21

Lottery Grants

£1,325,882

£683,053

£537,795

£1,394,687

£2,193,611

Government Grant Funding

£2,749,000

£2,738,001

£2,604,000

£2,608,000

£4,533,451 of which £2,788,000 grant in aid

Church Grant Funding

£1,355,000

£1,355,000

£1,655,000

£1,430,000

£1,430,000

The Annual Report and Accounts of the Trust are laid before Parliament and are available at https://www.visitchurches.org.uk/what-we-do/about-us/annual-report-accounts.html

The National Churches Trust October 2020 report ‘The House of Good’, found that the total economic and social value that church buildings generate in the UK amounted to at least £12.4 billion per year, an average of around £300,000 per church. The report can be viewed here: https://www.houseofgood.nationalchurchestrust.org/

Andrew Selous
Second Church Estates Commissioner
9th Jun 2021
What steps he is taking to raise international ambition to address the climate vulnerability of small island developing states ahead of COP26.

We are committed to working in partnership with Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to keep 1.5 alive and deliver the Paris Agreement goals.

To better support those already experiencing climate impacts, the UK has committed to doubling our climate finance. We are calling on others to follow our lead.

We are amplifying the voices of SIDS and continue to drive action on their priorities - including through our hosting of the Climate & Development Ministerial, co-chairing of the NDC Partnership, and leadership of the Adaptation Action Coalition.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Member for South West Bedfordshire, representing the Church Commissioners, what assessment he has made of the area of Church Commissioner-owned land tenancies, under the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986, that will come up for renewal in the next (a) five years and (b) 10 years.

Over 60% of the tenancies within the Church Commissioners’ rural portfolio are Agricultural Holdings Act 1986 (AHA) tenancies. AHA tenancies granted prior to 11 July 1984 provide for rights of succession. Forecasting the rate and date of tenancy succession with any accuracy is challenging. This is because AHA tenancies can only be succeeded upon the death or retirement of an incumbent tenant and these dates are typically not known.

Specific criteria need to be met by a prospective successor to allow succession to take place. The criteria are reviewed on a case-by-case basis in the context of the tenant and their proposed successor’s situation at the time a succession is proposed. Currently, 17% of the Church Commissioners’ AHA tenants have no rights to succession, 62% have rights to one succession and 21% two remaining successions. As such, we anticipate potentially eligible successors to 83% of the Commissioners’ existing AHA tenancies may apply to succeed the tenancy.

Andrew Selous
Second Church Estates Commissioner
11th Dec 2020
To ask the Member for South West Bedfordshire, representing the Church Commissioners, pursuant to the Answer of 10 December 2020 to Question 125956, whether the Commissioners have made an assessment of the level of compliance with the Land Registration Act 2002 of their policy on digitally mapped Church land assets.

As a responsible landowner, the Church Commissioners comply with the requirements of the Land Registration Act 2002, and the Church Commissioners are only responsible for the land which they hold, not all Church of England land.

The Church Commissioner’s land has, to a large extent, been registered with the Land Registry, all such information is publicly available via the Land Registry. The 2002 Act does not provide for the Land Registry and the Church Commissioners to collaborate to undertake land surveys, nor does it require the Commissioners to have a policy on digital maps of their landholding.

Andrew Selous
Second Church Estates Commissioner
19th Nov 2020
To ask the hon. Member for Perth and North Perthshire, representing the House of Commons Commission, with reference to the Cabinet Office Environment Policy Statement, published in April 2013, what progress has been made in reducing the carbon footprint of the Parliamentary estate.

The Houses, acting as Parliament, have their own Environmental Policy Statement and set a target to reduce absolute carbon emissions from energy use by 34% by the end of 2020/21, against an independently validated 2008/09 base year. As at the end of October Parliament was on track to meet this commitment with a 51.3% reduction in absolute carbon emissions, equivalent to a reduction of over 10,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide in the last full year compared to our baseline year.

The House currently only measures and reports on scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions, and is working to produce a system to measure our scope 3 impacts such as those from our supply chain, travel and waste.

Pete Wishart
Shadow SNP Leader of the House of Commons
16th Sep 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what steps he is taking to ensure that the Smart Freight system will require verification of completed customs declarations.

Smart Freight will enable a driver or haulier to check and confirm that goods they are carrying are accompanied by customs and import/export documentation and are thus ready to cross the border.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
4th Feb 2021
What steps she has taken to increase the number of prosecutions relating to rape and sexual assault.

I am committed to ensuring rape and sexual assault cases are conducted effectively – in fact, I recently successfully referred a point of law to the Court of Appeal to ensure that the law is clear in cases of sexual assault.

I have also engaged closely on CPS rape work, including meeting with CPS South East in December 2020 to discuss how their RASSO unit approaches these complex cases. The CPS and police also published their Joint National Action Plan on rape in January 2021 which shows their commitment to improvement.

Suella Braverman
Attorney General
15th Sep 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, which Minister will be leading the work of the National Economic Recovery Taskforce (Logistics) to tackle supply chain shortages following the recent Government reshuffle.

Government Ministers responsible for the supply chain ecosystem are working collectively, and in close partnership with industry, to drive the development and delivery of plans to strengthen supply chain resilience, supporting economic recovery and levelling up.

Michael Ellis
Paymaster General
7th Jul 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what proportion of the vehicles used by his Department for Government business are electric vehicles.

The Cabinet Office uses vehicles from the Government Car Service, alongside other providers.

The Government Car Service is already electrifying its vehicles, with nearly 50% of their fleet either full battery electric or plug-in hybrid.

Julia Lopez
Minister of State (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what assessment he has made of the effect on UK trade flows of the end of the EU Exit transition period.

I refer the hon. Member to the Written Statement published on 11 March. (https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-statements/detail/2021-03-11/hcws841).

The Reasonable Worst Case Scenario planning assumptions published on 23 September related specifically to the potential for disruption to freight travelling at the end of the Transition Period. The Government is using a broad range of approaches to planning and preparing for the next phases of border controls.

Freight levels have increased since the beginning of the year, and volumes are now at the equivalent 2020 levels. The Border Operations Centre in the Cabinet Office is monitoring border flow.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, with reference to his Department's research and analysis, Reasonable Worst Case Scenario for borders at the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020, published on 23 September 2020, whether his Department plans to update that research for the introduction of the enforcement of import controls on EU goods from July 2021; and if he will make a statement.

I refer the hon. Member to the Written Statement published on 11 March. (https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-statements/detail/2021-03-11/hcws841).

The Reasonable Worst Case Scenario planning assumptions published on 23 September related specifically to the potential for disruption to freight travelling at the end of the Transition Period. The Government is using a broad range of approaches to planning and preparing for the next phases of border controls.

Freight levels have increased since the beginning of the year, and volumes are now at the equivalent 2020 levels. The Border Operations Centre in the Cabinet Office is monitoring border flow.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what assessment he has made of the readiness of (a) inland and (b) port border infrastructure by July 2021 for the introduction and enforcement of EU import controls.

I refer the hon. Member to the Written Statement published on 11 March. (https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-statements/detail/2021-03-11/hcws841).

The Reasonable Worst Case Scenario planning assumptions published on 23 September related specifically to the potential for disruption to freight travelling at the end of the Transition Period. The Government is using a broad range of approaches to planning and preparing for the next phases of border controls.

Freight levels have increased since the beginning of the year, and volumes are now at the equivalent 2020 levels. The Border Operations Centre in the Cabinet Office is monitoring border flow.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
5th May 2020
To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, what recent progress the Government has made on EU trade deal negotiations; and if she will make a statement.

I refer the Hon. Member to the answer given to PQ 39669 on 4 May 2020.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
19th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what recent assessment his Department has made of the implications for the UK Government’s position on deep sea mining of the trigger by the Government of Nauru of the two year rule on deep sea mining.

Nauru has notified the International Seabed Authority of its intention to apply for approval of a plan of work for deep sea mining exploitation under the terms of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). We continue to press for the very highest environmental standards to be agreed and activated by the International Seabed Authority. Until there is sufficient scientific evidence about the potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems and strong and enforceable environmental regulations in place, the UK has committed not to sponsor or support the issuing of any exploitation licences for deep sea mining projects.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
7th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what proportion of the vehicles used by his Department for Government business are electric vehicles.

BEIS currently has contracts with the Government Car Service, which is a division within the Department for Transport, for the provision of two cars. The vehicles supplied to BEIS by the Government Car Service are owned and operated by the Department for Transport and are leased by BEIS.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/government-car-service.

The vehicle fuel type can vary depending on which car has been allocated to cover on that day. Generally, the cars are electric or hybrid.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
18th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether (a) private farms and (b) other unlicensed venues will be allowed to host weddings receptions after June 21 2021.

At Step 4 of the roadmap, which will be no earlier than 21 June, the Government aims to remove limits on weddings, civil partnership ceremonies, receptions and celebrations. This will be subject to the outcome of the Social Distancing Review and the Events Research Programme.

Paul Scully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
17th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what recent discussions he has had with relevant stakeholders on extending UK Seabed Resources’ first exploration licence for deep sea mining beyond 2022.

There have been no recent discussions. The two licences issued to UK Seabed Resources in 2012 and 2013 are for exploration, and not exploitation (mining) activity. The licences are granted subject to periodic review, and so would not be extended beyond 10 years without a review by my Rt. Hon. Friend the Secretary of State, which is in line with the relevant legislation.

Exploitation is not currently permitted to be conducted, and the International Seabed Authority is still working towards exploitation regulations that would need to be in place. A full Environmental Impact Assessment – subject to public consultation – would be required before any mining could be conducted by UK Seabed Resources or any other operator.

Critical materials, and particularly certain types of minerals and metals, will be vital to delivering the green transition and safeguarding our future economic resilience. Technology-critical minerals and metals are important, and often irreplaceable, in electric vehicle batteries, offshore wind turbines, and other technologies. The World Bank estimates that three billion tonnes of metals and minerals will be needed to decarbonise the global energy system by 2050. The Government will therefore continue to consider possible mechanisms that could support this green transition, including the possible role of deep sea mining.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
17th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the compatibility of his Department's sponsorship of UK Seabed Resources for deep sea mining exploration with (a) global ocean conservation and (b) the Government's commitment to protecting at least 30 per cent of global oceans by 2030.

The UK is a global leader in protecting the seas, the ocean and our marine life - and works with stakeholders in the UK and partners overseas to help achieve these aims. The UK will be an ambitious participant in the Super Year 2021. We continue to nurture and grow the Blue Belt Programme of large marine protected areas around the British Overseas Territories, which amount now to a protected area larger than India. We are about to launch our new £500 million Blue Planet fund to support a broad range of activities to protect and restore precious marine ecosystems. And we have been leading the Global Ocean Alliance of countries committed to protecting at least 30% of the world’s ocean by 2030.

As a part of our belief in strong multilateral action on the conservation and sustainable use of the ocean, we will continue to support the requirement for the highest possible environmental standards for the regulation of any deep sea mining which happens in future in areas beyond national jurisdictions.

The licences issued to UK Seabed Resources Ltd include significant conditions in relation to environmental considerations, including sections on protection of the environment and environmental monitoring & reporting. In addition, the licences are issued in line with prevailing legislation which provides further environmental safeguards.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
26th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Government's cross departmental evidence review on deep sea mining, if he will publish the (a) terms of reference for that review and (b) full results of that review once concluded.

We have commissioned an independent review of the existing literature in relation to deep sea mining, which will seek to include elements such as environmental, economic and societal considerations, and to identify key outstanding questions and evidence gaps.

The terms of reference and a summary of the evidence review will be published in due course.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
26th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Government's cross-departmental review on deep sea mining, if he will provide the names of the external experts who were (a) approached and (b) appointed to participate in that review.

The names of the external experts who were approached and appointed to participate in the review will be published in due course.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will recommend to Cabinet colleagues the formal inclusion of international aviation and shipping emissions in the Sixth Carbon Budget, as recommended by the Climate Change Committee.

The UK plays a leading role in the development of measures driving emissions reduction in the international aviation and shipping sectors at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) while UK aviation and shipping emissions are covered by our domestic legislation. We are considering all of the CCC’s recommendations, including on International Aviation and Shipping, carefully ahead of setting the sixth carbon budget.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
23rd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will make it his policy to include international aviation and shipping emissions in the Sixth Carbon Budget, as recommended by the Climate Change Committee.

The UK plays a leading role in the development of measures driving emissions reduction in the international aviation and shipping sectors at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) while UK aviation and shipping emissions are covered by our domestic legislation. We are considering all of the CCC’s recommendations, including on International Aviation and Shipping, carefully ahead of setting the sixth carbon budget.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
4th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what discussions he has had with UK Research and Innovation on funded extensions to research studentships for postgraduate students whose research has been affected by the covid-19 pandemic.

In order to support students that have been most impacted, UKRI has made over £62 million of financial support available, and it is estimated that this funding is available for up to 12,000 students.

UKRI have recently provided an update by UKRI CEO Professor Dame Ottoline Leyser on its decision-making in providing support for the research system. In this, they note that in making these difficult decisions, they have tried to balance the immediate needs of all current students against those of early career researchers, technicians and Principal Investigators, as well as students’ future needs. You can read the full update here.

We are grateful for the steps students have already taken in adapting their projects to continue their research in these circumstances. I meet regularly with Professor Dame Ottoline Leyser, to monitor how the pandemic is affecting UKRI-funded PhD students and the wider research system. We will continue to monitor the impacts of COVID-19 and UKRI continues to listen and respond carefully as the situation evolves.

Amanda Solloway
Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
5th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if the Government will publish the most recent data it holds on the proportion of bicycles sold in the UK that are manufactured in the UK.

The Government does not hold any data on the proportion of bicycles sold in the UK, which are manufactured in the UK.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment the Government has made of the extent of the need to support UK manufacturing capacity for batteries in the context of increasing usage of electric vehicles.

In June 2020, the Advanced Propulsion Centre published a report showing there could be up to £12 billion of market opportunities for battery technology by 2025 for UK players:

https://www.apcuk.co.uk/app/uploads/2020/06/APC-Passenger-car-electrification-report-online-v1.pdf.

The Faraday Institution (FI) commissioned a study which showed that by 2040, demand for UK made batteries for the automotive sector will reach 140GWh, or seven 20GWh ‘Gigafactories’. The study can be found here at: https://faraday.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/2040_Gigafactory_Report_FINAL.pdf.

The Government has responded to the FI study by launching the Automotive Transformation Fund (ATF). The ATF will provide up to £1 billion to support innovative research and development projects to scale up manufacturing of the latest technology in batteries, motors, electronics and fuel cells. As part of the ATF, the Government is also calling upon industry to put forward investment proposals for the UK’s first Gigafactory. The programme will provide a focus for investment, promote the UK opportunity and support investors with site selection.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
22nd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the oral statement of 16 January, Official Report, column 1141, on the EU Copyright Directive, what (a) criteria and (b) process the Government plans to use to decide on the adoption of that Directive; and what plans the Government has for stakeholder input to that process.

The deadline for implementing the EU Copyright Directive is 7 June 2021. The United Kingdom will leave the European Union on 31 January 2020 and the Brexit transition period will end on 31 December 2020. Therefore, the United Kingdom will not be required to implement the Directive, and the Government has no plans to do so.

Any future changes to the UK copyright framework will be considered as part of the usual domestic policy process.

22nd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the oral statement of 16 January 2020, Official Report, column 1141, on the EU Copyright Directive, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of the protections in the Directive for jobs and growth in the creative industries.

The deadline for implementing the EU Copyright Directive is 7 June 2021. The United Kingdom will leave the European Union on 31 January 2020 and the Brexit transition period will end on 31 December 2020. Therefore, the United Kingdom will not be required to implement the Directive, and the Government has no plans to do so.

Any future changes to the UK copyright framework will be considered as part of the usual domestic policy process.

22nd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the oral statement of 16 January, Official Report, column 1141, on the EU Copyright Directive, what her timetable is for (a) reviewing the Directive and (b) announcing the Government’s decision after that review.

The deadline for implementing the EU Copyright Directive is 7 June 2021. The United Kingdom will leave the European Union on 31 January 2020 and the Brexit transition period will end on 31 December 2020. Therefore, the United Kingdom will not be required to implement the Directive, and the Government has no plans to do so.

Any future changes to the UK copyright framework will be considered as part of the usual domestic policy process.

20th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what her timescale is for publishing the response to the Corporate transparency and register reform consultation which closed on 5 May 2019.

The Corporate Transparency and Register Reform Consultation was launched on the 5th May 2019 and closed on the 5th August 2019. It received a significant number of responses. I plan to publish a response shortly.

13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, how many meetings there have been of the cultural and creative touring working group to date.

The Government recognises the importance of touring to the creative and cultural sectors, and is committed to helping them navigate the new rules under the Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

The DCMS-led working group on creative and cultural touring, which involves sector representatives and other key government departments, is looking at the issues and options to help the sectors resume touring with ease as soon as it is safe to do so.

Membership of the Working Group includes a range of sector representative bodies, including: Association of Independent Music, the Music Managers’ Forum, Musicians’ Union, UK Music, BPI, LIVE, the Association of British Orchestras, UK Theatre, One Dance UK, the Incorporated Society of Musicians, the Creative Industries Federation, the Featured Artists Coalition, National Museum Directors’ Council, ACE, the British Fashion Council, the Production Services Association, Creative Scotland, Arts Councils for each of the nations, Logistics UK, the Road Haulage Association, #WeMakeEvents and the Council of Music Makers.

Sector representatives are encouraged to reach out to others to ensure the working group hears and understands the views and concerns of organisations and individuals right across the cultural and creative sectors.

Following the Secretary of State-chaired roundtable with the sector on 20 January, the Working Group has met four times. There have been a number of additional meetings across government and with the sectors affected to discuss in more detail the issues that have been raised during those meetings.

13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what the membership is of the cultural and creative touring working group.

The Government recognises the importance of touring to the creative and cultural sectors, and is committed to helping them navigate the new rules under the Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

The DCMS-led working group on creative and cultural touring, which involves sector representatives and other key government departments, is looking at the issues and options to help the sectors resume touring with ease as soon as it is safe to do so.

Membership of the Working Group includes a range of sector representative bodies, including: Association of Independent Music, the Music Managers’ Forum, Musicians’ Union, UK Music, BPI, LIVE, the Association of British Orchestras, UK Theatre, One Dance UK, the Incorporated Society of Musicians, the Creative Industries Federation, the Featured Artists Coalition, National Museum Directors’ Council, ACE, the British Fashion Council, the Production Services Association, Creative Scotland, Arts Councils for each of the nations, Logistics UK, the Road Haulage Association, #WeMakeEvents and the Council of Music Makers.

Sector representatives are encouraged to reach out to others to ensure the working group hears and understands the views and concerns of organisations and individuals right across the cultural and creative sectors.

Following the Secretary of State-chaired roundtable with the sector on 20 January, the Working Group has met four times. There have been a number of additional meetings across government and with the sectors affected to discuss in more detail the issues that have been raised during those meetings.

23rd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, whether his Department plans to publish a response to the Levelling up our communities: proposals for a new social covenant report by the hon. Member for Devizes, published in September 2020.

This is an independent piece of work requested by the Prime Minister of the Member for Devizes (Danny Kruger). Mr Kruger and his office led the consultation process and he met with a wide range of stakeholders to inform his recommendations, including the Minister for Civil Society. The department is currently reviewing the recommendations and the Secretary of State will provide an update on the Government’s work in this area in due course.

25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, when the Government plans to allocate the £500 million funding from the Youth Investment Fund to local authorities.

Government recognises the significant impact of Covid-19 on young people, particularly the most vulnerable, and on the youth services that support them. A £16.5m Youth Covid-19 Support Fund has been announced which will protect the immediate future of grassroots and national youth organisations across the country.

The funding will be allocated from the Government’s unprecedented £750 million package of support which is benefiting tens of thousands of frontline charities, so they can continue their vital work. More than £60 million of this package has already been provided to organisations working with vulnerable children and young people.

The Youth Investment Fund remains a manifesto commitment for transformative levelling up across the country over the course of the parliament. In the recent announced Spending Review £30m of this was committed as capital investment for 2021-22. This will provide a transformational investment in new and refurbished safe spaces for young people, so they can access support youth workers, and positive activities out of school, including sport and culture. Further details of the timetable for allocation will be announced in due course.

24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on support for the exhibitions sector during the covid-19 outbreak.

We are in regular contact with colleagues across Government regarding the impact of Covid-19 on the business events industry.

Events businesses can continue to make use of the broader support package available to them. This includes the Bounce Back Loans scheme, the Self-Employed Income Support Scheme and the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme.

We recognise that the events industry and its supply chain has been severely impacted by Covid-19. We continue to meet with the stakeholders, including through the Visitor Economy Working Group and the Events Industry Senior Leaders Advisory Panel, to discuss the specific issues facing the industry.

Nigel Huddleston
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what resources his Department has made available to the hon. Member for Devizes to support his work commissioned by the Prime Minister on the role of the voluntary and charitable sector in the UK's recovery from the covid-19 outbreak.

This is an independent piece of work requested by the Prime Minister of my hon. Friend, the Member for Devizes (Danny Kruger). Mr Kruger and his office led the consultation process and I understand he met with a wide range of stakeholders to inform his recommendations. The Minister for Civil Society met with Mr Kruger bi-weekly to provide feedback on areas relating to the Department’s remit. The report will be published in due course.

28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what meetings the hon. Member for Devizes has had with the charitable and voluntary sector since being commissioned by the Prime Minister to review that sector's role in the UK's recovery from the covid-19 outbreak.

This is an independent piece of work requested by the Prime Minister of my hon. Friend, the Member for Devizes (Danny Kruger). Mr Kruger and his office led the consultation process and I understand he met with a wide range of stakeholders to inform his recommendations. The Minister for Civil Society met with Mr Kruger bi-weekly to provide feedback on areas relating to the Department’s remit. The report will be published in due course.

8th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, if he will publish the eligibility criteria for music venues applying for the £1.57 billion arts sector support funding.

On Sunday 5 July 2020, the Secretary of State announced a major £1.57 billion support package for key cultural organisations to help them through the coronavirus pandemic. This funding will provide targeted support to organisations across a range of cultural and creative sectors.

We are working closely with DCMS’ Arm’s Length Bodies to develop detailed guidance indicating who can apply for the different elements of this funding. We will publish this guidance as soon as possible in July.

8th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, whether nightclubs will be eligible for funding from the £1.57 billion arts sector support package.

We appreciate that the Covid-19 pandemic presents a significant challenge to the night time industries. On Sunday 5 July 2020, the Secretary of State announced a major £1.57 billion support package for key cultural organisations to help them through the coronavirus pandemic. This funding will provide targeted support to organisations across a range of cultural and creative sectors including some businesses operating in the night time economy. We will publish detailed guidance on eligibility as soon as possible in July.

Whilst the Cultural Package is extensive, it cannot support every organisation. There are a number of financial packages available to support nightclubs, including business rates relief, grants, and the Bounceback Loan Scheme. Furthermore, on rent liabilities, the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government announced on 19 June 2020 the introduction of a new code of practice for commercial property, and an extension to temporary tenant protections until 30 September 2020.

6th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, when the Government plans to permit the resumption of amateur sporting activities as covid-19 lockdown restrictions are eased; and what steps his Department is taking to help ensure the safety of those participants.

Sports and physical activity facilities play a crucial role in supporting adults and children to be active. As announced on 9 July, from 25 July indoor gyms, leisure centres (including tennis courts) and swimming pools in England should be able to reopen. These facilities will be able to offer on-site services to customers, provided they are COVID-secure and follow Government guidance.

The updated guidance can be found at the GOV.UK website and includes advice for providers of pool, gym and leisure facilities on cleaning, social distancing, and protection for staff to help venues get back up and running safely.

Nigel Huddleston
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
4th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture Media and Sport what assessment the Department has made of the proportion of (a) people and (b) businesses in the creative sector that do not qualify for any of the Government's covid-19 support measures.

No such assessment has been made. However, we appreciate that the Covid-19 pandemic presents a significant challenge to many of DCMS’ sectors including the Creative Industries which is why the government has announced unprecedented support for business and workers to protect them against the current economic emergency.

To ensure we are assisting the sectors as effectively as possible, regular ministerially-chaired roundtables are held with business representative organisations as well as trade associations from across the Creative Industries. In addition, officials are in regular contact with stakeholders from these sectors, and we continue to speak with HM Treasury colleagues to ensure that the full spectrum of government support reaches the UK's world-leading media and Creative Industries.

4th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport what estimate his Department has made of the proportion of businesses in the creative sector with a turnover of less than £6.5 million that do not qualify for the (a) Small Business Grant, (b) Retailers, Hospitality and Leisure Grant and (c) Business Rate holiday.

No such estimate has been made. However, we appreciate that the Covid-19 pandemic presents a significant challenge to many of DCMS’ sectors including the Creative Industries which is why the government has announced unprecedented support for business and workers to protect them against the current economic emergency. This includes new discretionary business grants worth £600m, in addition to any surplus from previous grants that councils have left over, which councils can allocate to businesses that may not have been able to qualify for the initial round of grants.

To ensure we are assisting the sectors as effectively as possible, regular ministerially-chaired roundtables are held with business representative organisations as well as trade associations from across the Creative Industries. In addition, officials are in regular contact with stakeholders from these sectors, and we continue to speak with HM Treasury colleagues to ensure that the full spectrum of government support reaches the UK's world-leading media and Creative Industries.

15th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what progress she has made on implementing the recommendations of the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee’s Special Report on Disinformation and Fake News set out in the online harms white paper.

Following our formal response to the Select Committee report on ‘Fake News’ and Disinformation in May 2019, we continue to reflect on the Committee’s recommendations in our ongoing work to counter disinformation in all its forms. Disinformation is one of the harms which was proposed to be in scope of the new regulatory framework announced in the Online Harms White Paper. We are currently analysing the responses to the White Paper’s public consultation, and considering the issues raised.

8th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether he plans to remove the School Food Standards requirement to serve meat three times a week in line with the Reference Diet recommended in the National Food Strategy.

The School Food Standards provide the legislative framework to ensure schools provide children with healthy food and drink options, and to make sure that children get the energy and nutrition they need across the school day. The School Food Standards are in line with current government advice on red and processed meat, encouraging schools to serve it in moderation as a good source of nutrients, including iron, zinc and vitamin B12.

Work to update the standards was paused during the COVID-19 outbreak. We do however keep this position under review, and are working with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to carefully consider the National Food Strategy’s recommendations and will respond in full with a White Paper in due course.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what discussions he has had with departmental colleagues on the introduction of an updated Reference Diet as set out in recommendation 14 of the National Food Strategy.

The School Food Standards provide the legislative framework to ensure schools provide children with healthy food and drink options, and to make sure that children get the energy and nutrition they need across the school day. The School Food Standards are in line with current government advice on red and processed meat, encouraging schools to serve it in moderation as a good source of nutrients, including iron, zinc and vitamin B12.

Work to update the standards was paused during the COVID-19 outbreak. We do however keep this position under review, and are working with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to carefully consider the National Food Strategy’s recommendations and will respond in full with a White Paper in due course.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, with reference to page 15 of the National Food Strategy, whether he plans to implement the recommendation that the School Food Standards should be updated.

The School Food Standards provide the legislative framework to ensure schools provide children with healthy food and drink options, and to make sure that children get the energy and nutrition they need across the school day. The School Food Standards are in line with current government advice on red and processed meat, encouraging schools to serve it in moderation as a good source of nutrients, including iron, zinc and vitamin B12.

Work to update the standards was paused during the COVID-19 outbreak. We do however keep this position under review, and are working with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to carefully consider the National Food Strategy’s recommendations and will respond in full with a White Paper in due course.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Apr 2021
What recent discussions he has had with Public Health England on updating school food standards.

On 7 May and 6 November 2019 we brought together an advisory group comprising of key stakeholders in the food, nutrition and health sectors who hold a wide breadth of knowledge and expertise in relation to school food. This was to discuss the proposed updates to the standards.

Due to the priority of responding to the COVID-19 outbreak and the pressures on schools this presents, and considering the robustness of the existing standards, the government have paused taking further action during the course of the COVID-19 outbreak on updating the School Food Standards. I have also discussed this with the Chief Nutritionist who confirmed that the top priority should be to ensure that schools comply with the current standards fully. Ministers have been clear throughout that schools should continue to ensure that the existing school food standards are fully adhered to across the school day. On 24 March 2021 I wrote to all schools to remind them of their obligations under the standards and encouraging the provision of hot meals where possible.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, with reference to the covid-19 guidance for early years and childcare providers, whether church-based childcare groups are permitted to resume under the covid-19 tier restrictions.

The guidance entitled ‘Local restriction tiers: what you need to know’ sets out the local restriction tier system in place from Wednesday 2 December and includes what can and cannot be done in each tier.

There are exemptions that apply to all tiers, including for places of worship, that allow childcare, education, or training (meaning education and training provided as part of a formal curriculum) and supervised activities provided for children to operate. This includes wraparound care (before and after-school childcare), groups and activities for under 18s, and children’s playgroups.

Further information on this guidance is available here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/local-restriction-tiers-what-you-need-to-know and https://www.gov.uk/guidance/local-restriction-tiers-what-you-need-to-know#exemptions.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether (a) Saturday theatre schools and (b) out of school theatre classes are permitted to continue throughout the November 2020 lockdown restrictions.

On Saturday 31 October, my right hon. Friend, the Prime Minister, announced New National Restrictions from Thursday 5 November until Wednesday 2 December to control the spread of COVID-19. On Wednesday 4 November, the Department published guidance for education and childcare settings on the impact of these restrictions. The guidance can be found here: www.gov.uk/guidance/education-and-childcare-settings-new-national-restrictions-from-5-november-2020.

Where educational provision is taking place outside of school, this should only operate where it is reasonably necessary to enable parents to work, search for work, attend education or training, or where the provision is used for the purposes of respite care, including for vulnerable children. This includes provision by supplementary schools offering music or performing arts activities for children on a part-time basis.

Out-of-school activities that are primarily used by home educating parents as part of their arrangements for their child to receive a full-time education (which can include supplementary schools, tuition centres, or private tutors) may also continue to operate.

All other out of school activities, not being primarily used by parents for these purposes, should close for face to face provision, but can offer remote education for the duration of the New National Restrictions.

5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, pursuant to the Answer of 4 June 2020 to Question 51681, what progress he has made with Public Health England on updating School Food Standards based on refreshed Government dietary recommendations.

We already have very robust school food standards set in legislation, which require school caterers to serve healthy and nutritious food and drinks, to ensure children get the energy and nutrition they need across the school day. We are working closely with schools to ensure these are consistently followed.

As schools and their kitchens are now open, healthy and nutritious meals are available for all pupils. We have asked schools to work with their existing suppliers to provide meals or food parcels to pupils eligible for benefits-related free school meals where they are self-isolating. LACA and Public Health England have published advice to schools to help them prepare healthy food parcels, which is available here:
https://laca.co.uk/laca-view/free-school-meals-guidance-producing-food-parcels.

Due to the priority of responding to the COVID-19 outbreak, and considering the robustness of the existing standards, the government has no further plans to update the School Food Standards.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on prioritising covid-19 testing for children without covid-19 symptoms who are asked to remain at home as a result of a positive covid-19 case being confirmed in their school bubble.

It is vital that children and school staff only get a test if they develop symptoms of COVID-19, with the exception of those who have specifically been asked to do so by a clinician. The test is most effective for those who are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms. The latest clinical advice is that testing of individuals without symptoms should be used where clinically appropriate, predominantly for outbreak investigation and infection control. This risk based approach is essential to ensure testing is targeted where it is most effective.

Testing capacity is the highest it has ever been, but there is currently a significant demand for tests. The NHS Test and Trace system must stay focused on testing those with true symptoms of COVID-19.? Anyone who is self isolating as a result of being a close contact of a confirmed case but does not have symptoms should not request a test. This includes if that case was identified in a school or college. All children who are attending an education or childcare setting have access to a test if they display symptoms of COVID-19 and are encouraged to get tested.

29th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether an early years provider can require a child to self-isolate for 14 days before attending its premises after they visit an area in the UK affected by a local lockdown.

In the event that a parent or guardian insisted on a child being at a childcare provider, providers can take the decision to refuse the child if in their reasonable judgement it is necessary to protect their children and staff from infection with COVID-19. Any decision would need to be carefully considered in light of all the circumstances and the public health advice. Children and staff should not attend the setting if they have COVID-19 symptoms or have tested positive in the last 10 days.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what plans he has to support the families of pupils on free school meals in Bristol East during the school summer holidays in 2020.

I refer the hon. Members to the answer I gave on 23 June 2020 to Question 54195.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what guidance his Department has issued during the covid-19 outbreak on the provision of informal childcare by (a) people who are not in the stringent social distancing category and (b) people over 70 years of age without underlying health problems.

We have issued guidance on formal childcare which can be found here:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-early-years-and-childcare-closures/coronavirus-covid-19-early-years-and-childcare-closures.

Informal childcare can be provided where the person undertaking the childcare lives as part of the same household as the parents or carers, in line with the government's guidance on staying alert and safe (social distancing) for COVID-19:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/staying-alert-and-safe-social-distancing/staying-alert-and-safe-social-distancing.

The following government guidance on shielding and protecting extremely vulnerable persons should also be taken into consideration:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-on-shielding-and-protecting-extremely-vulnerable-persons-from-covid-19.

Frequently asked questions have also been published on what people can and cannot do during COVID-19:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-outbreak-faqs-what-you-can-and-cant-do/coronavirus-outbreak-faqs-what-you-can-and-cant-do.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what recent representations he has received on revising the school food standards to remove the requirement to serve animal products.

The School Food Standards provide the legislative framework to ensure schools provide children with healthy food and drink options and to make sure that children receive the energy and nutrition they need across the school day. Compliance with the School Food Standards is mandatory for all maintained schools. We also expect all academies and free schools to comply with the standards and, since 2014, we have made this an explicit requirement in their funding agreements.

Beyond this, we believe that headteachers, school governors and caterers are best placed to make decisions about their school food policies, taking into account local circumstances and the needs of their pupils. In doing so, we expect schools to make reasonable adjustments for pupils with particular requirements (for example, to reflect dietary and cultural needs).

As part of our last update to the School Food Standards, we ran a public consultation on the new regulations between 6 March and 16 April 2014. The new standards were tested by 31 schools and 24 caterers from across England, overseen with positive outcomes by a group of school catering experts and nutritionists. These outcomes were fed into the proposed version of the standards that went out for public consultation in March 2014.

We are currently working with Public Health England to update the School Food Standards again in light of refreshed government dietary recommendations. We have an advisory group in place to support us with this work. It is comprised of key stakeholders in the food, nutrition and health sectors who have a high level of knowledge and expertise on school food.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of current school food standards in (a) promoting good health and (b) tackling obesity, malnutrition and other diet-related conditions among school pupils.

The government encourages all schools to promote healthy eating and to provide tasty and nutritious food and drink. Compliance with the School Food Standards (http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2014/1603/contents/made) is mandatory for all maintained schools. We also expect all academies and free schools to comply with the standards and, since 2014, we have made this an explicit requirement in their funding agreements.

The School Food Standards came in to force from January 2015 and have been widely welcomed. As new advice on nutrition and sugar consumption has since been published, the Department for Education, supported by Public Health England, will update the School Food Standards. The update, which will be comprehensive on reducing sugar consumption, will be coupled with detailed guidance to caterers and schools so they are well prepared to adapt to the changes.

Healthy eating is also covered in health education that all schools will have to teach from this year, with voluntary teaching starting from last year. By the end of primary school, pupils should know what constitutes a healthy diet (including understanding calories and other nutritional content) and the principles of planning and preparing a range of healthy meals. They should also know the characteristics of a poor diet and risks associated with unhealthy eating (including, for example, obesity and tooth decay) and other eating or drinking habits (for example, the impact of alcohol on diet or health). By the end of secondary school, pupils should know how to maintain healthy eating and the links between a poor diet and health risks.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, if the vouchers offered to children eligible for free school meals during school closures will include support to cover the costs of breakfast.

We have developed a national scheme to provide supermarket vouchers for children eligible for free school meals who are not attending school. Schools who chose to participate will not have to pay for these vouchers as the costs for this scheme will be picked up centrally by the Department for Education. Schools will have received an email as of Tuesday 31 March which will allow them to access the portal.

Schools are able to order a voucher to the value of £15 each week for every child eligible for benefits related free school meals who is not attending school. This is more generous than the weekly amount provided to schools for provision of free school meals, recognising that families will not buy in bulk and will therefore not be able to achieve the same economies of scale.

Alongside our national approach to supporting free school meal pupils, we are committed to supporting schools and children who also benefit from our breakfast club programme. Our suppliers, Family Action along with Magic Breakfast, are in contact with schools on the programme and, where possible, are working closely with them to reach children who would normally receive a healthy breakfast at school.

Full guidance on the national voucher scheme is available here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-free-school-meals-guidance/covid-19-free-school-meals-guidance-for-schools.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of heavy goods vehicle driver shortages on local authority bin collections.

The Government is in regular contact with the waste sector and local authorities to ensure we have up to date information about current waste collection vehicle staffing levels.

We are aware of some current impacts that heavy goods vehicle (HGV) driver shortages are having on local authority bin collections. We continue to work with the Department for Transport and the other departments involved to consider all the available options.

The Government has already taken action on HGV driver shortages, including ramping up vocational test capacity so 3,000 practical tests are available each week. The Government has also confirmed funding of up to £7,000 per apprenticeship for people undertaking lorry driver training, extended driver hours and temporarily eased restrictions on delivery curfews.

The Government is working with industry and supporting job seekers to take roles in the profession. As part of this, there are increased incentive payments for hiring a new apprentice across the economy as we recover from the pandemic. Employers will receive £3,000 for new apprentices of any age who join their organisation from 1 April to 30 September 2021.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
7th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what proportion of the vehicles used by his Department for Government business are electric vehicles.

Across Defra there are 753 electric/plug in hybrid cars of which 367 are fully electric. This represents 17.1% of the car fleet (4,414 total cars). Fully electric is 8.3%.

Organisations included are:

  • Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board
  • Animal and Plant Health Agency
  • Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science
  • Defra
  • Environment Agency
  • Marine Management Organisation
  • Natural England
  • Rural Payments Agency
  • Sea Fish Industry Authority

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
11th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what recent assessment his Department has made of the potential effect of endocrine disrupting chemicals on (a) human health and (b) wildlife.

Through involvement in Horizon 2020 projects, European Human Biomonitoring Initiative (HBM4EU) and the Partnership for Chemicals Risk Assessment (PARC), we are engaging in efforts to better understand human exposure to different chemicals and possible linked health effects. This includes EDCs, with phthalates and bisphenol included as priority substances in the first round of the HBM4EU project.

Work is also being carried out by the Environment Agency to understand the presence, use, emissions and sources of several chemicals groups containing recognised EDCs such as phthlates in the UK environment. This will be used to prioritise further assessment, which would include potential effect on wildlife. Last October the Environment Agency published a study of oestrogenic effects in wild fish (roach) in English rivers comparing contemporary and historical impacts.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
11th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if he will introduce hazard-based prevention measures for reducing exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals.

The identification of intrinsic chemical hazards is already a principal requirement of the classification, labelling and packaging regulation (CLP). The hazard classes in CLP classify physical, health and environmental hazards. Endocrine disrupting properties are not captured by a specific CLP hazard class, however human health endocrine disrupting properties are closely linked to existing CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction) hazard classes.

The hazard classification of a chemical is often used as a starting point for specific controls or protective measures and is the basis for many regulatory and legislative provisions in the risk management of chemicals. Endocrine disrupting properties are specifically taken into account by the regulatory regimes covering the use of pesticides and biocides, where identification of such properties prompts specific control measures.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 June 2021 to Question 10213 on Farms: Finance, when he plans to publish the membership of the co-design steering group.

We will check with the members of the co-design steering group that they are content to be named publicly and we will publish the names in due course.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what financial support the Government is providing to local authorities to establish new county farms.

As set out in the Agricultural Transition Plan this Government will provide funding to create lasting opportunities for new entrants to access land, infrastructure and support to establish successful and innovative businesses. These could include support for local authorities to invest in county farms.

The details and eligibility criteria of the new entrant scheme are being developed through a consultative co-design process with stakeholders.

The co-design steering group includes representatives of local authorities with council farm estates, new entrant farmers, providers of innovation support for young farmers, cooperative and community land organisations and private landowners. We are also engaging a wider range of stakeholders to help us design the scheme. We will report more details of the scheme this summer and aim to launch the scheme in 2022.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Apr 2021
What assessment he has made of the effect of the commercial extraction of peat compost on the Government's ability to meet its net zero carbon target.

We are committed to ending the use of peat in horticulture in England and achieving our net zero target. In early February 2021, we held roundtables for groups of stakeholders to discuss potential measures to end the use of horticultural peat. We intend to publish a formal consultation in 2021 on further measures to end its use.

In 2019, peat extraction accounted for an estimated 2.4 million tonnes of CO2 emissions in the UK, or 0.5% of the UK’s total. For England, the figure is 0.2 million tonnes. All peat extraction in England will cease by 2042 at the latest, in advance of the UK’s target to be net zero by 2050.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if the Government will sign up to the UN Environment Programme's Sustainable Blue Economy Finance Principles.

The Government recognises the serious and increasing threats currently facing the ocean, and the disproportionate impact this has on the world’s poorest. That is why our manifesto committed to a £500 million Blue Planet Fund to help eligible countries reduce poverty and sustainably manage the ocean.

Beyond public investment, the Government recognises the importance of mobilising private finance to help tackle this issue. Though we have no immediate plans to sign up, we welcome the UN Environment Programme’s work to progress this agenda, including through the Sustainable Blue Economy Finance Principles.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, when the research on responsible dog ownership his Department has commissioned from Middlesex University is planned to be completed; and if he will make a statement.

Middlesex University’s draft report on measures to reduce dog attacks and promote responsible ownership was submitted to Defra this month (March 2021). The report is currently being peer reviewed and will be finalised in light of peer review comments. Our intention is to publish the final report later this year.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
15th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what support his Department is providing to (a) tilapia farmers and (b) other aquaculture businesses.

In England funding is available through the Maritime and Fisheries Fund for applications from aquaculture businesses, including those that farm tilapia, looking to make the fisheries and aquaculture sectors more sustainable or to conserve the marine environment, as well as those seeking to adapt their seafood businesses to new trading requirements following EU exit. This funding is delivered by the Marine Management Organisation. Seafood businesses in the rest of the UK should contact their fisheries administrations to see what development support may be available to them.

In addition to this funding, on 9 March the Government opened the Seafood Response Fund which provides a one off grant payment to help businesses cover up to three months of average fixed costs between January and March 2021. This emergency scheme is targeted at catching and shellfish aquaculture businesses. All eligible business will be contacted and invited to apply by the Marine Management Organisation and we expect all payments to be made by 31 March.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if he will publish the membership and terms of reference of (a) the Seafood Exports Working Group and (b) the Scottish Seafood Exports Task Force.

The Seafood Exports Working Group has been established to monitor live issues (across the UK) arising from the end of the transition period and work with industry on required responses to minimise disruption to trade flows of seafood. The Scottish Seafood Exports Taskforce has been established to address medium and longer term export issues faced by Scottish traders of seafood. The primary aim is to increase confidence in the seafood and aquaculture supply chain by ensuring medium and longer-term issues are resolved. The Terms of Reference for the Seafood Exports Working Group and the Scottish Seafood Exports Taskforce are attached.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of the introduction of import controls at UK ports in July 2021 on the price of food.

We have well established ways of working with the food industry and across the Government, including with the Devolved Administrations, on preparedness for and response to potential food supply chain disruptions.

We have identified and regularly monitor Category 1 food products which could be affected by the introduction of import controls and the potential impacts, and worked closely with the industry to support their contingency planning. We will continue to communicate the latest guidance regarding the importing of such products via the Government-led food industry engagement forums to help build understanding of the requirements for regulatory compliance. We are working with industry to help improve representation of food businesses and hauliers for pre-notification fitness testing to support trader readiness. Our assessment of risk is that overall food supply will be maintained.

Consumer food prices depend on a range of factors including agri-food import costs, domestic agricultural prices, domestic labour and manufacturing costs, and Sterling exchange rates. Some technical barriers to trade, such as sanitary and phytosanitary checks, will also apply for specific items to businesses trading with the EU. Changes in food prices can result from any of these factors. Most food industry sectors are accustomed to fluctuations in supply chain costs. These do not necessarily translate into price rises.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of the introduction of import controls at UK ports in July 2021 on the supply of (a) food and (b) category 1 goods.

We have well established ways of working with the food industry and across the Government, including with the Devolved Administrations, on preparedness for and response to potential food supply chain disruptions.

We have identified and regularly monitor Category 1 food products which could be affected by the introduction of import controls and the potential impacts, and worked closely with the industry to support their contingency planning. We will continue to communicate the latest guidance regarding the importing of such products via the Government-led food industry engagement forums to help build understanding of the requirements for regulatory compliance. We are working with industry to help improve representation of food businesses and hauliers for pre-notification fitness testing to support trader readiness. Our assessment of risk is that overall food supply will be maintained.

Consumer food prices depend on a range of factors including agri-food import costs, domestic agricultural prices, domestic labour and manufacturing costs, and Sterling exchange rates. Some technical barriers to trade, such as sanitary and phytosanitary checks, will also apply for specific items to businesses trading with the EU. Changes in food prices can result from any of these factors. Most food industry sectors are accustomed to fluctuations in supply chain costs. These do not necessarily translate into price rises.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the (a) covid-19 pandemic and (b) end of the transition period on the income of UK fishing ports.

The Government fully recognises the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic and the end of the Transition Period on the UK fishing industry and has been taking action to ensure that the industry continues to thrive. This includes announcing a £23 million Seafood Response Fund to support seafood businesses across the UK where they have experienced a verifiable loss due to failures in the EU export processes. And, on 21 February, the expanded Seafood Response Fund for the UK’s fishing and shellfish aquaculture sectors was announced, to target the needs of the whole UK fishing industry. The fund will draw on the existing £23 million but provide cash grants for more fishing businesses. Additionally, we have set up the UK Seafood Exports Working Group which meets twice weekly, inviting the top ten exporters to engage with Defra and HMRC.

The Government is also providing further support to businesses to adapt to new export processes. Defra and HMRC is offering targeted, proactive and hands on support to fisheries exporters to help them successfully meet the new requirements. This includes a new online training package (https://glsr.live/euexportjourney) to guide fish exporters through each step of the export journey and offer tips, lessons learned and advice on what do if difficulties are encountered. We are also offering a series of teach-in workshops providing training on specific steps of the exports journey and related technical areas.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps he is taking to ensure that organic farming is included in the Environmental Land Management National Pilot phase 1.

We do not have specific organic standards within phase 1 of the Sustainable Farming Incentive Pilot. The Sustainable Farming Incentive is intended to be open and accessible to all farmers, and to reward farmers fairly for environmental goods generated across all land types and farm management systems, including organic farms. Throughout the pilot, which we are launching later this year, we will be working with hundreds of farmers to ensure that it works for all farming systems.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the answer given to WPQ 54035 on 8 Jn 2020, if he will confirm the location of the new Office for Environmental Protection.

We want to ensure that the Office for Environmental Protection (OEP) is located in a place that contributes to the Government’s objectives. Upon considering wider locations, we have decided that Worcester will be an excellent location for the headquarters of the OEP allowing it to have a long term home that will attract the best staff. This is part of the Government's commitment to ensuring that opportunities are spread fairly across the country.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
19th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the environmental effect of bottom trawling in UK Marine Protected Areas.

Marine protection is a devolved matter and the information provided relates to England only.

We have made good progress in implementing management measures within our inshore Marine Protected Areas. Following assessments of the impact of fishing activity, vulnerable species and habitats in over 90 Marine Protected Areas are now protected from bottom towed fishing gear.

Until recently, the Common Fisheries Policy had restricted our ability to implement fisheries management measures within offshore Marine Protected Areas. The Fisheries Act 2020 includes a new power to allow the introduction of byelaws for conservation purposes in offshore waters and we will make rapid progress this year in protecting more sites.

In October, the Marine Management Organisation launched a call for evidence to inform the management decisions for four offshore Marine Protected Areas. The evidence provided during this process will help shape and inform options ahead of formal consultation on byelaws early in 2021.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
13th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what his Department's timeframe is for the publication of the Review of the Evidence for Sentience in Decapod Crustaceans and Cephalopod Molluscs report.

LSE Consulting’s draft report reviewing the evidence for sentience in decapod crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs was submitted to Defra in December 2020. The report is currently being peer reviewed and will be finalised in light of peer review comments. Our intention is to publish the final report later this year.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what recent discussions he has had with his ministerial colleagues on the documentation which food importers and exporters will need after the end of the transition period.

The changes to requirements and certification for movements of animals, products of animal origin, plants and seeds at the end of the transition period is a matter of frequent discussion in Cabinet committees overseeing the Government’s plans and preparations for the end of the transition period.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what discussions he has had his with Cabinet colleagues on ensuring the quick and efficient transport of food products between the UK and EU border after the end of the transition period.

The UK has a highly resilient food supply chain.

Defra is working closely with officials in the Department for Transport, the Borders and Protocol Delivery Group, and other Government departments on the transport of food products, including considering prioritising movements in the event of disruption.

Across Government we are introducing a number of measures which will ensure the quick and efficient transport of food products between the UK and EU. The Check an HGV is Ready to Cross the Border service (formerly referred to as the Smart Freight service) and Kent Access Permit are designed to ensure smooth flow of freight, including food, to the EU from Kent.

In parallel to the Check an HGV service, Defra is developing contingency plans to prioritise certain goods for exports, which will be deployed if severe and sustained traffic disruption arises in Kent. We have consulted on proposals to allow for the prioritisation of a limited range of goods through Kent. This would include agricultural products based on strict criteria of perishability, animal welfare and economic impact to specific geographical areas of the UK.

The Government is also taking contingency measures to ensure the continued supply of Category 1 goods in the event of disruption to key freight flows at the end of the transition period. The Category 1 goods list includes critical food chain dependencies, such as chemicals and key additives used within the food supply chain. Should it be required, Government freight capacity will enable the prioritised import of certain inputs required for just-in-time production in the UK.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if he will prioritise the movement of agricultural products for firms relying on just-in-time production between the UK and EU after the end of the transition period.

The UK has a highly resilient food supply chain.

Defra is working closely with officials in the Department for Transport, the Borders and Protocol Delivery Group, and other Government departments on the transport of food products, including considering prioritising movements in the event of disruption.

Across Government we are introducing a number of measures which will ensure the quick and efficient transport of food products between the UK and EU. The Check an HGV is Ready to Cross the Border service (formerly referred to as the Smart Freight service) and Kent Access Permit are designed to ensure smooth flow of freight, including food, to the EU from Kent.

In parallel to the Check an HGV service, Defra is developing contingency plans to prioritise certain goods for exports, which will be deployed if severe and sustained traffic disruption arises in Kent. We have consulted on proposals to allow for the prioritisation of a limited range of goods through Kent. This would include agricultural products based on strict criteria of perishability, animal welfare and economic impact to specific geographical areas of the UK.

The Government is also taking contingency measures to ensure the continued supply of Category 1 goods in the event of disruption to key freight flows at the end of the transition period. The Category 1 goods list includes critical food chain dependencies, such as chemicals and key additives used within the food supply chain. Should it be required, Government freight capacity will enable the prioritised import of certain inputs required for just-in-time production in the UK.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment the Government has made of the potential merits of increasing the number of (a) Clean Air and (b) Low Emission Zones.

Air pollution poses one of the biggest environmental threats to public health. That is why we are already investing £3.8 billion to clean up our air, including £880 million which is ring fenced to help Local Authorities (LAs) tackle NO2 exceedances previously identified in the 2017 UK Plan for Tackling Roadside Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Concentrations. We are continuing to work closely with these LAs to help develop and implement their local clean air plans which can include charging Clean Air Zones, although other measures that are at least as effective are preferred. We rigorously assess local clean air plans to make sure they will deliver reductions in NO2 levels in the shortest possible time. However, LAs ultimately make decisions on whether Clean Air Zones are the most suitable measure to introduce in their area.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment the Government has made of the potential merits of the recommendation of the Global Resource Initiative Taskforce's report of March 2020 on the introduction of a mandatory due diligence obligation on companies that place commodities and derived products that contribute to deforestation on the UK market.

We are carefully considering all the options recommended in the Global Resource Initiative Taskforce’s report, including a mandatory due diligence obligation, and will set out our response in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to published academic research on the link between destruction of natural habitats and the emergence of novel infectious diseases, what assessment he has made of the value of protecting biodiversity as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

I refer to the answer I gave on 1 May 2020 (PQ 38461).

The Department has not yet made a full assessment of the link between the destruction of biodiversity and habitats on levels of emerging zoonoses. The recent 2019 IPBES Global Assessment Report on biodiversity and ecosystem services highlights this as a factor potentially exacerbating the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlife, domestic animals and people. We are continuing to review the evidence and the complex links between the destruction of natural habitats and infectious diseases, to enable us to take an informed view as soon as possible.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
3rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what progress he has made on securing appropriate premises in Bristol for the base of the Office for Environmental Protection, as recommended by the Cabinet Office Places for Growth Programme.

The Government is committed to setting up an Office for Environmental Protection. Work is ongoing to identify suitable premises and we will take into consideration any workplace guidance requirements in light of coronavirus over the coming months.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
3rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if the Government will take steps to negotiate a deal at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity which recognises the importance of protecting Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered species.

The UK’s objective for 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity is to agree a framework that spurs action and the transformative changes needed for halting and reversing global biodiversity loss.

We will promote ambitious and practical targets, including targets to enhance ecosystem resilience and species recovery, supported by strengthened implementation mechanisms that are consummate with the scale of the challenge.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps he is taking to ensure an adequate supply of food for key workers.

The Government has well-established ways of working with the food industry during disruption to supply situations. Our retailers already have highly resilient supply chains and they have adapted quickly to these changes in demand to ensure people have the food and products they need. Food supply into and across the UK is resilient.

To help the industry to respond to this unprecedented demand we have introduced new measures to support businesses to keep food supply flowing on to shelves and into homes. These include temporary relaxation of competition laws to allow supermarkets to work together, extending delivery hours to supermarkets and flexing rules on drivers’ hours to allow a higher frequency of deliveries to stores to ensure shelves are being replenished more quickly.

Supermarkets are already protecting shopping time for certain key workers. For example, several supermarkets have priority shopping hours for NHS staff and social care workers. We remain in close contact with industry on how they can support keyworkers.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
9th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 3 March 2020 to Question 19781 on Peat Bogs: Fires, what his timescale is for assessing the potential merits of legislative proposals.

Our intention has always been to legislate if a voluntary approach failed to deliver. We are currently considering the next steps.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, whether the English Tree Strategy will include a target to plant 30,000 hectares of trees per year during this Parliament.

Our manifesto committed to increase tree planting across the UK to 30,000 hectares of trees per year by 2025. As forestry is devolved, we are working with the Devolved Administrations to determine how we collectively meet this commitment. We will need to significantly increase tree planting in England, and the forthcoming consultation on the English Tree Strategy will take views on whether a target should be set for England.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what estimate his Department has made of the cost of planting 30,000 hectares of trees per year by 2024.

We are committed to increasing tree planting across the UK to 30,000 hectares of trees per year by 2025. As forestry policy, and budgets to support it, are devolved we are working with the Devolved Administrations to determine how we deliver this UK commitment.

The Nature for Climate fund announced in the manifesto will support a range of measures to increase tree planting in England whilst delivering other environmental benefits. This will build on current grant incentives and schemes to create woodlands.

We will need a range of effective measures that support farmers and land managers to plant and maintain trees and will consult on options to do this through the upcoming England Tree Strategy consultation.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how much funding will be allocated for woodland creation and tree planting grants under the Countryside Stewardship scheme for 2020-24; and what the average funding per hectare has been under Countryside Stewardship to date.

Funding has been allocated under the Countryside Stewardship scheme for woodland creation and the associated maintenance payments for the financial years 2019/20 to 2023/24 as follows:

(£000's)

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

2022-23

2023-24

CS Woodland Creation Total

5,233

5,157

5,386

5,566

5,746

It has been estimated that in the earlier years of the Countryside Stewardship, the average cost per hectare was £4,243. More recent applications, since 2018, had a value of £4,153 per hectare. These figures are for capital grants only and exclude the additional annual maintenance grants, worth £200/ha for 10 years, also available.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, when the terms of the English Tree Strategy consultation will be published; and what the timescale of that public consultation will be.

The English Tree Strategy consultation will be launched in spring. We will consult into the summer for up to three months to inform the final strategy which we will publish in the autumn.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to the Answer of 2 April 2019 to Question 237055, when his Department plans to publish its research on responsible dog ownership completed in collaboration with Middlesex University.

The Defra funded research being carried out by Middlesex University on responsible dog ownership will be published in due course.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to page 45 of the 25 Year Environment Plan, what further measures he plans to bring forward to (a) phase out the use of peat in gardening composts and (b) ensure that the target to phase out the sale of retail peat by 2020 is met.

The Government is committed to phasing out the use of peat in horticulture in England by 2030. In 2011 we introduced a voluntary target for amateur gardeners to phase out the use of peat by 2020 and a final voluntary phase-out target of 2030 for professional growers of fruit, vegetables and plants. While some progress has been made, we stated in the 25 Year Environment Plan that we would consider implementing further measures if there is insufficient movement to peat alternatives by 2020. We will set out our plans around the use of peat in horticulture in due course.

We are working with the industry to make the transition to peat alternatives and to overcome barriers to their use. This includes, for example, jointly funding research with the industry on peat replacements in professional horticulture.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to the oral contribution of the Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of 28 October 2019, Official Report, column 31, what the timeframe is for bringing forward legislative proposals to end the burning of peatland; and if he will make a statement.

The Government has always been clear on the need to phase out burning of protected blanket bog to conserve these vulnerable habitats, and we are looking at how legislation could achieve this.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of restricting chemical substances that are persistent and mobile but do not meet all criteria for classification as persistent organic pollutants under the Stockholm convention.

Chemicals with persistent and mobile properties, such as per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS), are widely used in consumer and industrial products. Restrictions of these substances should be based on clearly established and agreed criteria.

My department is working with regulators to improve the understanding of the emissions and risks of persistent and mobile chemicals, and how we manage these chemicals will be considered in our forthcoming Chemicals Strategy.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, when the England peat strategy will be published.

In the 25 Year Environment Plan, the Government committed to publishing an England Peat Strategy to create and deliver a new ambitious framework for peat restoration in England. We intend to publish it in due course. That strategy will set out a holistic plan for the management, protection and restoration of our upland and lowland peatlands so that they deliver benefits for climate and nature. We are considering the Committee on Climate Change’s recommendations in drawing up the strategy.

We are currently allocating £10 million in 2018-21 for approximately 5,948 hectares of peatland restoration; our manifesto committed to increase that as part of the new £640 million Nature for Climate Fund. We will set out more details of funding allocated specifically to peat restoration in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps the Government has taken to implement the Committee on Climate Change's recommendation of ending the burning of peatland in 2020.

In the 25 Year Environment Plan, the Government committed to publishing an England Peat Strategy to create and deliver a new ambitious framework for peat restoration in England. We intend to publish it in due course. That strategy will set out a holistic plan for the management, protection and restoration of our upland and lowland peatlands so that they deliver benefits for climate and nature. We are considering the Committee on Climate Change’s recommendations in drawing up the strategy.

We are currently allocating £10 million in 2018-21 for approximately 5,948 hectares of peatland restoration; our manifesto committed to increase that as part of the new £640 million Nature for Climate Fund. We will set out more details of funding allocated specifically to peat restoration in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how much funding his Department plans to provide for peatland restoration in the next five years.

In the 25 Year Environment Plan, the Government committed to publishing an England Peat Strategy to create and deliver a new ambitious framework for peat restoration in England. We intend to publish it in due course. That strategy will set out a holistic plan for the management, protection and restoration of our upland and lowland peatlands so that they deliver benefits for climate and nature. We are considering the Committee on Climate Change’s recommendations in drawing up the strategy.

We are currently allocating £10 million in 2018-21 for approximately 5,948 hectares of peatland restoration; our manifesto committed to increase that as part of the new £640 million Nature for Climate Fund. We will set out more details of funding allocated specifically to peat restoration in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps the Government is taking to ban the extraction of peat as recommended by the Committee on Climate Change.

In the 25 Year Environment Plan, the Government committed to publishing an England Peat Strategy to create and deliver a new ambitious framework for peat restoration in England. We intend to publish it in due course. That strategy will set out a holistic plan for the management, protection and restoration of our upland and lowland peatlands so that they deliver benefits for climate and nature. We are considering the Committee on Climate Change’s recommendations in drawing up the strategy.

We are currently allocating £10 million in 2018-21 for approximately 5,948 hectares of peatland restoration; our manifesto committed to increase that as part of the new £640 million Nature for Climate Fund. We will set out more details of funding allocated specifically to peat restoration in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, whether his Department is developing targets for the protection and restoration of upland and lowland peat.

In the 25 Year Environment Plan, the Government committed to publishing an England Peat Strategy to create and deliver a new ambitious framework for peat restoration in England. We intend to publish it in due course. That strategy will set out a holistic plan for the management, protection and restoration of our upland and lowland peatlands so that they deliver benefits for climate and nature. We are considering the Committee on Climate Change’s recommendations in drawing up the strategy.

We are currently allocating £10 million in 2018-21 for approximately 5,948 hectares of peatland restoration; our manifesto committed to increase that as part of the new £640 million Nature for Climate Fund. We will set out more details of funding allocated specifically to peat restoration in due course.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how much (a) chicken meat, (b) beef, (c) pig meat, (d) sheep meat, (e) fresh egg, (f) egg powder, (g) fresh milk and (h) milk powder was imported to the UK from (i) EU27 countries, (ii) the US, (iii) Australia, (iv) New Zealand and (v) the rest of the world in the last 12 months for which figures are available.

UK overseas trade data is published, free of charge, by HM Revenue & Customs. It includes export and import data relating to the items requested, and is available from this web address: www.uktradeinfo.com.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, which EU regulations to prohibit the import of (a) chlorine-washed chicken, (b) hormone-treated beef, (c) ractopamine-fed pork have been replicated in UK law; and if she will make a statement.

Current EU controls on surface decontamination of poultry (Regulation (EC) 853/2004) will be retained through the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 and have been made ready to be carried over into UK law after the Transition Period through ‘The Specific Food Hygiene (Regulation (EC) No. 853/2004) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019’. This maintains the status quo, whereby any substances for surface contamination must be approved by the appropriate authority. No products, other than potable water, are currently approved in the EU to decontaminate poultry carcases and this remains the case in the UK.

Council Directive 96/22/EC (as amended) prohibits the use of certain substances having a hormonal or thyrostatic action, and beta agonists (including ractopamine) in livestock farming and imported products. The EU legislation was transposed into domestic legislation by the Animals and Animal Products (Examination for Residues and Maximum Residue Limits) (England and Scotland) Regulations 2015, with similar legislation enacted in Wales and Northern Ireland. This legislation remains in place.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what her policy is on the compliance of imported agricultural goods with UK (a) animal welfare, (b) environmental and (c) food safety standards after the transition period.

The UK is proud of its world-leading food, health and animal welfare standards. We remain firmly committed to upholding our high environmental, food, and animal welfare standards now we have left the EU.

As set out in our manifesto, we will not compromise our standards as we negotiate new trade deals. Nor will we put the UK’s biosecurity at risk. The Government will stand firm in trade negotiations to ensure any future trade deals live up to the values of farmers and consumers across the UK.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what meetings have taken place between officials in her Department and officials in the Department for International Trade on protecting UK standards on (a) animal welfare, (b) environmental and (c) food safety when negotiating Free Trade Agreements.

My officials meet regularly with Department for International Trade officials to discuss the negotiation of Free Trade Agreements.

We have been clear - across Government, from the Prime Minister down - that we will not lower our standards in pursuit of trade deals, and that we will use all the tools at our disposal to make sure that standards are protected.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what meetings officials in her Department have held with representatives from the (a) US Administration (b) Australian Government and (c) European Commission on protecting UK standards on (i) animal welfare, (ii) environmental standards and (iii) food safety in relation to future free trade agreements.

Negotiations of future trade agreements with these countries have not yet begun. To date, talks between my officials and their counterparts in these countries have focused on building knowledge of our respective current domestic standards in these areas and understanding how our Partner Countries have treated them in some of their existing trade agreements.

Throughout these exploratory discussions Defra has stressed the importance of maintaining our high standards on welfare, food safety and the environment in future, all of which the Government’s election manifesto committed us to protecting.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what plans she has to bring forward legislative proposals to ensure the protection of UK standards on (a) animal welfare, (b) environmental and (c) food safety in negotiations on future free trade agreements.

The UK is proud of its world-leading food, health and animal welfare standards. We remain firmly committed to upholding our high environmental, food, and animal welfare standards now we have left the EU.

As set out in our manifesto, we will not compromise our standards as we negotiate new trade deals. Nor will we put the UK’s biosecurity at risk. The Government will stand firm in trade negotiations to ensure any future trade deals live up to the values of farmers and consumers across the UK.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how much (a) chicken meat, (b) beef, (c) pig meat, (d) sheep meat, (e) fresh egg, (f) egg powder, (g) fresh milk and (h) milk powder was exported from the UK in the last 12 months for which figures are available.

UK overseas trade data is published, free of charge, by HM Revenue & Customs. It includes export and import data relating to the items requested, and is available from this web address: www.uktradeinfo.com.

Victoria Prentis
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many and what proportion of sows in organic farming environments are kept in (a) (i) outdoor and (ii) indoor farrowing systems and (b) farrowing crates; and if she will make a statement.

The information requested is not held centrally and to obtain it would incur disproportionate costs as gathering the information would require each individual Control Body to contact each producer.

The main principles of organic farming are that animal health and welfare are primarily promoted by good management and care of animals.

Organic production employs a system that ensures animals have access to pasture (when weather and ground conditions permit) and are truly free range, that they have plenty of space – which helps to reduce stress and disease - and that they can graze and forage naturally on organic pasture (grasses and other crops) where only natural fertilisers are used and pesticides are severely restricted.

There were approximately 37,400 organic pigs raised in the UK in 2018, approximately 10% of which were breeding sows (3,800). Farrowing crates are prohibited in organic production and organic regulations require farrowing sows to have at least 7.5 m2 of indoor space per sow and 2.5 m2 of outdoor space per sow.

George Eustice
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many and what proportion of sows are kept in (a)(i) outdoor and (ii) indoor farrowing systems and (b) farrowing crates; and if she will make a statement.

The UK is ahead of most other pig producing countries in that an estimated 40% of breeding sows in the UK are kept outdoors and farrow freely. Of the 60% of sows kept in indoor group housed systems the majority will use farrowing crates, of which there are many different designs. I believe the aim should be for farrowing crates not to be necessary. It is important that we make progress towards a system which both safeguards the welfare of the sow as well as the piglets and also works commercially, and that we do so as quickly as possible so that crates can be consigned to history.

A new statutory welfare code for pigs was laid in Parliament on 9 September 2019 and includes guidance on farrowing to protect the welfare of both sows and piglets. The code will come into force shortly.

George Eustice
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many and what proportion of growing pigs are (a) free range having been born outside with access to a field throughout life, (b) outdoor-reared having been born and reared outdoors for approximately half their life and then brought inside, (c) outdoor-bred having been born outdoors and brought indoors at weaning and (d) permanently indoors; and if she will make a statement.

Defra does not hold statistics on how many pigs are reared outside or indoors. The terms free range, outdoor-reared and outdoor-bred are industry-owned marketing terms and Defra does not hold data on this type of information. To the best of our knowledge, this data is not available elsewhere.

George Eustice
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
23rd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what her policy is on the UK's future working relationship with the European Chemicals Agency after the UK leaves the EU.

After our exit from the EU on 31 January 2020, the UK will enter into an implementation period. During this period, the UK will remain within the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulatory framework including the European Chemical Agency (ECHA). The nature of our future relationship with the Agency will be determined by the outcome of our negotiations with the EU.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
23rd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what her Department is taking to reduce toxicity tests performed on animals for new chemical substances.

The UK has been in the forefront in opposing animal tests where alternative approaches could be used – the “last-resort principle” - and we will retain that principle moving forward, enshrining it in the Environment Bill

We are working collaboratively with partner countries at the OECD as part of their test guidelines programme to develop new methods aimed at reducing the need for performing tests on animals for new chemical substances.

George Eustice
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
23rd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that UK chemicals regulations conform with the EU-REACH standards in the (a) short-, (b) medium- and (c) long-term.

As the UK left the EU on 31 January 2020, the UK has now entered into the transition period. During this period, the UK will remain within the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulatory framework.

At the end of the transition period we will bring EU REACH in to UK law. This will mean that any decision we take as an independent regime will be consistent with the fundamental aims and principles of REACH and based on rigorous assessment of the scientific evidence. We will not change what REACH sets out to achieve, including a high level of protection of human health and the environment.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
7th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 7 June 2021 to Question 8561 on Electric Vehicles: Import Duties, how many of the UK’s existing trade agreements do not allow for tariff-free access for exports of electric vehicles.

Tariff-free access for UK exports of electric vehicles is provided by the EU as well as 33 of 67 countries the UK has concluded agreements with, including Japan, South Korea, Switzerland and Turkey. A further 20 countries provide staged preferential tariff reductions until full liberalisation, mainly by 2023.

There are 9 countries that do not offer tariff-free access for exports, and 5 that offer partial tariff-free access. These countries are largely part of Economic Partnership Agreements which are development-focussed free trade agreements, where the UK has usually agreed to liberalise its markets to a greater extent than its developing country partners, including with Kenya and the Pacific States, and remain unchanged from access granted under the original EU agreements.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
27th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, how many of the UK’s existing trade agreements do not allow for tariff-free trade in electric vehicles.

Of the 34 trade agreements that the UK has signed to date, all provide tariff-free access relating to imports on electric vehicles, except within 4 agreements: Canada, Japan, Ukraine and Viet Nam.

Electric vehicles are subject to staged annual tariff reductions with these agreements, with tariff-free imports commencing in January 2022 (Canada, Viet Nam), January 2023 (Ukraine) and February 2026 (Japan).

Tariff free trade in electric vehicles demonstrates the UK’s commitment to tackling climate change and supports wider government policy to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
26th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the HMRC Guidance entitled Commercial policy measures of imported products originating in the USA (Tariff stop press notice 49) published on 16 November 2020, what discussions she has had with Cabinet colleagues on the criteria for determining which products imported into the EU from the US should be subject to additional customs duties following adjudications in the WTO dispute DS353 United States – Measures Affecting Trade in Large Civil Aircraft.

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) authorised the imposition of countermeasures in the WTO Boeing dispute (DS353) on 26 October. The products impacted by these additional duties were selected from a consultation the EU ran in May 2019. The EU Member States voted on the final list at the Trade Barriers Committee in November. Following withdrawal from the EU, the UK does not participate in this committee.

Escalating tariffs is ultimately in nobody’s interest. The UK continues to push for a negotiated settlement to the Airbus and Boeing disputes and the removal of punitive tariffs.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
26th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the HMRC Guidance entitled Commercial policy measures of imported products originating in the USA (Tariff stop press notice 49) published on 16 November 2020, what assessment the Government made of potential effect on British bicycle manufacturers and retailers of additional customs duties on imports from the US of products used as bicycle components.

The tariffs referred to are imposed as part of the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) award of retaliatory rights in the Boeing dispute, recognising harm felt by UK and European industries as a result of US subsidies.

The UK Government continues to push for a swift de-escalation of the Airbus and Boeing disputes. We want a negotiated settlement and to remove punitive tariffs that unnecessarily harm businesses and consumers on both sides of the Atlantic, who are already dealing with the COVID-19 crisis.

For the remainder of the Transition Period, the United Kingdom will automatically impose the EU’s retaliatory measures under the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement. From January 2021 the United Kingdom will represent itself independently in disputes at the WTO and shall undertake such actions as are in the best interests of the United Kingdom.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
26th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the HMRC Guidance entitled Commercial policy measures of imported products originating in the USA (Tariff stop press notice 49) published on 16 November 2020, whether the additional customs duties on bicycle components imported from the US will apply after the end of the transition period.

The tariffs referred to are imposed as part of the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) award of retaliatory rights in the Boeing dispute, recognising harm felt by UK and European industries as a result of US subsidies.

The UK Government continues to push for a swift de-escalation of the Airbus and Boeing disputes. We want a negotiated settlement and to remove punitive tariffs that unnecessarily harm businesses and consumers on both sides of the Atlantic, who are already dealing with the COVID-19 crisis.

For the remainder of the Transition Period, the United Kingdom will automatically impose the EU’s retaliatory measures under the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement. From January 2021 the United Kingdom will represent itself independently in disputes at the WTO and shall undertake such actions as are in the best interests of the United Kingdom.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what dates have been set for trade negotiations with (a) the USA, (b) Australia (c) New Zealand and (d) Trans-pacific partnership.

Now that we have left the EU, the UK will be able to negotiate, sign and ratify new free trade agreements. We are working to begin formal negotiations with key partners, including the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Japan, as swiftly as possible. We will also seek accession to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, whether she has plans to ensure the exclusion of goods produced to animal welfare standards that are lower than the UK standard from negotiations on future trade deals, and if she will make a statement.

All animal products imported into the UK under existing or future free trade agreements will, as now, have to comply with our food safety standards. We will use the opportunities provided through future free trade agreements and wider international engagement to promote high animal welfare standards among our international trading partners.

Conor Burns
Minister of State (Northern Ireland Office)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what meetings officials in her Department have had with representatives of (a) the US Administration, (b) the Australian Government and (c) EU27 nations about maintaining UK standards on (i) animal welfare, (ii) environmental and (iii) food safety in any Free Trade Agreements.

UK officials continue to engage with US and Australian officials in preparation for the launch of negotiations and to help build a shared understanding of our countries’ approaches and ambitions for their future bilateral trade and investment relationship.

In their interactions with EU27 officials, UK officials have reiterated that while laws and regulations may diverge from those of the EU, the Government will uphold the UK’s high regulatory standards.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
18th Oct 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if his Department will publish the datasets used for the mode by mode decarbonisation pathways contained in the Transport Decarbonisation Plan.

The Department for Transport has no immediate plans to publish the mode-by-mode datasets underpinning the decarbonisation pathways contained in the Transport Decarbonisation Plan (TDP). Further data on decarbonisation pathways for different modes will be shared as and when required for the future development of policy, in line with consultations committed to in the TDP.

Trudy Harrison
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
16th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the average wage for heavy goods vehicle drivers in (a) 2019, (b) 2020, (c) 2021 Q1 and (d) 2021 Q2.

The Office for National Statistics Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) suggests that the median gross hourly pay for large good vehicle drivers in 2019 was £12.02. The provisional data for 2020 suggests that the median gross hourly pay was £11.80.

Evidence including from the industry suggests there has been a significant increase in wages for HGV drivers during Summer 2021.

Trudy Harrison
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what his policy is on the role of carbon offsetting in his plans to decarbonise the UK's strategic road network by 2050.

National Highways (formerly Highways England) published its “Net Zero Highways Plan” in July, setting out how it will achieve net zero for the whole strategic road network (SRN) by 2050. National Highways’ focus is to achieve net zero rather than carbon neutral. This means reducing emissions to zero, or close to zero, with minimal use of offsets for residual emissions. As National Highways works towards net zero, it is using carbon offsets for projects being delivered in the interim. National Highways’ plans also include planting additional trees on its own land to lock up carbon.

National Highways is committed to 100% corporate emissions being net zero in 2030 without purchased offsetting. By 2040, 100% of National Highways’ maintenance and construction schemes will also be net zero, and where there are residual emissions these will be offset using robust certified ‘removal’ offsets. National Highways has set a net zero, rather than a carbon neutral, goal to keep our focus on emissions reduction and innovation to get to close to near zero schemes.

Andrew Stephenson
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
8th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many vocational driving examiners are employed by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency as at 8 September 2021; and how many such examiners have been recruited in 2021 to date.

As at 8 September 2021, 279 vocational driving examiners are employed by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA).

The DVSA is currently undergoing an external campaign to recruit more vocational driving examiners. This year, the DVSA has trained eleven existing members of staff to become vocational driving examiners.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
6th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the current number of large goods vehicle driving tests conducted weekly by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency.

In line with the Statistics and Regulations Service 2007, The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) is expected to officially publish statistics covering April 2021 to June 2021 on or around 23 September 2021. The DVSA will also publish statistics covering July 2021 to September 2021 on or around 23 December 2021.

As of 6 September 2021, the DVSA has an eight-week waiting time for vocational driving tests and four weeks for Driver CPC. Large goods vehicle tests are those falling under the driving licence category C. The DVSA currently has 19,962 Category C vocational practical driving and 1,488 category C CPC test appointments booked from 6 September 2021 onwards.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
6th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent estimate he has made of the number of drivers waiting for large goods vehicle tests.

In line with the Statistics and Regulations Service 2007, The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) is expected to officially publish statistics covering April 2021 to June 2021 on or around 23 September 2021. The DVSA will also publish statistics covering July 2021 to September 2021 on or around 23 December 2021.

As of 6 September 2021, the DVSA has an eight-week waiting time for vocational driving tests and four weeks for Driver CPC. Large goods vehicle tests are those falling under the driving licence category C. The DVSA currently has 19,962 Category C vocational practical driving and 1,488 category C CPC test appointments booked from 6 September 2021 onwards.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many (a) Driver Certificate of Professional Competence and (b) large goods vehicle driving tests were taken in (i) 2019, (ii) 2020 and (iii) 2021 to date; and how many of those tests taken were successfully passed.

CPC tests

Conducted

Passed

% Pass rate

01/01/2019 - 31/12/2019

7,130

6,656

93.4

01/01/2020 - 31/12/2020

4,403

4,152

94.3

01/01/2021 - 31/03/2021

47

42

89.4

LGV tests

Conducted

Passed

01/01/2019 - 31/12/2019

73,554

43,282

58.8

01/01/2020 - 31/12/2020

42,200

24,626

58.4

01/01/2021 - 31/03/2021

624

475

76.1

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the consultation Jet zero: our strategy for net zero aviation on published on 14 July 2021, what proportion of the aviation sector’s carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere is expected to come from (a) engineered carbon dioxide removal technologies and (b) natural systems, in (i) 2040 and (ii) 2050.

The Jet Zero Strategy will prioritise in-sector reductions through operational improvements and technological advancements, then seek to address residual carbon emissions through greenhouse gas removals.

At this stage, deployment trajectories for different greenhouse gas removal technologies are uncertain. We do not have a breakdown of how much carbon dioxide we expect to be removed through engineered technologies versus natural systems.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy is developing policy for the demonstration and deployment of greenhouse gas removals which will help inform our trajectory to net zero aviation by 2050.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if his Department will publish its response to the consultation on Review of The Highway Code to improve road safety for cyclists, pedestrians and horse riders before the summer 2021 Parliamentary recess.

The consultation on the review of the guidance in The Highway Code to improve safety for cyclists, pedestrians and horse riders closed in October 2020 with over 20,000 responses received. We are currently undertaking a full analysis of all replies and expect to publish a response later this year.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to increase the availability of driving tests for heavy goods vehicle drivers.

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) has put in place a number of measures to increase driving tests for heavy goods vehicle drivers.

These include offering overtime and annual leave buy back to examiners, asking all those qualified to conduct tests, but who do not do so as part of their current day job, to return to conducting tests, and conducting out of hours testing (such as on public holidays). The DVSA has also started a recruitment campaign to increase the number of examiners.

The aim is to increase testing capacity as quickly as possible, whilst maintaining a COVID-secure service for customers and examiners.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent estimate he has made of the number of heavy goods vehicle drivers required to fill current UK vacancies in that sector.

We concur with estimates from industry sources, including the industry think tank, ‘Driver Require’, and Logistics UK, which estimate there are 22,000 vacancies for heavy goods vehicle drivers. The underlying, longer-term shortage, which has been present for several years, has been estimated to be between 60,000 to 76,000.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if his Department will publish its response to the consultation on Pavement parking: options for change, announced on 31 August 2020, before the summer recess.

The Department received over 15,000 responses to the consultation. We are carefully considering the consultation findings and the results will inform our policy decisions. We will be publishing a response when we have completed this work.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 12 July 2021 to Question 28986, if he will make it his policy that all new vehicles acquired by his Department between 12 July 2021 and 2030 are zero emission vehicles rather than ultra-low emission vehicles.

The Government is determined to be seen to lead by example as the UK transitions to zero emission vehicles. As part of the ‘Decarbonising Transport: A Better, Greener Britain’ publication, on 14 July, the Government increased its level of ambition on its own vehicle fleet electrification, and committed to 100% of the Government car and van fleet to be fully zero emission at the tailpipe, by 31 December 2027. This brings forward the target by three years from 2030, strengthens the ambition level from ultra low emission (ULEV) to zero emission (ZEV), and includes vans in the commitment for the first time. The interim target of 25% ultra low emission cars in Government fleets by 2022 remains.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
7th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what proportion of the vehicles used by his Department on Government business are electric vehicles.

The Department for Transport (DfT) consists of a central Department (DfTc) and four Executive Agencies:

  • Driver Vehicle Licencing Agency (DVLA)
  • Driver Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA)
  • Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA)
  • Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA)

The Government Fleet Commitment (GFC) commits 100% of central government car fleets to be Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) by 2030, with an interim target of 25% by 2022. The central Department with its Agencies have already exceeded the interim GFC target for 2022, having 31% ULEV cars (383 of 1,233).

In total, the central Department with its Agencies has 1,927 vehicles, of which 20% (388) are ULEVs and 2% (36) are fully electric vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
1st Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what his timeframe is for the publication of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan; and if he will make an oral statement to Parliament when that Plan is published.

Our Transport Decarbonisation Plan will set an ambitious pathway to end UK transport’s carbon emissions by 2050 at the latest and we intend to publish it shortly.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what proportion of the £27 billion the Government announced for the Road Investment Strategy 2 programme is being allocated to (a) ongoing road construction projects, (b) new road construction projects, (c) road maintenance for existing roads, (d) research and development into low carbon road building materials and techniques and (e) other spending.

The Government has made £27.504 billion available to Highways England from 2020 to 2025 for the Strategic Road Network (SRN) for Road Investment Strategy 2. This includes £14.264 billion for capital enhancements, covering ongoing and new schemes and £5.825 billion for the capital cost of operations, maintenance, renewals and business costs. How this is allocated into further sub-categories of spend is a matter for Highways England and is reported by them in their published delivery plan and annual updates. The remainder of the total is for operational resource costs, designated funds and preparing for Road Investment Strategy 3.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding has been allocated for electric vehicle charging infrastructure to each local authority in England in the financial year 2020-21 (a) in total and (b) by the scheme through which it was issued.

Funding spent on electric vehicle charging infrastructure through the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS) and the Workplace charging Schemes (WCS) are provided to households and business respectively rather than being allocated to local authorities, these schemes are demand led.

Funding for the On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS) is allocated to local authorities. The ORCS allocated over £6.5m to English local authorities for charging infrastructure in the 2020-21 financial year.

Statistics on the grant values allocated for the EVHS, WCS and ORCS by local authority area can be found at the following link; https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/electric-vehicle-charging-device-grant-scheme-statistics-april-2021/electric-vehicle-charging-device-grant-scheme-statistics-april-2021

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimates he has made of the levels of emissions generated from trains travelling between Glasgow and London using (a) the aggregate national rail conversion factor and (b) a line specific estimate of emissions from electric trains in terms of indicative greenhouse gas emissions expressed as kg CO2e for a single passenger.

The Department has recently published its first estimates of indicative GHG emissions produced for each mile travelled by different modes of transport as part of its new Transport and Environment Statistics release.

When considering the approach used to derive those statistics, (a) estimated indicative emissions for trains travelling between Glasgow and London are 23 KgCO2e per passenger for direct emissions, or 28 KgCO2e per passenger including indirect emissions (from fuel extraction and delivery), using the aggregate national rail conversion factor for 2020. However, (b) there is no equivalent conversion factor for electric trains, therefore we are unable to estimate per-passenger emissions for this or any specific electric-only journey.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
7th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will include whole life carbon data across transport modes in his Department's transport and environment statistics as recommended in the HM Treasury's Infrastructure Carbon Review, published in November 2013.

DfT’s Transport and Environment statistics publication presents new statistics on indicative GHG emissions produced for each mile travelled by different modes of transport, covering both direct and indirect emissions associated with a given journey.

The scope of emissions included in this release is set by the separately published carbon emissions conversion factors produced by BEIS as part of the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, which is a key input to this analysis. This ensures these figures are comparable with other greenhouse gas emissions statistics. It is not possible to calculate whole life carbon emissions from this source.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding from the public purse the Government has committed for the electrification of rail transport in England since the Spending Review 2020 .

The Spending Review in 2020 provided significant funding to continue enhancing the rail network until the end of Control Period 6 (2019-2024), including investing in electrification schemes.

The Rail Network Enhancements Pipeline, an update of which is due to be published shortly, will show the progress of each enhancement project, including electrification enhancements.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
4th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the demand for overnight parking spaces available to Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers in (a) the UK and (b) Kent.

In 2018, the Department for Transport published a survey of lorry parking in England which estimated that there were 18,670 vehicles were found to be parked overnight. The total capacity of spaces in lorry parks and Motorway Service Areas was found to be 15,012.

The data was recorded by region and not by county.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
4th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the total number of overnight parking spaces available to Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers in (a) the UK and (b) Kent.

In 2018, the Department for Transport published a survey of lorry parking in England which estimated that there are 15,012 spaces available. These included lorry parks (including Motorway Service Areas), industrial/retail estates and laybys within 5 kilometres of the strategic road network.

The data was recorded by region and not by county.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress has been made on moving to an integrated approach to road safety, as identified in The Road Safety Statement, A Lifetime of Road Safety.

The Government takes road safety very seriously and while UK roads continue to be among the safest in the world, we can never afford to be complacent or relax efforts to improve what we do.

The Road Safety Statement, ‘A Lifetime of Road Safety’ published in July 2019, included over 70 actions that will contribute towards safer road use for everyone; from drivers and motorcyclists, to pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders. Over half of these actions have now completed and the majority of the remaining are underway, and we are making good progress with them. We will be providing an update to the Road Safety Statement later on this year and this will include the next steps on integrated approach to road safety.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress has been made on creating a lifelong learning approach to improve driver behaviour, as identified within The Road Safety Statement, A Lifetime of Road Safety.

The Government takes road safety very seriously and, although UK roads continue to be among the safest in the world, we can never afford to be complacent or relax efforts to improve what we do. Following the Road Safety Statement 2019, the Department awarded a research grant to the Driving Instructors Association to devise and trial a modular approach for learning to drive.

The modules for the project were designed last year, however COVID-19 restrictions delayed the start of the trial until this spring. It is anticipated that all participants would have completed their learning by Spring 2022. Six-months of post-test experience data is required to assess the impact of the modular approach. To allow for sufficient time for analysis, as well as quality assurance, and reporting we expect to provide information of the effectiveness of modular learning by Spring 2023.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress he has made towards the UK meeting the UN target of reducing road traffic deaths and injuries by at least 50 per cent by 2030.

The Government takes road safety very seriously and supports the aims of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution to launch a second decade of action and to prevent 50 percent of road traffic deaths and injuries.

There were 1,752 road deaths in Great Britain in accidents reported by the police in 2019, 2% lower than the previous year and down 21% compared to 2009. There were a total of 153,158 road casualties (deaths and injuries). This was 5% lower than the previous year and 31% lower than the 2009 figure.

Out of 32 countries reporting data to the European Transport Safety Council’s Performance index, Great Britain had the fourth lowest number of road deaths per million inhabitants in 2019.

Provisional figures for Great Britain for 2020 will be published in June.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to consult on proposed legislative changes on HGV sideguards.

Since 2014 vehicle approval regulations require most new Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) to be fitted with sideguards.

Work is now focused on amending the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations to ensure that sideguards required when the vehicle is new are retained and maintained throughout the life of the vehicle. The consultation on the amending regulation is expected to take place this summer.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
18th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 17 May 2021 to Question 127, on Electric Vehicles: Grants, if he will publish details of the plug-in grants allocated to each vehicle category; and place a copy of that information in the Library.

Yes we will publish details of past plug in grants allocated to each vehicle category and place a copy of that information in the library.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
17th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of introducing a specific exemption for the Cycle to Work scheme, allowing employers to enter staff into a salary sacrifice arrangement for the specific purpose of obtaining a bike and safety accessories through the scheme, even if that eligibility brings employees' take-home pay below national minimum wage.

The Government welcomes the report from the Cycle to Work Alliance. Officials from the Department for Transport, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and Her Majesty’s Treasury met with the Cycle to Work Alliance to discuss the report’s findings and recommendations on 29 April. The recommendations, including the possible change to allow those on the minimum wage to access the scheme, will be considered carefully to establish whether and how the Cycle to Work scheme could be improved.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
17th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the recommendations of the Cycle to Work Alliance in their report entitled, Future-proofing the Cycle to Work scheme: Unlocking access for all workers, on making the Cycle to Work scheme more widely accessible to (a) lower earners, (b) self-employed people and (c) employees of SMEs who are currently excluded or resticted from participating.

The Government welcomes the report from the Cycle to Work Alliance. Officials from the Department for Transport, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and Her Majesty’s Treasury met with the Cycle to Work Alliance to discuss the report’s findings and recommendations on 29 April. The recommendations, including the possible change to allow those on the minimum wage to access the scheme, will be considered carefully to establish whether and how the Cycle to Work scheme could be improved.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
13th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps the Government plans to take to meet the target of the UN General Assembly resolution 74/299 on reducing road traffic deaths and injuries by at least 50 per cent by 2030.

The Government takes road safety very seriously and supports the aims of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution to launch a second decade of action and to prevent 50 percent of road traffic deaths and injuries. The Government was active in the negotiations to draft this important international document and continues to support activities that promote road safety both domestically and internationally and which support the aims of this Resolution.

While UK roads continue to be among the safest in the world, we can never afford to be complacent or relax efforts to improve what we do. Reducing the numbers of those needlessly killed and injured on our roads is a key priority for this Department. The Road Safety Statement, ‘A Lifetime of Road Safety’ published in July 2019, describes many actions that will contribute towards safer road use for everyone including drivers, motorcyclists, pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
11th May 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will provide a breakdown per vehicle category of the £582 million allocated in Plug-In Grant funding in (a) 2019-20 and (b) 2020-21.

£582 million has been allocated to the Plug-in vehicle grants covering the financial years 2021/22 and 2022/23. The Plug in grants are demand led and the grant allocated to each vehicle category is kept under review.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
26th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential for introducing low-carbon materials into road building and road maintenance programmes.

The Government is committed to exploring innovative ideas and processes for more environmentally friendly ways of constructing, repairing, and maintaining road surfaces. It is working closely with sector partners such as the Association of Directors of Environment, Economy, Planning & Transport (ADEPT), the Local Councils Roads Innovation Group, and the Highways Sector Council to encourage authorities to explore low-carbon options.

As part of the ADEPT Live Labs research programme, the Department for Transport provided £22.9 million to eight innovative projects throughout the country, which included trials using recycled plastics, and the addition of graphene, in surfacing and structural treatments. These trials will assess the suitability and durability of these additives, from minor patching work and pothole repairs through to major resurfacing.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
26th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with representatives of Highways England on its progress on meeting its performance indicators on (a) reducing carbon emissions and (b) delivering improved biodiversity.

As part of the second Road Investment Strategy, published last year, we asked Highways England to calculate baselines for both its corporate carbon emission and biodiversity Key Performance Indicators. There have been productive conversations between Highways England and the Department during the past year on the setting of the baselines, details of which will be provided in Highways England’s Delivery Plan update, due to be published in the Summer.

The Office for Rail and Road will independently monitor and assess Highways England’s performance against the targets throughout the remainder of the road period.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when he plans to publish revised national road traffic forecasts to replace those 2018 forecasts that predate the net zero target.

Road Traffic Forecasts 2018 presented the latest forecasts for traffic demand, congestion and emissions in England and Wales up to the year 2050. These were produced using the Department for Transport’s National Transport Model (NTM).

Whilst there are no immediate plans to publish an update, the Department regularly reviews and evaluates the evidence base on the drivers of demand and sources of uncertainty. The next update will explore the possible range of impacts resulting from net zero targets.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps the Government is taking to increase the uptake of active travel and integrate micro-mobility into the public transport network.

On 28 July 2020 the Prime Minister launched ambitious plans to boost cycling and walking in England, with a vision that half of all journeys in towns and cities are cycled or walked by 2030. This includes an unprecedented £2 billion package of dedicated funding for active travel over 5 years. The first £250 million of the £2 billion was spent in the last financial year on a range of programmes including the Active Travel Fund and the “Fix your Bike” voucher scheme.

The Department has established 31 regional rental e-scooter trials to test the benefits, safety and wider impacts of this new mode and to inform future policy. As part of the set-up of the trials, local areas were asked to work with operators to ensure e-scooters were integrated into the transport system. Evaluation from trials across the year will help illustrate where this was most successful and why.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
21st Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 21 April 2021 to Question 182022, what assessment he has made of the effect of each of those policies on road traffic levels.

These policies in relation to active travel, public transport and decarbonisation will be the subject of ongoing monitoring and evaluation. It is too early, and in the case of the forthcoming Transport Decarbonisation Plan premature, to draw conclusions from such recent and long-term initiatives.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when his Department plans to bring forward legislative proposals on electric scooters.

Trials are live in 31 areas and will shortly begin in London. The evidence gathered during the trials will inform whether e-scooters should be legalised in the future, and how we can ensure their use is as safe as possible. Until we have that evidence we cannot commit to a legislative timetable.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to ensure that ineligible vehicles are not fitted with green number plates.

It is an offence for the registered keeper of a vehicle to display a number plate incorrectly, which includes displaying a green number plate on a vehicle that is not zero tailpipe emissions. Government continues to work with stakeholders, to ensure industry and consumers are aware of the requirements around displaying green number plates.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, which vehicles are eligible for green number plates.

Green number plates may only be displayed on vehicles with zero tailpipe emissions, such as full battery or hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
16th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent assessment he has made of the potential merits of setting targets under the (a) Traffic Reduction Act 1997 and (b) Road Traffic Reduction (National Targets) Act 1998 to reduce road traffic levels year on year.

No recent assessment has been made of either the Traffic Reduction Act 1997 or the Road Traffic Reduction (National Targets) Act 1998. However, the department has been focussed on encouraging people towards active travel and public transport. This is demonstrated by the March publication of: ‘Bus Back Better’, our ambitious National Bus Strategy for England’; ‘Gear Change’, our bold vision for cycling and walking, published last year, and; the current development of a transport decarbonisation plan.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
16th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what the most popular UK domestic flight routes were in 2019-20.

Data on passenger movements on all UK domestic routes for 2019 are published by the Civil Aviation Authority on their website in Table 12.2.

The top 10 domestic flight routes in terms of passengers (excluding for routes to and from UK Crown Dependency airports) in 2019 were:

  1. Heathrow – Edinburgh
  2. Heathrow – Glasgow
  3. Gatwick – Edinburgh
  4. Heathrow – Aberdeen
  5. Heathrow – Belfast City
  6. Gatwick – Glasgow
  7. Stansted – Edinburgh
  8. Gatwick – Belfast International
  9. Stansted – Belfast International
  10. Heathrow – Manchester

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effect of lower traffic levels in 2020 on the number of road traffic casualties in that year.

Detailed data on reported personal injury road accidents in Great Britain for 2020 will be published in September 2021. Provisional estimates of reported road casualties in Great Britain for the year ending June 2020 were published in January 2021.

Provisional estimates suggest that the total number of road casualties in Great Britain between January and June 2020 was 30% lower than in the first six months of 2019. Motor traffic levels in the first half of 2020 also decreased by 30% compared to those in the first half of 2019. The overall casualty rate remained consistent between the two periods.

The change in road traffic and road casualties in the first half of 2020 compared to the previous year varied notably by month, with the most considerable reductions in both following the Government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown beginning during March 2020. Further details are available in the published report on provisional estimates of reported road casualties in Great Britain for the year ending June 2020, which can be accessed at the following link:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/956524/road-casualties-year-ending-june-2020.pdf

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he had made of the potential effect on road casualties of introducing a default 20mph speed limit on residential streets.

The Department published a comprehensive three-year evaluation of the effect of 20mph signed-only limits on 22 November 2018.

The research substantially strengthens the evidence base on perceptions, speeds and early outcomes associated with 20mph speed limits, and is the only major UK study to consider multiple case study areas and provide a national view.

The headline findings were:

  • 20mph limits are supported by the majority of residents and drivers
  • There has been a small reduction in median speed (less than 1mph).
  • Vehicles travelling at higher speeds before the introduction of the 20mph limit have reduced their speed more than those already travelling at lower speeds.
  • There is insufficient evidence to conclude that that there has been a significant change in collisions and casualties following the introduction of 20mph limits in residential areas.
  • In one city centre case study there has been a significant reduction in collisions and casualties.
Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the number of domestic passenger flight routes in operation in the UK that would take less than two and a half hours to complete by train.

UK domestic air routes with more than 1,000 passengers in 2019 that are within a two-and-a-half-hour range by train, as well as the number of passenger journeys on these routes in 2019, are presented in the table below.

Departure airport

Arrival airport

Domestic passengers

Heathrow

Manchester

283,063

Manchester

Heathrow

270,044

Heathrow

Leeds Bradford

50,930

Leeds Bradford

Heathrow

48,953

Exeter

London City

17,307

London City

Exeter

15,007

Manchester

London City

1,862

London City

Manchester

1,325

The Department holds data on passenger numbers on a direct basis only. Rail journey times on routes between these cities can be variable between services and train operators, so some services could take longer than the indicative two-and-a-half-hour threshold used here.

Data on passenger movements on all UK domestic routes for 2019 are published by the Civil Aviation Authority on their website in table 12.2.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the number of UK domestic passenger journeys made by air in 2019-20 that would have taken less than two and half hours to complete by train.

UK domestic air routes with more than 1,000 passengers in 2019 that are within a two-and-a-half-hour range by train, as well as the number of passenger journeys on these routes in 2019, are presented in the table below.

Departure airport

Arrival airport

Domestic passengers

Heathrow

Manchester

283,063

Manchester

Heathrow

270,044

Heathrow

Leeds Bradford

50,930

Leeds Bradford

Heathrow

48,953

Exeter

London City

17,307

London City

Exeter

15,007

Manchester

London City

1,862

London City

Manchester

1,325

The Department holds data on passenger numbers on a direct basis only. Rail journey times on routes between these cities can be variable between services and train operators, so some services could take longer than the indicative two-and-a-half-hour threshold used here.

Data on passenger movements on all UK domestic routes for 2019 are published by the Civil Aviation Authority on their website in table 12.2.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effect of the transition of public and private sector fleets to electric vehicles on (a) the development of electric vehicle second hand markets and (b) electric vehicle affordability.

We estimate that fleet operator businesses buy over half of the new vehicles sold each year and subsequently are major suppliers to the second hand market. Supporting them to choose zero emission vehicles will therefore help to grow the second hand market. Our ambitions for zero emission driving are supported by an accompanying package of £2.8 billion, with up to £1 billion to support the electrification of UK vehicles and their supply chains, £1.3 billion to accelerate the roll out of charging infrastructure and £582 million for plug in vehicle grants.

Once fuel costs and tax incentives are factored in, we expect the total cost of ownership to reach parity during the 2020s, compared to petrol and diesel cars. It costs from 1p/mile to run a new electric vehicle, compared to around 10p per mile for new diesel/petrol vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps the Government is taking to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles in public and private sector fleets ahead of the 2030 ban on new petrol and diesel vehicles.

The Government recognises the role fleets have to play in the transition to zero emission driving. Public and private fleet operators are able to take advantage of a range of grant funding schemes for cars, vans and trucks which are provided through the £1.5 billion the Government committed to support the early market. In November, the Government pledged a further £2.8 billion package of measures to support industry and consumers to make the switch to cleaner vehicles. This includes £1.3 billion to support charging infrastructure over the next four years, targeting £950m support on rapid chargepoints on motorways and major roads to facilitate long journeys, and £365m for installing chargepoints in motorists’ homes, at workplaces and on residential streets. We will consider what additional support might be appropriate to support fleet operators. The Government is leading by example and has committed to electrify 100% of the central government car fleet by 2030.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the role of telematics in assisting the rollout of electric vehicles.

The Government is aware that telematics is being used by the fleet industry as an important tool to assess the readiness of fleet vehicles for electrification, making it a valuable tool in the move to reduce emissions from road transport. Through the Energy Savings Trust (EST), the Government encourages the widespread adoption of low and zero emissions motoring by businesses operating fleets, company car owners and private motorists.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what proportion of public sector fleets have made the transition to electric vehicles in the UK; and when he estimates the rest to fully transition.

At Autumn Budget 2017, Government committed to electrify 25% of central Government car fleets by 2022. The Government’s Road to Zero Strategy published in 2018, further committed to electrifying 100% of central Government car fleets by 2030. As at October 2020 there were 1,848 ultra low emission vehicles (ULEVs) across the central Government car fleet. This means progress towards the target of 100% of central Government car fleets to be ultra low emission by 2030 for central government is 8%. The Government does not hold figures for ULEV uptake in wider public sector fleets such as local authorities and NHS trusts. But we welcome the increasing numbers of commitments in this space, including Hampshire County Council that has recently approved a policy that will see electric vehicles become the default choice across the authority, and Gloucestershire Constabulary that is soon to adopt 75 new electric vehicles into their fleet.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on the cultural and creative touring working group on the effect of EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement rules on specialist hauliers.

The Department for Transport continues to have regular discussions with colleagues across Whitehall on this issue, and is working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport through their touring working group. The Department also continues engage directly with the road haulage sector to help them adapt to the new rules under the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA).

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the level of emissions that, based on current projections and without the introduction of any new measures to reduce emissions, will be attributable to (a) domestic and (b) international shipping by 2050.

The Department for Transport has commissioned extensive research and modelling assessing a range of emissions scenarios for both international and domestic shipping out to 2050.

These scenarios consider both ‘business as usual’ emissions and a range of possible interventions that could be undertaken in the UK, or through the auspices of the International Maritime Organization.

This analysis has been published on Gov.UK at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/clean-maritime-plan-maritime-2050-environment-route-map

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on extending funding for the On-street Residential Charge Point Scheme beyond the 2021-22 financial year.

I have regular and ongoing discussions with Ministerial colleagues about a wide range of aspects regarding the Government’s support for electric vehicle charging infrastructure. We have ringfenced funding for our various schemes to support charging infrastructure until 2024-2025 as part of the £275m secured at Spending Review 2020.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effect of the delay in the publication of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan from December 2020 to Spring 2021 on his Department’s ability to reduce carbon emissions to meet carbon budget commitments.

Publication of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan in Spring 2021 rather than December 2020 has no impact on delivering transport’s contribution to carbon budgets, and takes into account the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on the inclusion of a roadmap for decarbonising international aviation and shipping in the Transport Decarbonisation Plan.

We have worked across government throughout the drafting of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan (TDP), including on aviation and shipping.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress the UK has made towards meeting the 2018 International Maritime Organisation target of halving shipping emissions by 2050.

Since the agreement of the Initial IMO Strategy in 2018, the UK has continued to work with the IMO to develop and agree policy measures to drive emissions reduction in the sector. In 2019 the UK became the first IMO Member State to publish a National Action Plan, the Clean Maritime Plan, and the plan’s commitments have now largely been implemented. In March 2021 the UK launched the Clean Maritime Demonstration Competition to support the development of clean maritime technology. Further action is needed both internationally and domestically, and the upcoming Transport Decarbonisation Plan will set out plans to deliver ambitious emissions reduction in maritime and across all modes of transport.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the International Chamber of Shipping proposals to the United Nations for a global carbon levy on shipping.

We welcome the initiative shown by the International Chamber of Shipping and other industry players in submitting the proposal for an International Maritime Research Board to the International Maritime Organization (IMO). We look forward to discussing this in further detail at the upcoming Marine Environment Protection Committee in June. It is crucial that we see work at the IMO to both unlock new and innovative technologies in the near term, as well as to decarbonise fully in the longer term.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the Rail to Refuge scheme run by train operators; and what assessment he has made of the potential merits of allocating funding to support that scheme.

The Rail to Refuge Scheme is a successful and effective scheme that assists survivors of domestic abuse. On average, 4 survivors of domestic violence are helped each day. In the first 40 weeks of financial year 2020/21 the scheme has assisted 776 Adults and 277 children to reach a place of safety. I endorse the scheme and am pleased that additional funding has been secured to support the scheme for the next 12 months.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
18th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much his Department has provided in plug-in vehicle grants in the financial year (a) 2018-19, (b) 2019-20 and (c) 2020 to date.

As of 1st March 2021, the committed spend for plug-in vehicle grants is set out as follows:

  • 2018/19: £164.3 million
  • 2019/20: £304.2 million
  • 2020/21: £238.8 million

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
17th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether single family dwellings and homeowners will continue to be eligible for the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme from April 2022 onwards.

The existing EVHS support for owner occupied single unit housing will run for a further year until 31 March 2022, by which time we expect the market to have reached sufficient maturity to operate effectively without Government intervention. Thereafter the scheme will focus solely on rental and leasehold properties, where charging provision is currently more limited and potentially more challenging to secure. The objective of the reformed EVHS is to stimulate demand in the rental and leasehold sectors, and help ensure people living in such accommodation are also able to access EV charging provision at home.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
16th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many electric scooters have been sold in the UK.

The Department does not hold information on the sale of electric scooters.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
3rd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to page 105 of the Government's Build Back Better: our plan for growth report, published on 3 March 2021, whether the inclusion of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan under the table of forthcoming publications with the title of in the next six months is consistent with the Government's commitment to publish that plan in Spring 2021.

We are working to produce a bold and ambitious plan to decarbonise transport and expect to publish it in Spring 2021.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress has been made on meeting the target of 4,000 new zero emission buses during the current Parliament; and when the first order for those buses will be placed.

As set out in the Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution and the Spending Review 2020 the Government will invest £120m in 2021-22 to start the delivery of the 4,000 zero emission buses announced by the Prime Minister last year.

Together with existing funding for the All-Electric Bus Town or City, Government funding in the first year of the programme could support the purchase of 800 zero emission buses and the infrastructure needed to support them.

Further details will be announced in the spring on how the £120m funding will be distributed.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
26th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many compulsory basic training tests have been undertaken since 23 March 2020.

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) certificates are issued by motorcycle Approved Training Bodies (ATB) to successful candidates and are valid for two years. There is no means of establishing the number of CBT tests that have been undertaken since 23 March 2020.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
26th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many compulsory basic training tests have expired since 23 March 2020.

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) certificates are issued by motorcycle Approved Training Bodies (ATB) to successful candidates and are valid for two years. There is no means of establishing the number of CBT tests that have been undertaken since 23 March 2020.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with (a) manufacturers, (b) insurers and (c) enforcement authorities on the need to balance technical capability and public safety in the approach to Automated Lane Keeping System deployment.

The Government takes the need to balance technical capability and public safety in the deployment of Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) seriously. I met with Craig Tracey MP (Chair of the insurance APPG) and representatives of the insurance sector (Association of British Insurers, Thatcham Research and members of individual companies) on 11 February to discuss this. In addition, the department’s officials are in regular contact with manufacturers, insurers and enforcement authorities on this subject and have already held a number of meetings with them in 2021.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he made of the effect of reducing allocations to successful applicants to the Port Infrastructure Fund by 34 per cent.

Several options for distributing the £200M fund were fully considered, ranging from fully-funding a few projects at selected ports to significantly funding as many projects as possible. The latter was chosen as the most beneficial, appropriate and fair option. All successful projects were awarded unprecedented levels of Government funding for ports infrastructure, all given as grants.

The greatest effect of this approach is providing a far greater quantity of ports throughout Britain with funding assistance than otherwise would have been possible. In normal circumstances, ports would be expected to fund such facilities themselves.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the Society for Automotive Engineer’s Six Levels of Vehicle Autonomy and the level of current Automated Lane Keeping Systems in England (ALKS); and how his Department plans to determine ALKS technology’s compliance with Section 8 of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act before listing ALKS vehicles as automated.

No assessment has been made against the Society of Automotive Engineers’ (SAE) levels and how they relate to Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS). In a Call for Evidence held in 2020, the Department sought views on the “monitoring and control tests” to inform the Secretary of State’s decision on whether vehicles with ALKS technology meet the definition of automation under the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018. There was strong support for the criteria set out and the Department will publish a response outlining the process for making decisions in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
25th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the timeframe for the deployment of Automated Lane Keeping System vehicles on UK roads.

Based on the latest available information, Department for Transport (DfT) officials are not expecting vehicles with Automated Lane Keeping System (ALKS) to reach the UK before late 2021, and are developing amendments to legislation, the Highway Code and procedures in Great Britain to be ready by the Autumn. DfT officials are maintaining dialogue with manufacturers to understand their plans and timescales.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
24th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the number of penalties issued to Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers who have not secured a valid Kent Access Permit since the 1 January 2021.

There have been 1701 penalties issued to Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers who have not secured a valid Kent Access Permit since the 1 January 2021, up to and including the 24 February 2021.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
24th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he made of the consumer education requirements that will be required to ensure that drivers using Automated Lane Keeping System technology (ALKS) (a) understand the limitations of that technology and (b) are aware of their responsibilities when using ALKS vehicles.

The Government is clear that drivers must be properly educated so they understand their responsibilities as well as the limitations of ALKS technology in their vehicle to ensure its safe use. The Department for Transport carried out a Call for Evidence last summer seeking views on rules to ensure safe use of ALKS. The Department will be working closely with the Driver & Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) to communicate these rules using the Highway Code, and with manufacturers to ensure there are clear messages about system capability and materials to understand how to use it.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
24th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Law Commission's consultation on automated vehicles, which closes on 18 March 2021, whether his Department plans to wait for the conclusions of that consultation before listing Automated Lane Keeping Systems as a form of self-driving.

Until the Automated & Electric Vehicles Act 2018 has been commenced in April 2021, it is not possible to list any vehicle as automated. The Department for Transport sought views on the approach for listing in its August 2020 Call for Evidence. The Department will announce next steps and an approach for making decisions on listing in the Spring. However, the Department is not aware of any vehicle currently available that could be listed under the Act in the UK.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
24th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent assessment his Department has made of the environmental effect of the planned expansion of England's road network.

The Government is investing record amounts in our road network. This is essential to supporting the journeys made by all road users and to keeping the economy moving. This investment is about keeping our roads in good condition though proper maintenance and renewals so that they remain safe and efficient. Any new enhancements to the network have to be rigorously assessed and go through the full statutory procedures, including necessary consultations and environmental assessments.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
24th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of reviewing the 2014 national policy statement on national networks in the context of the Government's 2050 net zero target.

Any need for changes to the National Policy Statement for National Networks (NNNPS) in relation to developments in policy and future transport demand are kept under consideration by the Department. The Secretary of State is content that the NNNPS is compliant with the Government’s 2050 net zero target.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
23rd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on providing financial support to UK haulage firms to set up bases in the EU in response to the introduction of haulage movement restrictions under the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

The Department for Transport has regular discussions with colleagues across Whitehall on this issue, as well as direct engagement with the road haulage sector to help them adapt to the new rules under the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA). It is not, however, a matter for the Department for Transport to provide assistance or guidance to businesses to establish offices outside the UK.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what his Department's timeframe is for the publication of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan.

We are working to produce a bold and ambitious plan to decarbonise transport and expect to publish it in Spring 2021.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what advice he is issuing to UK haulage firms on setting up EU offices following the introduction of new haulage restrictions in the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement; what estimate he has made of the costs to those firms of doing so; and what Government support he plans to make available to companies which do so.

The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) will allow for the vast majority of haulage operations that were being undertaken by UK hauliers before the end of the transition period.

The Department is in regular contact with the road haulage industry to explain and provide guidance on the provisions of the TCA. For certain specialist tour operators, the Department is also working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy to support the creative industries sector.

It is, however, not a matter for the Department for Transport to provide assistance or guidance to businesses to establish offices outside the UK.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what traffic reduction measures he is planning for as part of his strategy to ensure that half of all journeys in towns and cities are taken on foot or by bike by 2030.

Last summer the Prime Minister launched ambitious plans to boost cycling and walking in England, so that half of all journeys in towns and cities are cycled or walked by 2030. This includes a £2 billion package of funding for active travel over the next 5 years.

Traffic reduction measures in towns and cities are matters for the relevant local highway authority. The Spending Review in November confirmed that a further £257 million of dedicated funding would be made available next financial year to support cycling and walking schemes. Much of this will go to local authorities to allow them to deliver high quality local schemes to boost cycling and walking in their areas.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
8th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to meet the 2025 cycling and walking targets in the Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy; and what estimate he has made of the funding required to do so.

On 28 July 2020 the Prime Minister launched ambitious plans to boost cycling and walking, with the ambition that half of all journeys in towns and cities are cycled or walked by 2030. This includes a £2 billion package of funding for active travel over the next 5 years, which is the largest ever boost for cycling and walking, and will deliver transformational change.

The Department published in February 2020 the technical reports supporting its Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy (CWIS) Active Travel Investment Model. This was designed to identify the efficacy of and range of costs associated with a wide range of cycling and walking interventions. The technical reports are available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/cycling-and-walking-investment-strategy-active-travel-investment-models

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
3rd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will place in the Library correspondence and records of discussions with the European Commission on an exemption for specialist hauliers to new limits on movements in the EU.

Our assessment is that the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) will allow for the majority of haulage operations that were being undertaken by UK hauliers before the end of the transition period.  However, UK operators will not be allowed to undertake more than 2 movements within the EU before returning to the UK.  These rules will also apply to specialist hauliers, such as hauliers who carry equipment for musicians and other performers.

Alternative arrangements for specialist hauliers were discussed in detail as part of negotiations, including specific proposals for liberalised access, but the EU was unwilling to agree more flexible arrangements. Unfortunately, we are not able to release the content of correspondence and records pertaining to the negotiation. These texts are confidential, and it is therefore not appropriate for them to be published.

The Department for Transport is in regular contact with the road haulage industry and is working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy to support the creative industries sector.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
3rd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many instances of drivers exceeding the limits set out in the retained EU drivers’ hours rules have been reported in January 2021 following the relaxation of enforcement of those rules.

For the temporary and limited relaxation of the enforcement of the retained EU drivers’ hours rules; which ended on 21 January 2021, the Department received 28 notifications from operators indicating that they may be using the domestic relaxation. To date only 5 operators have confirmed that they had actually used the relaxation, but the Department is seeking information from others.

The relaxations were extended to 31 March 2021, as risks to critical supply chains due to Covid-19 remain, and disruption to these supply chains could occur at very short notice. The Department has made it clear that the relaxations should only be used where necessary, otherwise the normal drivers’ hours rules are to be followed. To date the Department has received 9 notifications from operators indicating that they may be using the domestic relaxation.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 25 January 2021 to Question 140757, if the Government will publish the official text that was included in the UK’s proposed exemption for specialist hauliers to new limits on movements in the EU.

The Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA) between the UK and the EU allows UK hauliers to undertake up to 2 additional laden journeys within the EU after a laden international journey from the UK, with a maximum of 1 cabotage movement outside Ireland. These rules will also apply to specialist hauliers, such as hauliers who carry equipment for musicians and other performers.

Our assessment is that the TCA will allow for the vast majority of haulage operations that were being undertaken by UK hauliers before the end of the transition period. However, UK operators will not be allowed to undertake more than 2 movements within the EU before returning to the UK. This limitation also applies to movements of goods covered by an ATA carnet. This issue was discussed in detail as part of the negotiations, including specific proposals for liberalised access for certain specialist transport sectors, but the EU was unwilling to agree more flexible arrangements. Unfortunately, we are not able to release the full content of the negotiation papers.

The Department for Transport is in regular contact with the road haulage industry and is working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy to support the creative industries sector.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when he last held discussions with his EU counterparts on an exemption for specialist hauliers to new limits on movements in the EU.

The Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA) between the UK and the EU sets out the rules which apply to the international movement of goods.

Although the agreement provides for the vast majority of haulage operations that were being undertaken by UK hauliers before the end of the transition period, UK operators will not be allowed to undertake more than 2 movements within the EU before returning to the UK. These rules also apply to specialist hauliers, such as hauliers who carry equipment for musicians and other performers.

Specific arrangements for the specialist haulage sector were discussed in detail as part of negotiations, but the EU was unwilling to agree more flexible arrangements as of now.

The Department for Transport is in regular contact with the road haulage industry and is working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy to support the creative industries sector.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent representations he has received on the negotiation of a cultural exemption for specialist hauliers to new limits on movements in the EU.

The Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA) between the UK and the EU allows UK hauliers to undertake up to 2 additional laden journeys within the EU after a laden international journey from the UK, with a maximum of 1 cabotage movement outside Ireland. These rules will also apply to specialist hauliers, such as hauliers who carry equipment for musicians and other performers.

The Department for Transport is in regular contact with the road haulage industry and is working closely with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy to support the creative industries sector.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, (a) what representations he has received, and (b) what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the removal of Value Added Tax on the sale of zero emission vehicles.

A number of stakeholders have proposed the removal of Value Added Tax to incentivise the transition to zero emission vehicles. I have regular discussions with colleagues across Government on a range of issues relating to the Government’s support for zero emission vehicle uptake. We have put in place a generous incentives regime which assists with the cost of buying zero emission vehicles and their associated charging infrastructure and which rewards those motorists who choose the cleanest vehicles. The March Budget last year included the extension of favourable benefit in kind tax rates for zero emission vehicles out to 2025: company car tax is 0% in 2020/21, 1% in 2021/22 and 2% in 2022/23 through to 2024/25; and all zero emission cars are exempt from vehicle excise duty (VED). The Government’s Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) provides grant funding of up to £3000 to assist motorists with the up-front cost of purchasing an electric vehicle. At Spending Review 2020, £582m was announced to extend plug in grants until 2022/2023. Zero emission vehicles also have significantly cheaper running costs than conventional vehicles. It costs motorists from 1p per mile to run a zero emission vehicle. Additionally, motorists are often able to take advantage of local measures like free parking and exemption from congestion charging. The Government will continue to support industry and consumers to make the switch to cleaner vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 21 January 2021 to Question 138893, when the remaining £14 million of the £20 million allocated for ORCS for the financial year 2020-21 is planned to be distributed to local authorities; and whether it has already been determined which local authorities will receive this funding.

The On-Street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS) is a demand-led fund open to all UK local authorities to apply to. Funding is awarded following successful applications from local authorities, and as such the distribution of funds is not pre-determined. There has been a record number of projects funded this year, and applications to the Scheme are still being received. The Government regularly considers other opportunities to support local authorities in maximising the provision of EV infrastructure and will take action if it deems it appropriate.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with his European Commission counterpart on securing mutual recognition of UK and EU Certificates of Professional Competence.

Recognition of Certificates of Professional Competence was discussed during negotiations between the UK and the EU, and they are subject to the provisions in the Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA).

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with his EU counterparts on securing a cultural exemption to new cabotage rules for UK haulage drivers.

Market access arrangements for hauliers transporting equipment for cultural events was discussed regularly during negotiations between the UK and the EU, and the UK put forward proposals for an exemption for specialist hauliers carrying out tours for cultural events, but the EU did not agree to our asks. Arrangements are subject to the provisions in the Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA).

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effect of new UK-EU cabotage rules on UK hauliers servicing European tours for the cultural and events industries.

The Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA) between the UK and the EU allows UK hauliers to undertake up to 2 additional laden journeys within the EU after a laden international journey from the UK, with a maximum of 1 cabotage movement outside Ireland. These rules will also apply to specialist hauliers, such as hauliers who carry equipment for cultural events.

Our assessment is that the TCA ensures that more than 95% of all haulage journeys will continue as they did before the end of the transition period.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
18th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the funding allocated to local authorities in England for electric charging infrastructure in (a) 2019-20 and (b) 2020-21.

In 2019-20 £14.5 million was allocated to English local authorities to support electric vehicle charging infrastructure. This included £4 million for the On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS), to fund chargepoints for residents without access to private parking and £6.5 million to support electric vehicle infrastructure for taxis. In 2020-21, £20 million has been made available for ORCS, over £6 million of this funding has already been allocated to English local authorities.

In addition, there has also been £9.5 million of funding allocated to Derby and Nottingham as part of their Future of Transport Zone trials. This funding will be used for seven e-mobility hubs, which will include charging infrastructure. These are based in neighbourhoods, depots and campuses across the two cities. The first tranche of this funding was delivered in 2019-20, with a further tranche in 2021-22.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what support he is giving to councils to encourage them to apply for electric vehicle charging infrastructure funding.

Local authorities can take advantage of the On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS), which assists them with the cost of installing chargepoints on residential streets. The Government’s On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme has so far supported over 90 local authorities to fund more than 3,300 chargepoints for residents who do not have off-street parking.

The Scheme is administered on the Department’s behalf by the Energy Saving Trust, who offer expert advice and support to local authorities throughout the application process. The Energy Saving Trust, in partnership with the Office for Zero Emission Vehicles, also hosts a library of webinars and guidance documents focussing on the challenges that authorities face when installing charging infrastructure, while promoting the available funding.

Local authorities in England can also take advantage of the Energy Saving Trust’s Local Government Support Programme, fully funded by the Department, which offers support to help authorities develop and deliver mobility strategies and programmes to increase adoption of ultra-low emission vehicles. This includes support with the roll out of charging infrastructure through applying for ORCS funding.

The Workplace Charging Scheme offers up to £350 off the installation of charging sockets at workplaces for staff and fleets. Local authorities and the wider public sector can claim up to 40 charging sockets each.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the level of funding for electric vehicle infrastructure granted to English councils from (a) the ORCS, (b) the GULCS, (c) ULEV Taxi Infrastructure, (d) the JAQU CAF and (e) the CCAV FTZ in the period 2020-21.

Local authorities have an important role in working with the commercial chargepoint market and supporting the rollout of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in their areas.

The Government has awarded over £5.63m under the On-Street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS) in the period 2020/2021 and continues to offer assistance under the scheme from which local authorities can bid into to install chargepoints for those without off-street parking.

No funding for electric vehicle infrastructure was given to the GULCS, ULEV Taxi Infrastructure, JAQU CAFs or CCAV FTZs for the period 2020/2021.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of including major transport projects progressed through the Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project regime within the mandatory biodiversity gain objective provided for in the Environment Bill.

The 25 Year Environment Plan committed to seek to embed ‘environmental net gain’ principle for development, including housing and infrastructure. There are a number of ways in which this could be implemented and it is important that we work with stakeholders to develop an appropriate approach. We will be consulting on further details in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many times the Jet Zero Council has met since its establishment.

The Jet Zero Council met for the first time on 22 July 2020. The date for the second Council meeting will be confirmed shortly.

In addition, the Jet Zero Council Sustainable Aviation Fuels delivery group met for the first time on 23 November 2020.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
30th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the timeframe for the (a) order and (b) delivery of the 800 new zero-emission buses announced in the 2020 Spending Review.

As set out in the Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution and the Spending Review 2020 the Government will invest £120 million in 2021-22 to start the delivery of the 4,000 zero emission buses announced by the Prime Minister in February.

Together with existing funding for the All Electric Bus Town, Government funding could support the purchase of 800 zero emission buses and the infrastructure needed to support them.

Further details on how funding will be distributed will be announced in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
30th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Spending Review 2020, what the next steps are for the allocation of the £120m set aside for new zero emission buses.

As set out in the Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution and the Spending Review 2020 the Government will invest £120 million in 2021-22 to start the delivery of the 4,000 zero emission buses announced by the Prime Minister in February.

Together with existing funding for the All Electric Bus Town, Government funding could support the purchase of 800 zero emission buses and the infrastructure needed to support them.

Further details on how funding will be distributed will be announced in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to support the taxi trade in adopting zero-emission-capable taxis.

The Department has supported the taxi and private hire vehicle sector to transition to lower emission vehicles. The Plug-In Taxi Grant offers up to £7,500 off the price of eligible purpose-built taxis, this has supported over 3,800 taxis in London, and increasing numbers in towns and cities across the UK. The Plug-In Car Grant of up to £3,000 is available for those switching to eligible vehicles that do not meet the requirements of the Plug-In Taxi Grant.

Recognising the need for continued support in this area, at the March 2020 Budget the Government announced a further £129.5 million to extend the plug-in Grants for vans, taxis and motorcycles; £403 million for the Plug-In Taxi Grant to 2022-23 and that all zero emission cars would be exempt from the Vehicle Excise Duty supplement.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, which local authorities in England have not been allocated funding for electric vehicle charging infrastructure; and what provisions will be made to support those authorities in developing electric vehicle charging infrastructure in future.

So far, the Government has funded over 90 English local authorities to provide electric vehicle charging infrastructure, with funding amounting to over £95 million. A full list of authorities that have received funding was attached in the answer to PQ 317236. The Department also publishes EV public charging device statistics quarterly, where a breakdown by region can be seen. These statistics are available here:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/electric-vehicle-charging-device-statistics-october-2020

This funding includes the On-Street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS), which has supported over 50 local authorities in England to fund chargepoints for residents who do not have off-street parking. Funding for the ORCS was doubled to £20 million in May, and will make charging at home and overnight easier for those without an off-street parking space. We encourage local authorities to apply to the scheme to provide chargers for their residents, particularly those yet to receive funding. The Government has also supplied funding to authorities through the Go Ultra Low Cities Scheme and the Ultra Low Emission Taxi Infrastructure Scheme.

The Department has engaged in programmes of work to enable and support authorities to deliver charging infrastructure. This includes funding the Local Government Support Programme, delivered by the Energy Saving Trust, which is available to help authorities develop low carbon transport strategies. This summer and autumn we have held a series of webinars from the Go Ultra Low Cities, to build capability and share best practice amongst local authority officers, building on some successful local authority roadshows in 2019. We are also producing a comprehensive technical guide for local authorities, which they will be able to refer to when developing and delivering electric vehicle infrastructure.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
10th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether the next tranche of repair vouchers under the Fix Your Bike scheme are planned to be released before the expiration of the existing covid-19 restrictions.

The second tranche of Fix Your Bike cycle repair vouchers was released on Monday 16 November. Bike shops are classified as essential businesses and allowed to remain open because many key workers and others rely on their bikes to make essential journeys. For those for whom the repair is less urgent, the vouchers have a 60-day expiry period, so that people can book their bike in for a service after the current covid-19 restrictions are lifted.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
5th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding has been allocated for electric vehicle charging infrastructure to each local authority in England in each year for which figures are available.

Local authorities in England have received funding in excess of £95m from the Government for chargepoint infrastructure. The funding that has been allocated to each local authority in each year, for which figures are available, is detailed in the attached Excel spreadsheet.

In addition, there has also been £9.5m of funding allocated to Derby and Nottingham as part of their Future of Transport Zone plans. This funding will be used for seven e-mobility hubs, which will include charging infrastructure. These are based in neighbourhoods, depots and campuses across the two cities. The first tranche of this funding was delivered in 2019-20, with a further tranche in 2021-22.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Cabinet Office Policy Paper entitled The Border Operating Model updated on 8 October 2020 and to the provisions of the Town and Country Planning (Border Facilities and Infrastructure) (EU Exit) (England) Special Development Order SI 2020/928, what plans he has to locate (a) a lorry park and (b) an inland border facility in Manston.

The facilities listed in the Border Operating Model are the only long-term inland border facilities being considered. In addition, the Department is working to extend contractual arrangements relating to our use of Manston Airport for a further 6 months mainly to provide additional HGV holding capacity. HMRC will provide office of departure functions when the site is operational.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Cabinet Office Policy Paper entitled The Border Operating Model updated on 8 October 2020, whether Ashford Waterbrook, Sevington in Ashford, Ebbsfleet International Station and Dover are the only sites being considered for inland border facilities as part of EU exit planning in Kent.

The facilities listed in the Border Operating Model are the only long-term inland border facilities being considered. In addition, the Department is working to extend contractual arrangements relating to our use of Manston Airport for a further 6 months mainly to provide additional HGV holding capacity. HMRC will provide office of departure functions when the site is operational.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when he plans to publish the findings of his Future of Transport Regulatory Review consultation.

The Government is committed to the Future of Transport Regulatory Review which asks fundamental questions about how transport is regulated, to achieve a flexible, forward-looking regulatory framework that is fit for the future. We received detailed feedback to our recent Call for Evidence, despite the backdrop of a very challenging time for many organisations and individuals. We want to make progress as quickly as we can and aim to set out the next steps as soon as possible.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, on what criteria the Government will be assessing the success of the rental electric scooter pilot schemes.

Data sharing agreements are being put in place between the Department and all rental e-scooter operators prior to trials commencing. This will provide a large amount and breadth of data, for example, on journeys completed by e-scooter users, mode shift to e-scooters, the demographics of users and safety. A third party research contractor will undertake detailed analysis of this data for the Department. We will also engage closely with local areas throughout the trial period to understand how successful they perceive trials to be.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether his Department has made an assessment of the success of the roll-out of the rental electric scooter pilot schemes to date.

To date, six e-scooter trials have launched, with a number of further trials due to begin shortly. Officials are in close and regular contact with local areas and e-scooter operators to understand how early stage deployment is progressing. Data sharing agreements are being put in place between the Department and all rental e-scooter operators prior to trials commencing. This will provide a large amount and breadth of data, for example, on journeys completed by e-scooter users, mode shift to e-scooters, the demographics of users and safety. A third party research contractor will undertake detailed analysis of this data for the Department.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether the Government has made an estimate of the number of private electric scooters being used illegally on the streets.

No, the Government has not made such an assessment. Anecdotally, we are aware that a large number of private e-scooters are being ridden illegally in the UK, and retailers have reported an increase in sales across the period of the COVID pandemic. In May this year we announced that trials of e-scooters would be fast tracked in order to gather evidence to inform decisions about the future legal standing of this new mode of transport.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
16th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the construction timeframe for the new lorry parks set to be built in 29 council areas across the UK as part of new customs infrastructure.

I am responding to this question as the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Transport.

The inclusion of a local authority within the Special Development Order does not necessarily indicate that a temporary inland border facility will be required in that area.

The local authority areas have been identified within the Order by the border departments so that should inland border facilities be required to support relevant ports, these can be provided within a reasonable distance of a port and/or strategic highway network.

The location of any new inland sites will be determined by what ports are able to build. The Government is continuing its discussions with ports to establish the extent of new infrastructure capacity at ports and if an inland site will be needed. Further information on inland sites will be shared once available at the earliest opportunity.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
16th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to promote the potential merits of decarbonising the UK maritime sector at COP26.

In 2019 the UK legislated the 2050 net zero target and subsequently published the Clean Maritime Plan, outlining the pathway to zero emissions shipping. In doing so, the UK became one of the first countries to publish a strategy on domestic action to reduce shipping emissions following the agreement of the Initial IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships.

As the incoming President of COP26, the UK will push for international action on climate change, and lead by example. We have been working collaboratively with industry and States in the development of ambitious maritime decarbonisation initiatives to be presented at COP26. These will deliver tangible results, contributing to the global effort to reduce shipping emissions while delivering green growth.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
9th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the contribution to carbon emissions of non-road mobile machinery (NRMM); and whether the Government has plans to include NRMM engines in its strategy to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

The categorisation of Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) relates to a wide range of technologies, and the department will be working closely with DEFRA and BEIS to ensure emissions reduce in line with the Government’s net zero commitments.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what support his Department is giving to Sustrans to increase the National Cycle Network.

The Department is providing £22 million to Sustrans to deliver 32 projects across the National Cycle Network in England. The funding will deliver a range of improvements including fixing dangerous junctions, reducing traffic levels, building better surfaces, creating wider paths, and repairing damaged signage. Further funding for the National Cycle Network will be considered as part of the Spending Review.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what funding the Government is making available to local authorities seeking to implement on-street bike storage.

On 28 July, the Prime Minister launched ambitious plans to boost cycling and walking, where half of all journeys in towns and cities are cycled or walked by 2030. As part of this drive, the Government is committed to installing more cycle racks in town and city centres and where they are most needed. The Cycling and Walking Plan can be viewed at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/cycling-and-walking-plan-for-england

In May, the Government announced £2 billion of new funding for cycling and walking. £225 million is being made available to local authorities in 2020-21 via the Emergency Active Travel Fund. The Department made clear to local authorities that some of this funding could be used for cycle parking to complement new cycle routes. Decisions on the rest of the £2 billion will be a matter for the Spending Review later this year.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the implications for its policies of Cycling UK’s 10 proposed changes to the Highway Code.

The Department has been working with key stakeholders, including Cycling UK, to undertake a review of The Highway Code to tackle the safety issues that cyclists and pedestrians face, or perceive, when travelling on our roads and support the Government’s aim of increasing cycling and walking.

On 28 July, the Government published a consultation on the proposed changes to The Highway Code which includes the 10 amendments proposed by Cycling UK. The final changes to improve safety for pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders will be determined by the consultation responses.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of (a) the carbon impact of the Government's £27 billion road building programme and (b) the compatibility of that programme with the Government's target of achieving net zero emissions by 2050.

The second Road Investment Strategy (RIS2) provides £27.4 billion for the operation, maintenance, renewal and enhancement of the strategic road network. It is consistent with our ambitions to improve air quality and decarbonise transport, and the achievement of the overall net zero target.

Analysis carried out in the preparation of RIS2 showed that the additional effect of new RIS2 schemes will be around 0.27 megatonne CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) through to the end of the fifth carbon budget in 2032. When compared to the UK’s fifth carbon budget of 1,725 MtCO2e, these schemes represent an extremely small component.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to ensure that the work of the new Acceleration Unit is aligned with the Government’s net-zero commitment.

This is an ambitious Government, committed to delivering on our decarbonisation targets. The Acceleration Unit, which is directly accountable to the Transport Secretary, will be looking at projects across our portfolio and considering how we can deliver things quicker, better and greener – potentially speeding up our path to net-zero. Furthermore, the incoming head of the unit has a background championing environmental causes and a proven track record supporting public transport, including restoring the Beeching lines.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to ensure the work of the Acceleration Unit supports the outcomes of the Decarbonising Transport Plan.

We have been clear on our ambitions on decarbonising transport and achieving net-zero emissions. The Acceleration Unit, which is directly accountable to the Transport Secretary, will help support these objectives through the Transport Decarbonisation Plan, by helping us deliver projects more quickly. Furthermore, the incoming head of the unit has a background championing environmental causes and a proven track record supporting public transport, including restoring the Beeching lines.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether he has made an assessment of the merits of area-wide tenders of public electric vehicle charge points in The Netherlands and elsewhere to secure the coverage required to support the electric vehicle transition.

The Government always carefully follows international developments and, where appropriate, looks to learn lessons for its approach in the UK. This is supported by our membership of the international Zero Emission Vehicle Alliance, which includes other leading countries and jurisdictions such as the Netherlands, California and Norway. In the UK the Government has taken the approach that the roll out of electric vehicle (EV) chargepoints should be market led with specific targeted support for certain areas such as the On-street Recharging Scheme (ORCS), the Workplace Charging Scheme (WCS) and the public-private £400 million Charging Infrastructure Investment Fund (CIIF). We are drawing on international experience, for example in our support of a roaming solution to enable easy payment for EV charging. As we move towards mass transition for electric vehicles the Government will carefully consider what further measures can be taken to ensure the roll out of a comprehensive charging network.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on funding research and development to support a shift to sustainable fuels in the maritime sector.

The Secretary of State for Transport has not held any recent discussions with the Chancellor of the Exchequer in relation to this issue.

There are regular, official-level discussions on this matter occurring in the context of the forthcoming Spending Review.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to ensure that communities receive an equitable distribution of charging points in the the transition to electric vehicles.

We are providing £500 million over the next five years to support the rollout infrastructure for electric vehicles in England and we have a range of grant schemes to support the installation of charging infrastructure that are available across the UK. Local authorities are able to take advantage of the On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS), which assists them with the cost of installing chargepoints on residential streets. In addition, the Charging Infrastructure Investment Fund will see £200 million from Government match funded by the private sector to invest in EV charging. We are publishing regular statistics on the number and distribution of charging points across the UK to monitor the market as it develops.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what support he will make available to people without access to off-street parking to transition to electric vehicles.

The Government wants to ensure that lack of access to off-street parking is not a barrier to realising the benefits of owning a plug-in electric vehicle. We have doubled the funding available under the On-street Residential Chargepoint Scheme this year to £20 million to ensure more local authorities and residents can benefit from the scheme. This will allow local authorities to install up to 7,200 charging devices, making it more convenient to charge and own and electric vehicle. In addition, Government is investing almost £40 million in projects to support innovation in wireless and on-street charging technology to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether the new powers given to local authorities to take enforcement action against drivers parked in cycle lanes will apply to all mandatory cycle lanes.

The powers in force since 22 June 2020 allow local authorities with designated civil parking enforcement powers to use approved cameras to enforce parking and loading restrictions while in operation within mandatory cycle lanes. These restrictions are indicated by prescribed yellow line or kerb markings and traffic signs as appropriate. The powers do not apply in mandatory cycle lanes where such restrictions are not so indicated.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent assessment his Department has made of trends in cycling and walking rates as the covid-19 lockdown restrictions have eased.

Cycle usage in England on Monday 24 August was 116% of the equivalent day in the first week of March. Daily data is highly variable and linked to the weather, with days of poorer weather showing lower usage. Currently it is not possible to produce a reliable estimate of walking activity during the period.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with the devolved administrations on coordinating rapid charging infrastructure for electric vehicles throughout the UK.

Whilst the management of roads is a devolved matter, my officials in the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) are working collaboratively with partners in the Devolved Administrations to ensure that we can all establish effective and coordinated plans in place for rapid charging infrastructure across the whole of the UK.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to encourage primary school children to walk and cycle to school as they re-open in September 2020.

£225 million has been made available to local authorities this financial year for urgent measures to make it easier for people to walk and cycle for all short journeys, including to support the re-opening of schools. This in addition to existing support for the Walk to School outreach programme delivered by Living Streets. The Department for Education has also produced updated travel to school guidance for the autumn term 2020 which states that schools and colleges should encourage parents, staff and pupils to walk or cycle to school where it is safe and appropriate to do so.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
21st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when the Government plans to publish an updated Cycle Infrastructure Guidance for Local Authorities.

On the 27 July the Department published updated cycle infrastructure design guidance (Local Transport Note 1/20) for local authorities, with the aim of improving quality, accessibility and safety of local cycle infrastructure schemes. This guidance can be viewed here:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/cycle-infrastructure-design-ltn-120

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what funding his Department (a) has allocated and (b) plans to allocate in financial year 2020-21 to support the delivery of local cycling and walking infrastructure plans.

A total of 40 local authorities have completed Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plans (LCWIPs), 9 of which were submitted by November 2019.

£225 million has been allocated to local authorities from the Emergency Active Travel Fund in 2020-21 to implement measures such as pop-up bike lanes with protected space for cycling, widened pavements, safer junctions and cycle corridors. Authorities have been encouraged to align this funding with schemes prioritised in LCWIPs where possible. Further funding for 2020-21 is being provided through the Transforming Cities Fund and other highways and local growth funding sources.

The Government intends to provide a second wave of support to enable more authorities to produce LCWIPs following the outcome of the Spending Review.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps the Government is taking to encourage local authorities to produce local cycling and walking infrastructure plans.

A total of 40 local authorities have completed Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plans (LCWIPs), 9 of which were submitted by November 2019.

£225 million has been allocated to local authorities from the Emergency Active Travel Fund in 2020-21 to implement measures such as pop-up bike lanes with protected space for cycling, widened pavements, safer junctions and cycle corridors. Authorities have been encouraged to align this funding with schemes prioritised in LCWIPs where possible. Further funding for 2020-21 is being provided through the Transforming Cities Fund and other highways and local growth funding sources.

The Government intends to provide a second wave of support to enable more authorities to produce LCWIPs following the outcome of the Spending Review.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many local authorities produced local cycling and walking infrastructure plans (LCWIPs) by November 2019; and how many have produced LCWIPs since then.

A total of 40 local authorities have completed Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plans (LCWIPs), 9 of which were submitted by November 2019.

£225 million has been allocated to local authorities from the Emergency Active Travel Fund in 2020-21 to implement measures such as pop-up bike lanes with protected space for cycling, widened pavements, safer junctions and cycle corridors. Authorities have been encouraged to align this funding with schemes prioritised in LCWIPs where possible. Further funding for 2020-21 is being provided through the Transforming Cities Fund and other highways and local growth funding sources.

The Government intends to provide a second wave of support to enable more authorities to produce LCWIPs following the outcome of the Spending Review.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the announcement of the £250 million emergency active travel fund on 9 May 2020, what assessment his Department has made of the additional investment required to double cycling by 2025.

£2 billion of dedicated investment is being provided over the next five years to help deliver the aims and targets set out in the Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy. This is expected to leverage in significant amounts of wider Government and local funding that will be required to double cycling by 2025. On the 7th February the Department published extensive material from the Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy Investment Model, including technical reports and evidence base research papers setting out the relationship between investment and cycling and walking levels.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
16th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many bicycles have been repaired under the Government’s Voucher Repair Scheme to date.

None. The Government’s Fix Your Bike Voucher Repair Scheme will be launched shortly. Due to the recent surge in cycling interest there is a lack of capacity to carry out additional repairs and we are ready to make vouchers available to the public when we are confident people will be able to get their bikes fixed without significant waiting times.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
14th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will publish the most recent Appraisal Summary Tables for all the capital enhancement schemes in the Road Investment Strategy 2.

The latest approved Appraisal Summary Tables for enhancement schemes included in the second Road Investment Strategy are being published by Highways England on whatdotheyknow.com.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency Collection entitled Vehicle Market Surveillance Unit programme results and the reports published in July 2018 and July 2019, when the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency plans to publish the findings from vehicle and component testing carried out during 2019 to check that new products on the UK market meet legal obligations.

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency is planning to publish the 2019 report in the Autumn of 2020.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
10th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to increase the production and use of hydrogen buses in the UK.

The Government has supported the use of a range of low carbon bus technologies, including hydrogen buses and supporting infrastructure, through funds including the Low Emission and Ultra-Low Emission Bus Schemes.

In February, the Government announced a £5 billion funding package for buses and cycling, which includes support for the purchase of at least 4,000 zero-emission buses. The details of these programmes, including technology options and how funding will be distributed, will be announced in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
10th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when plans to announce further information on introducing a (a) hydrogen bus town scheme and (b) hydrogen hub.

The Transport Secretary is exploring options for using hydrogen in transport. Further details will be announced in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
9th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the proportion of the UK rail fleet that is composed of rolling diesel stock; and what the expected proportion will be in (a) 2025, (b) 2030 and (c) 2035.

Out of a national fleet of over 14,000 vehicles, there were approximately 3,400 passenger vehicles in service at the beginning of July 2020 that formed part of a diesel powered train. Decisions about the necessary pace of removal of diesel trains from the network to decarbonise the railway will be informed by ongoing work led by Network Rail.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
9th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will bring forward the 2040 target for the phasing out of diesel rail stock.

The Government is developing an ambitious Transport Decarbonisation Plan to achieve net zero emissions across all modes of transport. We will use electrification and alternative technologies such as battery and hydrogen trains to remove diesel trains from the network and decarbonise the railway.

Ongoing work led by Network Rail will inform decisions about the pace of rail decarbonisation to achieve net zero, the deployment of different decarbonisation technologies on each part of the network, and delivery of the ambition to remove all diesel-only trains from the railway by 2040.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
8th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of extending the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation to include hydrogen.

Renewable hydrogen supplied in the UK is eligible for support under the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO), a certificate trading scheme. It is categorised as a development fuel, which potentially benefits from a higher tradeable certificate value.

The Department regularly monitors and reviews the RTFO to ensure it delivers cost effective carbon savings. Any future legislative proposals to amend the RTFO are subject to consultation and so would be subject to collective ministerial agreement.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on reviewing and updating the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation.

Renewable hydrogen supplied in the UK is eligible for support under the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO), a certificate trading scheme. It is categorised as a development fuel, which potentially benefits from a higher tradeable certificate value.

The Department regularly monitors and reviews the RTFO to ensure it delivers cost effective carbon savings. Any future legislative proposals to amend the RTFO are subject to consultation and so would be subject to collective ministerial agreement.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
8th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress he is making on the phasing out of diesel rolling stock and its replacement with battery and hydrogen powered trains.

The Government supports use of battery and hydrogen powered trains on the railway to help deliver our target of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. The Department is working with Network Rail and the rail industry to determine which parts of the network will be best suited to electrification, and which to those alternative technologies. This work will support the Department’s Transport Decarbonisation Plan, to be published at the end of this year.

The Government is supporting development of battery and hydrogen technology through innovation funding and research, including work on safety and wider issues that will have to be considered to allow the smooth entry into service on the network of battery and hydrogen trains.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
17th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the number of jobs that could be created in (a) research and development, (b) manufacturing and (c) other sectors as a result of Government investment in low emission forms of public transport.

The Department has not made an estimate of the number of jobs in research and development, manufacturing and other sectors that could be created across all forms of low emission public transport as a result of Government investment. However, we recognize that transport has a key role to play in the economy reaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions and we are developing an ambitious plan to accelerate the de-carbonisation of transport.

In February, the Government announced plans for investment in 4,000 zero emission buses, as part of a £5 billion funding package for buses and cycling. This investment supports the Government's decarbonisation plans and the bus sector and will help to stimulate a green economic recovery from COVID-19. There are a number of UK-based bus manufacturing companies well-placed to benefit from this investment. The recent £48m Ultra Low Emission Bus competition allocated 88% of funding to UK companies.

The Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) has also designed and funded a series of R&D competitions with Innovate UK, focusing on demonstrating low and zero emission road transport technology, strengthening UK industrial and supply chain capability. These projects include public transport applications. For example, OLEV has funded a project to develop a new, highly efficient, zero emission bus with lower total cost of ownership and maximisation of passenger numbers.

For rail transport, the use of electrification and new technologies to decarbonise the railway will create long-term employment opportunities, and previous electrification projects have supported hundreds of UK jobs.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
17th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the number of people employed by (a) public rail, (b) tram, (c) bus and (d) ferry operators.

Based the ONS’s Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES), in 2018, there were 52 thousand people employed in interurban rail passenger transport. There were 19 thousand people employed in urban and suburban rail passenger transport (including underground and metro). There were 113 thousand people employed in other urban, suburban or metropolitan passenger transport (excluding taxi operators). There were 7 thousand people employed in sea and coastal water transport.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
15th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to require the use of the Mobility Data Specification Provider element during the trialling of rental electric scooters.

The Department for Transport is still exploring options for how data is collected and shared during trials of rental e-scooters. Officials are working closely with operators and local authorities to agree an appropriate data model before trials begin.

Use of the Mobility Data Specification Provider element is likely to be required for some elements of the data model and the Department is in discussion with operators about the feasibility of this.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
15th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department plans to take to ensure that the data required by his Department for analysis from rental electric scooter trials is provided by the operators participating in those trials.

Officials in the Department for Transport are working closely with operators to ensure the data we request will be robust, proportionate and feasible to collect.

When deciding whether to grant permission to start a trial, a key consideration of the Department will be how trials meet our wider public policy expectations (i.e. data sharing expectations and other public policy benefits expected from the trials).

If, once a trial has started, a provider was found not to be meeting those expectations (i.e. not sharing the expected data), the Department could take that into account in deciding whether to revoke permission for the trial.

The details of the data to be shared and the process for doing so will be set out in data sharing agreements between the Department and e-scooter providers, and with local authorities where required.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
4th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of introducing a scrappage scheme on (a) raising the market share of electric vehicle sales and (b) ending the sale of petrol, diesel and hybrid vehicles by 2035.

The Government has no current plans to introduce a scrappage scheme to support the transition to zero emission and electric vehicles. We are investing?around?£2.5bn??with grants available for ultra-low emission vehicles, as well?as funding?to support charge point infrastructure at homes,?workplaces,?on residential streets?and across the wider roads network. We are consulting on bringing forward the end to the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans from 2040 to 2035, or earlier if a faster transition appears feasible, as well as including hybrids for the first time. By talking to stakeholders about the best way to achieve that ambition, we will more easily be able to identify what measures would be needed to support the transition.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
3rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to his Department's News story of 9 May 2020, £2 billion package to create new era for cycling and walking, what plans he has for the implementation of the cycle repair voucher scheme; and what the timetable is for the implementation of that scheme.

On 23rd May the Secretary of State announced £25 million of funding to help people get their cycles repaired so that they can get back to cycling. This funding will provide up to £50 to members of the public to get their old cycles back in working order and will be delivered alongside plans to increase the provision of cycle fixing facilities across the country.

To claim the contribution towards the cost of their transaction, applicants will need to register online after arranging a repair with a participating business, once the scheme has launched. We are aiming for applications to the scheme to open by the end of June. We will be engaging with cycle shops and mechanics in advance of this so that they can register to participate in the scheme.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
1st May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Prime Minister's oral statement of 11 February 2020, Official Report, column 71, what proportion of the £5 billion announced to support bus services will be used to replace diesel with zero emission vehicles.

The Prime Minster announced £5 billion of new funding to boost bus and cycling links on 11 February, including at least 4,000 new zero emission buses to make greener travel the convenient option, driving forward the UK’s progress on its net zero ambitions. The details of the programmes, including how funding will be distributed, will be announced in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether the Government has plans to identify the ancient woodlands which could be affected by the northern sections of the high speed two route.

Areas of ancient woodlands affected by HS2 are identified in the relevant Environmental Statement for each phase, with the Environmental Statements for Phases 1 and 2a already having been published. The Environmental Statement(s) for sections of the high speed two route to the north of these phases will be identified as part of the relevant Environmental Statement, which will be published when the respective Bills are deposited.

Andrew Stephenson
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
9th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what recent assessment she has made of the effect of universal credit benefit caps on people who are in receipt of statutory sick pay.

The benefit cap will not apply if total household earnings, which include Statutory Sick Pay, in each assessment period are at least £604 and households may be exempt for a period of nine-months if they have a sustained work history.

Claimants can approach their local authority for a Discretionary Housing Payment if they need additional support to meet rental costs.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what estimate she has made of how many and what proportion of people need support accessing food; and what proportion of these people need support as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

No such estimate has been made, but this government has been clear we will support people through this unprecedented time.

This Government is delivering free food boxes to many vulnerable people and have ensured supermarkets prioritise them for online delivery or click-and-collect slots. The Shielding Service has been set up to support people identified as ‘extremely vulnerable’ and this service has made over 564,234 food deliveries to date.

This Government has taken a number of steps to support people financially during the Covid 19 outbreak. The COVID-19 Bill offers assistance through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, Self-employment Income Support Scheme and Statutory Sick Pay. The benefits system has also been made more generous. We have increased Universal Credit and Working Tax Credit by £1,000 a year for the next 12 months, benefiting over 4 million of the most vulnerable households, and increased Local Housing Allowance rates, putting an average of £600 into people’s pockets this year.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Education)
7th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what support his Department is providing to people with myalgic encephomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome pending the publication of updated clinical guidelines for that condition.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an independent body and is responsible for developing its guidelines in line with its established methods and processes. NICE the Department regarding its publication of an updated guideline on chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). NICE now plans to host a roundtable event in October to determine how it can gain support for the guideline to ensure effective implementation.

Services for CFS/ME are commissioned locally by clinical commissioning groups to plan the provision of services subject to local prioritisation and funding. NICE’s existing guideline on CFS/ME provides guidance on diagnosing and managing the condition. Health and care professionals should continue to take this into account until the updated guideline is published.

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
7th Sep 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent discussions he has had with NICE on the timeline for the publication of clinical guidelines on myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an independent body and is responsible for developing its guidelines in line with its established methods and processes. NICE the Department regarding its publication of an updated guideline on chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). NICE now plans to host a roundtable event in October to determine how it can gain support for the guideline to ensure effective implementation.

Services for CFS/ME are commissioned locally by clinical commissioning groups to plan the provision of services subject to local prioritisation and funding. NICE’s existing guideline on CFS/ME provides guidance on diagnosing and managing the condition. Health and care professionals should continue to take this into account until the updated guideline is published.

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
29th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the future funding of motor neurone disease (a) research and (b) treatment ahead of the 2021 Spending Review.

There have been no specific discussions. However, we are currently working on ways to significantly boost further research on dementia and neurodegeneration at all stages. The Department funds research on health and social care through the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The NIHR welcomes funding applications for research into any aspect of human health, including motor neurone disease (MND). Applications are subject to peer review and judged in open competition, with awards being made on the basis of the importance of the topic to patients and health and care services, value for money and scientific quality.

NHS England and NHS Improvement commission the specialised care and treatment that patients with MND may receive from the specialised neurological treatment centres across England. Funding decisions for these are made in line with local priorities and in the context of the interim funding regime in place during the pandemic.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
22nd Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether he plans to increase funding for motor neurone disease research and treatment over the next five years.

The Department funds research on health and social care through the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). It is not usual practice to ring-fence funding for particular topics or conditions. The NIHR welcomes funding applications for research into any aspect of human health, including motor neurone disease (MND). Applications are subject to peer review and judged in open competition, with awards being made on the basis of the importance of the topic to patients and health and care services, value for money, and scientific quality.

NHS England and NHS Improvement commission the specialised care and treatment which patients with MND may receive from the specialised neurological treatment centres across England. Funding decisions for these are made in line with local priorities and in the context of the interim funding regime in place during the pandemic.

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
4th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether he plans for his Department’s upcoming Women’s Health Strategy to contain specific action to (a) support women affected by HIV and (b) reduce new HIV diagnoses among women.

As part of the Government’s commitment to reaching zero new HIV transmissions in England by 2030, the department is currently developing a Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy and an HIV Action Plan, planned for publication later this year. Issues related to reducing HIV diagnoses of and improving care for women affected by HIV will be considered as part of the development of these publications, rather than the Women’s Health Strategy.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether the Government plans to review the list of conditions for exemption from prescription charges; and he will make an assessment of the potential merits of including (a) cystic fibrosis and (b) other life-long medical conditions in that list.

The Government has no plans to review or extend the prescription charge medical exemptions list. Approximately 89% of prescriptions are dispensed free of charge and extensive arrangements are already in place to help people, including those with cystic fibrosis and other life-long medical conditions. To support those with the greatest need who do not qualify for an exemption, they can spread the cost of their prescriptions by purchasing prescription pre-payment certificates. A holder of a 12-month certificate can get all the prescriptions they need for just over £2 per week.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will review Government guidance on exemptions to covid-19 hotel quarantine rules for people (a) in exceptional circumstances and (b) on compassionate grounds.

It has not proved possible to respond to the hon. Member in the time available before prorogation.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
8th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether someone will be legally permitted to travel abroad to get married under covid restrictions on 1 May 2021.

As set out in the roadmap published on 22 February, the Government has a clear plan for removing the current restrictions based on the data, rather than dates. For that reason, it is not possible to say definitively what the set of restrictions on 1 May will be.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
2nd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what guidance his Department has issued for people who are living with and caring for someone who is clinically extremely vulnerable.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he has taken to ensure that people who are digitally excluded are included in the covid-19 vaccination programme.

There should be no case where a patient would only be offered an invitation via digital means, or where the only way to book would be online. Invitations for the vaccines are currently being issued in a number of ways. The National Booking Service is primarily sending invitation letters to people’s registered addresses. These letters, sent in size 16 font as standard as defined by RNIB as large print, give the option of booking online, or by the free 119 phone line. This phone line includes BSL and text relay services. Others can make an appointment on behalf of individuals who are not able to make it themselves. Follow up phone calls and letters are made to those who have been sent an initial letter but not responded.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he will take to tackle covid-19 vaccine hesitancy amongst care home staff in England.

The Department has built a library of material to support trusted conversations and provide information to employers that is accessible and relevant to social care workers, including those who work in care homes. These resources focus on tackling hesitancy, misinformation, and include content relevant to black, Asian and minority ethnic groups and cover specific topics such as fertility and vaccine ingredients.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what the spare care home capacity is in England.

The Department receives data on spare capacity on a voluntary basis from care homes. However, this data is not sufficiently accurate to provide a comprehensive assessment of national spare capacity.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans his Department has to collect data on the number of people already on antipsychotics who have had their dosage increased during the covid-19 outbreak.

The Department has no plans to do so.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
1st Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to ensure people affected by dementia are offered rehabilitation support after the covid-19 outbreak.

NHS England and NHS Improvement have made guidance and resources available to address the rehabilitation needs of people living with dementia who are recovering from COVID-19 infection.

The NHS Long Term Plan also commits to the expansion of the Enhanced Health in Care Homes service model and to further expand the Comprehensive Model of Personalised Care, with a focus on enhancing access to social prescribing for people with dementia and their carers. These initiatives will support people living with dementia in care homes and in the community, whose condition may have deteriorated during this time.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
22nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent assessment he has made of the need to expand the NHS’s capacity to conduct life-saving research in the context of the covid-19 pandemic.

The Department’s National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is supporting the National Health Service to deliver life-saving research through the Clinical Research Network (CRN) which provides the infrastructure that allows high-quality clinical research funded by charities, the life sciences industry and the public sector to be undertaken throughout the health and care system. There are currently 6,354 active studies on the NIHR CRN portfolio. As of 16 February 2020, 1,279,053 participants had been recruited to research studies in 2020/21, including 877,723 to urgent COVID-19 studies.

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what discussions he has had with (a) NHS England and (b) Clinical Commissioning Groups about providing additional financial support to the five remaining inpatient detoxification units in England.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing the needs of their local population and commissioning drug prevention, treatment and harm reduction services, including in-patient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22. A proportion of this funding will be specifically allocated to expanding the provision of inpatient detoxification and to expand use of the life-saving overdose medication, naloxone.

This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services.

While no specific discussions have taken place, the additional funding is expected to strengthen provision of this part of the drug treatment system.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to the report entitled Drug deaths: England and Wales see highest number since records began published in the BMJ on 15 October 2020, what discussions he has had with (a) NHS England and (b) Clinical Commissioning Groups regarding the reduction of in-patient detoxification provision in England.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing the needs of their local population and commissioning drug prevention, treatment and harm reduction services, including in-patient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22. A proportion of this funding will be specifically allocated to expanding the provision of inpatient detoxification and to expand use of the life-saving overdose medication, naloxone.

This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services.

While no specific discussions have taken place, the additional funding is expected to strengthen provision of this part of the drug treatment system.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to the report entitled Drug deaths: England and Wales see highest number since records began published in the BMJ on 15 October 2020, what steps he is taking to address the high numbers of drug-related deaths in the UK.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing the needs of their local population and commissioning drug prevention, treatment and harm reduction services, including in-patient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22. A proportion of this funding will be specifically allocated to expanding the provision of inpatient detoxification and to expand use of the life-saving overdose medication, naloxone.

This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services.

While no specific discussions have taken place, the additional funding is expected to strengthen provision of this part of the drug treatment system.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what support he is providing to NHS inpatient detoxification units in England to tackle the rising numbers of drug-related deaths in the UK.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing local need and commissioning alcohol and drug treatment services to meet these needs, including inpatient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22, a portion of which will be allocated to expanding inpatient detoxification. This treatment intervention has a strong evidence base for inclusion in drug and alcohol treatment programmes. All local areas will be able to benefit from this funding. We expect the expansion of detoxification provision to contribute to a reduction in drug-related deaths in England. This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained in the next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services. Health is a devolved matter in the United Kingdom and the devolved administrations have their own policies and programmes in place to address substance misuse.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of reviewing the Government's approach to allocating funding to inpatient detoxification units in England.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing local need and commissioning alcohol and drug treatment services to meet these needs, including inpatient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22, a portion of which will be allocated to expanding inpatient detoxification. This treatment intervention has a strong evidence base for inclusion in drug and alcohol treatment programmes. All local areas will be able to benefit from this funding. We expect the expansion of detoxification provision to contribute to a reduction in drug-related deaths in England. This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained in the next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services. Health is a devolved matter in the United Kingdom and the devolved administrations have their own policies and programmes in place to address substance misuse.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what support he is providing to NHS inpatient detoxification units in England to tackle rising numbers of drug-related deaths.

Local authorities are responsible for assessing local need and commissioning alcohol and drug treatment services to meet these needs, including inpatient detoxification. The Government has recently announced an additional £80 million to fund drug treatment in 2021/22, a portion of which will be allocated to expanding inpatient detoxification. This treatment intervention has a strong evidence base for inclusion in drug and alcohol treatment programmes. All local areas will be able to benefit from this funding. We expect the expansion of detoxification provision to contribute to a reduction in drug-related deaths in England. This funding is in addition to the money local authorities already spend on substance misuse from the public health grant. Local authority spending through the public health grant will be maintained in the next financial year, meaning local authorities can continue to invest in prevention and essential frontline health services. Health is a devolved matter in the United Kingdom and the devolved administrations have their own policies and programmes in place to address substance misuse.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether a person may (a) form a support bubble with someone who is living abroad and (b) travel to visit them during the covid-19 outbreak.

Under the current restrictions, people may only leave their home and travel for limited reasons permitted in law, including to visit a support bubble. If someone does need to travel abroad for a permitted reason, they must check the restrictions in place at their destination and ensure they are complying with the relevant law and guidance. They should also adhere to any quarantine rules that apply on their return to England. It is not advised that people form a support bubble with someone who is living abroad.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
15th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans he has to prioritise young carers who look after a clinically extremely vulnerable person for the covid-19 vaccine.

The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) are the independent experts who advise the Government on which vaccines the United Kingdom should use and provide advice on prioritisation at a population level.  For the first phase, the JCVI have advised that the vaccine be given to care home residents and staff, as well as frontline health and social care workers, then to the rest of the population in order of age and clinical risk factors.

Those who are in receipt of a carer’s allowance, or those who are the main carer of an elderly or disabled person whose welfare may be at risk if the carer falls ill, should also be offered vaccination in priority group six. In addition, consideration has been given to vaccination of household contacts of immunosuppressed individuals, who are classified as clinically extremely vulnerable.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
15th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, when the Government plans to update its guidance for young carers and young adult carers on the gov.uk website.

Work is ongoing to update the Government’s COVID-19 guidance for those under 25 years old who provide care for someone. The guidance is due for publication shortly. The Government’s guidance for those who provide unpaid care to friends or family was recently updated and published on GOV.UK on 14 January.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
15th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if the Government will update its guidance on covid-19 vaccine prioritisation to specify when young carers will receive the covid-19 vaccine.

The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) are the independent experts who advise the Government on which vaccines the United Kingdom should use and provide advice on prioritisation at a population level.  For the first phase, the JCVI have advised that the vaccine be given to care home residents and staff, as well as frontline health and social care workers, then to the rest of the population in order of age and clinical risk factors.

Those who are in receipt of a carer’s allowance, or those who are the main carer of an elderly or disabled person whose welfare may be at risk if the carer falls ill, should also be offered vaccination in priority group six. In addition, consideration has been given to vaccination of household contacts of immunosuppressed individuals, who are classified as clinically extremely vulnerable.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
30th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether staying in a hotel to facilitate visiting a terminally ill family member is permissible in an area that is subject to tier 3 local covid alert level restrictions.

Comprehensive advice on these regulations is available at the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/coronavirus

People who live in a tier 3 area are advised to avoid travelling or making overnight stays outside their local area, unless necessary for activity such as work, education or training, to meet caring responsibilities. If an overnight stay is required, it is advised to avoid staying overnight outside that area other than where necessary.

People may make overnight stays in hotels or other accommodation within their local area within their own household/support bubble.

People who live outside a tier 3 area are advised to avoid entering or making overnight stays there, unless necessary for activity such as work, education or training, to meet caring responsibilities. Exceptionally, people may visit with a close friend or family who is terminally ill in any tiered area.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
9th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether hypnotherapy in a face-to-face session is permissible under the November 2020 covid-19 lockdown restrictions.

It is for each business to assess whether they are a business required to change the way in which they provide their services having considered the guidance and Regulations. All businesses should take steps to ensure they are COVID-19 secure including, where possible, providing services remotely or virtually.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
9th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether one-to-one professional photography is allowed (a) indoors and (b) outdoors during the November 2020 covid-19 lockdown in England.

In the national restrictions, which are due to expire on 2 December 2020, photography studios are not considered to be essential services and should not be open to members of the public, although a photographer may continue to leave the house to go to their own studio for work purposes. While photographers could meet one other person outside for the purposes of work, there is not an exemption allowing someone to leave the house to meet a photographer. Photographers may legally visit someone's home if necessary for work purposes. However, we would advise this is kept to a minimum or for essential purposes.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
6th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what discussions he has had with supermarkets on offering priority supermarket delivery slots to those with (a) cystic fibrosis and (b) other clinically extremely vulnerable people during the November 2020 covid-19 lockdown.

New national restrictions came into force in England on 5 November. People with cystic fibrosis, and other clinically extremely vulnerable people, are advised not to go to shops, and to shop online if possible, or to ask others such as friends or family to collect and deliver shopping for them. If an individual already has a priority delivery slot with a supermarket, they will continue to hold it.

If a clinically extremely vulnerable person needs additional help, their local council can offer support. This may include helping them to request a priority supermarket delivery slot if they do not already have one.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
8th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether he plans to allocate the £500 million Innovative Drugs Fund to (a) rare disease treatments and (b) cancer treatments.

We made a commitment to extend the successful Cancer Drugs Fund into an Innovative Medicines Fund (IMF) so that doctors can use the most advanced, life-saving treatments for conditions such as cancer or autoimmune disease, or for children with other rare diseases.

Proposals for the IMF are in development and we expect NHS England and NHS Improvement and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to lead a consultation on the fund in due course.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
8th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent steps his Department has taken to support quality improvement programmes aimed at reducing the use of restrictive practices in mental health settings.

NHS England and NHS Improvement published the ‘NHS Patient Safety Strategy, safer culture, safer systems, safer patients’ in July 2019. Within this is the Mental Health Safety Improvement Programme which supports mental health trusts with their individual safety priorities as well as around challenges which are common across the local systems. This work includes quality improvement to reduce the use of restrictive practices.

Work continues through NHS England and NHS Improvement’s Patient Safety Collaboratives to identify interventions which will have a measurable impact in reducing the use of restrictive practices.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
3rd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to his meeting with the hon. Member for Bristol East's constituent Jake Ogborne on access to the drug Spinraza on 23 June, and his response to the hon. Members for Bristol East's question in the House on 20 July, Official Report, column 1857, when he will provide the hon. Member with details of his correspondence with NHS England on access to Spinraza.

The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care has discussed access to Spinraza with NHS England and NHS Improvement. My Rt hon. Friend has asked them to respond to the hon. Member for Bristol East as soon as possible.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, when NICE plans to undertake its review of evidence on the potential benefits of Spinraza for Type III spinal muscular atrophy patients who are not included in the managed access agreement between NHS England and Biogen.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has committed to reviewing new evidence that becomes available on the benefits of Spinraza for non-ambulant SMA Type 3 patients, during the five-year course of the managed access agreement (MAA).

This review, involving patient groups, clinicians, the company and NHS England and NHS Improvement, will assess whether any new evidence has become available to support a change in the MAA treatment eligibility criteria. NICE and Biogen, the manufacturer of Spinraza, are preparing to initiate this evidence review as intended, once the company has sufficient data to make a submission to NICE.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what (a) steps the Government plans to take and (b) funding the Government plans to make available to prepare for an increase in demand for mental health services in Autumn 2020 as anticipated by NHS England as result of the covid-19 outbreak.

We remain committed to the aims in the NHS Long Term Plan to invest at least £2.3 billion of extra funding a year in mental health services by 2023/24.

The Chief Executive of NHS England wrote to National Health Service organisations on 31 July setting out the third phase of the NHS response to COVID-19. This includes the expectation that every clinical commissioning group continue to increase investment in mental health services. The letter also sets out that:

- Improving Access to Psychological Therapies services should fully resume;

- 24 hours a day, seven days a week crisis helplines for all ages that were established locally during the pandemic should be retained; and

- growth in the number of children and young people accessing care should be maintained.

Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
9th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the effect of the Care Act easements during the covid-19 outbreak on disabled people in receipt of social care.

The Department is working with the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services (ADASS) and Think Local, Act Personal (TLAP) to understand the impact on individuals, including disabled people, of the changes to Care Act 2014 duties. TLAP and ADASS have engaged local authorities operating under easements to understand what this means for adults with care and support needs. A TLAP Insight Group has been meeting regularly to coordinate intelligence of TLAP partners on the impact and views of people accessing care and support and unpaid carers. These findings will be published at the following link:

https://www.thinklocalactpersonal.org.uk/covid-19/tlap-insight-group/

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
9th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans he has to immediately restore the full duties of the Care Act 2014.

Public safety throughout this period is the Government’s top priority, including for those who need care and support. The changes to the Care Act 2014 duties on local authorities are kept under regular review and the Secretary of State will suspend them based on expert clinical and social care advice, including findings of the Chief Social Workers, in accordance with the Coronavirus Act 2020. This review is reported to Parliament every two months and the latest review confirms that the changes will remain in place for the time being, in line with this advice.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
19th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what the age profile is of NHS midwives; and how many NHS midwives in each age category are (a) UK nationals and (b) nationals of an EU member state.

NHS Digital publishes Hospital and Community Health Services workforce statistics. These include staff working in hospital trusts and clinical commissioning groups (CCGs), but not staff working in primary care, general practitioner surgeries, local authorities or other providers.

The following table shows the age profile and nationality of National Health Service midwives in hospitals and CCGs as at December 2019, the latest available data. Other and Unknown includes staff with a nationality group of European Economic Area, Rest of World or Unknown.

.

All Nationalities

United Kingdom

European Union

Other and Unknown

All age bands

26,863

24,186

1,346

1,331

Under 25

1,712

1,637

51

24

25 to 29

3,621

3,256

300

65

30 to 34

3,744

3,364

286

94

35 to 39

3,417

3,089

187

141

40 to 44

3,198

2,877

155

166

45 to 49

2,991

2,658

121

212

50 to 54

3,685

3,326

77

282

55 to 59

3,027

2,720

85

222

60 to 64

1,235

1,067

69

99

65 and over

233

192

15

26

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what support the Government plans to make available for people with cystic fibrosis and others who are extremely vulnerable who may be required to shield after lockdown restrictions in response to the covid-19 outbreak are modified for the rest of society.

The shielding guidance in England has been updated to advise that, from 1 June 2020, those shielding may wish to consider spending time outdoors once a day.

As part of the next review point, we will consider the arrangements for shielding beyond 30 June. We will also review the risks for the clinically extremely vulnerable and assess whether the shielding period needs to be extended or whether it is possible for the shielding guidance to be eased further. We will base our assessment on clinical advice from medical experts and the best data available about the prevalence of COVID-19 in the community.

The Government will continue to ensure support with essential supplies, medicines, social contact and basic needs is available for those who need it for as long as people are advised to follow shielding guidance.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether shielding for children with cystic fibrosis and others who are considered to be extremely vulnerable for covid-19 will continue after the reopening of schools; and how will that decision be communicated to relevant families.

Public safety throughout this period is the Government’s top priority. This includes keeping safe society’s most vulnerable.

Shielding advice is kept under continuous review, to take into account currently available evidence. Guidance and support will remain in place until it is safe to remove it. Any changes in advice for the clinically extremely vulnerable will be communicated to them directly through a range of channels.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
18th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps the Government plans to take to ensure that people with cystic fibrosis requiring urgent hospital admissions for their condition are (a) prioritised and (b) more quickly tested for covid-19 infections.

Planning for the impact of COVID-19 on the National Health Service includes considerations of how to ensure that those who require urgent hospital admission, as a result of an existing health condition, are managed appropriately alongside the expected increased admissions of patients with COVID-19. All patients admitted to hospital with symptoms that suggest possible COVID-19 are now tested on admission.

Minimising risk of infection is very important for those at particular risk of getting seriously ill if they contract COVID-19. Public Health England have released specific guidance for people considered at particularly high risk, including those with cystic fibrosis. NHS England and NHS Improvement wrote to all those in at risk groups, in the week commencing Monday 23 March 2020, with specific advice about what to do to minimise the risk of infection. A link to the guidance is available at the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-on-shielding-and-protecting-extremely-vulnerable-persons-from-covid-19/guidance-on-shielding-and-protecting-extremely-vulnerable-persons-from-covid-19

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
18th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will make it his policy to establish specialist autism teams in each region of England to (a) diagnose and (b) support autistic people.

The NHS Long Term Plan, published on 7 January 2019, sets out National Health Service commitments to improve diagnosis and support for autistic people. The NHS Long Term Plan does not prescribe that there should be specialist autistic teams in each region of England to diagnose and support autistic people. However, the NHS Long Term Plan sets out clear commitments and support, including increased investment, for local areas to increase the range of support and care available to autistic people in their area including children and young people with the most complex needs and their families.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
18th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will make it his policy to develop an adapted Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme people with autism.

There are no current plans to develop an adapted Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme for autistic people. Therapy is available, via self-referral or referral from a professional, to all adults experiencing a common mental health disorder.


IAPT provides evidence based psychological therapies as recommended in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines for the treatment of depression and anxiety. NICE guidelines will be followed where there are adjustments required to therapy delivery for particular groups of people, including autistic people.


Reasonable adjustments that may be required to make it suitable for autistic people might include, for example, the method of delivery or duration of the intervention.


Nadine Dorries
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
13th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, how many student midwives there were in each academic year since 2014-15.

The latest data on the total number of enrolments into midwifery courses in each academic year is presented in the following table which shows the number of enrolled students across all years of study residing in England, almost all of whom study at English universities.

Midwifery

Academic year

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Total number of enrolments

7,905

8,000

8,020

7,985

8,130

Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency, published at https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/students/table-22

Note:

- Enrolments include all levels of study: all undergraduate and postgraduate midwifery courses.

Helen Whately
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
29th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to tackle the shortage of HRT products in the UK.

We are aware of ongoing supply issues with some hormone replacement therapy (HRT) products due to a range of issues including manufacturing issues, regulatory issues and problems accessing the raw pharmaceutical ingredient. This is alongside commercial decisions made by some companies to divest these products.

We have been working closely with all suppliers of HRT products to maintain overall supply to patients. We have shared relevant information about the supply situation and availability of HRT products with the National Health Service and are having discussions with organisations such as the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare and the British Menopausal Society.

We continue to work with all stakeholders to ensure relevant information about the HRT products affected by supply issues and the products that remain available is shared with the National Health Service on a regular basis.

We anticipate the supply situation will improve later this month, February 2020.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
19th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions he has had with his international counterparts on the notification of the two year trigger on deep sea mining at the International Seabed Authority.

The UK recognises the growing pressure to extract deep sea resources, and is deeply concerned about the potential impacts of mining activities on the fragile marine environment. We therefore continue to press for the very highest environmental standards to be agreed and activated by the International Seabed Authority. Until there is sufficient scientific evidence about the potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems and strong and enforceable environmental regulations in place, the UK has committed not to sponsor or support the issuing of any exploitation licences for deep sea mining projects.

30th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he has had recent discussions with the Brazilian Government on recent protests in Brasilia by representatives of indigenous peoples in the Amazon region of that country.

The UK is committed to promoting and defending the human rights of all individuals, and we regularly discuss issues affecting indigenous people with Brazilian authorities. The UK continues to support work with indigenous communities across Brazil, including in the Amazon region. UK programmes on building back better after the COVID-19 pandemic include a focus on vulnerable groups, including in the Amazon region, and work on issues such as solar energy, primary healthcare, and skills development. The UK has also supported local and indigenous people in the Amazon through our International Climate Finance Programmes, with nearly £120 million invested since 2012.

The Foreign Secretary, and the Secretary of State for International Trade have regular discussions with their Brazilian counterparts on a range of issues. They have raised the crucial importance of combatting illegal deforestation at the UK-Brazil Strategic Dialogue in October 2020, and at the Joint Economic and Trade Committee in November 2020. More recently, the Foreign Secretary discussed climate and environment matters with the Brazilian Foreign Minister in June 2021. The UK stands ready to support Brazil's efforts to counter increasing deforestation rates, and we welcome the recent reduction of approximately 25% in areas under deforestation alerts.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he has had recent discussions with representatives of indigenous peoples in Brazil on deforestation in their territory and the Amazon region.

The UK is committed to promoting and defending the human rights of all individuals, and we regularly discuss issues affecting indigenous people with Brazilian authorities. The UK continues to support work with indigenous communities across Brazil, including in the Amazon region. UK programmes on building back better after the COVID-19 pandemic include a focus on vulnerable groups, including in the Amazon region, and work on issues such as solar energy, primary healthcare, and skills development. The UK has also supported local and indigenous people in the Amazon through our International Climate Finance Programmes, with nearly £120 million invested since 2012.

The Foreign Secretary, and the Secretary of State for International Trade have regular discussions with their Brazilian counterparts on a range of issues. They have raised the crucial importance of combatting illegal deforestation at the UK-Brazil Strategic Dialogue in October 2020, and at the Joint Economic and Trade Committee in November 2020. More recently, the Foreign Secretary discussed climate and environment matters with the Brazilian Foreign Minister in June 2021. The UK stands ready to support Brazil's efforts to counter increasing deforestation rates, and we welcome the recent reduction of approximately 25% in areas under deforestation alerts.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he has had recent discussions with the Brazilian Government on legislation that concerns the rights of indigenous communities in the Amazon region of that country.

The UK is committed to promoting and defending the human rights of all individuals, and we regularly discuss issues affecting indigenous people with Brazilian authorities. The UK continues to support work with indigenous communities across Brazil, including in the Amazon region. UK programmes on building back better after the COVID-19 pandemic include a focus on vulnerable groups, including in the Amazon region, and work on issues such as solar energy, primary healthcare, and skills development. The UK has also supported local and indigenous people in the Amazon through our International Climate Finance Programmes, with nearly £120 million invested since 2012.

The Foreign Secretary, and the Secretary of State for International Trade have regular discussions with their Brazilian counterparts on a range of issues. They have raised the crucial importance of combatting illegal deforestation at the UK-Brazil Strategic Dialogue in October 2020, and at the Joint Economic and Trade Committee in November 2020. More recently, the Foreign Secretary discussed climate and environment matters with the Brazilian Foreign Minister in June 2021. The UK stands ready to support Brazil's efforts to counter increasing deforestation rates, and we welcome the recent reduction of approximately 25% in areas under deforestation alerts.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Jun 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the UK will continue to be the largest bilateral donor to the Global Partnership for Education of the G7 countries.

The Prime Minister and President Kenyatta of Kenya will co-host the Global Education Summit: Financing the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) in London in July 2021. As co-hosts, it is our policy to use all the means at our disposal to host a successful Summit. A well-funded GPE will be central to delivering the two ambitious global objectives endorsed by G7 Foreign and Development Ministers in London on 5 May of getting 40 million more girls in school, and 20 million more girls reading by age 10 in the next 5 years.

As the Foreign Secretary has previously confirmed, we plan to increase our next contribution to GPE, details of which will be announced in due course. The majority of donor pledges will be known immediately after the Summit in July, with others coming in during the replenishment period.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support the UK is providing to St Vincent since the recent volcanic eruption on that island.

We are monitoring the situation in St Vincent and the Grenadines closely and our thoughts are with those affected by the eruptions. An estimated 16-20,000 people are directly affected, with just over 4,000 currently in shelters. Infrastructure and agriculture have also been badly hit and ash fall is significant and causing problems with the movement of people, as well as impacting electricity and water supplies.

To address immediate needs, on 12 April we pledged an initial £200,000 to the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) to help address the humanitarian impact of the eruptions. This will be used for emergency supplies and other requirements. Urgently needed technical experts will support relief efforts on the ground, support emergency telecommunications, and restore critical lifeline facilities. We have provided technical advice from the UK Government Office of Science (GO Science) and the British Geological Survey on how to deal with the significant ash fall (including on its impact on livestock). Finally the UK is also a contributor to the International Federation of the Red Cross Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) which has allocated funding of some £209,000 to the St Vincent and the Grenadines Red Cross response.

We will continue to work with CDEMA and other appropriate agencies to provide further support.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Cabinet Office) (Minister without Portfolio)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what role the Minister for the Overseas Territories and Sustainable Development has in respect of the implementation into UK domestic policy of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The UK played an instrumental role in establishing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and is committed to implementing them at home and around the world. The FCDO has oversight of the SDGs with the Cabinet Office providing cross-government support on their domestic implementation. Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, Minister of State for South Asia and the Commonwealth, is the FCDO Minister responsible for the SDGs. All government departments have responsibility for aspects of the SDGs that relate to their policy remits. Everyone in the UK has a role to play in achieving the SDGs including communities, local government, the private sector, and civil society.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Cabinet Office) (Minister without Portfolio)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions the Minister for the Overseas Territories and Sustainable Development has had with local government leaders on the implementation into UK policy of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The UK played an instrumental role in establishing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and is committed to advancing them both internationally and at home. The FCDO has oversight of the SDGs with the Cabinet Office providing cross-government support on their domestic implementation. All government departments have responsibility for aspects of the SDGs that relate to their policy remits.

Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, Minister of State for South Asia and the Commonwealth, is the FCDO Minister responsible for the SDGs. He has not had the opportunity to meet with local government leaders since taking on this responsibility in November 2020 but hopes to do so in the near future. Everyone has a role to play in achieving the SDGs including communities, local government, the private sector, and civil society. We therefore welcome local government engagement with the SDGs.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Cabinet Office) (Minister without Portfolio)
30th Nov 2020
To ask the hon. Member for Perth and North Perthshire, representing the House of Commons Commission, pursuant to the Answer of 24 November 2020 to Question 117952 on Parliamentary Estate: Carbon Emissions, what information the Commission holds on the estimated average amount and proportion of emissions from the Estate that are from (a) food and (b) food waste.

(a) The House does not currently hold information on carbon emissions associated with its food and beverage procurement. We are developing a method to measure and manage carbon emissions from all our Scope 3 supply chain activities, including those from our food suppliers.

(b) The amount of food waste collected from the Parliamentary Estate is not broken down between the two Houses, so it is not possible to provide a carbon emission figure for food waste from Commons outlets only. However, in the 12 months to the end of October 2020, the House authorities have calculated a total of the equivalent of 1.8 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions from the process for anaerobic digestion of the food waste from the Estate. This figure has been calculated using UK Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. This compares with 11,985 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent as part of Scope 1 and 2 emissions from the Estate in the same 12-month period.

Pete Wishart
Shadow SNP Leader of the House of Commons
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, which (a) media and (b) human rights organisations in Belarus have received funding from the £1.5 million of UK aid allocated to such organisations in September 2020.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office supports the strengthening of civil society and independent media outlets in Belarus. Of the extra £1.5m in additional funds to be spent over two years, we have so far contracted £1m of extra media support this financial year, which is being implemented to ensure that independent media outlets and civil society organisations in Belarus can continue to operate. UK funding will help train journalists, provide support to those who have been detained by the authorities and also help replace equipment that has been destroyed or confiscated. The operating environment for civil society and independent media in Belarus remains difficult and we are unable to disclose details of the specific organisations in receipt of UK aid, as this information could then be used to actively attempt to disrupt support and endanger the safety of their staff.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what steps he is taking to protect and enhance biodiversity in the United Kingdom’s Overseas Territories.

Environmental policy is a devolved responsibility, however there are a number of funding streams available to the British Overseas Territories to support the protection and management of their natural resources. The Government has awarded £5.2 million which will be given to 21 projects through the Darwin Plus Scheme for conservation of the unique and globally significant plants and animals that reside in UK Overseas Territories.

Darwin Plus (also known as The Overseas Territories Environment and Climate Fund) is an environmental funding stream with an annual budget of £10 million from 2021. Funding from the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund has also provided funding from 2016-2021 for a number of environmental projects including the Blue Belt of marine protection around the OTs, assessing Natural Capital, implementing actions plans to protect fragile coral reefs and non-native species/biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and spread of harmful species to new environments.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if the Government will allow non-British nationals on repatriation flights to allow for key workers with visas to return to the UK.

Repatriation flights are for UK travellers who normally reside in the UK and their direct dependants. Stranded British travellers and their families are our priority but where seats have been available, we have been able to help other nationals resident in the UK to return to their homes, including key workers.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Cabinet Office) (Minister without Portfolio)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, when he plans to provide emergency flights to repatriate British nationals that are stranded in Egypt as a result of covid-19.

As Parliament rose earlier than planned and the first day for answer of this PQ was after the Easter recess, due to the pace of developments during the COVID-19 crisis, I submitted a response by email on 27 March, with the following response. The Table Office have agreed this approach.

On 19 March, Egyptian authorities announced the suspension of international flights. The global response to the coronavirus is evolving fast, and travel restrictions may change. Our teams around the world are working urgently to ensure that governments have sensible plans to enable the return of British and other travellers, and, crucially, to keep borders open for a sufficient period of time to enable returns to take place on commercial flights, wherever possible.

The British Embassy Cairo is issuing updates on Facebook and on Twitter. Please follow social media for the latest available information on possible flight departures for British nationals needing to leave Egypt.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, how much funding has been (a) allocated to and (b) spent on promotional materials for the re-election of Michael Lodge, Secretary General of the International Seabed Authority.

No funding has been specifically allocated to the re-election of Michael Lodge, Secretary General of the International Seabed Authority.

Heather Wheeler
Assistant Whip
23rd Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, on how many occasions Ministers in his Department have met with Michael Lodge, Secretary General of the International Seabed Authority in the last four years.

​The Minister for the Commonwealth, UN and South Asia [Lord Ahmad] met Michael Lodge at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office for an introductory call about the work of the International Seabed Authority in 2018. He also met him briefly in the margins of a workshop co-sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Royal Society in the same year.

Heather Wheeler
Assistant Whip
6th Sep 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if he will make an assessment of the potential merits of (a) waiving and (b) reducing the VAT rate levied on delivered goods that are transported by electric-cargo bike.

The VAT rate levied on goods is the same irrespective of how they are supplied to the final consumer. Introducing variable rates dependent on transport mode would cause unnecessary complexity for businesses and consumers, and the Government has no current plans to review this.

7th Jul 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what proportion of the vehicles used by his Department for Government business are electric vehicles.

The vehicles used by ministers of HM Treasury are supplied under contract by the Government Car Service and this is therefore a matter for the Department of Transport.

Kemi Badenoch
Minister for Equalities
15th Jun 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when his Department plans to publish a response to the consultation on aviation tax reform.

The consultation on aviation tax reform closed on 15 June. We are currently reviewing responses to the consultation and will update on timing in due course.

Kemi Badenoch
Minister for Equalities
17th May 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of including the cost of a bike as an allowable expense on self-employed workers’ self-assessment, to ensure all workers can participate in the Cycle to Work scheme, regardless of their employment status.

On 29 April 2021 officials from the Department for Transport met with the Cycle to Work Alliance along with officials from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and Her Majesty’s Treasury to discuss the Alliance’s Report, which included a proposal to extend the Cycle to Work scheme to the self-employed. The report’s recommendations will be considered carefully to establish whether and how the Cycle to Work scheme could be improved.

18th Mar 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how much debt is owed to the UK Government by (a) each of the five UK Overseas Territories in the Caribbean (b) other small island states; and how much of that debt will be due for repayment in each of the next three years.

The UK is committed to supporting the Overseas Territories in building successful and resilient economies. We provide technical support and encourage best practice in financial management.

There is currently no outstanding debt owed to the UK by the five UK Overseas Territories in the Caribbean.

Below is a breakdown of total debt owed to the UK by other small island states (as defined by the UN), including a breakdown of repayments due over the next three financial years.

Outstanding debt owed to the UK by small island states:

Country

Agreement

Currency

Arrears

Total due for the financial year: 1/4/21 - 31/3/22

Total due for the financial year: 1/4/22 - 31/3/23

Total due for the financial year: 1/4/23 - 31/3/24

Total due over three years, excluding arrears

UKEF and FCDO total exposure, including arrears (£)[1]

Antigua & Barbuda

UK/Antigua & Barbuda Debt Agreement No. 1

GBP

803,093

196,209

200,242

202,933

599,386

1,390,000

Cuba

UK/Cuba Short Term Debt Rescheduling Agreement

GBP

3,110,935

630,135

0.00

0.00

630,135

190.970,000

Cuba

UK/Cuba Debt Agreement No. 5

GBP

2,226,624

2,923,954

3,128,127

3,335,317

9,387,399

Grenada

UK/Grenada Debt Agreement No. 2

GBP

0.00

5,395

86,130

86,050

177,576

1,030,000

Seychelles

UK/Seychelles No. 1

USD

0.00

8,909

149,518

169,310

327,738

4,850,000

Seychelles

UK/Seychelles No.2

GBP

0.00

252,969

552,719

617,933

1,423,621

St Vincent[2]

-

USD

0.00

1,757,452

3,512,904

0

5,269,356

6,940,000

Dominica

-

USD

0.00

1,710,364

1,669,676

1,629,418

5,009,459

5,460,000

Bahrain[3]

-

GBP

0.00

1,993,505

1,993,505

1,993,505

5,980,517

33,730,000

[1] Total UK exposure as of 31st August 2020. The link for this information can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/report-on-outstanding-debt-owed-by-other-countries-to-her-majestys-government/ukef-and-dfid-sovereign-exposure-by-recipient-country-outstanding-and-arrears

[2] St Vincent does not have monies owed in the financial year commencing 1st April 2023 as their last repayment is due on 31st December 2022.

[3] The repayment totals for Bahrain are provisional as their facility is yet to be fully drawn down.

John Glen
Economic Secretary (HM Treasury)
26th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the economic effect of the covid-19 outbreak on drivers who have leased a zero-emissions-capable taxi; and what steps he plans to take to support those people.

This is a challenging time for many sectors and individuals, including taxi drivers. In response to the second national lockdown, the Chancellor announced that the next Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) grant, which covers the period from November to January, will increase to 80% of average profits, up to £7,500.

The SEISS continues to be just one element of a substantial package of support for the self-employed, and those ineligible for the SEISS Grant Extension may still be eligible for other elements of the support available. The Universal Credit standard allowance has been temporarily increased for 2020-21 and the Minimum Income Floor relaxed for the duration of the crisis, so that where self-employed claimants' earnings have fallen significantly, their Universal Credit award will have increased to reflect their lower earnings. They may also have access to other elements of the package, including Bounce Back loans, tax deferrals, rental support, mortgage holidays, self-isolation support payments and other business support grants.

More widely, the Government uses the tax system to encourage the uptake of vehicles with low carbon dioxide emissions to help meet the UK’s legally binding climate change targets. Since April 2019, purpose built zero-emission capable taxis have been exempted from the Vehicle Excise Duty expensive car supplement. At Budget 2020, the Government also announced that First Year Allowances on purchases of zero-emission business cars, including zero-emission taxis, will remain available until at least March 2025. Businesses hiring zero-emission cars also retain the ability to set 100% of rental costs against taxable profits.

14th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to his announcement of 9 October 2020 on the expansion of the Jobs Support Scheme, whether that expansion applies to businesses that supply businesses legally required to close their premises as a result of covid-19 restrictions.

The scheme will cover businesses across the UK with premises that are legally required to close as a direct result of government coronavirus restrictions set by one or more of the four governments in the UK, including businesses which have premises restricted to providing delivery and collection services.

If and when new local or national sector closures are announced, new businesses will become eligible for support under the scheme if they are affected.

Businesses that are open can use the other element of the Job Support Scheme aimed at those able to open but facing lower levels of demand, available from 1 November. The Government will pay a third of hours not worked up to a cap, so that employees earn a minimum of 77 per cent of their normal wages.

In addition to the JSS, the Government has made available a comprehensive package of support for businesses to support their cashflow during the pandemic, including loan schemes and tax deferrals. As of 20 September, the Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS), Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CLBILS) and Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CBILS) had together provided £57.31bn of finance to businesses in need.

21st Apr 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if the Government will pay tax credits claimants transitioning to universal credit until the their first universal credit payment is received.

Unlike Tax Credits, Universal Credit is assessed and paid monthly and is based on claimants’ actual earnings in the month, rather than their annual income.

It is not possible to award a Universal Credit payment as soon as a claim is made, as the assessment period must run its course before the award of Universal Credit can be calculated. As a claimant’s first Universal Credit payment is paid from the date the claim was made, continuing to pay Tax Credits to former claimants in the interim period would result in dual provision.

However, no one has to wait for financial support. Advance payments are available from day one to ensure that families have money to support them through this period.

In addition, to support people during the Covid-19 outbreak we have made advances available online and over the phone, ensuring that claimants do not need to attend a jobcentre.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
18th Oct 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions she has had with the Animals in Science Regulation Unit and other stakeholders on granting licences for the use of the forced swim test for screening of antidepressant drugs or as a model of human depression in response to the recommendations of the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency and the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research, published 29 July 2021.

The Animals in Science Regulation Unit were involved in contributing to and reviewing the paper cited and it thus aligns to the regulatory approach taken by the Unit.

The Home Office through the Animals in Science Regulation Unit assures that, in every research proposal animals are replaced with non-animal alternatives wherever possible; the number of animals are reduced to the minimum necessary to achieve the result sought; and that, for those animals which must be used, procedures are refined as much as possible to minimise their suffering.

Damian Hinds
Minister of State (Home Office) (Security)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what discussions she has had with Cabinet colleagues on the potential merits of (a) adding heavy goods vehicle drivers to the shortage occupation list and (b) issuing increased numbers of temporary visas to heavy goods vehicle drivers.

Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers do not qualify for Skilled Worker visas therefore cannot be added to the Shortage Occupation List.

There is no plan to introduce a new temporary visa for this sector to address recruitment problems. Some Trade Unions have recently agreed the issues affecting the haulage sector would not be solved by offering temporary visas and should focus on making pay and conditions more attractive for the domestic labour market.

While the Home Office regularly engages with other Government Departments and stakeholders on departmental business, the Department for Transport is leading the Government’s work on what can be done to support the sector.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
12th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what (a) discussions she has had with Cabinet colleagues and (b) representations she has received from businesses and trade organisations on the potential (i) merits of adding heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers to the shortage occupation list and (ii) effect on HGV driver shortages of so adding HGV drivers to the shortage occupation list.

Heavy Goods Vehicle drivers do not qualify for Skilled Worker visas therefore cannot be added to the Shortage Occupation List.

There is no plan to introduce a new temporary visa for this sector to address recruitment problems. Some Trade Unions have recently agreed the issues affecting the haulage sector would not be solved by offering temporary visas and should focus on making pay and conditions more attractive for the domestic labour market.

While the Home Office regularly engages with other Government Departments and stakeholders on departmental business, the Department for Transport is leading the Government’s work on what can be done to support the sector.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
28th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what plans her Department has for the continuation of refugee resettlement after the conclusion of the Vulnerable Person’s Resettlement Scheme.

The UK will continue to welcome refugees through resettlement following the completion of the VPRS. This commitment, alongside a future firm and fair asylum system, will ensure we continue to offer safe and legal routes to the UK for vulnerable refugees in need of protection. Our focus will remain on helping people directly from regions of conflict and instability.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
25th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many (a) animals and (b) species of animals were used for the production of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies in research and testing under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 in (i) 2018 and (ii) 2019.

With reference to the reports entitled Annual Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals Great Britain 2018 and 2019, published in October 2019 and July 2020 respectively, data on the use of animals in the production of antibodies, whether monoclonal or polyclonal, is collected from establishments. However, the use of animals for antibody production falls within a range of purposes in the published data. Therefore, it is not possible to extract from the data (a) the number or (b) species of animals used for the production of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies in research and testing in 2018 or 2019.

All applications that include animals used for the production of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies are subject to a harm-benefit analysis, undertaken by the Home Office Inspectorate, to ensure any harm which may be caused to the animals is justified by the expected benefits for humans, animals or the environment. The rigorous regulatory system in GB requires that no production of antibodies takes place if there is a validated non-animal alternative that would achieve the scientific outcomes sought. Project licence proposals for research on animals for which there is no non-animal alternative for the production of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies must comply fully with the principles of the 3Rs: replacement, reduction and refinement.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether the Government plans to introduce information on cyclists in speed awareness courses.

National Speed Awareness courses are offered under the police controlled and operated National Driver Offender Retraining Scheme (NDORS). The content and running of these courses are, therefore, a matter for chief officers of police and the course providers.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
24th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to the Answer of 11 May 2020 to Question 41398 on Animal Experiments: Inspections, whether (a) planned and (b) unannounced on-site inspection visits by the ASRU Inspectorate have resumed following the updated guidance on social distancing.

No, the on-site activities of the inspection programme have not fully resumed.

Inspection activities to assess compliance with the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act are being continued remotely, for example by telephone and email. Requirements for planned on-site inspection visits to assess compliance are considered on a case-by-case basis and will be planned in accordance with the updated guidance.

On-site inspection visits will be resumed in due course in accordance with the updated guidance.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many licences have been (a) granted and (b) amended to allow for research and tests on animals into the SARS-CoV-2 virus and covid-19.

There have been 11 project licences granted and 29 project licences amended under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 to authorise work relating to the SARS-CoV-2 virus and COVID-19 research.

29th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what steps she is taking to ensure that (a) investigations and inspections conducted by the Animals in Science Regulation Unit (ASRU) Inspectorate continue uninterrupted during the covid-19 crisis, (b) any staff shortages pertaining to requirements set out in the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 are reported so that the ASRU Inspectorate is able to assess the risk of non-compliance and (c) cases of non-compliance due to staff shortages are described and publicly reported.

Establishments are responsible for the welfare of animals in their care. The Home Office has published guidance on Business Continuity Planning for Establishments, which is available at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/guidance-on-the-operation-of-the-animals-scientific-procedures-act-1986#business-continuity-planning-guidance.

The Animals in Science Regulation has currently suspended on-site inspection visits. Inspection activities to assess compliance are being continued remotely, for example by telephone and email. There may be occasions where on-site inspection visits need to be considered. Any such inspections will be planned on a case by case basis in accordance with the Government measures. Inspectors have specifically inspected establishments for preparedness for the care and protection of animals during the Coronavirus outbreak.

Cases of non-compliance continue to be investigated. Identified cases will be reported in the relevant Annual Report. Previous Annual Reports can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/animals-in-science-regulation-unit-annual-reports

Victoria Atkins
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice)
27th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will bring forward plans for permanent funding of the National Wildlife Crime Unit from a single budget in time for the next Comprehensive Spending Review.

In line with other government funded bodies, decisions about Home Office funding for the National Wildlife Crime Unit beyond March 2021 will be taken as part of the next Spending Review.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
4th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what steps the Animals in Science Regulation Unit is taking to encourage the replacement of the use of animals in scientific procedures.

The steps that the Animals in Science Regulation Unit (ASRU) takes to encourage the replacement of the use of animals in scientific procedures are part of a wider strategy on the rigorous application of the 3Rs principles – replacement, reduction and refinement.

Procedures on animals are only authorised after an assessment process, which is undertaken by the Home Office Inspectorate. All project licence applicants are required to describe and justify why available non-animal alternative methodologies could not be used to achieve their scientific objectives.

In 2018 ASRU signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the National Centre for the 3Rs (NC3Rs) to support the uptake of 3Rs approaches. The NC3Rs leads the discovery and application of new technologies and approaches to replace, reduce and refine the use of animals in scientific procedures. ASRU supports the NC3Rs drive to accelerate the development and use of models and tools, based on the latest science and technologies, to address important scientific questions without the use of animals.

Victoria Atkins
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice)
3rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what estimate she has made of the number of children in families that are unable to satisfy the requirements for a spousal visa.

The Home Office does not collate or publish the information requested. However, the Home Office does publish data on the outcomes of entry clearance visa applications at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/managed-migration-datasets.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Apr 2021
What steps he is taking to implement the policies set out in his Department's recent response to its consultation on supporting housing delivery and public service infrastructure.

To support our town centres, we laid legislation on 31 March for a new permitted development right to allow conversions from the Commercial, Business and Service uses to residential.

The same legislation gives additional flexibility for development at ports and allows for extensions of hospitals, schools, colleges and prisons.

Separately, we are aiming to implement a faster planning application process from 1 August for new schools, prisons and hospitals.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what the national plan for delivering food assistance is; what steps he will take to support local community food initiatives; and what role local authorities will have in ensuring the supply of food assistance.

My Department continues to work with local authorities to develop appropriate measures that ensure those most vulnerable have access to food and drink throughout the COVID-19 outbreak.

This Government is implementing a system to support those whose underlying health conditions mean they are at higher clinical risk for COVID-19, and are therefore being asked to self-isolate


The system will enable the delivery of groceries and medicine to this group, if they do not have alternative means of accessing these in place. Deliveries of food and essential household items will be delivered to the doorstep.

Local authorities will be a key delivery agency, working closely with at-risk individuals, central Government, food industry partners and the voluntary and community sector to ensure the system operates effectively.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities)
12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, how many people received a Disabled Facilities Grant in each of the last five years for which figures are available.

The Government does not currently produce data on the Disabled Facilities Grant. However, the Department provides local authority returns to Foundations, the Government-funded national body for home improvement agencies. Foundations analyse the data to understand Disabled Facilities Grant delivery nationally. From records provided by Foundations, the data shows the following estimates for adaptations that were delivered from 2014 to 2019:

Estimates for number of Disabled Facilities Grants delivered (2014 to 2019)

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Total

40,645

40,800

46,000

47,850

53,500

228,795

Source: Foundations, the national body for home improvement agencies

12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing Communities and Local Government, how many people with a diagnosis of autism received a Disabled Facilities Grant in each of the last five years for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement.

The number of people with a diagnosis of autism who received a Disabled Facilities Grant (DFG) for each of the last 5 years is not held centrally. However, anyone can apply for a DFG, including people diagnosed with autism. The Government is committed to helping people to live independently and safely in their own homes, which is why we have invested over £2.7 billion into the grant since 2012, delivering around 280,000 home adaptations by the end of 2018-19.

12th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, when he plans to publish a Statement of Expectations for supported housing providers; and if he will make a statement.

My Department is completing a National Statement of Expectations (NSE) for supported housing, which we have developed in close collaboration with local authorities and provider membership bodies. The guidance sets out Government's vision for the planning, commissioning and delivery of supported housing, and outlines our expectations for standards in accommodation. We are currently finalising the NSE and intend to publish it shortly.

16th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many women were known to be pregnant while on remand or serving a sentence in HMP Eastwood Park in each quarter from 31 March 2015 to 30 September 2020 (a) in total and (b) by ethnicity.

Prior to July 2020 pregnancy data was collected locally by individual prisons, we are in the process of retrieving data from the establishment and quality assuring the information requested. As soon as verified data is available, I will write to the Honourable Member.

As of last summer, internal national data collection processes have been in place to enable us to plan for future publication. In July 2020 we published a summary report of our review of operational policy on pregnancy and women separated from children under 2. This included an undertaking to extend the range of data we publish in relation to pregnant women in prison, and can be found at the following link: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/905559/summary-report-of-review-of-policy-on-mbu.pdf

Alex Chalk
Solicitor General (Attorney General's Office)
8th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the update posted on www.gov.uk on 23 February 2021, what steps he is taking to allow prison visits to resume.

Social visits to prisons are currently suspended given the risks from Covid-19 and the need to minimise non-essential travel at this time. We continue to support social visits in compassionate circumstances, including visits to children in custody.

In line with the community position, over the coming weeks and months we will support establishments to ease some of the restrictions currently in place, guided by public health advice and as it becomes safe to do so. To support the delivery of greater regime activity, significant additional measures have been put in place to reduce the risk of Covid-19 as much as possible. The mitigations we have introduced mean that we are now much better prepared for managing Covid-19 in prisons.

Alex Chalk
Solicitor General (Attorney General's Office)
22nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, pursuant to the Answer of 22 February 2021 to Questions 151640, 151641, 151642, 151643 and 152427 on Residential Women's Centres (RWC), whether it is his policy that RWCs will be for women sentenced to a community sentence with time in a RWC as an additional requirement or for women being resettled after a prison sentence.

The residential women’s centre (RWC) will be for women sentenced to a community order or suspended sentence order with a residence requirement to reside at the RWC.

The RWC will provide holistic support for women to address the underlying causes of their offending and will enable us to develop an evidence base about what could be effective, sustainable and scalable models.

Lucy Frazer
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what the evidential basis is for residential women’s centres leading to a reduction in the level of crime.

The Female Offender Strategy (2018) set out the ambition to see fewer women in custody, especially on short sentences. We know that many women at risk of short custodial sentences have particularly complex needs and prolific offending histories compared to women supervised in the community. Our Strategy therefore committed to developing a residential women’s centre (RWC) pilot in at least five sites across England and Wales, as a robust alternative to custody, providing safe accommodation and intensive rehabilitative support as part of a community sentence.

Learning from existing providers of intensive residential support options, both at the point of sentencing and on release, indicates that this form of provision is effective in reducing reoffending. The RWC pilot will enable us to test models of safe accommodation and holistic support for women to address the underlying causes of their offending, and will enable us to develop an evidence base about what could be effective, sustainable and scalable models.

On 5 May 2020 we announced that the first RWC will be located in Wales. Subsequently we have advised the Welsh Government, local MPs, PCCs and other partners that we have shortlisted sites in South Wales, and we anticipate one of those sites could be a potential location for the first pilot RWC. As yet we have not identified sites for the four RWCs in England.

We anticipate that each RWC will have 12 beds. RWCs will also provide support, very similar to that offered by a women’s centre, with interventions to support women address the underlying causes of their offending behaviour. We anticipate it will offer interventions to meet the needs of residents, ex-residents and women in the local community who have been referred to the RWC by their offender manager.

We expect the RWCs will work with key partners and providers of women-specific services in their local area and draw on the expertise of those who currently work with women with complex needs and women with lived experience. The RWC will be led by the NPS but will employ women with experience of working with complex needs women to lead the interventions hub and to engage with local providers and partners.

Lucy Frazer
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many beds each planned residential women’s centre will provide.

The Female Offender Strategy (2018) set out the ambition to see fewer women in custody, especially on short sentences. We know that many women at risk of short custodial sentences have particularly complex needs and prolific offending histories compared to women supervised in the community. Our Strategy therefore committed to developing a residential women’s centre (RWC) pilot in at least five sites across England and Wales, as a robust alternative to custody, providing safe accommodation and intensive rehabilitative support as part of a community sentence.

Learning from existing providers of intensive residential support options, both at the point of sentencing and on release, indicates that this form of provision is effective in reducing reoffending. The RWC pilot will enable us to test models of safe accommodation and holistic support for women to address the underlying causes of their offending, and will enable us to develop an evidence base about what could be effective, sustainable and scalable models.

On 5 May 2020 we announced that the first RWC will be located in Wales. Subsequently we have advised the Welsh Government, local MPs, PCCs and other partners that we have shortlisted sites in South Wales, and we anticipate one of those sites could be a potential location for the first pilot RWC. As yet we have not identified sites for the four RWCs in England.

We anticipate that each RWC will have 12 beds. RWCs will also provide support, very similar to that offered by a women’s centre, with interventions to support women address the underlying causes of their offending behaviour. We anticipate it will offer interventions to meet the needs of residents, ex-residents and women in the local community who have been referred to the RWC by their offender manager.

We expect the RWCs will work with key partners and providers of women-specific services in their local area and draw on the expertise of those who currently work with women with complex needs and women with lived experience. The RWC will be led by the NPS but will employ women with experience of working with complex needs women to lead the interventions hub and to engage with local providers and partners.

Lucy Frazer
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, whether residential women’s centres will be (a) run and (b) managed by voluntary organisations with expertise in providing services to women.

The Female Offender Strategy (2018) set out the ambition to see fewer women in custody, especially on short sentences. We know that many women at risk of short custodial sentences have particularly complex needs and prolific offending histories compared to women supervised in the community. Our Strategy therefore committed to developing a residential women’s centre (RWC) pilot in at least five sites across England and Wales, as a robust alternative to custody, providing safe accommodation and intensive rehabilitative support as part of a community sentence.

Learning from existing providers of intensive residential support options, both at the point of sentencing and on release, indicates that this form of provision is effective in reducing reoffending. The RWC pilot will enable us to test models of safe accommodation and holistic support for women to address the underlying causes of their offending, and will enable us to develop an evidence base about what could be effective, sustainable and scalable models.

On 5 May 2020 we announced that the first RWC will be located in Wales. Subsequently we have advised the Welsh Government, local MPs, PCCs and other partners that we have shortlisted sites in South Wales, and we anticipate one of those sites could be a potential location for the first pilot RWC. As yet we have not identified sites for the four RWCs in England.

We anticipate that each RWC will have 12 beds. RWCs will also provide support, very similar to that offered by a women’s centre, with interventions to support women address the underlying causes of their offending behaviour. We anticipate it will offer interventions to meet the needs of residents, ex-residents and women in the local community who have been referred to the RWC by their offender manager.

We expect the RWCs will work with key partners and providers of women-specific services in their local area and draw on the expertise of those who currently work with women with complex needs and women with lived experience. The RWC will be led by the NPS but will employ women with experience of working with complex needs women to lead the interventions hub and to engage with local providers and partners.

Lucy Frazer
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many residential women’s centres his Department plans to develop; and where those centres will be sited.

The Female Offender Strategy (2018) set out the ambition to see fewer women in custody, especially on short sentences. We know that many women at risk of short custodial sentences have particularly complex needs and prolific offending histories compared to women supervised in the community. Our Strategy therefore committed to developing a residential women’s centre (RWC) pilot in at least five sites across England and Wales, as a robust alternative to custody, providing safe accommodation and intensive rehabilitative support as part of a community sentence.

Learning from existing providers of intensive residential support options, both at the point of sentencing and on release, indicates that this form of provision is effective in reducing reoffending. The RWC pilot will enable us to test models of safe accommodation and holistic support for women to address the underlying causes of their offending, and will enable us to develop an evidence base about what could be effective, sustainable and scalable models.

On 5 May 2020 we announced that the first RWC will be located in Wales. Subsequently we have advised the Welsh Government, local MPs, PCCs and other partners that we have shortlisted sites in South Wales, and we anticipate one of those sites could be a potential location for the first pilot RWC. As yet we have not identified sites for the four RWCs in England.

We anticipate that each RWC will have 12 beds. RWCs will also provide support, very similar to that offered by a women’s centre, with interventions to support women address the underlying causes of their offending behaviour. We anticipate it will offer interventions to meet the needs of residents, ex-residents and women in the local community who have been referred to the RWC by their offender manager.

We expect the RWCs will work with key partners and providers of women-specific services in their local area and draw on the expertise of those who currently work with women with complex needs and women with lived experience. The RWC will be led by the NPS but will employ women with experience of working with complex needs women to lead the interventions hub and to engage with local providers and partners.

Lucy Frazer
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
9th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to any published criteria or guidance including, but not limited to, the Administrative Court Judicial Review Guide 2020 and Practice Direction 54E (Planning Court Claims), what the process is for the allocation of cases identified as Aarhus Convention claims in Form N461 to judges in the Planning and Administrative Courts; and if he will make a statement.

Judges dealing with Planning Court cases are authorised to do so by the President of the Queen’s Bench Division, based on their experience and expertise in dealing with such matters. Cases requiring planning expertise are allocated to an available Planning Court Judge.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
9th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, if he will provide a list of case citations for cases identified as Aarhus Convention claims in Form N461 that were the subject of a hearing in the Planning Court from 1 January 2017 to date.

The information requested could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
9th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, if he will set out the (a) presiding judge(s) and (b) outcome of each hearing in the Planning Court on a case identified as an Aarhus Convention claim in Form N461 from 1 January 2017 to date.

The information requested could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
9th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what proportion of applications for (a) judicial review and (b) judicial review involving environmental claims have succeeded at final hearing in each year since the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 came into force.

The information requested is provided at Annex A covering each year since the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 came into force.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
14th Jul 2020
Whether his Department has conducted an equalities impact assessment of the proposal to replace jury trials with trials by a judge and two magistrates to tackle the backlog in criminal cases as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

Equality considerations are always given very careful thought when developing policies. However, we have no plans to remove the right to jury trial, something that I am deeply committed to.

Recovery continues each week. Thanks to the hard work of professionals across the system more than 150 courts remained fully open to the public throughout the pandemic. There are now over 300 courts and tribunals fully open.

We want to do more. So we’re looking for new court capacity, reviewing opening hours and making the most of the change in social distancing. And it’s right that we should think ambitiously, leaving no stone unturned as we continue to increase the number of trials and deliver swift and effective justice.

Having already responded effectively to Covid-19, HMCTS published a Recovery Plan on 1st July providing further detail of the next steps.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
24th Jun 2020
When he plans to issue guidance to businesses on the steps they will need to take under the Northern Ireland Protocol.

The Government is committed to having regular detailed discussions with business about how the Protocol is implemented and to support preparation for the end of the transition period.

Our Command Paper sets out clearly the approach we will take. We will publish guidance for business this summer, and proactively communicate how processes will change.

Brandon Lewis
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland