Alan Brown Portrait

Alan Brown

Scottish National Party - Kilmarnock and Loudoun

Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Energy and Climate Change)

(since January 2020)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Energy)
1st Jul 2018 - 7th Jan 2020
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Transport)
20th Jun 2017 - 7th Jan 2020
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee
11th Sep 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Infrastructure and Energy)
20th Jun 2017 - 1st Jul 2018
European Scrutiny Committee
28th Nov 2016 - 3rd May 2017


Select Committee Meeting
Thursday 13th May 2021
09:45
Oral Question
Wednesday 19th May 2021
11:30
Wales Office
Oral Question No. 47
What recent discussions he has had with the Welsh Government on the adequacy of the fiscal settlement
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Division Votes
Wednesday 28th April 2021
Immigration
voted Aye - in line with the party majority
One of 44 Scottish National Party Aye votes vs 0 Scottish National Party No votes
Tally: Ayes - 270 Noes - 358
Speeches
Wednesday 28th April 2021
Oral Answers to Questions

The Minister should be embarrassed that renewables generators in Scotland face the highest locational grid charges in the whole of …

Written Answers
Thursday 29th April 2021
Wind Power: Finance
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the …
Early Day Motions
Tuesday 1st September 2020
Shannon’s Box: a Scottish Throughcare and Aftercare Forum
That this House congratulates Shannon Brown, creator of Shannon’s Box, a Scottish Throughcare and Aftercare Forum (Staf) project, delivered in …
Bills
Tuesday 22nd January 2019
Green Deal (Conduct of Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd) Bill 2017-19
The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will …
MP Financial Interests
Saturday 11th January 2020
1. Employment and earnings
Payments from Ipsos MORI, 3 Thomas More Square, London E1W 1YW, for opinion surveys:
EDM signed
Wednesday 21st April 2021
Conflict in Tigray, Ethiopia
That this House condemns the massacre at Axum in Ethiopia, documented by both Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, that …
Supported Legislation
Tuesday 9th January 2018
Construction (Retention Deposit Schemes) Bill 2017-19
The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will …

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Alan Brown has voted in 194 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
View All Alan Brown Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Paul Scully (Conservative)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
(22 debate interactions)
Jacob Rees-Mogg (Conservative)
Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Commons
(20 debate interactions)
Kwasi Kwarteng (Conservative)
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
(17 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Cabinet Office
(44 debate contributions)
HM Treasury
(43 debate contributions)
Department for Transport
(24 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
View all Alan Brown's debates

Kilmarnock and Loudoun Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

Petitions with highest Kilmarnock and Loudoun signature proportion
Petition Open
209
of 5,007 signatures (4.17%)
Petition Open
584
of 180,142 signatures (0.32%)
Petition Open
113
of 37,894 signatures (0.30%)
Petitions with most Kilmarnock and Loudoun signatures
Petition Debates Contributed

The SNP government appears solely intent on getting independence at any cost.


Latest EDMs signed by Alan Brown

21st April 2021
Alan Brown signed this EDM as a sponsor on Wednesday 21st April 2021

The need for investment in good green jobs across the United Kingdom

Tabled by: Caroline Lucas (Green Party - Brighton, Pavilion)
That this house notes the significance of Earth Day; further notes the urgency with which the UK must act to address the climate and nature emergencies; welcomes this government’s focus on the job creation potential of a green recovery in its G7 priorities; sees the opportunity for the recovery to …
32 signatures
(Most recent: 11 May 2021)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 14
Scottish National Party: 7
Plaid Cymru: 3
Liberal Democrat: 2
Social Democratic & Labour Party: 2
Independent: 2
Green Party: 1
Alliance: 1
Democratic Unionist Party: 1
Alba Party: 1
11th February 2021
Alan Brown signed this EDM on Wednesday 21st April 2021

Support to tackle food waste

Tabled by: Neil Parish (Conservative - Tiverton and Honiton)
That this House recognises the valuable work of FareShare, the UK’s biggest charity fighting hunger and food waste, in providing two million meals per week to people in need during the covid-19 pandemic; acknowledges that it is deeply regrettable that two million tonnes of food goes to waste in the …
61 signatures
(Most recent: 11 May 2021)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 23
Scottish National Party: 18
Conservative: 6
Liberal Democrat: 4
Independent: 3
Plaid Cymru: 3
Democratic Unionist Party: 2
Alba Party: 2
Social Democratic & Labour Party: 1
View All Alan Brown's signed Early Day Motions

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Alan Brown, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Alan Brown has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Alan Brown has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

3 Bills introduced by Alan Brown


The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision about multi-employer pension schemes, including provision for the protection of unincorporated businesses, such as plumbing businesses, from certain multi-employer pension scheme liabilities; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 24th January 2018
(Read Debate)

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to require the Secretary of State to review the conduct of Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd in relation to the Green Deal; to require the Secretary of State to report on the merits of a scheme guaranteed by Her Majesty’s Government to compensate persons mis-sold loans under the Green Deal; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Tuesday 22nd January 2019
(Read Debate)

A Bill to make provision to safeguard, and for the release of, cash retentions in the construction industry; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 26th April 2017
(Read Debate)

364 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Explanation of written questions
9 Other Department Questions
26th Feb 2021
To ask the President of COP26, what plans he has to promote at COP26 (a) recycling of organic wastes and (b) other solutions to help tackle methane emissions.

We are tackling methane emissions domestically through supporting the agriculture sector to reduce its emissions further through the Agricultural Transition Plan. Through our COP26 Nature campaign, we are encouraging a global shift towards sustainable agriculture.

In the Resources and Waste Strategy, published in December 2018, we have committed to exploring policies to work towards eliminating all biodegradable waste to landfill by 2030.

Alok Sharma
COP26 President (Cabinet Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask the hon. Member for City of Chester, representing the Speaker's Committee on the Electoral Commission, whether the Committee has made an assessment of the implications for the (a) administration of elections and (b) strength of the Union of a reduction in the number of Scottish parliamentary seats.

The Electoral Commission's role relates only to aspect a) of the question.

On the administration of elections, it will provide the necessary support to the electoral community in responding to any changes made to constituency boundaries by Parliament, to ensure the continued delivery of well-run elections.

Christian Matheson
Shadow Minister (Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
14th Oct 2020
To ask the hon. Member representing the House of Commons Commission, what assessment has been made of the adequacy of the design of the proposed temporary chamber in Richmond House to facilitate social distancing measures in the event of future coronavirus outbreaks.

The design for Richmond House as a temporary Commons Chamber has been paused. The House of Commons Commission has taken the decision to use Richmond House as temporary accommodation for Members and their staff.

Pete Wishart
Shadow SNP Leader of the House of Commons
14th Oct 2020
To ask the hon. Member representing the House of Commons Commission, what assessment has been made of the potential merits of reconstructing the Commons Chamber to facilitate social distancing in the event of future coronavirus outbreaks.

Strategic steers have been provided to the Sponsor Body by the management boards at the beginning of lockdown around longer-term work that may be required. These made reference to future coronavirus outbreaks or similar events, but further work is still required. The strategic review is seeking to validate the underlying assumptions.

Pete Wishart
Shadow SNP Leader of the House of Commons
1st Sep 2020
To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, for what reasons employment and industrial relations are devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly but not to the Scottish Parliament.

The devolved nations, institutions and their respective devolution settlements are all different, reflecting their circumstances and history, and are considered as individual entities.

The Smith Commission did not recommend any change to the reserved status of employment and industrial relations policy in Scotland.

Chloe Smith
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Minister for Women and Equalities, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2020 to Question 58080 on Gay Conversion Therapy, if she will publish the terms of reference for the research that the Government has commissioned.

This government is committed to tackling the abhorrent practice of so-called ‘conversion therapy’ in the UK.

Our action will be determined by research to look at how best to define conversion therapy, where it is happening and who it is happening to.

When that is complete, we will bring forward proposals to ban conversion therapy, making sure that our measures are effective, so that innocent people no longer have to endure these vile practices.

Following a competitive tendering exercise, the Government Equalities Office has commissioned Coventry University to undertake initial research that sets out the scope of practices, where it is happening and how it affects those who have experienced it. The aims and objectives of this research, alongside it’s methodology, are included in the report, which will be published in due course.

Officials are also reviewing the legislative framework to establish the scope of conversion therapy practices that are not already unlawful. Where these dangerous practices are not already unlawful, we are examining the best ways to prevent them being conducted, without sending them underground. We will engage a wide range of stakeholders on these practices and any potential measures.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Minister for Women and Equalities, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2020 to Question 58080 on Gay Conversion Therapy, what timescales the Government has agreed for the completion of the research that it has commissioned.

This government is committed to tackling the abhorrent practice of so-called ‘conversion therapy’ in the UK.

Our action will be determined by research to look at how best to define conversion therapy, where it is happening and who it is happening to.

When that is complete, we will bring forward proposals to ban conversion therapy, making sure that our measures are effective, so that innocent people no longer have to endure these vile practices.

Following a competitive tendering exercise, the Government Equalities Office has commissioned Coventry University to undertake initial research that sets out the scope of practices, where it is happening and how it affects those who have experienced it. The aims and objectives of this research, alongside it’s methodology, are included in the report, which will be published in due course.

Officials are also reviewing the legislative framework to establish the scope of conversion therapy practices that are not already unlawful. Where these dangerous practices are not already unlawful, we are examining the best ways to prevent them being conducted, without sending them underground. We will engage a wide range of stakeholders on these practices and any potential measures.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Minister for Women and Equalities, pursuant to the Answer of 18 June 2020 to Question 58080 on Gay Conversion Therapy, what dangerous conversion therapy practices that are not already unlawful the Government has identified; and if she will make a statement.

This government is committed to tackling the abhorrent practice of so-called ‘conversion therapy’ in the UK.

Our action will be determined by research to look at how best to define conversion therapy, where it is happening and who it is happening to.

When that is complete, we will bring forward proposals to ban conversion therapy, making sure that our measures are effective, so that innocent people no longer have to endure these vile practices.

Following a competitive tendering exercise, the Government Equalities Office has commissioned Coventry University to undertake initial research that sets out the scope of practices, where it is happening and how it affects those who have experienced it. The aims and objectives of this research, alongside it’s methodology, are included in the report, which will be published in due course.

Officials are also reviewing the legislative framework to establish the scope of conversion therapy practices that are not already unlawful. Where these dangerous practices are not already unlawful, we are examining the best ways to prevent them being conducted, without sending them underground. We will engage a wide range of stakeholders on these practices and any potential measures.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, when the Working Group on Social Security Coordination is due to first meet.

The UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement establishes a standard set of committees and working groups to oversee its operation.

The Government is considering carefully the process around the establishment of these committees and working groups.

Penny Mordaunt
Paymaster General
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, what the selection process will be for the appointment of UK Government representatives to the Working Group on Social Security Coordination.

The UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement establishes a standard set of committees and working groups to oversee its operation.

The Government is considering carefully the process around the establishment of these committees and working groups.

Penny Mordaunt
Paymaster General
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, how many (a) EU representatives and (b) UK Government representatives will sit on the Working Group on Social Security Coordination.

The UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement establishes a standard set of committees and working groups to oversee its operation.

The Government is considering carefully the process around the establishment of these committees and working groups.

Penny Mordaunt
Paymaster General
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Cabinet Office has no live PFI contracts.

Julia Lopez
Parliamentary Secretary (Cabinet Office)
15th Jul 2020
To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, when he plans to publish Lord Dunlop's Review of UK Government Union Capability.

Since Lord Dunlop delivered his report, the Government has been carefully considering its recommendations on how departments can work most effectively to realise fully all the benefits of being a United Kingdom.

The Government is grateful for the work that Lord Dunlop has undertaken.

Chloe Smith
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
26th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 23 April 2021 to Question 181061 on Wind Power: Seas and Oceans, how much port infrastructure funding has been allocated to ports in Scotland.

It has not proved possible to respond to the Hon. Member in the time available before Prorogation.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
21st Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of ringfencing a portion of CfD Round 4 funding specifically for onshore wind projects.

As my Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced through his 10 Point Plan, we plan to hold our most ambitious auction to date for renewable electricity later on this year. The Contracts for Difference (CfD) scheme has been hugely successful in delivering renewable electricity for Great Britain and we hope to build on this success in Auction Round 4. We are preparing for this right now and as with previous rounds, we will seek to balance our objectives of achieving secure, decarbonised electricity at low cost. You can expect auction parameters to be announced closer to round opening.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
21st Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how the Government plans to support the uptake of renewable energy projects while also stabilising their costs on the grid; and if he will make a statement.

Renewable deployment has been a huge success in the UK and renewable generation has more than quadrupled since 2010, totalling 37% of electricity generation in 2019 (source: Digest of UK Energy Statistics 2020). Our continued support has seen the cost of renewable technologies fall – the cost of offshore wind, for example, has fallen by more than two thirds since 2015.

The Government has committed up to £557 million for future Contracts for Difference auctions, with the next allocation round due to take place later this year. We continue to evolve the Contracts for Difference scheme and have recently engaged with industry through a call for evidence, looking at how to balance enabling deployment with minimising system costs and, therefore, costs to consumers. This will be used to inform the design of future allocation rounds.

The costs incurred by renewable energy projects when connecting to the grid are a matter for Ofgem, as the independent regulator. As part of its Access and Forward-Looking Charges Review, Ofgem is considering some relevant aspects of grid charges, and it plans to consult on reform proposals in 2021.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what support his Department is providing to the development of port infrastructure for offshore wind energy.

In October 2020, my Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced £160m of support for offshore wind coastal manufacturing infrastructure across the whole of the UK, and committing to deploying 40 gigawatts of offshore wind by 2030.

In February 2021, the Department announced up to £95 million of government investment for two new offshore wind port hubs, to be constructed on Humberside and Teesside. The support for the Teesworks Offshore Manufacturing Centre and the Able Marine Energy Park will help to level up the UK economy, bring in new investment, create high-skilled jobs, and provide new opportunities in ports and the areas around them.

In addition, in the Budget 2021 my Rt. Hon. Friend Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer announced that the Government would provide £27 million, subject to business case, for the Aberdeen Energy Transition Zone, helping to support North East Scotland to play a leading role in meeting the UK’s net zero ambitions.

In addition, GE Renewable Energy announced an investment in a major new offshore wind turbine blade manufacturing plant, the first investment at the Teesworks Offshore Manufacturing Centre. This brand-new manufacturing facility could create 750 direct renewable energy jobs and close to 1,500 indirect jobs in the area.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether he plans to provide a progress update on implementation of the North Sea Transition Deal ahead of the COP26 summit in addition to the scheduled reporting in March 2022 as outlined in that Deal.

We will provide progress updates on the implementation of the North Sea Transition Deal to the North Sea Transition Forum in both April and October 2021, ahead of COP26. The North Sea Transition Forum is hosted and chaired by the Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) and is the tripartite body which provides senior government and industry leadership for the offshore oil and gas industry. It is attended by ministers and officials from both the UK and Scottish governments, trade unions, regulators and senior representatives from the upstream oil and gas industry. The minutes of the Forum are published on the OGA website.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
12th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 10 March 2021 to Question 161808, what discussions his Department has had with the developers of (a) pumped hydro storage and (b) other long duration storage technologies to assess their respective merits; what potential barriers to deployment of those technologies were identified in those discussions; and if he will make a statement.

In discussions with the Department, developers of large scale and longer duration storage technologies have raised the issues of upfront capital investment costs and firm revenue streams as barriers to deployment. The next Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan will be published in Spring this year and will set out our next steps for addressing barriers to large scale, longer duration storage.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
12th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when the Government plans to bring forward legislative proposals to amend the Electricity Act 1989 to define electricity storage as a distinct subset of generation.

In our 2017 Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan and in the 2020 Energy White Paper, the Government committed to amend the Electricity Act 1989 to define electricity storage as a distinct subset of generation, when parliamentary time allows.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
12th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many outstanding decision notices there are for applications under the renewable heat incentive scheme for the installation of a biomass boiler for (a) non-domestic properties and (b) domestic applications.

As of 15th March 2021 at 18:00:

(a) The non-domestic renewable heat incentive has 228 full biomass applications awaiting a decision.

(b) The domestic renewable heat incentive has 95 biomass applications in a review state, of which 19 are first time applications and the remainder are amendments due to a change of ownership.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many homes that are off the gas grid use fossil fuel heating systems in (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England as at 8 March 2021.

Using the latest available data, we estimate that there are currently around (i) 170,000, (ii) 160,000 and (iii) 1,080,000 off gas grid households using fossil fuel as their main heating systems in Scotland, Wales and England respectively.

Sources:

(i) Scottish house condition survey 2019 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-house-condition-survey-2019-key-findings/pages/9/

(ii) Estimate is derived from household estimates, which may differ from number of homes. Household estimates: mid-2019 https://gov.wales/household-estimates-mid-2019#:~:text=Estimated%20households%20for%20Wales&text=Between%20mid%2D2018%20and%20mid,Wales%2C%20based%20on%20these%20estimates. , Welsh Housing Conditions Survey (energy efficiency of dwellings): April 2017 to March 2018 https://gov.wales/welsh-housing-conditions-survey-energy-efficiency-dwellings-april-2017-march-2018 . Estimate includes oil and solid fuel heated households only.

(iii) Analysis of English Household Survey , Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government (2018) https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/english-housing-survey.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many heat pumps have been installed in (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England in each year since 2010.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy does not publish the total number of heat pumps as not all are supported by government funding. The Department does publish estimates of heat generated by heat pumps which can be found via the following link:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/904827/DUKES_6.6.xls.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many heat pumps have been installed in (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England with support from the Renewable Heat Incentive in each year since 2014.

The number of heat pumps that have been installed with the support of the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) (i.e., accredited applications to the scheme), are shown in the tables below split by domestic and non-domestic applications. Further data is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics.

Domestic RHI supported heat pumps

England

Wales

Scotland

Total accreditations

Year

Air source heat pump

Ground source heat pump

Air source heat pump

Ground source heat pump

Air source heat pump

Ground source heat pump

Air source heat pump

Ground source heat pump

2014

4,824

1,934

374

206

700

361

5,898

2,501

2015

8,101

2,798

453

282

3,029

382

11,583

3,462

2016

3,669

913

191

139

1,017

161

4,877

1,213

2017

4,162

867

312

130

803

165

5,277

1,162

2018

3,918

689

274

86

928

118

5,120

893

2019

7,278

903

453

106

1,612

178

9,343

1,187

2020

7,251

849

562

137

1,787

154

9,600

1,140

2021

572

63

72

19

157

11

801

93

Total

39,775

9,016

2,691

1,105

10,033

1,530

52,499

11,651

Source: data underlying the RHI deployment statistics, https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

Non-domestic RHI supported heat pumps

England

Wales

Scotland

Total accreditations

Air source heat pump

Ground or water source heat pumps

Air source heat pump

Ground or water source heat pumps

Air source heat pump

Ground or water source heat pumps

Air source heat pump

Ground or water source heat pumps

2011

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

2012

0

27

0

3

0

6

0

36

2013

0

52

0

4

0

6

0

62

2014

2

74

0

10

0

9

2

93

2015

107

182

3

13

3

18

113

213

2016

96

262

6

17

29

18

131

297

2017

103

111

10

7

6

13

119

131

2018

82

147

2

12

15

14

99

173

2019

54

218

9

9

15

15

78

242

2020

112

374

13

15

10

81

135

470

2021

3

25

0

2

0

13

3

40

Total

559

1,474

43

92

78

193

680

1,759

Source: data underlying the RHI deployment statistics, https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
2nd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what discussions his Department has held with Ofgem on the potential merits of (a) pumped hydro storage and (b) other long duration storage technologies.

We are working closely with Ofgem to develop the next Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan, due for publication in spring this year. This will set out the merits of large scale and longer duration electricity storage as well as the next steps for addressing any barriers to deployment.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of grid charges on the development of onshore wind projects in Scotland; and if he will make a statement.

Network charges are one of many factors that developers will take into account in deciding whether and where to progress particular generation projects. Network charging is a matter for Ofgem as the independent energy regulator, and the charging arrangements it oversees are designed to be cost-reflective to promote efficient network use. For the electricity transmission network, charges include a locational component which recognises that consumers and generators in different locations impose different costs on the network. This means that generators in areas where there is more generation than demand, such as Scotland, pay higher transmission charges than those elsewhere because the electricity has to be transported longer distances to where it is consumed.

Through its Access and Forward-Looking Charging Review, Ofgem is currently developing reform proposals of possible relevance to the network charges incurred by some onshore wind projects in Scotland. It intends to consult on these proposals later this year.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential effect of grid charges on the ability of offshore wind projects in the North of Scotland area to compete with offshore projects in the southern coast of the UK; and if he will he make a statement.

Network charges are one of many factors that developers will take into account in deciding whether and where to progress particular generation projects. Network charging is a matter for Ofgem as the independent energy regulator, and the charging arrangements it oversees are designed to be cost-reflective to promote efficient network use. For the electricity transmission network, charges include a locational component which recognises that consumers and generators in different locations impose different costs on the network. This means that generators in areas where there is more generation than demand, such as Scotland, pay higher transmission charges than those elsewhere because the electricity has to be transported longer distances to where it is consumed.

Through its Access and Forward-Looking Charging Review, Ofgem is currently developing reform proposals of possible relevance to the network charges incurred by some onshore wind projects in Scotland. It intends to consult on these proposals later this year.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
11th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what his timescale is for announcing the timetable for the Contracts for Difference Allocation Round 4; and what steps he is taking to help ensure that renewable energy contributes to future economic recovery.

As announced by my Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister in October 2020, the next Contracts for Difference (CfD) auction round (Allocation Round 4) is due to open in late 2021. Preparations for the round are ongoing, and we will publish the timetable for the round later this year.

The Government is eager to deliver supply chain investment from CfD contracts. The public consultation on proposals to strengthen Supply Chain Plan policy has now closed. A Government response will be published in due course.

These measures sit alongside the Prime Minister’s announcement on £160 million of new funding towards investment to upgrade ports and infrastructure and long-term ambitions to increase renewable energy capacity, which, together, will support new UK content, jobs and investment.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many appeals to the First Tier Tribunal his Department is aware of as a result of sanction notices issued in response to complaints of Green Deal mis-selling by Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd.

As of 15th February, the Department is aware of 17 appeals made to the General Regulatory Chamber of the First–tier Tribunal in response to sanction notices regarding complaints of Green Deal mis-selling by Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the merits of ringfencing an allocation of generation capacity specifically for wave and tidal generation in the round 4 contracts for difference auction; and will he make a statement.

The Government recently ran a Call for Evidence inviting views on the scope for marine technologies across the UK. This concluded on 30th September 2020 and we are currently reviewing the responses received. Wave and tidal stream projects remain eligible to compete in pot 2 for Contracts for Difference auctions. We will publish specific allocation round parameters in advance of the next auction; typically, five to six months in advance. This will include the details of whether any technology-specific minima will apply.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
10th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 1 February 2021 to Question 144728, what the revised generation date is for Hinkley Point C unit 2.

The schedule for the construction of Hinkley Point C is the responsibility of the developer and its investors, and not the Government. We understand that the developer is currently managing the schedule for the construction of unit 2 to follow approximately one year behind that of unit 1.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential effect of the reforms in Ofgem’s Targeted Charging Review on renewable energy development (a) in Scotland and (b) across the UK.

Network charging is a matter for Ofgem as the independent regulator. Ofgem is leading two major charging reforms: the Targeted Charging Review (TCR), where final decisions were announced in December 2019; and the Access and Forward Looking Charges Significant Code Review (Access SCR), which is ongoing. Collectively, this programme of work seeks to ensure that regulatory and market arrangements reflect and enable the energy system transition, as we move towards net zero emissions, and that consumers benefit from the changes.

Ofgem’s TCR reforms seek to ensure all parties connected to the electricity network make a fair contribution to its fixed costs, and it has published an analysis of the expected impacts at: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/targeted-charging-review-significant-code-review . This analysis indicates that the reforms could affect the investment decisions of some renewable energy projects across Scotland and GB more widely, but also suggests that overall the combined impact of the TCR changes will reduce carbon emissions compared with no reforms.

Ofgem’s Access SCR is seeking to ensure the electricity network is used efficiently and flexibly, allowing consumers to benefit from new technologies and services. Ofgem is currently developing proposals, and intends to consult on these later this year. It will publish an impact assessment alongside that consultation.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential effect of Ofgem’s proposed reforms to network charging on renewable energy development (a) in Scotland and (b) across the UK.

Network charging is a matter for Ofgem as the independent regulator. Ofgem is leading two major charging reforms: the Targeted Charging Review (TCR), where final decisions were announced in December 2019; and the Access and Forward Looking Charges Significant Code Review (Access SCR), which is ongoing. Collectively, this programme of work seeks to ensure that regulatory and market arrangements reflect and enable the energy system transition, as we move towards net zero emissions, and that consumers benefit from the changes.

Ofgem’s TCR reforms seek to ensure all parties connected to the electricity network make a fair contribution to its fixed costs, and it has published an analysis of the expected impacts at: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/targeted-charging-review-significant-code-review . This analysis indicates that the reforms could affect the investment decisions of some renewable energy projects across Scotland and GB more widely, but also suggests that overall the combined impact of the TCR changes will reduce carbon emissions compared with no reforms.

Ofgem’s Access SCR is seeking to ensure the electricity network is used efficiently and flexibly, allowing consumers to benefit from new technologies and services. Ofgem is currently developing proposals, and intends to consult on these later this year. It will publish an impact assessment alongside that consultation.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Energy White Paper, whether the Strategy and Policy Statement for Ofgem is planned to align that organisation’s objectives with the Climate Change Act 2008 (2050 Target Amendment) Order 2019.

As we said in the Energy White Paper, we will consult later this year on a Strategy and Policy Statement (SPS) for Ofgem. The Energy Act 2013 sets out the procedural requirements for designating a SPS, which includes consultation with Scottish and Welsh Ministers.

The SPS will set out the strategic priorities of our energy policy, the outcomes we seek to achieve and the roles of government, Ofgem and other parties which are collectively responsible for delivering these goals.

The SPS will require the Secretary of State and Ofgem to carry out their regulatory functions in a manner which is consistent with securing the government’s policy outcomes. This will include the UK’s legally binding target of net zero emissions by 2050, noting the separate targets in Scotland and Wales.

Ofgem’s principal duty is to protect the interests of existing and future consumers, which includes their interests in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Energy White Paper, whether the Strategy and Policy Statement for Ofgem is planned to include an assessment of the effectiveness of Scotland's Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019.

As we said in the Energy White Paper, we will consult later this year on a Strategy and Policy Statement (SPS) for Ofgem. The Energy Act 2013 sets out the procedural requirements for designating a SPS, which includes consultation with Scottish and Welsh Ministers.

The SPS will set out the strategic priorities of our energy policy, the outcomes we seek to achieve and the roles of government, Ofgem and other parties which are collectively responsible for delivering these goals.

The SPS will require the Secretary of State and Ofgem to carry out their regulatory functions in a manner which is consistent with securing the government’s policy outcomes. This will include the UK’s legally binding target of net zero emissions by 2050, noting the separate targets in Scotland and Wales.

Ofgem’s principal duty is to protect the interests of existing and future consumers, which includes their interests in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Energy White Paper, what the objectives are of the Strategy and Policy Statement for Ofgem.

As we said in the Energy White Paper, we will consult later this year on a Strategy and Policy Statement (SPS) for Ofgem. The Energy Act 2013 sets out the procedural requirements for designating a SPS, which includes consultation with Scottish and Welsh Ministers.

The SPS will set out the strategic priorities of our energy policy, the outcomes we seek to achieve and the roles of government, Ofgem and other parties which are collectively responsible for delivering these goals.

The SPS will require the Secretary of State and Ofgem to carry out their regulatory functions in a manner which is consistent with securing the government’s policy outcomes. This will include the UK’s legally binding target of net zero emissions by 2050, noting the separate targets in Scotland and Wales.

Ofgem’s principal duty is to protect the interests of existing and future consumers, which includes their interests in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Energy White Paper, on what date his Department plans to begin consulting on a Strategy and Policy Statement for Ofgem.

As we said in the Energy White Paper, we will consult later this year on a Strategy and Policy Statement (SPS) for Ofgem. The Energy Act 2013 sets out the procedural requirements for designating a SPS, which includes consultation with Scottish and Welsh Ministers.

The SPS will set out the strategic priorities of our energy policy, the outcomes we seek to achieve and the roles of government, Ofgem and other parties which are collectively responsible for delivering these goals.

The SPS will require the Secretary of State and Ofgem to carry out their regulatory functions in a manner which is consistent with securing the government’s policy outcomes. This will include the UK’s legally binding target of net zero emissions by 2050, noting the separate targets in Scotland and Wales.

Ofgem’s principal duty is to protect the interests of existing and future consumers, which includes their interests in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the effect of the end of the transition period on (a) the Post Office Ltd subsidy entrustment letter written to align with EU requirements and (b) how that subsidy is distributed to subpostmasters.

The Post Office entrustment letter for the last spending review period was in part put in place to ensure compliance with EU State aid rules. The EU State aid rules no longer apply now the UK has left the European Union. For the next Spending Review Period, which will take effect in April 2021, a new funding agreement will be agreed with Post Office. This will take full account of the new Trade and Cooperation Agreement requirements on subsidy.

The £50m network subsidy will be distributed to postmasters by Post Office Ltd and is therefore an operational matter for Post Office Ltd.

Paul Scully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how much money he has allocated for the services of general economic interest referred to in Annex A of the Entrustment Letter used as the basis for the roll out of the Post Office Ltd subsidy.

The term ‘Services of General Economic Interest’ was associated with the EU state aid regime which no longer applies now the UK has left the EU. To date, the term services of general economic services has been used to describe the services provided by the Post Office network including postal services, banking and payment services. For the spending review period April 2021 to March 2022, the Government has maintained the subsidy to the Post Office network at £50 million to safeguard these services in the uncommercial parts of the network. The Government has also allocated a further £177 million which will allow Post Office Ltd to invest for the future and to ensure they remain a vital force on our high streets.

Paul Scully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, on what date he plans to publish the aggregate amount of payments made by the Government to Post Office Ltd.

The information requested is available in the public domain. Post Office Ltd publishes their reports and accounts annually and lays them before Parliament. These reports include information on the funding provided to the Post Office by the Government and can be found here: http://corporate.postoffice.co.uk/secure-corporate/our-financials/post-office-annual-report-accounts-2020/.

In the Government's most recent Spending Review, it was announced that we will be investing £227m in the Post Office in 2021/22. This reflects our commitment to the role that post offices play across our communities. Since 2010, successive governments have provided over £2.4 billion in subsidy.

Paul Scully
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Heysham II nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Torness nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what information his department holds on the planned shutdown date for Dungeness (B) nuclear power station; what estimate his department has made of the average electricity generation capacity of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what information his department holds on the planned shutdown date for Heysham nuclear power station; what estimate his Department has made of the average electricity generation capacity of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what information his Department holds on the planned shutdown date for Hartlepool nuclear power station; what estimate his department has made of the average electricity generation capacity of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what information his department holds on the planned shutdown date is for Hinkley Point (B) nuclear power station; what estimate his department has made of the average electricity generation capacity of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
1st Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what information his department holds on the planned shutdown date is for Hunterston (B) nuclear power station; what estimate his department has made of the average electricity generation capacity of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation. EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for these stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

2022

965 MW

Hinkley Point B

2022

955 MW

Hartlepool

2024

1,180 MW

Heysham 1

2024

1,155 MW

Dungeness B

2028

1,050 MW

Torness

2030

1,185 MW

Heysham 2

2030

1,230 MW

As set out in the government’s Energy White Paper, to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion of renewable generation complemented by nuclear power, carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS) and flexibility providing technologies.

We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
29th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential baseload power that can be provided by tidal power as part of a net zero strategy; and if he will make a statement.

The Government recently ran a Call for Evidence inviting views on the scope for marine technologies across the UK. This concluded on 30th September 2020 and we are currently reviewing the responses received.

An individual tidal stream generator would generate with the tides, but with many turbines at multiple sites, each with different tide times, total output would be more constant. Adding tidal range and wave power, the overall generation pattern could resemble baseload.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
27th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what his most recent estimate is for the commissioning date for Hinkley Point C (a) Unit 1 and (b) Unit 2.

Responsibility for the construction schedule of Hinkley Point C lies entirely with the developer and its investors, and not with the Government. EDF of France is the lead investor. On Wednesday 27th January, EDF published a notice saying that Unit 1 is expected to start generating electricity in June 2026, rather than in December 2025 as was previously anticipated. The revised forecast was put in the context of the coronavirus pandemic. The notice went on to highlight risks of further delay by 15 months to Unit 1 and 9 months to Unit 2.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what progress has been made towards achieving the Government's target of 5GW hydrogen production.

Meeting the Government’s ambition of 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030, outlined in the Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution and the Energy White Paper, will require a range of policies and action from various actors, including government of all levels, industry and investors.

We have already announced £240m funding for the Net Zero Hydrogen Fund, made hydrogen a priority in our £1bn Net Zero Innovation Programme, and later this year will bring forward further details on hydrogen business models and the revenue mechanism to stimulate private investment in new low carbon hydrogen production facilities. Further detail on how the UK intends to deliver the 5GW ambition will be set out in the forthcoming UK Hydrogen Strategy, which will be published in the first half of this year.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will publish the modelling his Department holds on the comparative cost effectiveness, including grid balancing costs, of new large scale nuclear and renewable energy.

The Department publishes information on one useful measure of cost effectiveness for generation technologies in its Electricity Generation Costs series. The latest report (2020) sets out the Levelised Cost Of Electricity (LCOE) for renewables, which can be compared against the LCOE for a generic large-scale nuclear plant published in the 2016 report. The true cost of any future nuclear plant would, however, be dependent on the outcome of negotiations with project developers.

It is important to note that other factors also influence the cost effectiveness of different generation technologies. For example, energy generated at times of high demand and low capacity is more valuable than energy generated at times of low demand and high capacity, and the location of specific generating capacity will further affect costs. The effect of grid balancing on levelised costs is explored more in Section 7 of the 2020 Generation Costs Report.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned UK content is in the revised target for 40GW of offshore wind to be deployed by 2030.

The offshore wind industry has committed to delivering 60% UK content by 2030 and will be publishing analysis on how this could be achieved shortly and UK content figures for offshore wind farms are compiled and published by the Offshore Wind Industry Council (OWIC).

We are however, seeking views on proposals[1] for a new Supply Chain Plan questionnaire for the Contracts for Difference (CfD) Applicants to complete. The proposed new Supply Chain Plan questionnaire will be aligned to the Industrial Strategy and is strengthened by containing more specific questions, including on the level of anticipated UK content. This consultation closes on 11 March.

[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/contracts-for-difference-cfd-for-low-carbon-electricity-generation-new-supply-chain-plan-questionnaire

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the extent of the UK content within each of the offshore wind contracts for difference awards to date; and if he will make a statement.

UK content figures for offshore wind farms are compiled and published by the Offshore Wind Industry Council (OWIC). We are currently consulting on proposals[1] for a new Supply Chain Plan questionnaire for the Contracts for Difference (CfD) Applicants. This consultation closes on 11 March.

[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/contracts-for-difference-cfd-for-low-carbon-electricity-generation-new-supply-chain-plan-questionnaire

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he has taken to incorporate 60 per cent UK content within the contracts for difference auctions for offshore wind.

The Government is committed to leveraging the economic benefits from our investments in renewable electricity generation and achieving net zero emissions by 2050. BEIS is currently consulting on proposals[1] for a new Supply Chain Plan questionnaire for the Contracts for Difference (CfD) Applicants which is aligned to the Industrial Strategy. The offshore wind industry has set its own target to achieve 60% UK content in the Offshore Wind Sector Deal. This consultation closes on 11 March.

[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/contracts-for-difference-cfd-for-low-carbon-electricity-generation-new-supply-chain-plan-questionnaire

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
22nd Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment has he made of the potential merits of pumped hydro storage; what discussions his Department has held with developers on that matter; what steps he is taking to support a route to market for pumped hydro; and if he will make a statement.

Electricity storage, including pumped hydro storage, is an essential technology for a net zero energy system. It provides flexibility to the energy system which, alongside other technologies such as demand side response and interconnection, could unlock savings of up to £12 billion per year by 2050. The Government and Ofgem’s 2017 Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan set out a range of actions to facilitate the deployment of storage of all sizes by removing regulatory barriers, reforming markets, and investing in innovation.

Following engagement with industry over the past year, we announced in the Energy White Paper that we will publish a new Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan in spring 2021 in partnership with Ofgem. This will outline our next steps for addressing barriers to smart and flexible technologies, including the deployment of large scale and longer duration storage such as pumped hydro storage.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to encourage private investment in the UK's hydrogen market.

We recognise the importance that ambition, and a supportive policy framework have had in building investor confidence in the development of low carbon technologies in the UK.

My Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister’s Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution will mobilise £12 billion of government investment to unlock three times as much private sector investment by 2030.

The Ten Point Plan and Energy White Paper both set out that the Government, working with industry, aims to have 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity in the UK by 2030.

In support of this we have announced a £240m Net Zero Hydrogen Fund for capital co-investment in new low carbon hydrogen production, to bring forward a combination of CCUS-enabled ‘blue’ hydrogen and electrolytic ‘green’ hydrogen projects. We have also committed to consulting this year on a preferred hydrogen revenue mechanism, which will support private sector investment.

The Government will publish a dedicated Hydrogen Strategy in the first half of this year. This will offer more detail on how we will work with industry to meet the 2030 ambition.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
21st Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what comparative assessment he has made of the level of funding for hydrogen strategy in the (a) UK and (b) EU; and will he make a statement.

My Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister’s 10 Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution will mobilise £12 billion of government investment to unlock three times as much private sector investment by 2030.

The 10 Point Plan sets out Government’s commitment to growing a new low carbon hydrogen economy for the UK. We are closely monitoring international hydrogen developments, including in the EU, where a number of countries announced high level hydrogen strategies and headline investment figures during 2020.

In the UK our focus is on working with industry to develop a supportive policy framework that will ensure we meet our aim of 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030, and secure economic benefit from the global growth in low carbon hydrogen.

We have already announced £240m funding for the Net Zero Hydrogen Fund, made hydrogen a priority in our £1bn Net Zero Innovation Programme and later this year will bring forward further details on hydrogen business models and the revenue mechanism to stimulate private investment in new low carbon hydrogen production facilities. Further detail will be set out in the forthcoming UK Hydrogen Strategy.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
11th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps the Government will take to engage Scotland’s renewable energy trade associations in the delivery of the policies set out in the Energy White Paper: Powering our net-zero future.

The Department will continue to engage with all relevant stakeholders, including Scotland's renewable trade associations, as we deliver on the policies set out in the Energy White Paper.

Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Minister of State (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) (Energy and Clean Growth)
11th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether he has made a decision on funding a Clean Fuels Metrology Centre, and if he will make a statement.

A decision on whether to fund a Clean Fuels Metrology Centre has not yet been made and will be made next year.

Amanda Solloway
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the capacity in gigawatts is of (a) onshore wind generation connected to the National Transmission Grid and (b) consented onshore wind under construction.

Latest figures from September 2020 indicate that, across the UK, we currently have 14.1GW of onshore wind generation installed across both transmission and distribution networks[1], and 0.6GW consented and under construction.[2]

[1] BEIS Energy Trends (September 2020)

[2] Renewable Energy Planning Database (September 2020)

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps his Department is taking to increase the onshore wind generation capacity to 22-29GW by 2030 in line with the Committee on Climate Change's scenarios for electricity generation.

Renewable technologies will make a critical contribution to meeting our 2050 net zero commitment, alongside firm low carbon power such as nuclear and gas or biomass generation with carbon capture, usage and storage, and a significant increase in flexibility.

We recognise that achieving our 2050 net zero target will require increased deployment across a range of technologies, including onshore wind. This is why we announced on 2 March 2020 that onshore wind and other established renewable technologies such as solar PV will be able to compete in the next Contracts for Difference (CfD) allocation round. The round will open in late 2021 and aim to deliver up to double the renewable capacity of last year’s successful round, potentially providing enough clean energy for up to 10 million homes.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to his Department's Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, published November 2020, how much money from the Net Zero Hydrogen Fund has been allocated to the H100 hydrogen trial to be undertaken in Levenmouth, Fife by Scottish Gas Networks.

Scottish Gas Networks has proposed the H100 project, a 100% hydrogen network demonstration in the Levenmouth area of Fife, intended to provide the gas to 300 homes over a four-year period. At the end of November Ofgem announced funding of up to £18m to Scottish Gas Networks for the H100 Fife project. Ofgem’s decision triggers a further investment of £6.9m from the Scottish Government.

The Net Zero Hydrogen Fund is for capital co-investment in new low carbon hydrogen production. Government will be engaging with industry over the coming months on design of the Net Zero Hydrogen fund, and more details on delivery of the scheme will be published in 2021.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will pursue options for a new nuclear station at Wylfa following Hitachi's withdrawal from the project; and if he will make a statement.

The Government believes nuclear power will play a key role in our future energy mix and we remain willing to discuss new nuclear projects with any viable developers and investors wishing to develop sites in the UK, including sites at Wylfa, Oldbury or Moorside. We continually engage with developers to assess the viability of their projects.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will pursue options for a new nuclear station at Oldbury following Hitatchi's withdrawal from the Wylfa project; and will he make a statement.

The Government believes nuclear power will play a key role in our future energy mix and we remain willing to discuss new nuclear projects with any viable developers and investors wishing to develop sites in the UK, including sites at Wylfa, Oldbury or Moorside. We continually engage with developers to assess the viability of their projects.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will pursue options for a new nuclear station at Moorside following Toshiba's withdrawal from the project; and will he make a statement.

The Government believes nuclear power will play a key role in our future energy mix and we remain willing to discuss new nuclear projects with any viable developers and investors wishing to develop sites in the UK, including sites at Wylfa, Oldbury or Moorside. We continually engage with developers to assess the viability of their projects.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the £385m Advanced Nuclear Fund announced in his Department's Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, published November 2020, how much of the fund was previously announced as part of the £172m of Government funding within the nuclear sector deal.

My Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister has announced a broad set of policy measures to drive the UK to net zero, including a new £1bn net zero innovation portfolio from 2021 to accelerate the commercialisation of innovative low-carbon technologies, systems and business models in power, buildings and industry.

The £385m Advanced Nuclear Fund contains funding for both Small and Advanced Modular Reactors. Up to £30m of existing contracts and commitments from the nuclear sector deal for the nuclear innovation programme will continue to be funded through the Advanced Nuclear Fund.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the £170m Advanced Nuclear Modular Reactors announced in his Department's Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, published November 2020, how much of the funding was previously announced.

My Rt hon Friend the Prime Minister has announced a broad set of policy measures to drive the UK to net zero, including a new £1bn net zero innovation portfolio from 2021 to accelerate the commercialisation of innovative low-carbon technologies, systems and business models in power, buildings and industry.

The Ten Point Plan includes £170m funding commitment for R&D for Advanced Modular Reactors under the £385m Advanced Nuclear Fund. Up to £30m of existing contracts and commitments from the nuclear sector deal for the nuclear innovation programme will continue to be funded through the Advanced Nuclear Fund.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the £40m commitment to develop regulatory frameworks announced in his Department's Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, published November 2020, how much of the funding was (a) newly committed and (b) previously announced as part of the £172m nuclear sector deal.

The £40m funding announced in the Ten Point Plan to develop regulatory frameworks and the UK supply chain is a new commitment.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to point two of the Prime Minister's Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, published on 18 November 2020, what recent discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions on changes required to the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996; and if he will make a statement.

BEIS have been in regular discussion with the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), who are sponsored by the Department for Work and Pensions and are responsible for the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations (GS(M)R) 1996.

The current Schedule 3 of GS(M)R 1996 is being updated to reflect the changing needs and sources of gas supply to the UK market as we decarbonise. This will help to ensure the UK secures gas supplies from domestic and imported sources, whilst making it easier to incorporate the blending of low carbon gases into the network.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Business Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee Twenty-First Report of Session 2017-19, Energy efficiency: building towards net zero (HC 1730), whether he has had discussions with stakeholders on classifying energy efficiency programmes as part of a National Infrastructure Priority.

The National Infrastructure Strategy set out the Government’s energy efficiency infrastructure ambitions. The Government is committed to delivering our net zero target and will take further steps to decarbonise the UK economy. The Government is planning to publish a Heat and Buildings Strategy in the coming months, which will set out the immediate actions we will take for reducing emissions from all homes and buildings and set buildings on track for net zero


Over £3 billion has already been announced as part of the Summer Economic Update to make homes and buildings greener and more energy efficient through the Green Homes Grant, Public Sector Decarbonisation Scheme, and Social Housing Decarbonisation Fund demonstrator. My Rt hon Friend the Prime Minister recently set out his ten-point plan for a green industrial revolution. This includes investing an additional £1 billion to make our homes, schools and hospitals greener, warmer and more energy efficient, whilst creating 50,000 jobs by 2030, and setting out an ambition to install 600,000 heat pumps by 2028.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
17th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 16 November 2020 to Question 113594 on Tidal Power, with how many of the 22 developers of that technology his Department has had meetings.

BEIS officials have recently had meetings with three wave and tidal stream developers and have received responses from a large number of developers and supply chain companies to the recently closed Call for Evidence on marine energy.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
17th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 16 November 2020 to Question 113594 on tidal stream technologies, how many of the 22 developers of that technology has received funding from his Department.

To date, nine tidal stream developers have received funding from BEIS under the Renewables Obligation scheme. In addition to that, one tidal stream developer has received funding through BEIS’s Energy Innovation Programme.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 30 September 2020 to Question 95690, when he plans to publish the white paper on energy.

My intention remains as I set out in my previous answer to this question, which is to publish the Energy White Paper in the autumn.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
10th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what estimate his Department has made of the number of developers of tidal stream technologies operating in the UK.

Recent reports commissioned by the industry suggest that there are 22 active tidal stream developers in the UK.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
10th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to address barriers to electricity storage deployment, particularly large-scale, longer-duration storage such as pumped hydro storage; what stakeholder discussions have taken place on pumped hydro; and if he will make a statement.

The Government and Ofgem’s 2017 Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan and subsequent 2018 Progress Update set out a range of actions to facilitate the deployment of storage of all sizes by removing regulatory barriers, reforming markets and investing in innovation, for example ending double charging of network and policy costs for storage.

We are now working closely with Ofgem and industry to develop the next phase of smart systems policy. This includes engaging with the storage industry and academics to understand any barriers specific to the deployment of large-scale, longer-duration storage such as pumped hydro.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
10th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what policies the Government has in place to support the development of wave and tidal stream renewables.

The Government has a long history of supporting the development and deployment of wave and tidal stream technologies in the UK. To date, we have provided sustained and targeted support enabling the wave and tidal stream sectors to move from initial concept onto prototypes and now the first arrays. Since 2003 various bodies across Government have provided innovation funding of £175m to the wave and tidal sectors. Both technologies are eligible to participate in the Contracts for Difference scheme.

In the Clean Growth Strategy, which the Government published in October 2017, we underlined the need for renewable technologies to demonstrate on-going cost reduction and to compete with other forms of low carbon generation. The Government will continue to consider policy related to wave and tidal stream in light of this strategy and the information received under the recent Marine Energy Call for Evidence, which launched on 28 August.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
10th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to future-proof the electricity grid by ensuring appropriate mechanisms are in place to secure supplies and flexibility enabling investment in a diverse mix of technologies; and if he will make a statement.

The capacity market is our main tool for ensuring security of supply. It has successfully brought forward a diverse range of new capacity, such as demand side response, renewables, storage and gas plants, to replace older capacity as it retires off the system. We are confident it will enable us to meet energy demand into the future.

We are working closely with Ofgem and electricity network operators to ensure market mechanisms are in place to drive investment in flexibility solutions, such as storage, where doing so provides value to the grid or is cheaper than building new infrastructure.

Ofgem’s statutory objective is to act in the interests of all consumers,?enabling the?investment necessary for net zero at the same time as ensuring value for money and continued security of supply for consumers. Ofgem ensures that the investments needed to maintain and upgrade the network are made through the price controls that regulate network companies.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
9th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, which legislation protected HELMS customers from Green Deal loan mis-selling; and whether there are time restrictions for those consumers raising complaints to either (a) his Department or (b) the Green Deal Finance Company.

The legislative context within which redress can be sought in regard to mis-selling under the Green Deal is set out in The Green Deal Framework, based on provisions in the Energy Act 2011, Framework Regulations and Code of Practice.

Section 4.9 of the Green Deal Code of Practice lays out the time provisions within which a complaint must be made to be considered eligible. This confirms that a complaint must be made, by any category of person identified in the provisions, within six years of the date on which the alleged breach occurred. There are separate considerations where a complaint concerns matters relevant to specific Guarantees.

The Green Deal Finance Company, as a private company, have their own complaints procedure.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 28 October 2020 to question 106396 on what date his Department last had discussions with the Scottish Government on the implementation of a UK emissions trading scheme.

Ministers and officials in BEIS have regular discussions with the Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive on legislation, governance and operational arrangements for a UK Emissions Trading Scheme. Most recently, officials from BEIS had discussions with officials from the Scottish Government on Friday 30th October 2020 and on Tuesday 27th October 2020.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
21st Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 15 October 2020 to Question 101040, if he will list the carbon dioxide storage licences declined by the Oil and Gas Authority.

Pursuant to the Answer of 15 October 2020 to Question 101040, the Oil and Gas Authority has received two applications for a carbon dioxide storage licence. In both cases the Oil and Gas Authority granted the carbon dioxide storage licence to the applicant. There have been no further applications to the Oil and Gas Authority for a carbon dioxide storage licence.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
21st Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 15 October 2020 to Question 101040, how many carbon dioxide storage licence applications have been received by the Oil and Gas Authority.

Pursuant to the Answer of 15 October 2020 to Question 101040, the Oil and Gas Authority has received two applications for a carbon dioxide storage licence.

A complete, public register of carbon dioxide storage licences is held on the Oil and Gas Authority’s website (https://www.ogauthority.co.uk/licensing-consents/carbon-storage/). This register includes licences issued prior to the Oil and Gas Authority being formed and becoming a licensing authority for carbon dioxide storage.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will make it his policy to extend the non-domestic Renewable Heat Incentive at its current funding level.

The Government consulted on the future of the Non-Domestic RHI scheme in April 2020 and set out its intent to close the scheme at the end of March 2021. The consultation closed on the 7th July and the responses are currently being analysed. The Government response will be published in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of introducing a heat decarbonisation strategy in lieu of the non-domestic Renewable Heat Incentive.

The Government is planning to publish a Heat and Buildings Strategy in due course, which will set out the immediate actions we will take for reducing emissions from buildings. These actions include the deployment of energy efficiency measures and low carbon heating as part of an ambitious programme of work required to enable key strategic decisions on how we achieve the mass transition to low-carbon heat and set us on a path to decarbonising all homes and buildings.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what recent discussions he has had with the Scottish Government on the introduction of a UK emissions trading system.

The Government is working closely with the Devolved Administrations on establishing a UK Emissions Trading Scheme (UK ETS). Ministers and officials in BEIS have regular discussions with the Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive on a range of energy and climate change issues, including the introduction of a UK ETS.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
14th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the (a) grid infrastructure upgrades required to facilitate the planned deployment of 40GW of offshore wind by 2030 and (b) effect of Ofgem's interim decision on RIIO 2 on the required upgrades; and will he make a statement.

In July, the Government launched the Offshore Transmission Network Review to assess the approach to delivering connections for offshore wind. As part of this review, National Grid ESO is consulting on their cost-benefit analysis of a more coordinated approach to offshore transmission and an initial assessment of technical considerations for a more integrated offshore network. The Review will consider these consultations and we will publish an update in due course.

The next price control for onshore electricity transmission networks, RIIO 2, is a matter for Ofgem the independent regulator. Ofgem’s Draft Determinations were announced in July and have been open to consultation with stakeholders. The Final Determinations expected at the end of this year will set out Ofgem’s views on the upgrades proposed for the transmission network and whether, when and how these investments should be funded.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
14th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when he plans to publish a response to the Committee on Climate Change report entitled, Reducing UK Emissions Progress Report to Parliament, published in June 2020.

The Government response to the Committee on Climate Change’s report Reducing UK Emissions Progress Report to Parliament was laid in Parliament on 15 October. A copy of the response can be found online at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/committee-on-climate-changes-2020-progress-report-government-response.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
12th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, which foreign Governments he has met with to discuss their nationally determined contribution ahead of COP26; and on which dates those meetings took place.

Ensuring that all countries come forward with ambitious 2030 climate plans (NDCs) and long-term strategies to reach zero carbon emissions as soon as possible is a top priority ahead of COP 26. The Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy has discussed NDCs in all of his direct engagements with over 30 countries, and all of his multilateral engagements. Ministers and senior officials across government have directly engaged with over 100 governments, and all countries have been engaged with through our FCO network and UN Missions.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
8th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will list the carbon dioxide storage licences granted by the Oil and Gas Authority.

The Oil and Gas Authority has awarded the following carbon dioxide storage licences:

CS003 to Pale Blue Dot Energy (Acorn) Ltd in 2019;

CS004 to Eni UK Limited in 2020.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential effect of increasing the installation and servicing of offshore wind developments on demand for green vessels built in UK shipyards.

The Government recognises the importance of the UK maritime sector to our economy and to our future global trading ambitions. The National Shipbuilding Strategy, led by the Ministry of Defence, aims for the Government to work with shipbuilders and the supply chain to improve public procurement, increase trade, and drive innovation through diversification and the use of greener technologies.

The Government’s Offshore Wind Sector Deal includes an aspiration to increase UK content to 60% by 2030. This includes increasing UK content in the capital expenditure phase, as well as developing a roadmap for how the 60% target will be delivered.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential effect on UK shipbuilding of the Government’s plans to increase the production of offshore wind.

The Government recognises the importance of the UK maritime sector to our economy and to our future global trading ambitions. The MOD-led National Shipbuilding Strategy is seeking to work with shipbuilders and the supply chain to improve public procurement, increase trade and drive innovation.

The Government’s Offshore Wind Sector Deal includes an aspiration to increase UK content to 60% by 2030 including increasing UK content in the capital expenditure phase and to develop a roadmap on how the 60% target will be delivered.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what deadline the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has set for submissions of Nationally Determined Contributions in advance of COP26.

Under the Paris Agreement, all Parties have committed to communicating or updating Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by 2020 and every five years after that. We are currently working on our NDC, including on the timing for its publication.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Department does not have any Private Finance Initiative (PFI) contracts.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
30th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 30 September 2020 to Question 93621, if the Government will publish its Nationally Determined Contribution by 12 December 2020; and if he will make a statement.

We are currently working on our Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), including on the timing for its publication.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when he plans to publish the energy White Paper; and if he will make a statement.

The Energy White Paper remains a priority for BEIS and it will be published in the autumn.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what plans he has to promote the UK's anaerobic digestion sector at COP26.

Biomethane injection to the gas grid offers a low-regrets, cost-effective way of contributing to near term legally binding carbon budgets, and the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) states that biomethane will be valuable across all decarbonisation pathways. The new Green Gas Support Scheme, which will be launching in Autumn 2021, aims to increase the proportion of biomethane in the gas grid, which will deliver greener gas to households in the UK and contribute to carbon budgets 4 and 5.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what plans he has to introduce a sector deal for the anaerobic digestion and biomethane sector; and if he will make a statement.

We welcome conversations with the anaerobic digestion and biomethane industry about future industry development, and their role in the green recovery from covid-19. The Government is supportive of the growth of the anaerobic digestion and biomethane sector, and recognises that it is valuable across future decarbonisation pathways. Government has supported the growth of the AD sector through a number of incentive schemes: the Renewables Obligation (RO); the Feed-in Tariff s(FIT) scheme and Contracts for Difference (CfD) for electricity production and the non-domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) for biogas and heat production, including the use of biomethane in the gas grid. The non-domestic RHI will end in 2021, and will be followed by the Green Gas Support Scheme which will provide tariff support for biomethane injection to the gas grid. The RO and FIT schemes closed to new applications in March 2017 and 2019 respectively, and the new Smart Export Guarantee (SEG) came into effect on 1 January 2020, allowing small-scale low-carbon generators to sell their excess electricity back to the grid.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to improve cross-departmental working on the Government's anaerobic digestion and biomethane strategy.

Anaerobic digestion and biomethane policy cuts across several government departments including the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, and the Department for Transport. These departments are currently working closely together on a number of related policy issues, including the upcoming Green Gas Support Scheme, which is due to launch in Autumn 2021. The recent consultation on this scheme included proposals to allow an effective interaction between the Green Gas Support Scheme and the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation, and to ensure air quality impacts are properly mitigated. Another example is research, where BEIS is working with DfT to study the techno-economics and carbon intensity of gasifying biomass and municipal solid waste to produce either methane, hydrogen or liquid fuels.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps he is taking to increase investment in research and development to improve the efficiency of the anaerobic digestion process and reduce the cost of building and running anaerobic digestion plants.

In March, the Government announced a record increase in public investment in R&D – committing to reaching £22bn per year by 2024/25. At the same time the Government committed to more than double investment in the Energy Innovation Programme to £1 billion.

Through its Networks in Industrial Biotechnology and Bioenergy programme, UKRI fund the Environmental Biology Network (EBNet) with £1.35m to provide a link between academic researchers and plant operators in industry. This includes mechanisms such as Proof of Concept studies and Business Interaction Vouchers which enable industry to address problems including the efficiency, design and operation of anaerobic digestion plants. Government also provides support to enable UK industry and researchers to access international science on biogas production from anaerobic digestion through the IEA Bioenergy Technical Coordinating Programme.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
22nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer to of 21 May 2020 to Question 47349, what the definition of the target period of well ahead of COP26 is; and what progress he has made on submission of a Nationally Determined Contribution.

My Rt. Hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced at the UN Climate Action Roundtable on 24th September that the UK will co-host with the UN an event to mark the five-year anniversary of the landmark Paris Agreement on 12th December 2020. This will provide an opportunity for all those who are ready to submit bold new Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and transformational net zero targets to do so.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what discussions he has had representatives of the (a) energy and (b) transport sector about the role a hydrogen hub can play in supporting the wider growth of the UK hydrogen economy.

We are aware of the value in co-locating low carbon hydrogen supply and demand in the early stages of expansion in any hydrogen economy; an approach sometimes referred to as a hydrogen hub. Ministers and officials are engaging extensively with hydrogen and wider energy stakeholders as we develop a UK Hydrogen Strategy for publication in early 2021. Discussions include ways in which to coordinate supply and demand and attract early investment as the hydrogen market develops, including place based approaches.

We have also explored the role of hydrogen in helping to decarbonise transport as part of a series of stakeholder workshops helping to develop the Transport Decarbonisation Plan due to be published before the end of the year.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of reports that the French and German Government's plan to work together on hydrogen development.

We are following international hydrogen developments and participate in a range of international fora, including the Clean Energy Ministerial, the International Partnership for Hydrogen for Fuel Cells in the Economy and Mission Innovation. These offer opportunities to discuss other countries’ domestic hydrogen strategies in detail and explore opportunities for collaboration. We plan to publish a UK Hydrogen Strategy in early 2021. This will be informed in part by assessment of international activity and the opportunities and challenges that presents for the UK.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to his appearance before the Environmental Audit Committee on 10 September, whether the Government plans to publish a funded UK hydrogen strategy in the first quarter of 2021.

The Government is committed to the development of hydrogen as a strategic decarbonised energy carrier for the UK. As set out at the Environmental Audit Committee on 10 September 2020, we plan to publish a Hydrogen Strategy in early 2021. The Strategy will include discussion around the costs associated with expansion of the UK hydrogen economy, and how these might be met.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what recent discussions he has had with local authorities on their role in the (a) development and (b) implementation of hydrogen technology.

The Government is committed to exploring the option of hydrogen as a strategic decarbonised energy carrier and works closely with local partnerships across the country. In the course of work to understand the potential role of hydrogen in the wider energy system, my officials and I have met with a range of national, regional and local stakeholders.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the level of funding for hydrogen strategies in other European countries; and if he will make a statement.

We are closely monitoring international hydrogen developments and participate in a range of international fora, including the International Partnership for Hydrogen for Fuel Cells in the Economy, Mission Innovation and Clean Energy Ministerial. These forums offer opportunities to discuss international activity on hydrogen, including strategies put forward by Germany, Denmark, and the European Commission. International strategies, including the level and type of funding committed, inform our own approach to developing hydrogen in the UK context. As we further progress our strategy, we will consider the international innovation and policy landscape and opportunities and challenges for the UK, building on activity to date.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has of the implications for his policies of the findings of the Opening up the Gas Market project by the Scottish Gas Network in 2016, on mixing different blends/compositions of natural gas in the localised Oban gas grid; and if he will make a statement.

Scotland Gas Network’s (SGN’s) Opening up the Gas Market project tested unprocessed Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) which had a gas quality measurement above the statutory upper limit specified in Schedule 3 of Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996 (GS(M)R). Through a controlled trial this gas was injected into the Oban network for a year. The project demonstrated that unprocessed LNG was safe to distribute and safe for consumers in the Oban network.

As a result of the rollout of the Oban project unprocessed LNG above the statutory limit, has been injected into the Scottish Independent Undertakings at Oban, Campbeltown, Wick and Thurso since 2015 under a rolling exemption from GS(M)R.

Following this, the Department has been working closely with the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to review the regulation of gas quality as a safety measure through GS(M)R. The increased availability of imported natural gas and low carbon gas alternatives means there is a need to widen the specification of gas permitted under GS(M)R, provided that any change is demonstrated to be safe. Project Oban successfully demonstrated the safety case for amending the upper statutory limit.

The Institution of Gas Engineers and Managers (IGEM) industry working group has proposed a series of amendments to the GS(M)R and a new IGEM Gas Quality Standard. HSE and BEIS intend take forward these and other changes to GS(M)R as part of a consultation in 2021.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether (a) manufacturers of electrical infrastructure products and (b) other industry stakeholders from across the supply chain will be represented on Ofgem’s Net Zero Advisory Group.

Ofgem has recently published the Terms of Reference for the Net Zero Advisory Group (link here). The Group will normally be made up of representatives from the following:

Ofgem, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, HM Treasury, Department for Transport, Scottish Government, Welsh Government, National Infrastructure Commission, Committee on Climate Change and Citizens Advice. Where appropriate, the Group may invite internal or external experts to specific meetings and seek views from these parties outside of the meetings. The Terms of Reference may be reviewed and updated periodically.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps his Department is taking with Ofgem to ensure that investment decisions taken by the Distribution Network Operators are based on comprehensive, whole life cost benefit assessments; and if will make a statement.

Energy network companies are regulated by the independent energy regulator, Ofgem, to ensure that they adequately maintain a safe and secure network whilst investing for the future and ensuring a fair price for consumers. In order to do this, Ofgem uses price controls to determine the revenues network companies may recover, the investment they may make and the performance standards they must deliver. Network regulation, including approval of investment decisions, is a matter for Ofgem as the independent regulator. Ofgem is currently developing the next electricity distribution price control, consulting with stakeholders during this process.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when the Government plans to bring forward legislative proposals to set a mandatory date for boiler installations to be hydrogen ready or part of a hybrid system; and if he will make a statement.

Hydrogen could play a key role in eliminating our contribution to climate change by 2050 and is one of the options being explored to decarbonise heat in the UK alongside heat pumps, heat networks and biogas. However, further work is required to fully test and assess the potential of hydrogen as an option for decarbonising heating.

Prototype ‘hydrogen-ready boilers’ are being developed under the £25m BEIS Hy4Heat programme. This programme is seeking to investigate if it is technically possible and safe to replace methane with hydrogen in appliances for residential and commercial buildings and evaluate the likely costs and performance. The programme is due to be completed in 2021, and the Department will be reviewing the outputs from this technical work as it progresses.

The Government is planning to publish a Heat and Buildings Strategy in due course, which will set out the immediate actions we will take for reducing emissions from buildings.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of creating a national delivery body to co-ordinate heat decarbonisation in the UK; and if he will make a statement.

The?Clean Growth Strategy identifies heat as the most difficult decarbonisation challenge facing the country.??It will involve coordinating large-scale transformation and will require wide-ranging change to energy systems and markets.

We have noted that some stakeholders have raised the potential merits of different models of national coordinating delivery body. We have committed to publishing a Heat and Buildings Strategy in due course, which will set out the immediate actions we will take for reducing emissions from buildings, as well as what longer term action is required to ensure we are on track for net zero.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether he plans to bring forward proposals to end the sale and installation of oil burning boilers; and if he will make a statement.

In the Clean Growth Strategy,?we committed to phase out the installation of high carbon fossil fuel heating in buildings not connected to the gas grid, starting with new build, during the 2020s.

Our consultation on the Future Home Standard, launched last year, lays out our plans to phase out high carbon fossil fuel heating in new homes. We will respond to that consultation later this year. We also plan to consult later this year on changes to new non-domestic buildings’ energy standards.

We will be consulting on phasing out high carbon fossil fuel heating in existing buildings off the gas grid in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of introducing operational performance ratings alongside Energy Performance Certificates for all non-domestic buildings.

We are planning to consult later this year on introducing operational performance ratings for commercial and industrial buildings. We aim to build on proven best practice and are working closely with industry, as well as with the devolved administrations, to design and develop the scheme to ensure it drives benefits across the UK.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the potential merits of designating energy efficiency as a national infrastructure priority; and if he will make a statement.

The Government is committed to delivering our net zero target and will take further steps to decarbonise the UK economy, including through the future publication of a National Infrastructure Strategy. The Government is also planning to publish a Heat and Buildings Strategy in due course, which will set out the immediate actions we will take for reducing emissions from all homes and buildings and set buildings on track for net zero.


The Government remains committed to delivering the aspiration set out in the Clean Growth Strategy, to help as many homes as possible to reach EPC Band C by 2035, where practical, affordable and cost-effective.

My Rt. Hon. Friend Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer recently announced a net zero building package worth in excess of £3bn. This new funding represents a significant and accelerated down payment on decarbonising buildings, to help stimulate the economic recovery and create green jobs.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many homes he plans to upgrade to EPC Band C by (a) 2025, (b) 2030 and (c) 2035.

The Government remains committed to the Clean Growth Strategy aim for as many homes as possible to be EPC Band C 2035, where practical, cost-effective, and affordable.

In addition, for homes in fuel poverty, we remain committed to our statutory fuel poverty target of improving as many fuel poor homes as reasonably practicable to energy efficiency rating Band C by the end of 2030, as well as our interim target of Band D by 2025.

There is no set number of homes to be achieved within those targets. However, the Heat & Building Strategy and the updated Fuel Poverty Strategy, which we plan to publish in due course, will set out how we intend to meet our commitments and set us on a path to decarbonising homes and buildings by 2050.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of local authorities having a role in supporting initiatives to improve the energy efficiency of housing at scale in their local areas; what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government on supporting local authorities to have that role; and if he will make a statement.

Under the £2bn Green Homes Grant funding announced by my Rt. Hon. Friend Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer on 8th July to save households money, cut carbon and create green jobs, £500 million has been earmarked for Local Authority delivery in England to ensure those in low-income households, who may be less likely to take up a demand-led voucher scheme, will be able to benefit from energy efficiency upgrades. Local Authorities have a comprehensive understanding of their local community and will be able to identify households through a variety of referral routes, such as a ‘cold home referral’ from the health and charity sectors.

As fuel poverty is a devolved issue the geographic policy scope for the Green Homes Grant Local Authority Delivery is for England only.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will list the proposed new build nuclear sites where China General Nuclear Power Company have a potential investment stake.

China General Nuclear Power Corporation is, through subsidiary companies, investing in the construction of Hinkley Point C as well as the development of Sizewell C and Bradwell B.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if the Government will make it its policy to prioritise meeting climate change targets as part of a green economic recovery from the covid-19 outbreak.

As we recover from COVID-19, the Government intends to deliver a UK economy which is cleaner, more sustainable and more resilient. The UK was the first major economy to legislate our 2050 Net Zero target last year and tackling climate change should be at the heart of our economic recovery.

In delivering the UK’s net zero target, we are looking to position the UK as a world leader in low carbon technologies, services, and systems. The UK has a strong base to grow from there are almost half a million jobs in low carbon businesses and their supply chains across the country and low carbon exports are already worth billions of pounds each year.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, if he will provide a ringfence for early-stage technologies within the Contracts for Difference mechanism to support for Scotland’s wave, tidal and floating wind sectors.

The next Contracts for Difference allocation round is planned for 2021. A consultation on potential changes closed on 29 May. We are now considering submissions, including from those sectors requesting a ringfenced or minimum allocation, and will publish a response in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what support the Government plans to provide to ensure a sustainable small-scale renewable energy sector in Scotland; and if he will make a statement.

The Smart Export Guarantee, which came into force across Great Britain in January 2020, mandates that small-scale low-carbon electricity generators have the right to be paid for the renewable electricity they export to the grid.

This reflects our continued commitment to ensuring that low-carbon electricity – whether at the household level or the national level – is central to the transition to the smart and flexible energy systems of the future.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what Government funding is available for a feasibility and development project for (a) tidal and (b) wave energy projects; and if he will make a statement.

The Government regularly makes funding available for innovative energy projects. Tidal and wave energy companies are welcome to bid into calls for the Energy Entrepreneurs fund and the UKRI SMART Grants programme. Government funds feasibility and assessment work for low technology readiness level (TRL) technologies through the ORE Supergen.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what new renewable energy projects are under consideration for a Regulated Asset Base finance model; and if he will make a statement.

The Government’s main support mechanism for new renewable electricity projects is the Contracts for Difference Scheme. The Renewable Heat Incentive currently supports new renewable heat projects.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Hunterston (B) nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation.

EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

March 2023

965 MW

Heysham 1

March 2024

1,155 MW

Hartlepool

March 2024

1,180 MW

Hinkley Point B

March 2023

955 MW

In order to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion in low carbon electricity generation. This includes renewables, carbon capture usage and storage, and nuclear. We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Hartlepool nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation.

EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

March 2023

965 MW

Heysham 1

March 2024

1,155 MW

Hartlepool

March 2024

1,180 MW

Hinkley Point B

March 2023

955 MW

In order to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion in low carbon electricity generation. This includes renewables, carbon capture usage and storage, and nuclear. We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Heysham nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation.

EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

March 2023

965 MW

Heysham 1

March 2024

1,155 MW

Hartlepool

March 2024

1,180 MW

Hinkley Point B

March 2023

955 MW

In order to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion in low carbon electricity generation. This includes renewables, carbon capture usage and storage, and nuclear. We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the planned shutdown date is for Hinkley Point (B) nuclear power station; what the electricity generation capacity is of that power station; and what plans his Department has to replace that capacity.

The shutdown of nuclear power stations is a matter for the operator and the Office for Nuclear Regulation.

EDF Energy’s published closure dates and the generating capacity for stations is set out in the following table.

Power station

EDF Energy’s published closure date

Generating capacity

Hunterston B

March 2023

965 MW

Heysham 1

March 2024

1,155 MW

Hartlepool

March 2024

1,180 MW

Hinkley Point B

March 2023

955 MW

In order to meet our target of net zero emissions by 2050, we will need to have a significant expansion in low carbon electricity generation. This includes renewables, carbon capture usage and storage, and nuclear. We also have the capacity market mechanism which ensures the right incentives are in place to deliver the level of electricity required.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what new nuclear projects are under consideration for a Regulated Asset Base finance model; and if he will make a statement.

We consulted in 2019 on a Regulated Asset Base (RAB) model as a possible funding model for new nuclear projects. The RAB is a generic framework and each project has its own considerations that should be taken into account when looking at how it should be financed. We will respond to the consultation in due course.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how much funding has been allocated to the development of small modular reactors; what the spend is to date; what progress has been made against agreed milestones; and if he will make a statement.

The Government has awarded £18 million, match funded by industry, to the UK Small Modular Reactor (SMR) consortium for Phase 1 of a programme to develop an SMR in the UK. This is part of a greater bid into the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund. Approval will be sought for the remaining £215.5 million in Government grant funding (matched by industry) in due course.

As at 15 June, costs of £7 million of the £18 grant funding had been incurred. Phase 1 is due to complete in April 2021

Additionally, the Government has provided up to £7 million to regulators to build the capability and capacity needed to support and assess advanced nuclear technologies.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how much money has been allocated to the nuclear sector deal; what the agreed spend is to date; and what progress has been made against agreed milestones; and if he will make a statement.

Total funding in the Nuclear Sector Deal – from both the Government and industry – is £204 million, of which £172 million is from the Government. Publicly committed Government funds to date are approximately £113 million, with further announcements being considered. Good progress has been made on the Sector Deal, including:

- Publication of a National Decommissioning and Waste Management Pipeline inJune 2019.

- Up to £16 million in research and development grants for advanced manufacturing, awarded in November 2019.

- Support from the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund to a Rolls-Royce-led UK consortium to develop a Small Modular Reactor, announced in November 2019.

- Publication of a Nuclear Sector Gender Roadmap and Gender Commitment in December 2019.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
8th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of annual contract for difference auctions; and if he will make a statement.

The Government keeps all aspects of the Contracts for Difference scheme under review on an ongoing basis. In 2018, the Government announced its intention to run auctions under the scheme every two years. The last auction took place in 2019, and the next is scheduled to take place in 2021. The Government recently consulted on a range of potential changes in connection with the 2021 auction and will respond to this consultation in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
8th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of removing the capacity cap from contract for difference auctions; and if he will make a statement.

Capacity caps can drive competitive auctions and deliver value for money for consumers. In the absence of a capacity cap or similar constraint, competitors in Contract for Difference auctions would have no incentive to bid below the wholesale price of electricity. A capacity cap was first deployed in the third Contract for Difference auction in 2019, which secured nearly twice the capacity of the previous auction with a 30% reduction in clearing prices. We continue to keep all aspects of the Contracts for Difference Scheme under review and will publish auction parameters in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when he plans to publish the energy White Paper; and if he will make a statement.

The energy white paper remains a high priority for BEIS. It will address how the transformation of the energy system promotes high-skilled jobs and clean, resilient economic growth across the country while ensuring energy plays its full part in delivering our target of net zero emissions by 2050. We are currently assessing the impact of Coronavirus on our strategic approach, and how this will impact our plans for publication. We will set out the way forward in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what steps his Department is taking to support the development of hydrogen technology to help decarbonise (a) transport, (b) heating and (c) heavy industry.

Hydrogen is a potential decarbonisation option across multiple economic sectors, including transport, heat, industry and power. Our independent advisors the Committee on Climate Change have suggested that a major increase in hydrogen production is required in order to meet our 2050 net zero target, with a complete switch to low carbon production methods[1].

The Government is committed to exploring the option of hydrogen as a strategic decarbonised energy carrier, alongside electricity. In line with this we are investing up to £121m in hydrogen innovation, supporting a range of projects exploring the potential of low carbon hydrogen across the value chain. This includes the:

  • £23m Hydrogen for Transport Programme - to increase the uptake of fuel cell electric vehicles and grow the number of publicly accessible hydrogen refuelling stations
  • £25m Hy4Heat programme - to explore the safety and feasibility of using 100% hydrogen for heat in the home, including product development and core safety assessment.
  • £20m Industrial Fuel Switching Competition - to test the potential for switching to hydrogen (and other low carbon fuels) in industrial sectors like cement and glass manufacture.
  • £33m Low Carbon Hydrogen Supply Competition – to support the development of bulk low carbon hydrogen production technologies

Alongside our innovation activity, we are building sustainable policy frameworks to support investment in low carbon hydrogen production, including through progressing a business model to enable this.

[1] Net Zero – Technical Report, Committee on Climate Change, May 2019 - https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/net-zero-technical-report/

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of hydrogen technology to help decarbonise (a) transport, (b) heating and (c) heavy industry.

Hydrogen is a potential decarbonisation option across multiple economic sectors, including transport, heat, industry and power. Our independent advisors the Committee on Climate Change have suggested that a major increase in hydrogen production is required in order to meet our 2050 net zero target, with a complete switch to low carbon production methods[1].

The Government is committed to exploring the option of hydrogen as a strategic decarbonised energy carrier, alongside electricity. In line with this we are investing up to £121m in hydrogen innovation, supporting a range of projects exploring the potential of low carbon hydrogen across the value chain. This includes the:

  • £23m Hydrogen for Transport Programme - to increase the uptake of fuel cell electric vehicles and grow the number of publicly accessible hydrogen refuelling stations
  • £25m Hy4Heat programme - to explore the safety and feasibility of using 100% hydrogen for heat in the home, including product development and core safety assessment.
  • £20m Industrial Fuel Switching Competition - to test the potential for switching to hydrogen (and other low carbon fuels) in industrial sectors like cement and glass manufacture.
  • £33m Low Carbon Hydrogen Supply Competition – to support the development of bulk low carbon hydrogen production technologies

Alongside our innovation activity, we are building sustainable policy frameworks to support investment in low carbon hydrogen production, including through progressing a business model to enable this.

[1] Net Zero – Technical Report, Committee on Climate Change, May 2019 - https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/net-zero-technical-report/

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when he plans to publish the proposed Nationally Determined Contribution for the UK; and if he will make a statement.

As part of our incoming COP Presidency, in partnership with Italy, we are urging all countries to come forward with ambitious new Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) which represent their highest possible ambition. The UK will play its part and we are preparing to come forward with an enhanced NDC well ahead of COP26.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
15th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, for what reasons the Government did not publish the proposed Nationally Determined Contribution for the UK in February 2020 in line with the timeframe agreed at COP21; and if he will make a statement.

As part of our incoming COP Presidency, in partnership with Italy, we are urging all countries to come forward with ambitious new NDCs which represent their highest possible ambition. The UK will play its part and we are preparing to come forward with an enhanced NDC well ahead of COP26. It is our top priority in doing so to contribute to the greatest possible momentum and ambition ahead of COP26.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many new complaints his Department received on the mis-selling of Green Deal loans by Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS) in each of the last 12 months.

The number of mis-selling complaints received by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy regarding Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd in each of the last 12 months are shown in the table below.

Month

Number of complaints

May 2019

10

June 2019

6

July 2019

10

August 2019

3

September 2019

3

October 2019

3

November 2019

9

December 2019

5

January 2020

5

February 2020

8

March 2020

7

April 2020

1

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
24th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many intention notices have been issued by his Department in response to complaints of the mis-selling of Green Deal loans by Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS); and how many intention notices remain outstanding.

As of 27th April 2020, there are 179 outstanding appeals, relating to the company Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS), which have been referred to my Rt. Hon. Friend the Secretary of State.

Ninety-seven Intention Notices have been issued in respect of the outstanding HELMS appeals.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
20th Apr 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many Green Deal plans were provided by Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd for the purpose of installing solar panels in each constituency in the UK.

The number of Green Deal plans provided by Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd which include the installation of solar panels in each constituency in the UK are shown in the attached table.

In order to manage the risk of revealing personal or commercial data, our approach is not to release non-zero counts of less than five for a small geographic area.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether it is his policy that at least one of the carbon capture plants will be in Scotland.

The Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Infrastructure Fund announced at Budget 2020 will enhance long-term competitiveness of UK’s industrial regions by providing at least £800m to establish CCS in at least two UK clusters, one by the mid-2020s and another by 2030. The CCS Infrastructure Fund will support delivery of our Industrial Clusters Mission.

We will work collaboratively with all potential projects across the UK, with value for money considerations at the centre, before taking decisions on how, and where, the Fund will be allocated.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 12 March 2020 to Question 25155 on Home Energy and Lifestyle Management: Scotland, how many green deal agreements were issued to Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd for the purpose of installing external building insulation in each local authority in Scotland.

The number of Green Deal plans provided by Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd which included External Wall insulation in Scotland by local authority are shown in the table below.

To manage the risk of revealing personal or commercial data, our approach is not to release non-zero counts of less than five for a small geographic area. Items marked * are small and have been supressed to achieve this disclosure control.

Local Authority

GD Plans

City of Edinburgh

5

East Ayrshire

48

East Dunbartonshire

5

Falkirk

18

Fife

*

Glasgow City

80

Inverclyde

27

Midlothian

*

North Ayrshire

39

North Lanarkshire

81

Renfrewshire

243

Scottish Borders

10

South Ayrshire

35

South Lanarkshire

157

Stirling

18

West Dunbartonshire

63

West Lothian

9

Scotland

846

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many Green Deal loan complaints the Green Deal Finance Company has received in respect of Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd in each year since 2013, by (i) constituency and (ii) local authority area.

The Department does not hold information on the number of complaints the Green Deal Finance Company has received in respect of Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS).

The Department also does not hold information on whether the Green Deal Finance Company has written to the 4,581 HELMS consumers on the practices of that company.

The Green Deal Finance Company are a private company, and as such do not routinely share data around complaints, or their approach to providing redress to consumers with the Department.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the oral contribution of the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Official Report, 23 October 2018, column 53WH, whether the Green Deal Finance Company has written to the 4,581 consumers who were sold a Green Deal by Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS) on the sales practices of that company.

The Department does not hold information on the number of complaints the Green Deal Finance Company has received in respect of Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS).

The Department also does not hold information on whether the Green Deal Finance Company has written to the 4,581 HELMS consumers on the practices of that company.

The Green Deal Finance Company are a private company, and as such do not routinely share data around complaints, or their approach to providing redress to consumers with the Department.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what the (a) criteria and (b) calculations were for offers of a (i) reduction and (ii) cancellation made by (A) the Green Deal Finance Company and (B) his Department to customers who have made a complaint on green deal mis-selling by Home Energy and Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS).

Each complaint is considered individually by the Secretary of State in line with the Green Deal Framework Regulations.

The Secretary of State has the power to reduce or cancel loans where there has been a breach of the relevant rules, and he is satisfied that the consumer has suffered, or is likely to suffer, a substantive loss. One of the requirements in the Regulations is to impose a sanction that is proportionate to the breach it is imposed upon. Further information on the legislative requirements is available in the Sanctions guidance, which can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-on-green-deal-sanctions-and-appeals

Details of any proposed sanction, including reasons for intended decision and associated calculations, are made available in intention notices issued to affected parties. Any proposed sanction by the Secretary of State, intends to bring the consumer closest to the position they would have been in had the identified breaches not occurred. The sanction will vary depending on the nature of individual cases.

The Green Deal Finance Company are a private company, and as such do not routinely share data around complaints, or their approach to providing redress to consumers with the Department.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
4th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many green deal agreements were issued to Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd for the purpose of installing external building insulation in each constituency in Scotland.

The number of Green Deal plans provided by Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd which included External Wall insulation in Scotland by parliamentary constituency are shown in the table below.

To manage the risk of revealing personal or commercial data, our approach is not to release non-zero counts of less than five for a small geographic area.

Constituency

GD Plans

Airdrie and Shotts

6

Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock

1-4

Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk

10

Central Ayrshire

74

Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill

1-4

Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East

75

East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow

84

Edinburgh West

5

Falkirk

9

Glasgow East

18

Glasgow North East

58

Glasgow South

1-4

Glasgow South West

1-4

Inverclyde

27

Kilmarnock and Loudoun

44

Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath

1-4

Linlithgow and East Falkirk

11

Livingston

7

Midlothian

1-4

Motherwell and Wishaw

1-4

Paisley and Renfrewshire North

220

Paisley and Renfrewshire South

23

Rutherglen and Hamilton West

73

Stirling

18

West Dunbartonshire

63

Scotland

846

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 3 October 2019 to Question 292374 on Green Deal Scheme: Appeals, how many cases from Kilmarnock and Loudoun constituency that were referred to her have been with her office for (a) one, (b) two, (c) three, (d) four, (e) five, (f) six, (g) seven, (h) eight, (i) nine, (j) 10, (k) 11 and (l) 12 months or longer without a final decision having been made.

At 5th February 2020 there are 20 outstanding appeals, relating to the company Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS) from households in the Kilmarnock and Loudoun constituency. The table below provides details of the age of the outstanding appeals in the constituency.

Months outstanding

Number of appeals

1 or under

0

2

0

3

0

4

0

5

2

6

0

7

0

8

0

9

0

10

3

11

6

12

0

Longer than 12 months

9

As of 5th February 2020, a total of 61 Intention Notices have been issued in respect of complaints about mis-selling of the Green Deal by HELMS.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many offers of compensation have been made by her Department to appellants as a result of mis-selling by the company HELMS; and of those offers how many were (a) accepted and settled and (b) rejected by consumers in favour of their original offer of compensation from the Green Deal Finance Company.

At 5th February 2020 there are 20 outstanding appeals, relating to the company Home Energy & Lifestyle Management Ltd (HELMS) from households in the Kilmarnock and Loudoun constituency. The table below provides details of the age of the outstanding appeals in the constituency.

Months outstanding

Number of appeals

1 or under

0

2

0

3

0

4

0

5

2

6

0

7

0

8

0

9

0

10

3

11

6

12

0

Longer than 12 months

9

As of 5th February 2020, a total of 61 Intention Notices have been issued in respect of complaints about mis-selling of the Green Deal by HELMS.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Committee for Climate Change's report entitled, Net Zero Technical Report, published May 2019, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the recommendation in that report that onshore wind capacity may require to be increased to 35GW by 2035; and if she will make a statement.

This government is committed to delivering net zero emissions by 2050 which will require significant effort in all sectors. In power, we have made great progress in decarbonising electricity generation whilst meeting demand, and over half our electricity generation was from low-carbon sources last year, up from 23% in 2010.

As we continue to reduce emissions the exact mix of the electricity system will be affected by the approach to decarbonisation in other sectors, technology costs and the emergence of new technologies. It is not for government to prescribe the proportion of generation that will come from any specific technology in 2050; rather the role of government will be to enable the market to deliver the levels of deployment required whilst minimising both emissions and systems costs.

The Energy White Paper will address the transformation of our energy system in the context of delivering net-zero by 2050.

It will be the first major statement in energy on how we plan to deliver on our Net Zero commitment, setting out our approach in power generation, buildings decarbonisation, networks and markets, industrial decarbonisation, and oil and gas.

My rt. hon. Friend the Secretary of State plans to publish an energy white paper in Q1 2020.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Committee for Climate Change's report entitled, Net Zero Technical Report, published May 2019, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the recommendation that solar PV may require to be increased to 54GW by 2035; and if she will make a statement.

This government is committed to delivering net zero emissions by 2050 which will require significant effort in all sectors. In power, we have made great progress in decarbonising electricity generation whilst meeting demand, and over half our electricity generation was from low-carbon sources last year, up from 23% in 2010.

As we continue to reduce emissions the exact mix of the electricity system will be affected by the approach to decarbonisation in other sectors, technology costs and the emergence of new technologies. It is not for government to prescribe the proportion of generation that will come from any specific technology in 2050; rather the role of government will be to enable the market to deliver the levels of deployment required whilst minimising both emissions and systems costs.

The Energy White Paper will address the transformation of our energy system in the context of delivering net-zero by 2050.

It will be the first major statement in energy on how we plan to deliver on our Net Zero commitment, setting out our approach in power generation, buildings decarbonisation, networks and markets, industrial decarbonisation, and oil and gas.

My rt. hon. Friend the Secretary of State plans to publish an energy white paper in Q1 2020.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
28th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what plans her Department has for eliminating the use of cash retentions in the construction industry; and if she will make a statement.

The Government is committed to improving payment practices; we fully understand the practice of cash retentions can create problems for contractors in the supply chain.

To date, we have undertaken extensive analysis of the responses to the 2018 consultation exercise alongside wider stakeholder discussions. This includes ministerial roundtables, which bring together representatives from the construction sector to consider cash retention issues and reach a consensus on policy options.

A range of views remain across the sector and its clients about the problems associated with the withholding of retentions, and how these might be addressed.

We will publish the response to the consultation on the practice of cash retention under construction contracts as soon as possible. The Government will continue to work with industry on these issues.

Nadhim Zahawi
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
27th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 20 January 2020 to Question 2480, to what projects she plans to allocate the £170 million Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund.

Through the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, UK Research and Innovation will allocate up to £170 million to projects that will support the delivery of the Industrial Clusters Mission. There are three strands that the funding will cover: 1) projects to deliver or support the delivery of significant emissions reductions in industrial clusters; 2) the development of industrial cluster decarbonisation roadmaps; and 3) establishing an Industrial Decarbonisation Research and Innovation Centre.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
27th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 20 January 2020 to Question 2480, on Carbon Capture and Storage, what criteria his Department plans to use to determine the eligibility of carbon capture, usage and storage clusters for inclusion in the Industrial Clusters Mission.

The Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund (ISCF) will allocate up to £170 million to support the delivery of the Industrial Clusters Mission. As part of the ISCF, bids have been invited from industrial clusters for the development of decarbonisation infrastructure, including carbon capture, usage and storage infrastructure. These bids will be assessed by UK Research and Innovation, with awards made to projects that will deliver, or support delivery of, significant emissions reductions in a UK industrial cluster by 2030.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
27th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 20 January 2020 to Question 2480, on Carbon Capture and Storage, what the spend profile is for the £800 million of funding allocated to the development of carbon capture, usage and storage.

The Government is committed to deploying CCUS in the 2020s. We will provide further details on how the investment, outlined in the Conservative manifesto, will be progressed in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
27th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 20 January 2020 to Question 2480, on Carbon Capture and Storage, whether the £800 million of funding will be allocated to (a) one or (b) more than one carbon capture, usage and storage cluster.

The Government is committed to deploying CCUS in the 2020s. We will provide further details on how the investment, outlined in the Conservative manifesto, will be progressed in due course.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
27th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, pursuant to the Answer of 20 January 2020 to Question 2480, on Carbon Capture and Storage, what criteria her Department plans to use to determine the eligibility of carbon capture, usage and storage clusters to receive preferred funding status.

The Government is committed to deploying CCUS in the 2020s. We will provide further details on how CCUS investment, outlined in the Conservative manifesto, will be allocated in due course.

In addition, the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund (ISCF) will allocate up to £170 million to support the delivery of the Industrial Clusters Mission. As part of the ISCF, bids have been invited from industrial clusters for the development of decarbonisation infrastructure, including Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage infrastructure. These bids will be assessed by UK Research and Innovation, with awards made to projects that will deliver, or support delivery of, significant emissions reductions in a UK industrial cluster by 2030.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many people were employed in the UK solar industry in (a) 2015, (b) 2016, (c) 2017, (d) 2018 and (e) 2019.

The ONS produces estimates of the size of the UK’s green economy from the Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy Survey. Estimates for employment in the UK solar industry from 2015-2018 are listed below. Estimates for 2019 are not yet available.

Comparing estimates from the Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy Survey from 2014 with estimates from later years of the survey is not advised because of changes in the sample methodology in 2015. The survey sample size was reduced from around 40,000 in 2014 to around 14,000 in 2015.

Employment (full time equivalent)

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Estimate

Estimate

Estimate

Estimate

Estimate

Solar photovoltaic

UK

9,800

9,900

4,900

5,400

6,600

England

8,800

9,300

4,400

5,000

5,600

Scotland

300

300

200

100

300

Wales

500

200

100

200

500

Northern Ireland

200

~

200

100

200

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, whether she will consider introducing a minimum floor price to the Smart Export Guarantee.

The SEG has been successful in bringing forward a range of competitive offerings to the market. Renewable generators now have several tariffs to choose from, in some cases even higher than the FIT export tariff.

The Government will continue to monitor the types of export tariffs being offered to small generators to assess the development of the small-scale low-carbon export market. The Government will keep the operation of SEG under review.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, for what reason solar PV and onshore wind are excluded from the Contract for Difference auctions.

Government keeps the CfD scheme under review and announces the scope of allocation rounds before each round commences. No decisions have yet been made on the future of allocation rounds for established technologies such as onshore wind and solar PV.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what estimate he has made of the quantity of ground mount solar PV used in (a) 2015, (b) 2016, (c) 2017, (d) 2018 and (e) 2019.

The figures for (a) and (d) are published at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/solar-photovoltaics-deployment.

The ground-mounted solar PV is broken down into FiTs (standalone), RO (ground mounted and CfD (ground mounted) in Table 2.

(e) Figures for solar deployment up to November 2019 are published by the Department at the link in part (a) – (d).

These figures include data from BEIS’s major power producers surve, the Renewable Energy Planning Database (REPD) and the Microgeneration Certification Scheme database (MCS).

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what has been the cost reduction in (a) rooftop solar PV and (b) ground-mount PV since 2010.

The Department has publishes two sets of estimates of the cost of solar PV over time:

1) Outturn statistics on the cost of installations below 50kW capacity in each financial year since April 2013. These statistics are based on installations that are registered on the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), and do not differentiate between rooftop and ground-mounted PV although the majority relates to rooftop. These are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/solar-pv-cost-data.

2) Projections of current and future installation costs across a number of capacity sizes, from 2010 onwards. These are based on reports commissioned by the Department, and are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/energy-generation-cost-projections.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
16th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what estimate he has made of the quantity of domestic rooftop solar PV installed in (a) 2015, (b) 2016, (c) 2017, (d) 2018 and (e) 2019.

(a) - (d) The generating capacity and number of domestic solar PV installations for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 is published by the department at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/monthly-central-feed-in-tariff-register-statistics. This data is based on the Central FiTs Register (CFR) of installations accredited on the Feed in Tariff scheme.

(e) Figures for solar deployment up to November 2019 are published by the department at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/solar-photovoltaics-deployment

These figures are based on BEIS’s major power producers survey, the Renewable Energy Planning Database (REPD) and the Microgeneration Certification Scheme database (MCS).

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
7th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, with reference to the Answer of 7 October 2016 to Question 45055, how many tonnes of carbon dioxide were displaced by renewable (a) electricity and (b) heat generation in (i) the UK, (ii) England, (iii) Scotland and (iv) Wales in (A) 2016, (B) 2017 and (C) 2018.

The Answer of 7 October 2016 to Question 45055 estimated the displacement of carbon dioxide emissions in 2015 as renewable electricity generation multiplied by the average emissions factor for electricity supplied by fossil fuel stations in 2015. However, using the same methodology for subsequent years would be misleading due to the steep drop in the average fossil fuels emissions factor between 2015 and 2016. The increase in the carbon price floor in 2015 and closure of coal-fired power stations drove a switch from coal to gas generation. This methodology would therefore not differentiate between the reduction in carbon dioxide due to displacement of coal by gas and the reduction due to the displacement of fossil fuels by renewables.

Kwasi Kwarteng
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
25th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what sectoral support has recently been provided to the operators of English Language Teaching Centres.

We recognise that COVID-19 restrictions are significantly impacting tourism across the country, and that these remain extremely challenging conditions for businesses such as English Language Teaching Centres, which are important to the supply chain.

English Language Schools have been, and are, able to benefit from a wide variety of Government support, including the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, which has been extended until September, a variety of generous Government backed loan schemes and grants through the Additional Restrictions Grant scheme, although this is for England only.

The guidance for the Additional Restrictions Grant funding was updated on 22 March to include the £425m top-up from 1 April 2021. This states that Local Authorities are encouraged to support businesses from all sectors that may have been severely impacted by restrictions, but are not eligible for the Restart Grant scheme. The document states that this may include English Language Schools, alongside a number of other businesses.

Although funding issued under the Additional Restrictions Grant scheme is ultimately issued at the discretion of Local Authorities, we encourage and expect them to be sympathetic to applications from English Language Schools, as well as other businesses in the tourism supply chain which have been affected by COVID-19 restrictions.

Nigel Huddleston
Assistant Whip
25th Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what assessment he has made of the financial effect of covid-19 travel restrictions on the operation of English Language Teaching Centres.

We recognise that COVID-19 restrictions are significantly impacting tourism across the country, and that these remain extremely challenging conditions for businesses such as English Language Teaching Centres, which are important to the supply chain.

English Language Schools have been, and are, able to benefit from a wide variety of Government support, including the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, which has been extended until September, a variety of generous Government backed loan schemes and grants through the Additional Restrictions Grant scheme, although this is for England only.

The guidance for the Additional Restrictions Grant funding was updated on 22 March to include the £425m top-up from 1 April 2021. This states that Local Authorities are encouraged to support businesses from all sectors that may have been severely impacted by restrictions, but are not eligible for the Restart Grant scheme. The document states that this may include English Language Schools, alongside a number of other businesses.

Although funding issued under the Additional Restrictions Grant scheme is ultimately issued at the discretion of Local Authorities, we encourage and expect them to be sympathetic to applications from English Language Schools, as well as other businesses in the tourism supply chain which have been affected by COVID-19 restrictions.

Nigel Huddleston
Assistant Whip
29th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what the total budget is of the Festival UK 2022; and what the spend is to date.

The total budget for the Festival UK 2022 is £120m. The spend to the end of December 2020 is £10.2m, including £3m for the R&D phase which has helped fund 30 creative teams from across the UK. These teams are made up of some of our leading organisations and individuals from science, technology and culture, and this investment has provided paid work for over 100 freelancers.

This does not include any spend by the Devolved Administrations as this budget is subject to the Barnett formula, and is therefore not within the control of DCMS.

Caroline Dinenage
Minister of State (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
14th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what assessment his Department has made of whether the World Indoor Bowls Championships can take place on 9 January 2021 in Great Yarmouth; and if he will make a statement.

The organisation of the 2021 World Indoor Bowls Championships is a matter for the relevant local authorities and governing bodies for the sport, subject to the overarching public health measures and the appropriate covid secure guidance for the event.

The safety and security of players and spectators in all sports remains of paramount importance and we will continue to be led by wider public health guidance.

Nigel Huddleston
Assistant Whip
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Department has no live PFI contracts.

John Whittingdale
Minister of State (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
21st Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, pursuant to the Answer of 11 February 2020 to Question 11568, on Broadband, what steps his Department is taking to determine where the hardest to reach parts of the country are; how areas will be prioritised; what the timescales for the programme are; and if she will make a statement.

We will pursue an ‘outside in’ strategy to the delivery of gigabit-capable networks, meaning that while network competition serves the commercially feasible areas, the Government will simultaneously support investment in the most difficult to reach areas. The Government intends to invest £5bn in those areas that are likely to be unviable commercially for gigabit-capable network deployment and will require additional funding of some kind.

We are already connecting some of the hardest to reach places in the country through our Superfast broadband programme and £200 million Rural Gigabit Connectivity programme. In addition, we are currently working closely with industry, Local Authorities and Devolved Administrations to design this our new £5 billion programme - which includes determining how areas will be prioritised - to ensure we get the best possible value for money for taxpayers. We intend to start procuring contracts next year.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what estimate he has made of the cost to the public purse of the roll-out of gigabit-capable broadband by 2025; and if he will make a statement.

Government has pledged £5 billion to support the rollout of gigabit-capable networks to the hardest to reach parts of the country. In addition, the Government’s £200m Rural Gigabit Connectivity programme is already supporting rollout of gigabit broadband in rural areas. This funding will be targeted at the premises where we do not expect operators to commercially invest, to ensure that no part of the country will be left behind.

In addition to this, £49m of funding for the Wave 3 Local Full Fibre Networks project has been successfully bid for since the last budget. This is on top of the previously announced £53m million of funding.

We expect that the rest of the UK will get gigabit capable networks through private investment. Therefore, rather than fund rollout in commercially viable areas with public money, we are focusing on breaking down barriers to deployment in order to enable faster rollout by the private sector operators. For example, we have recently introduced the Telecommunications Infrastructure (Leasehold Property) Bill into Parliament, which will make it easier for network builders to access blocks of flats where there is an absent or unresponsive landlord.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what comparative assessment he has made of average broadband download speeds in the UK against those in (a) EU countries and (b) other countries throughout the world; and if he will make a statement.

According to Ofcom’s May 2019 UK Home Broadband Performance report, average download speeds increased by 18% in 2018 to 54.2 mbps. This demonstrates the growing availability and take-up of superfast broadband in the UK.

In comparing the UK to other EU countries, the latest data from the 2019 Digital Society and Economy Index (DESI) report by the European Commission shows that the UK ranked seventh out of 28 EU countries for the availability of superfast broadband. The UK also compares well to countries outside of the EU for superfast availability.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, when he plans to publish the (a) funding, (b) timescales and (c) other details of the delivery programme for gigabit-enabled broadband; and if he will make a statement.

The Government is implementing a number of reforms to make it easier for the private sector to deploy gigabit capable broadband as quickly as possible, building on the recommendations of the Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review.

For example, the Government recently introduced the Telecommunications Infrastructure (Leasehold Property) Bill into Parliament, which will make it easier for operators to connect leasehold properties to gigabit broadband where the landlord repeatedly fails to respond to requests from operators to access the property. In the Queen’s Speech, the Government also announced it will legislate to ensure new build homes have the infrastructure to support gigabit capable connections by requiring housing developers to work with broadband companies to install these connections in virtually all new build homes, up to a cost cap.

In addition to commercial delivery by the private sector, the Government has announced £5bn of funding to deliver faster broadband in the hardest to reach areas of the UK. The Department is currently consulting with industry on the delivery programme and will announce further details on this programme, and other reforms to support private sector deployment, in due course.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, how many households in (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England are connected to full fibre broadband.

According to Ofcom's 'Connected Nations' report, full-fibre broadband coverage for residential premises was at 10% for the whole of the UK, as of September 2019. This was 8% for Scotland , 12% for Wales and 10% for England.

The Government has made clear its ambition for nationwide gigabit broadband as quickly as possible.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, how many households in (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England have not yet been connected to full fibre broadband.

According to Ofcom's 'Connected Nations' report, full-fibre broadband coverage for residential premises was at 10% for the whole of the UK, as of September 2019. This was 8% for Scotland , 12% for Wales and 10% for England.

The Government has made clear its ambition for nationwide gigabit broadband as quickly as possible.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Minister of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, whether he plans to publish an update to the Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review document, published July 2018.

The Government is implementing a number of reforms to make it easier for the private sector to deploy gigabit capable broadband as quickly as possible, building on the recommendations of the Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review.

For example, the Government recently introduced the Telecommunications Infrastructure (Leasehold Property) Bill into Parliament, which will make it easier for operators to connect leasehold properties to gigabit broadband where the landlord repeatedly fails to respond to requests from operators to access the property. In the Queen’s Speech, the Government also announced it will legislate to ensure new build homes have the infrastructure to support gigabit capable connections by requiring housing developers to work with broadband companies to install these connections in virtually all new build homes, up to a cost cap.

In addition to commercial delivery by the private sector, the Government has announced £5bn of funding to deliver faster broadband in the hardest to reach areas of the UK. The Department is currently consulting with industry on the delivery programme and will announce further details on this programme, and other reforms to support private sector deployment, in due course.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
8th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, when she plans to respond to the 18 September 2019 report of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee, An Update on Rural Connectivity, Seventeenth Report of Session 2017-19, HC 2223.

The government has prepared a response to the EFRA committee, which will be submitted when the committee is reformed.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
12th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of suspending the teacher pensions abatement threshold during the covid-19 outbreak.

As both my right hon. Friends the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer have made clear, the Government will do whatever it takes to support people affected by COVID-19.

Our latest guidance on for schools and other educational settings is set out below:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-guidance-for-schools-and-other-educational-settings.

Whilst education is a devolved matter, colleagues at the Scottish Public Pensions Agency have confirmed that, in line with the England and Wales scheme, they will consider the effect of abatement as part of any response to COVID-19 should a need emerge. These are rapidly developing circumstances; we continue to keep the situation under review and will keep Parliament updated accordingly.

Nick Gibb
Minister of State (Education)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what financial support the Government will provide to the childcare sector during the covid-19 outbreak; and if he will make a statement.

The government has set out specific measures to support childcare providers during the COVID-19 outbreak:

  • We will continue to pay funding to local authorities for the early years entitlements for 2, 3 and 4-year-olds
  • To support private nurseries, the Chancellor of the Exchequer has also announced that they will be eligible for a business rates holiday for one year from 1 April

Childcare providers will also benefit from the wider measures the Chancellor of the Exchequer has announced to support the people and businesses of the UK:

  • A three-point plan announced in the Budget providing £12 billion of support for public services, individuals and businesses whose finances are affected by the outbreak
  • A package to provide additional support for businesses and individuals totalling £350 billion
  • The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme to help firms continue to keep people in employment. This means that businesses can put workers on temporary leave and the government will pay them cash grants of 80% of their wages up to a cap of £2,500, providing they keep the worker employed
  • A scheme to help the UK’s self-employed who are affected by the coronavirus outbreak. The new Self-Employed Income Support Scheme will enable those eligible to receive a cash grant worth 80% of their average monthly trading profit over the last three years. This covers 95% of people who receive the majority of their income from self-employment
  • On 28 March, my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, announced that the government will also temporarily suspend the wrongful trading provisions to give company directors greater confidence to use their best endeavours to continue trading during this pandemic emergency, without the threat of personal liability should the company ultimately fall into insolvency

The government is also providing the following additional support:

  • deferral of Self-Assesment income tax payments due in July 2020
  • VAT payments due with VAT returns between now and the end June 2020 will be deferred. UK VAT registered businesses will not need make those payments until March 2021
  • grants for businesses that pay little or no business rates
  • increased amounts of Universal Credit
  • the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme

The latest guidance from the department for early years and childcare providers can be found here:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-early-years-and-childcare-closures/coronavirus-covid-19-early-years-and-childcare-closures and

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-financial-support-for-education-early-years-and-childrens-social-care.

Vicky Ford
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Education)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what tree planting targets were in place in each year since 2010; and how many hectares of tree planting took place in each of those years.

Between 2010 and 2015 there was no specific target for woodland creation. The 2015-17 Government committed to plant eleven million trees over the course of that Parliament, then assumed to run to 2020. The subsequent Government (2017-19) made the same commitment, together with another to plant one million trees in our towns and cities. The 2018 25 Year Environment Plan included an aspiration to increase woodland cover in England to 12% by 2060, through planting 180,000 hectares of new woodland by 2042. We have now committed to accelerate planting rates to 30,000 hectares per year across the UK by the end of this Parliament.

The Forestry Commission produces statistics on new planting of woodland for the UK. These are Official Statistics produced to meet the standards of the Code of Practice for Statistics, and can be found on the Forest Research web site together with background information at: https://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/tools-and-resources/statistics/forestry-statistics/

The area of new planting (woodland creation) for the UK and England in each year since 2010, taken from the published statistics is shown below.

New planting of woodland (thousands of hectares)

Year (ending 31 March)

New planting in England

New planting in the UK

2010-11

2.53

9.10

2011-12

2.67

12.76

2012-13

2.59

10.79

2013-14

3.34

12.89

2014-15

2.43

10.30

2015-16

0.82

5.61

2016-17

1.15

6.52

2017-18

1.50

9.05

2018-19

1.42

13.54

2019-20

2.34

13.66

Source: Forestry Commission, Forestry England, Scottish Forestry, Forestry and Land Scotland, Natural Resources Wales, Forest Service, Welsh Government, grant schemes with estimates for areas newly planted without grant aid.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
3rd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many UK flagged fishing vessels are authorised to fish for stocks in the area governed by the Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC); whether any of those vessels or their owner companies are foreign controlled; and what the actual or anticipated costs are of the UK’s membership of the IOTC under the Instrument of Acceptance it deposited with the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation on 14 December 2020.

No UK-flagged fishing vessels have applied for a licence to fish in Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) waters in 2021, although licences can be applied for at any point during the year. The vessels that fish in the area are owned by UK-registered companies.

The UK’s role in the IOTC is to represent UK vessels that fish in IOTC waters; to represent the interests of the British Indian Ocean Territory; and to pursue the UK’s international marine and fisheries policy aims. The UK’s membership fee for 2021 is $157,340 (£113,002 at the time of writing).

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, whether he has made an assessment of the potential merits of a dedicated MP helpline to submit inquiries on exports and customs processes overseen by the Animal Plant Health Agency; and if he will make a statement.

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) provides a range of support on Export Health Certification and Phytosanitary Certification including a helpline and GOV.UK content for interested stakeholders. Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) provides a similar service for customs related queries.

A step-by-step guide for exporting from the UK can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/export-goods. For matters overseen by APHA, members of the public can contact exports@apha.gov.uk or 03000 200 301. There is a dedicated line for the Movement Assistance Scheme for all exports of live animals, products of animal origin, plants and plant products (agrifood goods) from Great Britain to Northern Ireland, which is 0330 0416 580.

Defra has a dedicated process for MPs to raise queries and APHA follows this system.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, when he plans to answer the MP inquiry from the office of the hon. Member for Kilmarnock and Loudoun submitted to his Department on 15 December 2020 on the issuing of an ABP licence.

The enquiry referred to by the hon. Member for Kilmarnock and Loudoun is a duplication of one that was made by an MSP to Scottish Government on behalf of his constituent concerning ABP licence approval. It was dealt with by Scottish Government as it is a devolved issue.

Scottish Government sent the Approval No. 69/186/8002/ABP/PFT letter on the 18th of December 2020.

APHA have sent Mr Alan Brown MP a reply providing an explanation and background on the case.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what his Department's average response time is for enquiries from an hon. Member on behalf of constituents relating to the Animal Plant Health Agency.

The Animal and Plant Health Agency reply to Minister enquiries on behalf of constituents within 15 working days. In the event of a response not being available within 15 working days the requestor is informed of this in writing.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, when the Working Group on Organic Products is due to first meet.

As part of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, the UK and EU agreed to form a Working Group on Organic Products. We will shortly begin discussions with the European Commission to agree the overall aims of the group, its membership and meeting frequency. We will also consult with the sector and the Devolved Administrations.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, what the selection process will be for the appointment of UK Government representatives to the Working Group on Organic Products.

As part of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, the UK and EU agreed to form a Working Group on Organic Products. We will shortly begin discussions with the European Commission to agree the overall aims of the group, its membership and meeting frequency. We will also consult with the sector and the Devolved Administrations.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, how many (a) EU representatives and (b) UK Government representatives will sit on the Working Group on Organic Products.

As part of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, the UK and EU agreed to form a Working Group on Organic Products. We will shortly begin discussions with the European Commission to agree the overall aims of the group, its membership and meeting frequency. We will also consult with the sector and the Devolved Administrations.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 4 November 2020 to Question 109136 on Transport: Refrigeration, who his Department has commissioned to conduct research on improving the evidence base on emissions from non-road mobile machinery emissions, including transport refrigeration units; what the (a) timeframe and (b) terms of reference is for that research; and if he will make a statemen.

In the Clean Air Strategy 2019, we committed to exploring further action to tackle non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) emissions in England. In September 2019, Defra commissioned Ricardo Energy & Environment to conduct research to improve the evidence base on emissions from NRMM, including transport refrigeration units, and inform policy development.

Over the next few months, we will be engaging with stakeholders to discuss initial findings of the research. This exercise will help to ensure that we have a robust and accurate evidence base from which to consider policy options.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, on what dates he has had discussions with representatives of the Horticultural sector on requirements to facilitate the import of goods after the end of the transition period.

Defra officials have maintained regular engagement with the horticultural industry on post-transition period planning, both with individual operators and through key stakeholder groups. For instance, the Plant Health Advisory Forum, the Tree Health Policy Group and the Ornamental Horticulture Roundtable Group, as well as frequent bilateral engagement with key stakeholders such as the Horticultural Trade Association, Fresh Produce Consortium, the National Farmers Union and the Ornamental Aquatic Trade Association.

Most recently Defra has undertaken a series of feasibility sessions joined by more than 300 participants, describing in detail the end-to-end import process for plants and plant products into Great Britain from the European Union after the end of the Transition Period. The policy behind GB's post-Transition Period plant health regime and its implementation has been informed by the invaluable feedback received from stakeholders at these feasibility sessions, other events and regular conversations with industry groups.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of inspection agents required for the inspection of high priority plants imported from the EU from (a) 1 January 2021 and (b) 1 July 2021; how many trained and qualified agents are employed by his Department; and if he will make a statement.

GB plant health authorities have undertaken significant recruitment to increase the number of plant health inspectors in order to service the demand for import and export checks and certification. We will have sufficient resources to meet demand from 1 January 2021 when checks of high-priority plants from the EU begin, and July 2021 when we will have arrived at our end-state regime, to ensure minimal disruption to trade.

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) delivers plant health services in England and Wales where the majority of additional inspectors will be required. APHA is well advanced in its recruitment of plant health inspectors, with nearly 200 new field and desk-based staff undergoing training in time for 1 January 2021.

Further recruitment campaigns are being progressed which would enable adaptation of the number plant health inspectors if volumes prove to be higher than anticipated. Additionally, Defra officials also have well developed contingency plans in place, which involve re-prioritisation of services and securing temporary resources to ensure no disruption to trade.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what arrangements he has in place for the provision of plant passports for the movement of plants when the transition period ends on 31 December 2020.

Movements of plants which currently require a plant passport from the EU will need to be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate after the end of the transition period. Further details on this change can be found here:

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/importing-and-exporting-plants-and-plant-products-from-1-january-2021.

For internal GB movements, GB will continue to use a domestic plant passport system from 1 January 2021, which will be similar to the current EU plant passport system. The plant passport system is necessary to maintain traceability for internal movements of plants and ensure that operators who issue plant passports meet a minimum standard of plant health.

We have aimed to keep the domestic plant passport system similar to the current system to ease the burden on operators.

For example, imports from the EU will require a plant passport from the First Place of Destination; this is the same process as for imports from third countries now. Furthermore, existing authorisations to issue EU plant passports will roll over from 1 January 2021, and therefore there is no need for operators to fill out further forms for plant passporting if they are already authorised.

The vast majority of guidance regarding plant passports will remain the same, and movements of plants within GB which require a plant passport now will continue to require one after the transition period; therefore for most operators the post-transition domestic plant passport system should not present additional burden to the existing system.

Changes that will occur, for example the content and format of the new UK plant passport, have been communicated to industry to ensure they are ready for those changes.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

Defra group Property has one commercial letting structured as a PFI contract: Eastbrook, Cambridge.

Responding in the order raised for the Eastbrook contract:

  1. Full accommodation supply
  2. Commenced 12/05/2003
  3. Expires 22/04/2033
  4. FY 2020 / 2021 repayment - £1,809,404.55
Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps his Department is taking to encourage the integration of bioenergy crops into agricultural and soil management strategies.

The Government supports the generation of heat and power from low carbon technologies, including those using crops and forestry biomass, helping to deliver the Net Zero greenhouse gas emissions target for 2050. The Government recently consulted on the future support for low carbon heat, which includes proposals for a Green Gas Support Scheme and a Clean Heat Grant with support for heat pumps and in some instances, biomass. Government also consulted on the introduction of E10 bioethanol transport petrol this year, where domestic production can utilise energy crops.

The Agriculture Bill contains provisions for financial assistance in England to manage land in a way that mitigates the effects of climate change, and for starting or improving the productivity of agricultural and forestry activity.

The Government recognises soil is one of our greatest natural assets and is essential for underpinning a range of benefits such as flood mitigation, food production and carbon storage. The 25 Year Environment Plan (25YEP) sets out Governments ambition to replenish depleted soil and restore its fertility so that soils are sustainably managed by 2030. In order to meet this ambition, we are developing a healthy soils indicator for England as part of 25YEP. The future monitoring scheme through the soil indicator will be able to inform us on the impact of changes in land management practices, including the wider take-up of bioenergy crops in rotations.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps his Department is taking to work with the agricultural sector to develop the market for digestate as an alternative to artificial fertilisers and encourage digestate upgrading.

The definition of fertiliser in current regulation is being updated in the Agriculture Bill to include alternatives to traditional mineral based fertilisers, as the current definition does not allow for the effective regulation of non-traditional fertilisers.

The UK-wide powers we are taking in the Agriculture Bill, currently before Parliament, will enable us to update current fertilisers legislation to enable new and innovative fertilisers to be marketed and provide farmers with a wider choice of more sustainable fertilisers (such as those from recycled wastes), as part of wider work to increase nutrient use efficiency, nutrient recycling and minimise pollution from fertilisers. The use of digestate needs to be considered alongside these other alternatives to traditional fertilisers.

Stakeholder engagement, public consultation and a full impact assessment will be essential to inform a wider legislative review and subsequent secondary legislation. The use of digestate will naturally form part of this discussion.

Defra has supported research into Anaerobic Digestion (AD) for over 20 years, first becoming involved in agricultural AD at the Silsoe agricultural technology institute and continuing this at a number of operational AD plants across the country.

In addition, following support at consultation, we are legislating through the Environment Bill to introduce a statutory duty for waste collection authorities to arrange for the separate collection of food waste from households in England, at least weekly. Businesses and other organisations generating food waste will also be required to arrange for the separate collection of food waste. This material must be collected for recycling or composting. AD represents the best waste treatment method for unavoidable food waste due to the generation of biofuel and digestate. Local Authorities would be free to decide on the recycling route resulting from locally available infrastructure.

AD can reduce greenhouse gas emissions (such as methane) from on-farm waste when best practice is used, though there is a risk of increased ammonia emissions, an environmental pollutant. AD represents the best environmental outcome for the treatment of unavoidable food waste, due to the generation of bio-fuel and digestate.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how his Department plans to fund universal food waste collections; and what steps he is taking to ensure that those collections are effectively rolled out by 2023.

This is a devolved matter and the information provided therefore relates to England only.

Following support at consultation, we are legislating through the Environment Bill to introduce a statutory duty for waste collection authorities in England to arrange for at least weekly separate collection of food waste from households. Businesses and other organisations generating food waste will also be required to arrange for the separate collection of food waste. This must be collected for recycling or composting, including Anaerobic Digestion (AD). AD represents the best waste treatment method for unavoidable food waste due to the generation of biofuel and digestate and local authorities would be free to decide on the recycling route as a result of locally available infrastructure. We are preparing to consult on further details on this policy early in 2021.

The Government has committed to covering the costs of any additional burdens that local authorities face as a result of new statutory duties requiring them to collect food waste separately for recycling. This is in keeping with the New Burdens Doctrine which requires new burdens on local authorities to be properly assessed and fully funded, so that there will be no increase in council tax as a result of the policy.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what plans he has to ensure that food waste is diverted to anaerobic digestion technologies; and if he will make a statement.

This is a devolved matter and the information provided therefore relates to England only.

Following support at consultation, we are legislating through the Environment Bill to introduce a statutory duty for waste collection authorities in England to arrange for at least weekly separate collection of food waste from households. Businesses and other organisations generating food waste will also be required to arrange for the separate collection of food waste. This must be collected for recycling or composting, including Anaerobic Digestion (AD). AD represents the best waste treatment method for unavoidable food waste due to the generation of biofuel and digestate and local authorities would be free to decide on the recycling route as a result of locally available infrastructure. We are preparing to consult on further details on this policy early in 2021.

The Government has committed to covering the costs of any additional burdens that local authorities face as a result of new statutory duties requiring them to collect food waste separately for recycling. This is in keeping with the New Burdens Doctrine which requires new burdens on local authorities to be properly assessed and fully funded, so that there will be no increase in council tax as a result of the policy.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what (a) advice and (b) support she provides to UK businesses (i) trading and (ii) operating in Western Sahara.

The United Kingdom regards the status of Western Sahara as undetermined.

We would advise businesses that our newly transitioned Association Agreement with Morocco, once in force, will apply in the same way as the EU-Morocco Association Agreement. It treats products originating in Western Sahara in the same way as the EU-Morocco Association Agreement, in line with the European Court of Justice's ruling on that issue and the subsequent amendment of the EU-Morocco Association Agreement.

British businesses trading and operating in the region should take note of our travel advice for Western Sahara.

Ranil Jayawardena
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what discussions she has had with (a) Cabinet colleagues and (b) the devolved Administrations on the future composition of the Trade and Agriculture Commission.

My Rt hon. Friend the Secretary of State for International Trade is in contact with relevant Cabinet colleagues with regard to the Trade and Agriculture Commission (TAC). The Government also works closely with the devolved administrations on all aspects of our trade policy and I have written to my counterparts seeking their views on the Commission.

The TAC will ensure that public and industry interests are protected in Britain’s agriculture trade policy.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 28 July to Question 76780 on Whisky: USA, what discussions she has had with her counterpart in the US on the tariffs applied to Scotch Whisky exports to the US since the meeting on 10 July 2020; and what the US Administration's position is on the removal of those tariffs.

The UK Government continues to raise this issue at the highest levels with the US administration. In July, the Secretary of State for International Trade discussed the threat of additional tariffs on UK industry with US Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer. In early August the Secretary of State visited the US raising this issue again with Robert Lighthizer, pressing for the removal of tariffs as soon as possible.

Whilst revisions made by the US on 12 August to the retaliatory tariffs on EU and UK products were limited in scope, it is disappointing that the US continues to apply its retaliatory tariffs under the Airbus dispute ten months on.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 28 July to Question 76780 on Whisky: USA, whether the effects of the imposition of tariffs on blended scotch whisky was discussed at the meeting on 10 July 2020; and if she will make a statement.

The UK Government continues to raise this issue at the highest levels with the US administration. In July, the Secretary of State for International Trade discussed the threat of additional tariffs on UK industry with US Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer. In early August the Secretary of State visited the US raising this issue again with Robert Lighthizer, pressing for the removal of tariffs as soon as possible.

Whilst revisions made by the US on 12 August to the retaliatory tariffs on EU and UK products were limited in scope, it is disappointing that the US continues to apply its retaliatory tariffs under the Airbus dispute ten months on.

Greg Hands
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, when she last met her counterpart in the US Administration to discuss tariffs applied to Scotch Whisky exports to the US; and if she will make a statement.

On 10th July,?my Rt Hon. Friend?the Secretary of State?for International Trade?spoke to the US Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer, and once again raised how current and any potential tariffs could affect Britain’s distilleries.

HM Government?takes?the negative impact of?US?tariffs on Scotch Whisky very seriously. These tariffs are unnecessary, unhelpful and harm industry on both sides of the Atlantic.

We continue to raise the issue of tariffs with the highest levels of the US administration at every opportunity. Instead of escalating existing tariffs, we need to work together towards a negotiated settlement.

Ranil Jayawardena
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
30th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 29 June 2020 to Question 63402, how many renewable energy export projects from Scotland her Department has supported; and if she will make a statement.

The Department for International Trade supports businesses from across the UK to grow internationally. DIT has a dedicated renewable energy team that supports renewable energy businesses to export from all four nations but does not record data or projects on a devolved country basis. In 2018, across the UK, renewable energy exports reached £5.3 billion.

Graham Stuart
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what assessment her Department has made of the implications for her policies of the proposals by Scottish Renewables to export Scotland’s renewable energy skills to countries which are seeking to undertake green economic recoveries from the covid-19 pandemic; and if she will make a statement.

I welcome Scottish Renewables commitment to supporting Scottish businesses to export their knowledge, goods, and services to markets around the world. Trade will play an important role in delivering an economy that is stronger, cleaner, more sustainable, and more resilient across the UK after this crisis.

My Department has a team dedicated to supporting renewable energy exports and works closely with the Scottish enterprise agencies, for whom energy is a key sector. To support an international low carbon recovery, the UK Government recently announced the Green Recovery Challenge Fund to disburse £12 million, over two years, to projects that will help countries accelerate their low-carbon transition.

Graham Stuart
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for International Trade)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, which countries he has had discussions with on the allocation and removal of emissions from international shipping and aviation.

Reducing emissions from international shipping and aviation is a key priority for my Department. To ensure these emissions are accounted for consistently, the Government recently announced that the UK’s Sixth Carbon Budget will include international aviation and shipping emissions.

Measures to address these emissions are best approached through international coordination, and Ministers and officials have regular engagement with international partners on efforts to drive decarbonisation in these sectors, particularly in the frameworks of both the International Maritime Organization and International Civil Aviation Organization.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what fiscal steps he is taking to encourage investment in clean maritime, as part of the Government's commitment to reducing emissions from international shipping.

On 22 March my Department launched a £20 million Clean Maritime Demonstration Competition. This supports the design and development of clean maritime technology, such as feasibility studies and technology trials, fast-tracking maritime decarbonisation in the UK. This competition builds on the vision set out in the Department’s Clean Maritime Plan, published in 2019, and underlines our legislative commitment to addressing UK domestic and international shipping emissions.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what meetings his Department has held with the representatives of the UK maritime sector on reducing emissions from that sector, as part of the Government's commitment to reducing emissions from international shipping.

The Department regularly engages the UK maritime sector on matters important to them, including emissions reduction. We engage with a range of representatives of the maritime industry in the context of our work at the International Maritime Organization and our preparations for COP 26. We also continue to meet on a regular basis with the Clean Maritime Council to discuss decarbonisation efforts for both domestic and international shipping.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what support his Department is providing to the maritime sector to develop competitive green finance products and standards for green maritime finance in line with the Government’s Maritime 2050 strategy.

The Department recognises the vital role that green finance plays in supporting the UK’s transition to a clean and resilient economy. Our Clean Maritime Plan, represents the Government’s route map for achieving net zero emissions in domestic shipping by 2050. Through our Clean Maritime Plan, we will continue to work with the British banking sector, industry and across Whitehall to encourage the provision of finance towards zero emission shipping technology, development and manufacturing, supporting the Prime’s Minister’s Ten Point Plan for a green industrial revolution. Further plans for maritime decarbonisation will be included in the Transport Decarbonisation Plan, which is due to be published this year.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent meetings he has held with the maritime sector on the role of maritime decarbonisation as a matter to be raised at COP26.

Ministers and officials are having regular discussions with the maritime sector on the topics of decarbonisation and COP26, as decarbonising shipping is essential to achieving the target of net zero greenhouse gases across the economy by 2050 and delivering on the International Maritime Organisation ‘Initial Strategy on the Reduction of GHG from Ships’. These discussions will continue to intensify in the coming months to support efforts towards maritime decarbonisation at COP26 and beyond.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, what the selection process will be for the appointment of UK Government representatives to the Working Group on Motor Vehicles and Parts.

The procedure for establishing this working group has yet to be agreed between the UK and EU authorities, including setting the terms of reference, its membership and the frequency of meetings. The process for selecting UK representatives will be determined once these aspects are agreed, although it is our expectation that UK delegates will be government officials with the relevant expertise in the development and enforcement of technical regulations for motor vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, how many (a) EU representatives and (b) UK Government representatives will sit on the Working Group on Motor Vehicles and Parts.

The procedure for establishing this working group has yet to be agreed between the UK and EU authorities, including setting the terms of reference, its membership and the frequency of meetings. The process for selecting UK representatives will be determined once these aspects are agreed, although it is our expectation that UK delegates will be government officials with the relevant expertise in the development and enforcement of technical regulations for motor vehicles.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate he has made of the number of European Conference of Ministers of Transport international road haulage permits that will be required for the movement of goods into the EU from 1 January 2021; and how many have been (a) applied for and (b) issued.

European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) permits may be used to cover any gaps in market access for international road haulage after the transition period ends: exact requirements will depend on the outcome of negotiations with the European Commission.

An application window closed on 20 November 2020 during which a total of 10,059 applications for ECMT permits were received. We will take account of the latest negotiations on market access before allocating ECMT permits. No permits have yet been issued.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the number of trailer registration permits that will be required for the movement of goods into the EU from 1 January 2021; and how many such permits have been (a) applied for and (b) issued to date.

Following the UKs ratification of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, the UK introduced a trailer registration scheme in February 2019. To date, around 21,000 trailers have been registered on the scheme.

Trailer owners who wish to register their trailer can do so on gov.uk and will be charged a fee of £26. There is no limit to the number of trailers that can be registered on the scheme.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Transport for London press notice, published 1 December on an agreed funding and financing package for the final phase of the Crossrail project, (a) what is the total value of the loan, (b) what is the repayment period of the loan, (c) do interest rates agreed in the package accord with the current Public Works Loan Board and (d) if he will make a statement.

On 1 December, the Government announced that additional borrowing of £825m will be made available to the Greater London Authority (GLA) for the purposes of Crossrail. The terms of the loan remain commercially sensitive. The Secretary of State for Transport provided a statement on this matter on 1 December.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether legislative proposals are required to facilitate the loan package agreed with the Greater London Assembly for the completion of Crossrail.

As a result of the announcement made on 1 December that additional borrowing of £825m will be made available to the Greater London Authority (GLA) for the purposes of Crossrail, the government will be preparing a Statutory Instrument to extend the period of time that Mayoral Community Infrastructure Levy (MCIL) can be collected for the purposes of Crossrail.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much and what proportion of the funding allocated to the rapid charge fund announced in the March 2020 budget has been spent to date; and if he will make a statement.

As announced in the Spending Review on 25 November 2020, the Government will invest £950 million in future proofing grid capacity along the Strategic Road Network to prepare for 100% uptake of zero emission cars and vans ahead of need. The Spending Review announcement supersedes the March 2020 budget. As of 26th November 2020 no funding has been released, however work to design the Rapid Charging Fund is underway and the timing and process for the delivery of this funding will be confirmed in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many rapid charge points have been installed through the Rapid Charge Fund to date; and how many rapid charge points are programmed for installation from that fund in the next 12 months.

As announced in the Spending Review on 25 November 2020, the Government will invest £950 million in future proofing grid capacity along the Strategic Road Network to prepare for 100% uptake of zero emission cars and vans ahead of need. Work to design the Rapid Charging Fund is underway, and the timing and process for the delivery of this funding will be confirmed in due course. We will work closely with motorway service area operators and chargepoint operators to make sure that this funding is used to support the rollout of as many chargepoints as possible.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the role of the UK maritime industry in supporting the Government's targets for increasing offshore wind production.

While my Right Honourable Friend the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy is responsible for the Government’s targets on offshore wind production, my officials and I regularly engage the maritime sector on all relevant matters, including offshore wind production and the decarbonisation of the vessels serving offshore windfarms.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with representatives of the maritime industry on that industry's role in supporting the Government's targets for increasing offshore wind production.

While my Right Honourable Friend the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy is responsible for the Government’s targets on offshore wind production, my officials and I regularly engage the maritime sector on all relevant matters, including offshore wind production and the decarbonisation of the vessels serving offshore windfarms.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with representatives of the maritime industry on the allocation of funding for feasibility projects relating to maritime decarbonisation.

On 18 November the Prime Minister announced, as part of his Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, £20 million for a Clean Maritime Demonstration Competition to develop clean maritime technology, such as feasibility studies on key sites. My officials and I have had preliminary discussions with representatives from the maritime sector concerning the commitments in the Ten Point Plan, including the Clean Maritime Demonstration Competition. Further information on the terms of the competition will be published in due course.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent discussions he has had with representatives of UK ports on the role of ports in contributing to the Government's Net Zero targets.

The Department has regular meetings at both Ministerial and Official level with individual ports and their trade representatives on wide a range of issues, including decarbonisation.

The UK’s ports are covered by both the Net Zero 2050 target, and our national carbon budgets under the Climate Change Act. Ports will need to decarbonise alongside the wider UK economy.

Most recently I have met with the board members of the UK Major Ports Group, one of the two port trade associations in the UK, on the 27th of November. We discussed a range of issues of interest to the sector including decarbonisation.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the potential merits of providing bespoke sectorial financial support for the coach hire industry.

We have announced several financial support measures available to UK businesses, including the coach industry. This includes measures announced on 24 September as part of the Winter Economy Plan, further support on 22 October for businesses in local lockdown areas, changes to the Job Support Scheme (JSS), and increased business grants. With the introduction of new national restrictions on 5 November, the COVID-19 Job Retention Scheme has also been extended until March 2021.

The full return to education supports a key revenue source for the industry and this has been augmented by the additional vehicles needed compared to previous years. The Department of Education has announced over £70 million to local transport authorities to provide additional dedicated school and college capacity in our transport system, helping children and young people to get to and from their schools and colleges whilst social distancing reduces the capacity of existing public transport

We continue to work closely with representatives from the coach sector including the Confederation of Passenger Transport, and with other government departments, to understand the ongoing risks and issues the sector faces and how these could be addressed.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
18th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent assessment he has made of the effect of covid-19 restrictions on the coach hire industry; and if he will make a statement.

We have announced several financial support measures available to UK businesses, including the coach industry. This includes measures announced on 24 September as part of the Winter Economy Plan, further support on 22 October for businesses in local lockdown areas, changes to the Job Support Scheme (JSS), and increased business grants. With the introduction of new national restrictions on 5 November, the COVID-19 Job Retention Scheme has also been extended until March 2021.

The full return to education supports a key revenue source for the industry and this has been augmented by the additional vehicles needed compared to previous years. The Department of Education has announced over £70 million to local transport authorities to provide additional dedicated school and college capacity in our transport system, helping children and young people to get to and from their schools and colleges whilst social distancing reduces the capacity of existing public transport. It is for local transport authorities to decide how to use this funding, but some of this has been used to fund additional coach services.

We continue to work closely with representatives from the coach sector including the Confederation of Passenger Transport, and with other government departments, to understand the ongoing risks and issues the sector faces and how these could be addressed.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
16th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to include the Airspace Modernisation Strategy in the work of the Jet Zero Council.

At the request of DfT and Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), the Airspace Change Organisation Group (ACOG) was established in 2019 to coordinate the delivery of key aspects of the Government’s Airspace Modernisation Strategy (AMS), namely the national programme of airspace change amongst major UK airports.

The Jet Zero Council (JZC) will take into account all of the decarbonisation levers available to ensure the sector reaches its net zero goals, including Airspace Modernisation, but will be primarily focused on driving forward areas that require further coordination such as zero emission aerospace technology and sustainable aviation fuels (SAF).

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions his Department has had with the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on maritime decarbonisation.

The Department for Transport has frequent discussions with the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in relation to maritime decarbonisation and climate change matters.

DfT and BEIS officials meet regularly to discuss the decarbonisation of both the domestic and international maritime sectors, and in relation to wider decarbonisation issues including the maritime aspects of offshore renewable energy, the role of advanced fuels including hydrogen in the UK economy, and the resulting opportunities for green growth.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the economic effect of investing in maritime decarbonisation.

In 2015, the Department published the Maritime Growth Study, which considered all aspects of the maritime sector and identified where action could be taken to generate growth[1]. Following the publication of Maritime 2050 in 2019, which builds on the findings of the Maritime Growth Study, the Department published the Clean Maritime Plan, which identified the potential for clean economic growth in the UK as a result of the transition to zero emission shipping[2].

Alongside the Plan, the Department published an assessment of the value of potential economic opportunities from low and zero emission shipping. This review provided a framework for assessing the scale of the opportunity generated by emission reduction technologies, including a mapping of the relevant supply chain, an assessment of the global uptake of these technologies, the economic footprint of the UK firms in the supply chain and the UK’s share of global export of these technologies[3].

[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/maritime-growth-study

[2] https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/815664/clean-maritime-plan.pdf

[3] https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/815666/economic-opportunities-low-zero-emission-shipping.pdf

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
7th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what estimate his Department has made of the number of jobs that could be created as a result of investment in maritime decarbonisation.

In 2019, the Department published the Clean Maritime Plan, which noted the potential for clean economic growth in the UK as a result of the transition to zero emission shipping.

Alongside the Plan, the Department published an assessment of the potential economic opportunities from low and zero emission shipping. While this does not estimate the number of potential new jobs that could be created through the decarbonisation of the maritime sector, it identifies a large potential global market for the elements of alternative maritime fuel production technologies in which the UK has a particular competitive advantage (for example, upfront design), which could result in economic benefits to the UK of around £360–£510 million per year by the middle of the century.

Maritime UK has published its views that investment in maritime decarbonisation could in future create more than 15 thousand jobs as well as tens of thousands of jobs when considering the wider supply chain. Industry research estimates that in 2017 the UK maritime sector as a whole directly supported more than 220 thousand jobs for UK employees.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
6th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the potential merits of allocating funding to the maritime sector to help support growth in the production of offshore wind energy.

Ahead of our economy-wide net zero target, Government has commissioned and published extensive work considering the options for decarbonising the maritime sector, including the role of public funding. This research suggests that maritime decarbonisation could result in economic benefits to the UK of up to £510 million per year.

The Department has not made a specific assessment of the potential merits of allocating funding to the maritime sector for the purpose of supporting the growth in the production of offshore wind energy.

Robert Courts
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Department for Transport has an operational PFI Portfolio of 56 Projects. The largest sub-sector of the portfolio is in street lighting, with 31 projects. The majority, 41 of our 56 PFI projects, are contracted by Local Authorities. The DfT’s PFI Portfolio has a total Capital Value of £6.97bn. The PFI portfolio carries a total public sector whole-life Unitary Charge liability of £33.7bn. The whole-life direct liability to DfT is £29.5bn as PFI credits for local authority projects are topped up locally to meet the unitary charge payments. For detailed data on when contracts became live, their remaining term and the annual repayments, please refer to background note below.

This information is also published annually by the IPA, for DFT and all other central government departments. This can be found here: www.gov.uk/government/publications/private-finance-initiative-and-private-finance-2-projects-2018-summary-data

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of introducing an effective minimum price for Renewable Transport Fuel to help ensure the value of (a) biomethane and (b) other low-carbon fuels.

A market for low carbon fuels used in transport, including biomethane, is promoted by the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) certificate trading scheme. Under the scheme the minimum value of renewable transport fuel certificates (RTFCs), which can be rewarded to a range of low carbon fuels, is not fixed but is determined by the market. One of the benefits of the RTFO market-based scheme is in providing flexibility to suppliers in meeting their obligation thereby ensuring costs passed on to consumers are minimised.

The Department continually keeps the support schemes applicable to low carbon fuels used in transport under review to ensure these deliver cost effective reductions in emissions in line with UK Carbon budgets.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of changing the methodology his Department uses to calculate transport emissions from tailpipe emission to well to wheel to capture the full carbon impact of his Department’s policy decisions.

In 2018, the Department published the outputs of the Transport Energy Model. The model considers greenhouse gas emissions from the production and use (well-to-wheel emissions) of a range of vehicle energy sources, since both are important metrics in assessing transport’s environmental performance. The Department will continue to consider both well-to-wheel and tailpipe emissions as part of our decision making and approach to decarbonisation.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to establish a hydrogen hub; and what assessment his Department has made of the potential contribution that a hydrogen hub could play in de-carbonising transport.

The Transport Secretary is exploring options for green hydrogen in transport across freight, buses, trains, maritime and aviation and how the UK can lead the world in its deployment and use. Further details will follow in due course.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what support his Department is providing to help increase the number of hydrogen passenger vehicles in use.

The Government’s approach to realising our ambitions for greener transport is technology neutral and we are supporting hydrogen technology where the market favours its use. The Government’s £23m Hydrogen for Transport Programme is increasing the uptake of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and growing the number of publicly accessible hydrogen refuelling stations. The programme is delivering new refuelling stations, upgrading some existing stations as well as deploying hundreds of new hydrogen vehicles. Our FCEV Fleet Support Scheme has also increased the number of hydrogen passenger vehicles in use, by supporting both public and private sector fleets to become early adopters of FCEV cars and vans. We are investing in hydrogen buses and 62 are being delivered through our Low and Ultra Low Emission Bus Schemes.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much his Department has allocated from the public purse to (a) electric vehicle charging infrastructure and (b) hydrogen vehicle refuelling infrastructure in each of the last five years.

Funding allocated to support electric vehicle charging infrastructure in each of the last five years is as follows:

  • Spending Review 2015: £20m to install chargepoint infrastructure dedicated to electric taxis and private hire vehicles

  • Autumn Statement 2016: £80m to support the installation of chargepoints in the home, workplace and on-street

  • Autumn Budget 2017: £200m for the Charging Infrastructure Investment Fund

  • March Budget 2020: £500m for charging infrastructure over the next five years

  • The Government has provided £40m of funding via our Go Ultra Low city scheme to 8 cities across the UK to support uptake of ultra low emission vehicles in those cities. To date, well over 2500 chargepoints have been installed as part of this scheme, including the first 350kW enabled EV charging station in the UK

    The Government and industry have supported the installation of over 18,000 publicly available charging devices and over 130,000 domestic chargepoints.

    With regard to hydrogen, the Office for Low Emission Vehicle’s £4.8m Hydrogen for Transport Advancement programme (HyTAP) programme was launched in 2015 to funded hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. In 2017 Government provided £23m Hydrogen for its Transport Programme to increase the uptake of fuel cell electric vehicles and expand hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. Through this funding, the UK now has one of the largest publicly-accessible hydrogen refuelling station networks in Europe.

    Our approach to delivering our ambitions for greener transport is technology neutral, supporting different zero emission technologies where the market favours their use.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential contribution of hydrogen lorries to de-carbonising transport; and what discussions he has had with representatives of the road haulage industry on the introduction of hydrogen lorries.

In 2018, the Department for Transport published the outputs of the Transport Energy Model. The model provides a clear assessment of the relative environmental impacts of a range of fuel and powertrain options for road vehicles over the period to 2050, including hydrogen fuel cell heavy goods vehicles. Transport Ministers and officials regularly meet with sector representatives on a range of issues, including the use of hydrogen in the freight industry. During July and August officials engaged with over 700 key stakeholders to support the development of our Transport Decarbonisation Plan which will be published later this year and set out options and support for green hydrogen across road, rail, maritime and aviation.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
3rd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding has been loaned from the public purse to Crossrail Limited; and what the (a) timescales, (b) rates of interest and (c) other terms of repayment are on those loans.

The Government has not made any direct loans to Crossrail Limited.

In December 2018, the Government approved a £2.15bn funding package whereby the Department for Transport would provide a loan of £1.3bn to the Greater London Authority (GLA) and a loan of £750m to Transport for London (TfL) to finance the remaining costs of the project. The interest and loan repayment will occur annually over the next 10 years. The terms of the repayment are commercially sensitive.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
3rd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent estimate he has made of the cost of the Crossrail project; and what discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on allocating additional funding from the public purse to that project.

In August 2020, Crossrail Limited announced that they will require an additional £450m in funding to finance the remaining costs of the project. This is in addition to the £400 to £650m funding they announced that they would require in November 2019. Crossrail Limited have stated that work is ongoing to finalise their cost estimates.

Crossrail Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Transport for London, will require a revised funding package and discussions are ongoing to ensure it remains fair to UK taxpayers with London as the primary beneficiary bearing the costs.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, for what reasons Tunisia has not been added to the travel corridor list.

Our approach to travel corridors has been guided by the science and we have worked closely with health and policy experts from across government to ensure the steps we are taking will minimise the risk of importing COVID-19 cases.

Although Tunisia is not included currently on the list of travel corridors, the Health Regulations relating to the self-isolating requirements remain under constant review.

28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what the evidential basis is for Portugal being identified as a country where quarantine arrangements are still required for travellers between Portugal and the UK.

Portugal was added to the travel corridor list on 22 August.

28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will publish the data used to make assessments of the travel quarantine restrictions applicable to travel between foreign countries and the UK; and if he will make a statement.

The Government takes a range of factors into account when deciding which countries to add or remove from the Travel Corridor list. This includes:

  • an estimate of the proportion of the population that is currently infectious in each country
  • virus incidence rates and rates of change
  • trends in incidence and deaths
  • transmission status and international epidemic intelligence
  • information on a country’s testing capacity, testing regime and test positivity rate
  • an assessment of the quality of the data available
  • effectiveness of measures being deployed by a country
  • volume of travel between the UK and that country

?

As this remains a relatively new virus, data about global infection rates and the trajectory of the disease are not always consistent or predictable between countries. That is why each destination is considered on an individual basis, and taken together, the different factors provide a risk assessment that allows Ministers to decide whether a country needs to be removed from the travel corridors list.

I refer the honourable member to the Secretary of State for Transport’s Written Ministerial Statement on travel corridors made on 6 June 2020.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department made of the number of new daily covid-19 cases recorded in Estonia as part of its decision to exclude it as a country with an agreed airbridge with the UK.

Decisions on the Travel Corridor list have been informed by a risk assessment developed by the Joint Biosecurity Centre, in close consultation with Public Health England and the Chief Medical Officer.

The Government keeps the data for all countries and territories under constant review and updates the exemptions list with any changes on a regular basis as and when required to reflect the shifting international health picture.

The Government added Estonia to the Travel Corridor list on 28 July.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what the evidential basis is for Estonia being identified as a country where quarantine arrangements are still required for travellers between Estonia and the UK.

Decisions on the Travel Corridor list have been informed by a risk assessment developed by the Joint Biosecurity Centre, in close consultation with Public Health England and the Chief Medical Officer.

The Government keeps the data for all countries and territories under constant review and updates the exemptions list with any changes on a regular basis as and when required to reflect the shifting international health picture.

The Government added Estonia to the Travel Corridor list on 28 July.

1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the letter from Prospect Union Minister for Aviation, dated 6 May 2020, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of the Government purchasing the shares in NATS owned by the Airline Group and Heathrow Group; and if he will make a statement.

The Government has made no such assessment.

The Government recognises both the vital nature of the air navigation services NATS provide as well as the impact that the fall in air traffic has had on the company.

The Government has put in place an unprecedented package of economic measures designed to ensure that companies of any size receive the help they need to get through this difficult time. We trust that NATS management will utilise these measures to avoid the need for government intervention.

28th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how much funding the Government has allocated for each financial year of the Beeching Reversal Fund to (a) Scotland and (b) the UK; and what the Barnett consequentials are for that funding.

The UK Government’s announcement is for £500m funding to support railway re-openings within the territory for which it has funding responsibility (England and Wales). It has no immediate implications for DfT’s spending limits, and therefore none for funding of railways in the Devolved Administrations.

The final profile and exact funding arrangements for the reversing Beeching Fund have not yet been agreed. Final decisions on funding will be made at the Spending Review in the usual way.

Her Majesty’s Government is clear about the benefit of pan UK connections and is, for example, supporting the examination of the potential reopening of the Edinburgh- Carlisle ‘Waverley line’ as part of the Borders Growth Deal.

Chris Heaton-Harris
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 16 February 2021 to Question 151764, on Universal Credit, whether that new process covers claimants that are paid every four weeks, in the event that they receive two sets of four weekly payments within a single calendar month.

No, automated identification will only be for affected claimants receiving monthly earnings in the same assessment period.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what changes she has made to the universal credit system to comply with the Court of Appeal judgement of 22 June 2020 on assessing two wage payments received within a single assessment period.

The Universal Credit (Earned Income) Amendment Regulations 2020 were laid in October 2020, so for cases affected by this issue, monthly earnings can be reallocated to another assessment period. To support this, we have designed a tool which interacts with the Universal Credit Service to allow the redistribution of earnings where appropriate, with guidance having been issued to staff to ensure that where an issue is identified, the correct remedial action is taken.

Automated identification of affected claimants is expected to be implemented in early 2021. This will allow us to proactively correct Universal Credit awards before they are paid without the claimant needing to raise the issue.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, how many (a) men and (b) women received national insurance auto credits in each year since 2010; and what the cost was to the public purse of such auto credits.

Autocredits were available from 1983 to 2018. They were only available to men who were aged over the female State Pension age (SPa) but below male SPa. They ceased when the SPa for men and women equalised.

Men received autocredits only for the year in which they reached the female SPa and subsequent full tax years before age 65, protecting their National Insurance (NI) records over the period that a woman of the same age could already have claimed her State Pension.

As autocredits were only available to men, and in accordance with the policy and applicable legislation, no women received them (women were already receiving their State Pension at the time men of the same age were receiving autocredits).

Data for the number of individual men receiving autocredits for the period was not collected and is not readily available.

It is not possible to answer the question on costs. NI credits on their own have no intrinsic value or cost.

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 8 September 2020 to Question 82102, what the timeframe is for the Health and Safety Executive to report back on recommendations of changes to the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996.

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is continuing the process of reviewing the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996 (GSMR). Before any amendments are proposed HSE must be satisfied that there will be no detrimental impact on health and safety as a result.

Assessment of the evidence supporting a safe change is being undertaken, and further information and clarifications have been sought. This assessment will form the basis of a formal public consultation on future proposals for changes to GSMR. HSE expects to publish the consultation document in summer 2021.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
14th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 13 October 2020 to Question 99030 on Department for Work and Pensions: Private Finance Initiative, which Department has responsibility for Health and Safety Laboratory, Buxton PFI.

When answering written Parliamentary Questions concerning the Department, we do not include information on Executive Non-Departmental Public Body (NDPB) or Arms-Length bodies unless it is explicitly asked for in the question.

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE), an Executive Non-Departmental Public Body (NDPB) of the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP), has responsibility for the two live Private Finance Initiatives (PFI); the Health and Safety Laboratory, Buxton and Redgrave Court, Bootle formally known as the New Merseyside Centre.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what live PFI contracts her Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

Following a search of our records we have established that the Department does not hold any live PFI contracts.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
11th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what changes she has made to the qualifying period for support for mortgage interest in response to the covid-19 outbreak; and if she will make a statement.

The Department has no plans to amend the qualifying period for Support for Mortgage Interest.

Home owners experiencing difficulties with mortgage repayments because of COVID-19 should contact their lender as soon as possible to discuss what support might be available.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
1st Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, for what reasons state pensions in Northern Ireland are devolved but a reserved matter for the Scottish Parliament; and if she will make a statement.

State Pension across the UK is funded from National Insurance contributions, with there being one National Insurance Fund which serves Great Britain and a separate fund serving Northern Ireland. The Northern Ireland Fund is administered in line with the principle of parity with Great Britain.

The Northern Ireland Act 1998 sets out reserved and excepted matters, and anything not specifically mentioned in these lists is deemed to be transferred to the responsibility of the Northern Ireland Assembly. This includes all pensions-related legislation. However, in general, social security and pensions in Northern Ireland operate in parity with Great Britain, and there are mechanisms in place to provide for liaison between the National Insurance Funds in Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Recommendations on which areas of social security should be devolved to Scotland, agreed by the five main parties represented in the Scottish Parliament, were contained in the Smith Commission report published on 27 November 2014. These recommendations were taken forward and formed the basis of the Scotland Act 2016.

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 28 July 2020 to Question 76783 on Child Maintenance Service: Secondment, how many new employees have been recruited for the provision of frontline services since the start of the covid-19 outbreak to allow Child Maintenance Service staff to return to the roles they were redeployed from.

Since March 2020 DWP has increased supply by c8500, this comprises permanent and temporary recruitment, contractors/agency workers, and loans from other Government Departments.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what plans she has to amend the Gas Safety Management Regulations to allow hydrogen blending within the main grid to levels higher than 0.1 per cent by volume; and if she will make a statement.

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is currently reviewing the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996 (GSMR). This includes the safe composition of gas for transmission and distribution in Great Britain’s gas network. Following completion of the review, I will consider any proposals for change HSE puts forward.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 28 July 2020 to Question 76783 on Child Maintenance Service: Secondment, how many Child Maintenance Service staff members remain deployed to the provision of other services.

Of the total staff redeployed, there were around 1800 Child Maintenance people who were redeployed. This included 141 former CSA colleagues who were due (plans pre Covid19) to be permanently redeployed to other areas of DWP. Of the 1645 were due to return, subsequently 322 were retained on a permanent basis in legacy benefits. Recruitment is currently ongoing to back fill these staff into CMG.

1127 have returned to CMG and there are currently 196 FTE still redeployed however they are due to return later this month.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 28 July 2020 to Question 76783 on Child Maintenance Service: Secondment, how many of the 10,000 staff redeployed for the provision of frontline services are (a) still redeployed, (b) redeployed on a temporary basis and (c) redeployed on a permanent basis.

Of the total staff redeployed, there were around 1800 Child Maintenance people who were redeployed. This included 141 former CSA colleagues who were due (plans pre Covid19) to be permanently redeployed to other areas of DWP. Of the 1645 were due to return, subsequently 322 were retained on a permanent basis in legacy benefits. Recruitment is currently ongoing to back fill these staff into CMG.

1127 have returned to CMG and there are currently 196 FTE still redeployed however they are due to return later this month.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what assessment she has made of the adequacy of staffing levels in her Department to (a) process claims and payments and (b) to provide unemployment support services effectively; and if she will make a statement.

The Department is doing all we can to deal with exceptional levels of demand. Our priority is ensuring people get their benefit payments and that we can continue to support those who need them most. The Department has mobilised robust business continuity plans to ensure we can do just that.

We have introduced new processes to ease pressure on waiting times for identity verification over the phone and other processes. People making new claims for Universal Credit no longer need to call the Department as part of the process. Once they have completed their online application we will call them if we need to check any of the information they have given us.

Jobcentres have remained open throughout, providing support to our most vulnerable customers. In line with the easing of restrictions in England, from 1st July, people will be able to make an appointment with their Work Coach if they can’t get the help they want online or over the phone. Work Coaches, as part of the individualised approach, will be calling all claimants to engage with them. We will continue to be align with current guidance from Scotland and Wales.

The Department is continually assessing the service being offered to customers and we continue to keep staff numbers under review as part of our response to the impact of Covid-19 on the labour market and our support for jobseekers during this difficult time.

We have already committed to increasing the number of Work Coaches [13500] and Case Managers, and recruitment is already underway.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, how many employees have been seconded from the Child Maintenance Services (CMS) to other sections of her Department as a result of the covid-19 outbreak; when the CMS will be return to the staffing levels before the covid-19 outbreak; and if she will make a statement.

To meet the unprecedented demand for benefits during the pandemic, the Department redeployed over 10,000 staff to critical frontline work, streamlined processes and increased the capacity of our IT systems. This included approximately 1,700 out of around 6,800 members of staff from the Child Maintenance Service (CMS) to support Universal Credit (UC) and Jobseekers Allowance.

Staff began to return to the CMS from July 2020, and the Service will take a staged approach to make use of returning resource over the next few months.

Mims Davies
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
11th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, whether it is her Department's policy to automatically extend personal independence payment awards where medical assessments cannot be undertaken as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

From 17 March we suspended all face-to-face assessments for Personal Independence Payment (PIP) to protect vulnerable people from unnecessary risk of exposure to the coronavirus. Where an assessment has been scheduled we will be making alternative arrangements, which could involve either telephone or paper-based assessments. We expect these arrangements to be in effect for a temporary period and will be regularly reviewing the position in line with Public Health advice.

From 24 March we have also temporarily suspended all PIP reviews and reassessment activity other than for those already in progress and existing awards due to expire will be automatically extended to ensure continuity of financial support.

Justin Tomlinson
Minister of State (Department for Work and Pensions)
20th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, if she will make an assessment of the potential merits of paying the childcare costs elements of universal credit in advance rather than arrears as part of the coronavirus financial mitigation measures; and if she will make a statement.

As both the Prime Minister and Chancellor have made clear, the Government will do whatever it takes to support people affected by COVID 19 and we have been clear in our intention that no one should be penalised for doing the right thing. These are rapidly developing circumstances, we continue to keep the situation under review and will keep Parliament updated accordingly.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
20th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, if she will make universal credit payable in advance for all new claimants in response to the covid-19 outbreak; and if she will make a statement.

New Claims Advances are available to support those in immediate financial need until their first Universal Credit payment is made and the Department is committed to delivering advances as soon as possible to people who have requested them. It is for the claimant to choose to opt for an advance and it would not be appropriate for the department to require new claimants to have an advance.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
5th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, with reference to the High Court judgment of 11 January 2019, [2019] EWHC 23 (Admin), on universal credit and periodic assessments of income, what submissions on remedies her Department has made to the court.

The judgment affects a small number of people on Universal Credit (UC), with specific characteristics. The Department is currently appealing this judgment, and as such will await the outcome of that process before taking any further action.

Monthly assessment periods align to the way the majority of employees are paid and also allows UC to be adjusted each month. This means that if a claimant's income falls, they will not have to wait several months for a rise in their UC.

The amount of UC paid to claimants reflects the actual circumstances of a household during each monthly assessment period, as closely as possible.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
4th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, whether she plans to change the calculation of universal credit payments to take account of when earnings are scheduled to be paid to claimants.

Assessment periods allow for UC awards to be adjusted on a monthly basis, ensuring that if a claimant’s income changes, they do not have to wait several months for a corresponding change in their UC award.

Earnings are taken into account in the assessment period they are received and in this way the UC paid to claimants reflects, as closely as possible, the actual circumstances of a household during each monthly assessment period.

The Department has been working closely with HM Revenues and Customs (HMRC) since UC went live in 2013 to support and inform employers who report payroll earnings, to emphasise the importance of timely reporting via the Real Time Information (RTI) system.

HMRC have updated their guidance to reiterate to employers the importance of reporting payroll accurately and the impact of reporting payments late.

Employers should already record on HMRC’s RTI system the date a salary is scheduled to be paid, rather than the date it is paid, where it is earlier due to a weekend, bank holiday or at Christmas.

Will Quince
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, when the Working Group on Medicinal Products is due to first meet.

As the agreement has only just been signed, no decisions have yet been made about the number of members nor the make-up of the working group. We will shortly contact the Commission to discuss and agree the overall aims of the group, its attendees and meeting frequency.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, what the selection process will be for the appointment of UK Government representatives to the Working Group on Medicinal Products.

As the agreement has only just been signed, no decisions have yet been made about the number of members nor the make-up of the working group. We will shortly contact the Commission to discuss and agree the overall aims of the group, its attendees and meeting frequency.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
6th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to page 15 of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, published on 24 December 2020, how many (a) EU representatives and (b) UK Government representatives will sit on the Working Group on Medicinal Products.

As the agreement has only just been signed, no decisions have yet been made about the number of members nor the make-up of the working group. We will shortly reach out to the Commission to discuss and agree the overall aims of the group, its attendees and meeting frequency.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

HM Treasury and the Infrastructure and Projects Authority (IPA) publish a joint dataset listing all active Private Finance Initiative (PFI) projects, including those held by the National Health Service. This data includes the dates when each PFI contract was signed and began operations, the length of the contract, and annual Unitary Charge payments.

Each NHS PFI contract includes building maintenance services as a minimum. Other services provided as part of the PFI contract vary depending on the requirements and circumstances of each NHS trust or foundation trust and are subject to change over time. NHS PFI contracts are held directly by individuals NHS trusts and foundation trusts, not the Department.

The latest HM Treasury/IPA data on PFI contracts was published in May 2019 and is available on the GOV.UK website at the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/private-finance-initiative-and-private-finance-2-projects-2018-summary-data

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
25th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made for the implication of his policies of the announcement of 310 redundancies from Macmillan cancer support on the (a) health, (b) wellbeing and (c) financial security for cancer patients; and will he make a statement.

The National Health Service is grateful for Macmillan Cancer Support’s help to support and reassure patients during this unprecedented time and we continue to work closely with the charity at a national level.

Macmillan Cancer Support has representation on the new Cancer Recovery Taskforce along with the National Cancer Board, and the Chief Executive of Macmillan chairs the NHS England and NHS Improvement Cancer Charity Forum. The new Cancer Recovery Taskforce brings together members of the cancer community to coordinate and share expertise and ultimately enable progress towards the successful recovery of cancer services during 2020/21.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to prevent a second covid-19 wave.

To prepare the National Health Service for winter, the Government is providing an additional £3 billion of funding. This includes funding to allow the NHS to maintain the Nightingale surge capacity and continue to use the extra hospital capacity available within the independent sector.

Effective local management of any outbreaks is the first line of protection against a second wave that might overwhelm the NHS. To support local authorities, we made £300 million available and they already have robust plans in place to respond to outbreaks.

We have also made significant strides in our Test and Trace service. We have established one of the world’s largest testing programmes, with capacity at around 350,000 tests every day and we have already traced around 250,000 people who may have unknowingly spread the virus.

NHS winter preparations include delivering a very significantly expanded seasonal flu vaccination programme for priority groups.

Edward Argar
Minister of State (Department of Health and Social Care)
3rd Mar 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the UK’s Instrument of Acceptance dated 31 March 1995 in respect of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) under Article XVII of the Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) has lapsed; whether membership under that Instrument is dependent on BIOT being an Indian Ocean coastal State.

The United Kingdom deposited instruments of acceptance to the IOTC Agreement on 31st March 1995 and 22nd December 2020 and has been a party to the Agreement since it entered into force. Both instruments remain extant. The Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission provides that IOTC membership shall be open, inter alia, to FAO members that are situated wholly or partly within the IOTC's Area of Competence. As BIOT is situated wholly within the IOTC's Area of Competence, the United Kingdom, as the State with sovereignty over BIOT as aforementioned, is entitled to be a member of IOTC.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, when the UN Security Council last discussed the human rights situation in Western Sahara.

Support for human rights is a priority around the world and we continue to raise such issues with the Moroccan Government accordingly.

The UN Security Council was briefed on the situation in Western Sahara in December 2020.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 12 February 2021 to Question 149268 on Mohamed Lamin Haddi, when he last spoke to his Moroccan counterpart on the continuing human rights abuses in Western Sahara.

Support for human rights is a priority around the world and we continue to raise such issues with the Moroccan Government accordingly.

The UN Security Council was briefed on the situation in Western Sahara in December 2020.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, for what reasons the UK has deposited a new Instrument of Acceptance dated 14 December 2020 under Article XVII of the Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation; and whether the UK is still able to rely on Article IV (1)(a)(i) (coastal States) as a basis for its continued membership of the IOTC.

The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) Agreement applied in and to the United Kingdom by virtue of its membership of the European Union. With the end of the Transition Period (as part of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community), the UK deposited a new Instrument of Acceptance for membership of the IOTC with the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). As stated in the Instrument of Acceptance deposited with the FAO on 14 December 2020 the United Kingdom meets the conditions for membership of the IOTC as set out in paragraph (1)(a) of Article IV of the Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC).

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will instruct HM Ambassador to Morocco to investigate and raise with the Moroccan authorities the treatment of the Saharawi prisoner Mohamed Lamin Haddi who has been on hunger strike since 12 January 2021 in protest of his prison conditions.

Support for human rights is a priority around the world, and we raise human rights issues with the Moroccan Government accordingly, including prison conditions. We are monitoring these cases.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment his Department has made of the effect of covid-19 on rates of (a) poverty and (b) unemployment in the occupied Palestinian territory.

The World Bank estimates that 2020 saw the sharpest ever decline in economic activity on record in the OPTs with an estimated 11.5 percent contraction in GDP. Poverty has increased from 22% of the population in 2016 to about 30% in 2020. The unemployment rate in the OPTs for quarter three of 2020 reached 28.8%, up from 26.3% in 2016. The situation remains most concerning in Gaza where the poverty rate is expected to move towards 50%. The UK is in close contact with key partners, including the PA, about their strategy for economic recovery.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his US counterpart on the ruling from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea which confirmed that the Chagos archipelago and surrounding waters fall within the sovereignty of Mauritius; and what assessment he has made of the implications of that ruling for the US airbase lease.

The Foreign Secretary has not had any discussions on the ITLOS ruling with his US or Mauritian counterparts. The UK is not a party to these proceedings, which can have no effect for the UK or for maritime delimitation between the UK (in respect of the British Indian Ocean Territory) and the Republic of the Maldives.

We remain open to dialogue with Mauritius on matters of shared interest, including BIOT and its Marine Protected Area (MPA), and we have ongoing discussions with the US on a range of issues including BIOT.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Mauritian counterpart on the ruling from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea which that confirmed that the Chagos archipelago and surrounding waters fall within the sovereignty of Mauritius; and if he will make a statement.

The Foreign Secretary has not had any discussions on the ITLOS ruling with his US or Mauritian counterparts. The UK is not a party to these proceedings, which can have no effect for the UK or for maritime delimitation between the UK (in respect of the British Indian Ocean Territory) and the Republic of the Maldives.

We remain open to dialogue with Mauritius on matters of shared interest, including BIOT and its Marine Protected Area (MPA), and we have ongoing discussions with the US on a range of issues including BIOT.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Dec 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking to exclude Western Sahara from international treaties with Morocco.

The UK-Morocco Association Agreement, once in force, will apply in the same way as the EU-Morocco Association Agreement. It treats products originating in Western Sahara in the same way as the EU-Morocco Association Agreement, in line with the European Court of Justice's ruling on that issue and the subsequent amendment of the EU-Morocco Association Agreement. The UK is clear that the application of parts of the UK-Morocco Association Agreement to certain products originating in Western Sahara is without prejudice to our position on the status of Western Sahara, which we regard as undetermined.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Moroccan counterpart with on the house arrest of Saharawi human rights defenders in Morocco.

Support for human rights and human rights defenders is a priority around the world, including in Morocco, and we raise human rights issues with the Moroccan Government accordingly.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Moroccan counterpart on the military operation started by Morocco in Guerguerat, Western Sahara on 13 November 2020.

We are closely monitoring the situation in Western Sahara and in regular contact with the parties including Morocco. We continue to urge the parties to avoid further escalation, return to the ceasefire agreement, and re-engage with the UN-led political process.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will publish details of the expenditure from the Chagossian Support Package; and which projects that funding has supported to date.

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office has spent approximately £570,000 from the Chagossian Support Package to date. The projects funded to date by the Support Package for eligible Chagossians are English language training in Mauritius, and eight heritage visits to the British Indian Ocean Territory.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, how many repatriation flights the Government has chartered to date; and what the (a) departure airport and (b) UK arrival airport was of each flight.

.British travellers who need and want to return to the UK is one of the Government's highest priorities. Since the outbreak in Wuhan, we estimate that over 1.3 million people have returned to the UK via commercial routes - the majority supported by our work to keep vital routes open. Since the Foreign Secretary announced £75m to support repatriation efforts on 30 March, the Government has so far delivered a programme of over 170 charter flights from where commercial options are no longer viable. These flights have brought?over?35,800?people from?36?countries and territories, back to UK airports in the East Midlands, London and Manchester.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of the level of demand for repatriation flights from Pakistan to a Scottish airport.

Repatriating British travellers from Pakistan is a priority for the UK Government and we have been working closely with the Pakistani government and airlines to ensure British travellers can return home. Since the outbreak in Wuhan, we estimate that over 1.3 million people have returned to the UK via commercial routes - the majority supported by our work to keep vital routes open. Additionally we have brought home over ?35,800?people on?170?flights organised by the?Foreign Office?from?36?countries and territories of which over?4,400 British travellers and their direct dependents have been repatriated on?21?flights?from?Pakistan.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) does not have a central registration system for British travellers who wish to return to the UK so we are unable to estimate how many travellers either UK Nationals or residents of Scotland remain. It is difficult to be more precise because there have been instances of multiple registrations by the same individual, people not reporting their return to the UK via other means, and long term residents registering for flights even though they were not eligible. British travellers are only asked to register for flights with Corporate Travel Management when charter flights have been announced for a country. Anyone who registered on the booking portal for a UK charter flight has been offered an opportunity to pay for a seat. Those eligible people who paid were offered seats on flights back to the UK. Any British travellers who did not register or pay for a seat but now wish to return to the UK are being encouraged to use commercial options.

We have been liaising closely with Scottish Government colleagues and updating them on our repatriation programme.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, how much money from the public purse has been spent on repatriation flights to the UK.

The Government has committed up to £75 million to help thousands of British travellers return home and this work is ongoing. A proportion of this commitment has been spent to date across the repatriation effort - not only directly on the transport required to get people home - including charter flights to the UK - but also on the costs of ground transport and internal flights to get people to the departure airport. As with all spend, we are committed to ensuring value of money for the taxpayer. Provision of a detailed breakdown at this point would impact ongoing and future tenders for charter flights and include currently commercially sensitive information.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of UK (a) nationals and (b) residents residing in Scotland that are stranded in Pakistan as a result of the covid-19 pandemic.

Repatriating British travellers from Pakistan is a priority for the UK Government and we have been working closely with the Pakistani government and airlines to ensure British travellers can return home. Since the outbreak in Wuhan, we estimate that over 1.3 million people have returned to the UK via commercial routes - the majority supported by our work to keep vital routes open. Additionally we have brought home over ?35,800?people on?170?flights organised by the?Foreign Office?from?36?countries and territories of which over?4,400 British travellers and their direct dependents have been repatriated on?21?flights?from?Pakistan.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) does not have a central registration system for British travellers who wish to return to the UK so we are unable to estimate how many travellers either UK Nationals or residents of Scotland remain. It is difficult to be more precise because there have been instances of multiple registrations by the same individual, people not reporting their return to the UK via other means, and long term residents registering for flights even though they were not eligible. British travellers are only asked to register for flights with Corporate Travel Management when charter flights have been announced for a country. Anyone who registered on the booking portal for a UK charter flight has been offered an opportunity to pay for a seat. Those eligible people who paid were offered seats on flights back to the UK. Any British travellers who did not register or pay for a seat but now wish to return to the UK are being encouraged to use commercial options.

We have been liaising closely with Scottish Government colleagues and updating them on our repatriation programme.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the crash of the PAI flight on 22 May 2020 on the level of service and availability of PAI flights from Pakistan to the UK.

We are deeply saddened by the tragic loss of life in the Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) plane crash on 22 May. The Foreign Secretary expressed his condolences, along with other UK Government Ministers. Her Majesty the Queen sent a message of condolence.

We are following carefully the investigation into the cause of the crash. We are aware that many British nationals use PIA flights and since early April over 21,000 British visitors to Pakistan used PIA flights to return to the UK. PIA continue to operate flights to the UK.

Nigel Adams
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of UK nationals stranded in Kuwait; what discussions he has had with his Kuwaiti counterpart on allowing UK nationals to return home; what support the Government will provide to UK Nationals to return to the UK; and if he will make a statement.

As Parliament rose earlier than planned and the first day for answer of this PQ was after the Easter recess, due to the pace of developments during the COVID-19 crisis, I submitted a response by email on 27 March, with the following response. The Table Office have agreed this approach.

We are working closely with local authorities, commercial airlines and other diplomatic missions to enable British people to get home. Our consular team is working around the clock to provide support, advice and information. We are working intensively with the Governments of those countries, including Kuwait, that have closed their borders to people travelling to and from the UK, to enable airlines to bring back British people to the UK, if that is what they want.

We have also published advice for British nationals who do not have immediate departure options available to them: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/travel-advice-novel-coronavirus#if-youre-abroad-and-you-want-to-return-to-the-uk.

James Cleverly
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what sectoral targeted support has been provided to food wholesalers.

Throughout the Covid-19 crisis, the Government has protected people’s jobs and livelihoods while also supporting businesses and public services across the UK. Food and drink wholesalers have been eligible for a number of economic support schemes, including:

  • The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme;
  • Deferral of VAT payments due between 20 March and 30 June 2020; and
  • The Bounce Back Loan Scheme for small businesses to borrow between £2,000 and £50,000, with no interest payments or fees for the first 12 months. This has now been succeeded by the Recovery Loan Scheme, which launched on 6th April 2021.

Wholesalers in England may also receive further support with their fixed costs from local authorities through the £2.1 billion in funding made available for discretionary Additional Restrictions Grants to support local businesses.

Businesses may also be eligible for other elements of the Government’s support package including government-backed loans, tax deferrals, and general and sector-specific grants. The Government urges businesses to visit the online Coronavirus Business Support Finder Tool for tailored information on how to access support available to them.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what estimate he has made of the number of people classed as newly self employed that do not qualify for support under the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme; and if he will make a statement.

In delivering the SEISS, the Government has had to balance reaching as many people as possible, while protecting the public purse from the substantial risk of fraud by organised criminals and others who would seek to exploit these schemes. This has meant using data that HMRC already hold, in the form of Self-Assessment tax returns for the years up to and including 2018-19.

The SEISS continues to be just one element of a substantial package of support for the self-employed. The Universal Credit standard allowance has been temporarily increased for 2020-21 and the Minimum Income Floor relaxed for the duration of the crisis, so that where self-employed claimants' earnings have fallen significantly, their Universal Credit award will have increased to reflect their lower earnings. In addition to this, they may also have access to other elements of the package, including Bounce Back loans, tax deferrals, rental support, mortgage holidays, self-isolation support payments and other business support grants.

The Government publishes statistics on SEISS on a regular basis, including the number and value of claims. The latest round of statistics is available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/hmrc-coronavirus-covid-19-statistics.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of extending the eligibility criteria for the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme to include the financial year 2019-20; and if he will make a statement.

In delivering the SEISS, the Government has had to balance reaching as many people as possible, while protecting the public purse from the substantial risk of fraud by organised criminals and others who would seek to exploit these schemes. This has meant using data that HMRC already hold, in the form of Self-Assessment tax returns for the years up to and including 2018-19.

The SEISS continues to be just one element of a substantial package of support for the self-employed. The Universal Credit standard allowance has been temporarily increased for 2020-21 and the Minimum Income Floor relaxed for the duration of the crisis, so that where self-employed claimants' earnings have fallen significantly, their Universal Credit award will have increased to reflect their lower earnings. In addition to this, they may also have access to other elements of the package, including Bounce Back loans, tax deferrals, rental support, mortgage holidays, self-isolation support payments and other business support grants.

The Government publishes statistics on SEISS on a regular basis, including the number and value of claims. The latest round of statistics is available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/hmrc-coronavirus-covid-19-statistics.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he plans to publish an eighth edition of the Statement of funding policy: funding the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales and Northern Ireland Assembly.

The eighth edition of the Statement of Funding Policy was published alongside Spending Review 2020 and can be found here:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/943689/Statement_of_Funding_Policy_2020.pdf

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
29th Jan 2021
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of further business VAT deferrals in response to the ongoing covid-19 outbreak; and if he will make a statement.

The Government continues to make timely decisions to support businesses throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.

Approximately 600,000 payments were deferred to the value of £34bn through the VAT payments deferral scheme, which ended on 30 June 2020. As part of the Winter Economy Plan, the Government announced further support for those with deferred VAT. Instead of paying the full deferred VAT outstanding by 31 March 2021, businesses can spread what they owe over up to 11 smaller monthly payments. More information is available at www.gov.uk/hmrc/vat-deferral.

There are currently no plans to launch another VAT deferral scheme.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
11th Dec 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to the Answer of 8 December 2020 to Question 124786 on Customs: ICT, for what reason the C1800 CHIEF badge application forms are not accessible on the Gov.uk website; when they will be available on that website; and if he will make a statement.

The C1800 file is accessible through the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/import-and-export-request-for-chief-access-c1800.

In order to open the form using this link the customer must download Adobe Reader, which is a free application. It is not possible to open the C1800 form in an internet browser.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
3rd Dec 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether HMRC still accepts applications from UK companies on form C1800 to access Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight (CHIEF) to award CHIEF badges.

HMRC do still accept applications from UK companies on form C1800 to access Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight (CHIEF) to award CHIEF badges, and will continue to do so from 1 January 2021.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what targeted rates relief support the Government has provided for food service wholesalers whose rateable value exceeds £51,000.

The Government has provided enhanced support to the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors through business rates relief given the direct and acute impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on those sectors. Rates relief is available to all eligible retail, hospitality and leisure properties regardless of their rateable value. Business rates are devolved in Scotland, and so are a matter for the Scottish Government.

A range of further measures to support all businesses, including those not eligible for business rates relief, has also been made available.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the hospitality venue covid-19 restrictions on the food service wholesale industry; what targeted support has been provided for that sector in response to the covid-19 outbreak; and if he will make a statement.

The Government has provided unprecedented levels of support for workers and businesses to protect, as much as possible, against the current economic emergency. Food and drink wholesalers have been eligible for a number of these support schemes, with the most relevant likely to include:

  • The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme to help keep millions of people in employment;
  • £10,000 cash grants for all business properties in receipt of Small Business Rates Relief and Rural Rates Relief;
  • The Bounce Back Loan Scheme for small businesses to borrow between £2,000 and £50,000, with no interest payments or fees for the first 12 months.

Food and drink wholesalers have also benefited from the Eat Out to Help Out Scheme which provided over 100 million half price meals during August and helped to protect the livelihoods of the 1.8 million people working in the hospitality sector.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he plans to respond to the letter from the hon Member for Kilmarnock and Loudoun, dated 1 October 2020, reference ZA10051.

HM Treasury has received unprecedented amounts of correspondence since the start of the coronavirus outbreak, and apologises for the delay in responding to the Member. The Member’s correspondence is receiving attention and will be replied to as soon as possible.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if he will create a net zero test for all infrastructure (a) policy and (b) spending decisions; and if he will make a statement.

The Government has a robust process for assessing the impact of spending decisions on achieving our environmental goals.

Our world-leading Green Book guidance mandates the consideration of climate and environmental impacts in all spending decisions.

Using the Green Book all interventions are appraised against the Government’s strategic and economic objectives, including the net zero greenhouse gas emissions target.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to the Answer of 9 June 2020 to Question 52168, when he plans to publish the national infrastructure strategy; and if he will make a statement.

Infrastructure is central to the Government’s economic strategy and is vital for driving the recovery from COVID-19. The Government will publish the National Infrastructure Strategy imminently.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
12th Nov 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what steps he is taking to ensure the national infrastructure strategy aligns with net zero emissions targets; and if he will make a statement.

The UK was the first major economy in the world to legislate its 2050 Net Zero commitment last year and transforming the UK’s infrastructure will be vital to meeting this target. The National Infrastructure Strategy will set out the UK’s long-term ambitions on economic infrastructure, including on decarbonisation.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what the Barnett consequential is for Scotland from the Local Restrictions Support Grants announced as part of the expanded winter economic support package.

Any additional funding provided to BEIS for the Local Restrictions Support Grants will result in Barnett consequentials for the Scottish Government.

As is the normal process, changes to departmental and devolved administrations’ funding will be confirmed at Supplementary Estimates.

Therefore, to give the Scottish Government the upfront certainty to plan and deliver their coronavirus response, we have guaranteed they will receive at least £7.2bn in additional funding this year on top of their Spring Budget funding.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
20th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether he plans to phase out the Carbon Price Support Cap; and if he will make a statement.

At Spring Budget 2020, the Government announced that the Carbon Price Support rate would be frozen at £18/tCO2 in 2021/22. The Carbon Price Support rate is recognised as one of the main drivers of the significant decline in electricity sector emissions and coal generation in Great Britain over recent years, and it continues to support the decarbonisation of electricity across the country and the Government’s Net Zero commitment.

HM Treasury keeps all taxes under review, and announcements on the future rate of the Carbon Price will be made as appropriate at fiscal events.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
14th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 11 of the Written Statement of 13 October 2020, HCWS508 on High Speed Two: Update to Parliament, Autumn 2020, what level of Barnett consequential money (a) has already been allocated and (b) is still to be allocated to the Scottish Government of the £9.6 billion spend to date.

As set out in the Treasury’s Statement of Funding Policy, the Barnett formula is applied at departmental level at Spending Reviews, and at programme level at fiscal events.

Since HS2 typically receives its annual funding at Spending Reviews, the funding for HS2 cannot be associated with specific Barnett consequentials. The Scottish Government’s Barnett consequentials resulting from changes in the Department for Transport’s budget were £1.3 billion at Spending Review 2015 (which determined resource funding up to 2019-20 and capital funding to 2020-21), and £48 million at Spending Round 2019 (which just determined 2020-21 resource funding).

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
14th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 11 of the Written Statement of 13 October 2020, HCWS508 on High Speed Two: Update to Parliament, Autumn 2020, what level of Barnett Consequential money is to derive to Scotland (a) in total and (b) to provide an annual profile of the projected allocation of the £11.5 billion contracted spend.

As set out in the Treasury’s Statement of Funding Policy, the Barnett formula is applied at departmental level at Spending Reviews, and at programme level at fiscal events.

Since HS2 typically receives its annual funding through the Department for Transport’s settlements at Spending Reviews, the spending on HS2 cannot be associated with specific Barnett consequentials. The Scottish Government’s Barnett consequentials resulting from changes in the Department for Transport’s budget were £1.3 billion at Spending Review 2015 (which determined resource funding up to 2019-20 and capital funding to 2020-21), and £48 million at Spending Round 2019 (which just determined 2020-21 resource funding).

Funding for future years will be settled at the upcoming Spending Review.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Department has one live PFI contract.

a) Building and facilities management services are provided.

b) The contract became live in 2000.

c) The remaining term is 17 years.

d) The annual Unitary Payment charge for FY 2019/2020 was £26,885,116.28.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he plans to publish an eighth edition of the Statement of funding policy: funding the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales and Northern Ireland Assembly.

The eighth edition of the Statement of Funding Policy will be published alongside the Comprehensive Spending Review, which will conclude in the Autumn.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how much funding has been allocated to Scotland as a result of the programmes listed as 100 per cent comparable for the purposes of Barnett consequentials in Table C.16 of the Statement of funding policy: funding the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales and Northern Ireland Assembly, seventh edition, published November 2015.

A breakdown of all the funding provided to the devolved administrations since the 2015 Spending Review can be found in the Block Grant Transparency publication from July 2020 (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/block-grant-transparency-july-2020).

In addition to the £6bn of resource funding in relation to Covid-19 allocated at Main Estimates 2020-21, and therefore included in the Block Grant Transparency publication, the UK government has guaranteed the devolved administrations will receive at least an additional £6.7bn this year.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
24th Sep 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to the Answer of 7 September 2020 to Question 84292 on Hospitality Industry: VAT, whether a company that has paid VAT at 20 per cent in advance for services that fall within the discount rate period that started on 15 July 2020 can claim the 15 per cent differential back from HMRC in subsequent VAT returns.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer announced on 24 September 2020 that the temporary reduced rate for tourism and hospitality will be extended to 31 March 2021. This measure has been extended to support the cash flow and viability of businesses in the hospitality and tourism sectors.

All businesses that supply services which benefit from the temporary reduced rate are able to apply the reduced rate to advance bookings that take place between 15 July 2020 and 31 March 2021 and can make any necessary adjustments in subsequent VAT returns.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
14th Sep 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the potential contribution to the economy of the introduction of a hydrogen hub.

The Government takes its environmental responsibilities very seriously and acknowledges the potential positive contribution that hydrogen can play in our efforts to decarbonise the economy.

The Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy commissioned an Energy Innovation Needs Assessments in 2019. Within this series of studies, produced by Vivid Economics, the ‘hydrogen and fuel cells’ study found that potential domestic opportunities could reach £1.5 billion in GVA and 15,000 jobs per annum by 2050.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what plans he has to allow refunds of VAT to be claimed where paid in advance at the standard rate covering the period of the newly introduced VAT reduction between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021 for (a) caravan site fees and (b) other businesses in the hospitality and hotel and holiday accommodation sector; and if he will make a statement.

All businesses that benefit from the temporary reduced rate are able to apply the reduced rate to advance bookings that take place between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021. The Government encourages businesses to pass on the saving wherever possible, but it is a decision for them whether to do that or to use the money to support their trading.

Further detail on the application of the reduced rate can be found in Revenue and Customs Brief: Guidance on the temporary reduced rate of VAT for hospitality, holiday accommodation and attractions, on GOV.UK: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/revenue-and-customs-brief-10-2020-temporary-reduced-rate-of-vat-for-hospitality-holiday-accommodation-and-attractions/guidance-on-the-temporary-reduced-rate-of-vat-for-hospitality-holiday-accommodation-and-attractions

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
1st Sep 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, for what reasons public service pensions in Northern Ireland are devolved but a reserved matter for the Scottish Parliament; and if he will make a statement.

The devolved nations and their respective devolution settlements are different. As such, the devolution settlements in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland provide different powers to each of the respective Devolved Legislatures and to Devolved Administration Ministers.

The devolution of most aspects of public service pensions policy in Northern Ireland reflects the unique features of that devolution settlement. Public service pensions are a reserved matter for Scotland. In practice, there are some differences across the main Scottish public service pension schemes in respect of consent requirements for secondary legislation, reflecting differences in funding, and there are some smaller fully devolved pension schemes for certain fully devolved public sector bodies.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his oral contribution of 8 July 2020, Official Report, col 973, what plans he has to develop a long term programme with additional funding to improve the energy efficiency of housing across all tenures; and if he will make a statement.

The Government recognises the importance of energy efficiency in achieving our decarbonisation and fuel poverty objectives. That is why the Chancellor recently announced a package of over £3 billion to upgrade homes and public sector buildings. This could support 140,000 green jobs, upgrade 650,000 homes and public sector buildings, and save households hundreds of pounds on their energy bills.

This new funding represents a significant and accelerated down payment on decarbonising buildings, to help stimulate the economic recovery and create green jobs. Allocations for future years will be determined at the Spending Review in the Autumn.

The Government uses a range of levers to meet its environmental objectives. For example, the Future Homes Standard, to be introduced by 2025, will require new build homes to be future proofed with low carbon heating and world leading levels of energy efficiency.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what recent assessment he has made of the contribution of the Scotch Whisky industry to the (a) public purse and (b) economy; and if he will he make a statement.

The Government greatly values the important contribution the Scotch Whisky industry makes to the economy and society. For this reason, the Government froze spirits duty at the Budget earlier this year, the sixth cut or freeze since 2014. In 2019-20, spirits duty revenues totalled £3.8 billion. Home produced whisky made up 17% of overall spirits volumes.

The Government regards the existing US tariffs on Scotch whisky as unhelpful and unnecessary. They are unfairly damaging a great UK export. The Government takes this issue very seriously and continues to raise the issue with the highest levels of the US administration to seek a negotiated settlement.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the tax burden on Scotch Whisky.

The Government greatly values the important contribution the Scotch Whisky industry makes to the economy and society. For this reason, the Government froze spirits duty at the Budget earlier this year, the sixth cut or freeze since 2014. In 2019-20, spirits duty revenues totalled £3.8 billion. Home produced whisky made up 17% of overall spirits volumes.

The Government regards the existing US tariffs on Scotch whisky as unhelpful and unnecessary. They are unfairly damaging a great UK export. The Government takes this issue very seriously and continues to raise the issue with the highest levels of the US administration to seek a negotiated settlement.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the effect on the Scotch whisky sector of the 25 per cent tariff on single malt Scotch Whisky and liqueurs imposed by the US; what plans he has to support the sector through domestic tax policy; and if he will make a statement.

The Government greatly values the important contribution the Scotch Whisky industry makes to the economy and society. For this reason, the Government froze spirits duty at the Budget earlier this year, the sixth cut or freeze since 2014. In 2019-20, spirits duty revenues totalled £3.8 billion. Home produced whisky made up 17% of overall spirits volumes.

The Government regards the existing US tariffs on Scotch whisky as unhelpful and unnecessary. They are unfairly damaging a great UK export. The Government takes this issue very seriously and continues to raise the issue with the highest levels of the US administration to seek a negotiated settlement.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
28th Aug 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what Barnett Consequential funding will be allocated to the Scottish Government from the Green Homes Grant scheme.

As part of the Plan for Jobs, the Chancellor announced over £3 billion of new funding for green buildings, including a £2 billion Green Homes Grant scheme to upgrade people’s homes. This funding is subject to the Barnett formula. We are working closely with the devolved administrations to ensure they have the best information about likely changes in Barnett funding to facilitate their financial planning.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
22nd Jul 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when the Financial Secretary to the Treasury plans to respond to the correspondence from the hon. Member for Kilmarnock and Loudoun of 5 June 2020 on self support payments for sole trader directors paid by dividends.

The Treasury responded to the Member’s letter on 7 August.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
20th Jul 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the effect on revenue accruing to the public purse as a result of the reduction in sales of scotch whisky to the US following the imposition of tariffs; and if he will make a statement.

The Government regards the tariffs on Scotch whisky as unhelpful and unnecessary. These tariffs are unfairly damaging a great UK export. The Government takes this issue very seriously and continues to raise this issue with the highest levels of the US administration in order to seek a negotiated settlement.

Regarding revenue, exports of Scotch whisky are not subject to UK spirits duty. Accordingly, there is no impact on UK spirits duty accruing to the Exchequer.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Jun 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how much money his Department has allocated to funding home energy efficiency measures as part of the National Energy Efficiency Programme; and if he will make a statement.

Improving energy efficiency in homes has an important role to play in reducing fuel poverty and tackling climate change.

The Government will continue to support home energy efficiency to 2028, at least at the level of funding of the current Energy Company Obligation scheme. This will drive more than £6 billion of investment in energy efficiency upgrades in homes.

The Government uses a range of levers to meet its environmental objectives. For instance, a Future Homes Standard, introduced by 2025, will require new build homes to be future proofed with low carbon heating and world leading levels of energy efficiency.

BEIS will publish a Heat and Buildings Strategy in due course which will set out further actions to decarbonise buildings.

Kemi Badenoch
Exchequer Secretary (HM Treasury)
1st Jun 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he plans to publish the National Infrastructure Strategy; and if he will make a statement.

Infrastructure is central to the Government’s economic strategy; it is essential for jobs, growth and supporting a high quality of life. The Government will set out further detail on its longer-term ambitions in the National Infrastructure Strategy later this year.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
15th May 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether he plans to extend the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme in line with the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme.

The UK has one of the most generous self-employed COVID-19 support schemes in the world. The Self-Employment Income Support Scheme opened on 13 May, ahead of schedule, and it provides support worth up to £7,500 each to millions of individuals. Recipients will have the grants in their bank accounts within six working days of making an application.

The Chancellor indicated that the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme would be temporary when he announced it at the end of March, and that it could be extended if necessary. The Government is keeping this under review.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
21st Apr 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if he will extend the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme to allow agency workers to be furloughed if those workers meet the same PAYE criteria as workers employed directly by their employer.

The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme is open to any individual who was on an employer’s PAYE payroll on or before 19 March and for whom HMRC received an RTI submission notifying payment in respect of that employee on or before the 19 March 2020. Where agency workers are paid through PAYE, they are eligible to be furloughed and receive support through this scheme. Full guidance for employers and employees can be found at www.gov.uk/guidance/claim-for-wage-costs-through-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme and www.gov.uk/guidance/check-if-you-could-be-covered-by-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
21st Apr 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if he will extend the Self-employment Income Support Scheme to include self employed people who are paid by dividends.

Under current reporting mechanisms it is not possible for HMRC to distinguish between dividends derived from an individual’s own company and dividends from other sources. Expanding the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme would require HMRC to collect and verify new information which would take longer to deliver. This would put at risk this and other schemes which the Government is committed to delivering as soon as possible. Those who are not eligible for the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme may still be eligible for other significant support announced for UK businesses, including the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme and the deferral of tax payments.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
25th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether workers made redundant after 1 March 2020 as a result of the covid-19 epidemic who are re-employed by their original employer and then furloughed will be eligible for the 80 per cent wage grant under the business interruption Government support mechanism.

The Government seeks, as far as possible, to protect people’s jobs and incomes. This is an unprecedented jobs retention scheme and the Government has been working hard to set out further details on the scheme. The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme is open to any individual who was on an employer’s PAYE payroll on 19 March 2020. Full details can be found in the guidance available at www.gov.uk/guidance/claim-for-wage-costs-through-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme and www.gov.uk/guidance/work-out-80-of-your-employees-wages-to-claim-through-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme, which provides answers to these questions.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
23rd Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if the wage grant under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme will be made available to employees working reduced hours.

The Government seeks, as far as possible, to protect people’s jobs and incomes. This is an unprecedented jobs retention scheme and the Government has been working hard to set out further details on the scheme. The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme is open to any individual who was on an employer’s PAYE payroll on 19 March 2020. Full details can be found in the guidance available at www.gov.uk/guidance/claim-for-wage-costs-through-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme and www.gov.uk/guidance/work-out-80-of-your-employees-wages-to-claim-through-the-coronavirus-job-retention-scheme, which provides answers to these questions.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
20th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, if he will make an assessment of the potential merits of paying an immediate increase in child benefit of £10 per week in response to the covid-19 outbreak; and if she will make a statement.

Child Benefit will be increased in line with inflation from April as planned.

The government continually analyses the COVID-19 outbreak and its policies to support people during this time. At Budget, and in his announcements last week, the Chancellor committed to a targeted, multi-billion-pound package of unprecedented support for individuals, families and businesses affected by the virus, prioritising measures which are targeted on the most vulnerable and can be delivered safely and swiftly.

At Budget these measures included widening the scope of Statutory Sick Pay and made accessing benefits easier for those affected by COVID-19. Last week the government introduced further measures to support those on low-incomes, including an up-to £20 per week increase to the Universal Credit standard allowance and Working Tax Credit basic element, a relaxation of earnings rules for self-employed Universal Credit claimants, and an increase in the Local Housing Allowance rates for Universal Credit and Housing Benefit claimants to the 30th percentile of market rents.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
12th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to line 39, table 2.1 of the Budget 2020 Red Book, HC 121, if he will provide a sectoral breakdown of the estimated revenue increases from the removal of tax relief for red diesel.

As set out in the policy costings document published alongside Budget 2020, the Government used the BEIS Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics (DUKES, 2019) to estimate the proportion of red diesel that would have its relief removed. The BEIS publication provides a sectoral breakdown of the different uses of gas oil (off-road diesel), and this is published at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/digest-of-uk-energy-statistics-dukes-2019

The current users of red diesel that will lose their entitlement to use it from April 2022 will pay the standard duty rate for diesel. As of 2019-20, the red diesel fuel duty rate is 11.14 pence per litre (ppl), and standard duty rate for diesel is 57.95ppl. The policy costings document provides more information on the assumptions and methodology underlying the costing for the removal of the entitlement to use red diesel from most sectors from April 2022, and this is published at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/budget-2020-documents

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 1.161 on page 50 of the 2020 Budget Red Book, if he will publish details of the derivation of the extra £640 million to the Scottish budget for (a) capital and (b) revenue; and in which financial years that money will be allocated to the Scottish Government.

HM Treasury’s Block Grant Transparency publication sets out the breakdown of changes in the devolved administration block grants, including all Barnett consequentials. The next edition of the Block Grant Transparency is due to be published later in the Spring on the gov.uk website and will include details of the Barnett consequentials announced at Budget 2020.

All £640 million of Barnett consequentials for the Scottish Government announced at Budget 2020 relate to financial year 2020-21 and are on top of the £1.3 billion of Barnett consequentials for 2020-21 provided at Spending Round 2019.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 1.240 on page 62 of the 2020 Budget Red Book, what the timescales are for the allocation of funds from the CCS Infrastructure Fund to selected carbon capture and storage clusters.

At Budget, the Government announced it will create a Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure Fund to establish CCS in at least two sites, one by the mid 2020s and another by 2030. The Government will work collaboratively with all potential projects, guided by value for money criteria, before taking decisions on how the Fund will be allocated. Further detail on the Fund and its delivery will be announced by the Comprehensive Spending Review, informed by engagement with all potential projects.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference paragraph 1.240 on page 62 of the 2020 Budget Red Book, what criteria will be used to select a carbon capture and storage cluster for funding from the proposed CCS Infrastructure Fund.

At Budget, the Government announced it will create a Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure Fund to establish CCS in at least two sites, one by the mid 2020s and another by 2030. The Government will work collaboratively with all potential projects, guided by value for money criteria, before taking decisions on how the Fund will be allocated. Further detail on the Fund and its delivery will be announced by the Comprehensive Spending Review, informed by engagement with all potential projects.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 1.240 of the Budget 2020 Red Book, HC 121, for what reason only one carbon capture and storage cluster is planned to be operational by the mid-2020s.

The government recognises the important role that CCS could play in securing a low carbon future for UK industry. It is why we have created a CCS Infrastructure Fund of at least £800 million to support the establishment of CCS in two or more industrial clusters. It is important that our path to net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 is achieved cost-effectively and in a way that is value for money for consumers and taxpayers. Further detail on the Fund and the delivery of it will be announced by the Comprehensive Spending Review, informed by engagement with all potential projects.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
11th Mar 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to paragraph 1.240 of the Budget 2020 Red Book, what the timescale is for determining the revenue stream funding model from consumer subsidies.

The Budget said that the UK’s first power for carbon capture usage and storage (CCS )plant will be running by the mid-2020s and funded by consumer subsides. The government consulted in September 2019 on potential business models for carbon capture usage and storage (CCS). BEIS will respond to this consultation in due course.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
3rd Feb 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, how much revenue has been collected from air passenger duty from (a) Scotland, (b) Wales and (c) England in each year since its introduction.

Air Passenger Duty (APD) is an indirect tax paid by airlines, and therefore information in regards to regional revenues is not available. However, HMRC publish estimated disaggregated tax receipts which includes APD apportioned to the countries in the United Kingdom from 1999/00 to 2018/19

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/disaggregation-of-hmrc-tax-receipts

29th Jan 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when his Department plans to publish an updated Statement of funding policy: funding the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales and Northern Ireland Assembly document.

The Statement of Funding Policy is typically updated at each multi-year Spending Review, so the eighth edition is due to be published in 2020 alongside the Comprehensive Spending Review.

At Spending Round 2019, HM Treasury published a Statement of Funding Policy addendum to reflect the creation of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy and the reclassification of Network Rail spending from AME to DEL since Spending Review 2015.

Rishi Sunak
Chancellor of the Exchequer
14th Jan 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what proportion of Air Passenger Duty tax collected is ring-fenced for climate change policies.

As with most taxes, the revenue raised from Air Passenger Duty goes towards the Consolidated Fund, which is used to finance public services and the Government’s priorities, including tackling climate change.

The government takes its environmental responsibilities very seriously and uses a range of levers at its disposal, including spending, taxation and regulatory policy, to meet its climate and environmental objectives.

14th Jan 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to the Answer of 3 September 2019 to Question 281813 on Infrastructure, when the Government plans to publish its National Infrastructure Strategy.

Infrastructure is a top priority for the Government, and is essential for jobs, growth, and supporting a high quality of life. The Government will be publishing the National Infrastructure Strategy alongside the Budget.

The Strategy will set out further details of the Government’s plan to increase investment to transform the UK’s infrastructure; in addition to a response to the National Infrastructure Commission’s recommendations.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many EU citizens have had their settled status applications rejected.

The latest published information on EU Settlement Scheme applications concluded by outcome type and nationality can be found on the Home Office’s ‘EU Settlement Scheme statistics’ quarterly publication at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-december-2020

Specifically, in table EUSS_03_UK available at:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/964547/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-tables-28-august-2018-to-31-december-2020.ods.

Total applications concluded by type and month of decision to 31 December 2020 can be found in table EUSS_MON also available at:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/964547/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-tables-28-august-2018-to-31-december-2020.ods.

EUSS statistics by nationality and outcome type to 31 March 2020 will be published in May 2021 in ‘EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2021’ which will be available at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/eu-settlement-scheme-statistics.

Monthly summary figures of total applications received by UK nation and conclusions by type to 31 January 2021 can be found at the link above. Data to 28 February 2021 will be published on 11 March 2021.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
19th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many EU citizens have been awarded settled status (a) in total and (b) in each month since that scheme was launched.

The latest published information on EU Settlement Scheme applications concluded by outcome type and nationality can be found on the Home Office’s ‘EU Settlement Scheme statistics’ quarterly publication at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-december-2020

Specifically, in table EUSS_03_UK available at:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/964547/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-tables-28-august-2018-to-31-december-2020.ods.

Total applications concluded by type and month of decision to 31 December 2020 can be found in table EUSS_MON also available at:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/964547/eu-settlement-scheme-quarterly-statistics-tables-28-august-2018-to-31-december-2020.ods.

EUSS statistics by nationality and outcome type to 31 March 2020 will be published in May 2021 in ‘EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2021’ which will be available at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/eu-settlement-scheme-statistics.

Monthly summary figures of total applications received by UK nation and conclusions by type to 31 January 2021 can be found at the link above. Data to 28 February 2021 will be published on 11 March 2021.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
9th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what estimate she has made of the number of EU citizens still to apply for settled status; and if she will make a statement.

The latest published information on EU Settlement Scheme applications received can be found on the Home Office’s ‘EU Settlement Scheme statistics’ web page available at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/eu-settlement-scheme-statistics

The total number of applications received up to 31 January 2021 was 5.06 million (5,060,600).

The published figures refer specifically to applications made to the EU Settlement Scheme and cannot be directly compared with estimates of the resident population of EU/EEA nationals in the UK.

The published figures include non-EEA family members, Irish nationals, and eligible EEA citizens not resident in the UK, none of whom are usually included in estimates of the resident EU population.

Furthermore, the population estimates do not take account of people’s migration intentions and will include people who have come to the UK for a range of purposes, including some who have no intention to settle permanently in the UK

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what live PFI contracts her Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The most recent published information for live PFI contracts available is as at 31 March 2018 and can be found at the following link:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/805262/Current_projects_as_at_31_March_2018.xlsx

James Brokenshire
Minister of State (Home Office)
24th Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will further extend the relaxation of visa requirements for Chinese nationals in the UK beyond 31 March 2020.

Visa nationals whose leave expired after the 24 January and who cannot leave the country because of travel restrictions or self-isolation due to the COVID-19 pandemic will be able to extend their visa.

A dedicated COVID-19 immigration team has been set up within UKVI to make the process as straightforward as possible. Anyone in this situation just needs to contact this team, via the following email address, CIH@homeoffice.gov.uk, to let them know their visa has expired and they will be issued with an extension.

This will last until 31 May, but will be kept under regular review in case further extensions are needed.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
10th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, with reference to the coronavirus, what steps the Government is taking to relax visa travel return requirements for visitors already in the UK and who are due to return to China; and if she will make a statement.

We will take a proportionate approach to individuals who are unable to comply with their visa due to circumstances beyond their control, and are actively engaging with the relevant sectors to develop an effective strategy to ensure individuals are not penalised. Information and guidance will be placed into the public domain as soon as it is available.

Kevin Foster
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what plans his Department has to update the National Shipbuilding Strategy to incorporate commercial shipbuilding and supply chain considerations.

In my role as Shipbuilding Tsar, I am working with my colleagues across Government to deliver on our vision to create a thriving shipbuilding enterprise, including both naval and commercial shipbuilders and their supply chains. Any update to the National Shipbuilding Strategy would also build upon the ongoing review of our defence and security industrial strategy.

Ben Wallace
Secretary of State for Defence
25th Nov 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions his Department has had with representatives from the shipbuilding industry on the prioritisation of UK shipyards for bids for domestic ship or boat building orders.

Government procurements are currently governed by the Public Contracts Regulation (PCR) and the Defence and Security Public Contracts Regulations (DSPCR). The Ministry of Defence makes use of exemptions, such as those based on the national security requirement to build warships in the UK.

However the regulations in certain circumstances require open competition as the normal approach. As we approach the end of the Transition Period, the UK Government is exploring opportunities to better tailor procurement regulations to meet our needs.

In his role as Shipbuilding Tsar, the Defence Secretary is working to maximise opportunity for the UK shipbuilding industry through a coherent, cross-Government approach and the Ministry of Defence holds regular meetings with industry through forums such as the Maritime Enterprise Working Group.

Jeremy Quin
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
5th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what live PFI contracts his Department has; and for each of those contracts (a) what service is provided, (b) when the contract became live, (c) what the remaining term of the contract is and (d) what the annual repayments are.

The Ministry of Defence currently has 36 live Private Finance Initiative projects. Details are provided in the table below.

Project

Service

Start Date

Expiry Date

Average Annual Payment (£ million)

Fire Fighting Training Units

Provision of firefighting training facilities.

April 1999

January 2021

2.0

C vehicles

Procurement, maintenance, repair and management for earth moving plant machinery and material handling equipment.

June 2005

May 2021

32.0

Defence Fixed Telecommunications Service

Provision of telecommunication services across the MOD

July 1997

July 2023

110.0

Central Scotland Family Quarters (HQ)

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

August 1999

March 2022

2.6

Field Electrical Power Supplies

Provision of field generator sets.

June 2002

June 2022

19.6

Skynet 5

Provision of satellite communication services.

October 2003

August 2022

303

Provision of Marine Services

Provision of waterborne and associated support services.

December 2007

December 2022

82.2

Tidworth Water & Sewerage

Provision of water and sewerage services.

September 1998

March 2023

1.3

RAF Lyneham Sewerage

Provision of water and sewerage services.

July 1998

August 2023

0.6

Attack Helicopters Training - Apache Simulator Training

Provision of training services.

July 1998

September 2023

7.6

RAF Fylingdales (Power)

Provision of power supply.

December 1998

March 2024

5.4

Heavy Equipment Transporters

Provision of a service to move heavy equipment.

December 2001

June 2024

16.6

Strategic Sealift Service

Provision of Roll On Roll Off ferries.

June 2002

December 2024

36

RAF Cosford and Shawbury Family Quarters

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

March 1999

June 2025

1.26

MOD-wide Water and Waste Water Project (Aquatrine) - Package A

Provision of water and wastewater services.

April 2003

April 2028

66.6

Wattisham Married Quarters

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

May 2001

May 2028

5.1

Yeovilton Family Quarters

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

July 1998

July 2028

1.1

Joint Services Command and Staff College

Provision of education, IT, housing, training support and mess accommodation.

June 1998

Aug 2028

24.3

Bristol, Bath & Portsmouth Married Quarters

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

November 2001

September 2028

8.7

Devonport Support Services - ARMADA

Provision of Fleet Accommodation Centre and support services.

July 2004

March 2029

28.5

Army Foundation College

Provision of facilities and services including vocational education.

February 2000

December 2029

28.9

MOD-wide Water and Wastewater (Project Aquatrine) - Package B

Provision of water and wastewater services.

September 2004

March 2030

16.9

MOD-wide Water and Wastewater (Project Aquatrine) - Package C

Provision of water and wastewater services.

October 2004

March 2030

55.6

Main Building Refurbishment

Provision of office accommodation and supporting services.

May 2000

May 2030

85.7

Naval Communications

Provision of naval communications.

June 2000

December 2030

10.6

RAF Sentry E3D Aircrew

Provision of aircrew training services

July 2000

December 2030

2.3

Northwood Headquarters

Provision of serviced living & working accommodation and supporting services.

July 2006

October 2031

64.1

Portsmouth Housing 2

Provision of serviced accommodation (Married Quarters).

October 2005

June 2032

3.5

UKMFTS - Advanced Jet Trainer Ground Based Training Service (Phase 1&1B)

Provision of training Service.

June 2008

May 2033

13.0

Corsham

Provision of serviced living & working accommodation.

August 2008

July 2033

31.9

Defence Sixth Form College

Provision of serviced education facility and living accommodation including teaching and support services.

May 2003

August 2033

16.3

Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft (Voyager)

Provision of air to air refuelling and air transport service.

March 2008

March 2035

509.1

ASTUTE Class Training Service

The provision of training services.

November 2001

September 2037

25.8

Medium Support Helicopter Aircrew Training Facility

The provision of training services.

October 1997

October 2037

11.4

Colchester

Provision of serviced living and working accommodation including supporting services.

February 2004

February 2039

109.3

Allenby/Connaught

Provision of serviced, living and working accommodation including supporting services.

April 2006

April 2041

413.5

Jeremy Quin
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
15th Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on the role of hydrogen in decarbonising the naval ship building industry.

The Secretary of State for Defence, in his role as Shipbuilding Tsar, is working across Government to support the shipbuilding enterprise. This includes supporting the Department for Transport and Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on how industry can embrace zero emissions technology, including alternative fuels like hydrogen. The Royal Navy are taking actions to reduce carbon emissions where possible and explore alternative fuels.

Jeremy Quin
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
1st Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps the Government is taking to help tackle disinformation in the context of the covid-19 pandemic.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave earlier today to the hon. Members for Blaenau Gwent (Nick Smith) and Bradford South (Judith Cummins) during Defence oral questions.

James Heappey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Defence)
12th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, if he will list the local authorities that have been awarded £125,000 of capacity funding for future Levelling Up Fund bids.

The Levelling Up Fund will invest in local infrastructure that will have a visible impact on people and their communities.

For the first round of funding, capacity funding of £125,000 will be provided to the 93 local authorities in England that fall into category 1 on the index of priority places published alongside the prospectus; and all local authorities in Scotland and Wales to help build their relationship with UK Government for the purpose of the Fund.

Luke Hall
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
13th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, if he will list (a) the public inquiry planning decisions he has still to determine where the planning inspector’s report has been submitted to his Department and (b) the date of receipt of each of those reports from the planning inspector.

The requested information is in the table below:

Case (local planning authority)

Date Inspector’s Report submitted to MHCLG

Highthorn (Northumberland)

29/11/17

Whitehouse Farm Belper (Amber Valley) (2 cases)

12/9/18

Crich Lane, Belper (Amber Valley)

4/4/19

Broad Lane Essington & Holyhead Rd Wergs (South Staffs)

13/5/19

Land north of Barleycastle Lane, Appleton Thorn (Warrington)

11/12/19

Land Adjacent Dinnington Road, Woodsetts (Rotherham)

6/1/20

Ellesmere Port Wellsite, Portside One (Cheshire West and Chester)

6/1/20

South-west Sittingbourne/Wises Lane (Swale)

13/2/20

Hulton Park (Bolton)

4/5/20

Anglia Square (Norwich)

8/6/20

Citroen site, Brentford (GLA)

11/6/20

There are a variety of reasons why decisions may be delayed including policy complexities, and changes in local or national policy which require further correspondence with parties.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
29th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, if he will list the public inquiry planning decisions he has made during the covid-19 lockdown; and if he will make a statement.

Since the evening of 23 March 2020, the following decisions have been made. They are all publicly available on the gov.uk website.

Date

Case

1/4/20

Station Rd, Long Melford (Babergh DC)

7/4/20

Barbrook Lane, Tiptree (Colchester BC)

9/4/20

Vauxhall Bus station (LB Lambeth)

9/4/20

Land nr Whittlesford, Hinxton (S Cambs DC)

22/4/20

160 Stanley Rd, Cheadle Hulme (Stockport MBC)

24/4/20

Oxford Brookes Uni, Wheatley (S Oxon DC)

29/4/20

Burgess Business Park, (LB Southwark)

13/5/20

Moor Lane, Woodthorpe, (City of York)

14/5/20

Hawthorns, Farnham, Surrey (Waverley BC)

3/6/20

Love Lane, Woolwich (LB Greenwich)

3/6/20

VIP Trading Estate, SE7 (Greater London Authority)

3/6/20

Wolborough Barton, Devon (Teignbridge DC)

15/6/20

Levitt’s Field, Cambs (Cambs County Council)

25/6/20

Newport Rd, Woburn Sands (Milton Keynes Council)

25/6/20

Newcombe House, Notting Hill Gate (Greater London Authority)

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
29th Jun 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, when he plans to announce his decision on the Highthorn planning application; and if he will make a statement.

The Secretary of State will issue his decision on the planning application for an open cast coal mine at Highthorn, Northumberland, in due course.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
8th Dec 2020
What recent discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on upholding the rule of law.

Naturally, the Government does not disclose the details of private conversations that are had amongst Cabinet colleagues, but there should be no doubt that the Government will continue to be very active in supporting the rule of law.

Alex Chalk
Assistant Whip
5th Feb 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2021 to Question 145055 on Local Growth Deals: Ayrshire, on what dates he has raised the matter with the Chancellor.

I am in regular discussion with the Chancellor and wrote to him raising this and other matters on 2 February.

Alister Jack
Secretary of State for Scotland
28th Jan 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland, what discussions he has had with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the request from the three Ayrshire Council Leaders for the Ayrshire Growth Deal spending allocation to be compressed from 15 years to 10 years; and will he make a statement.

I can confirm that I have regular discussions with the Chancellor on this matter.

Alister Jack
Secretary of State for Scotland
13th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland, pursuant to the Answer of 7 September 2020 to Question 84291, whether it is still his Department's plan for the final sign off of the Ayrshire Growth Deal to be by the end of October 2020; and if he will make a statement.

I am delighted to confirm that we intend to sign the Ayrshire Growth Deal in November.

All partners have worked tirelessly to get to this point and I look forward to continued collaborative efforts with local partners, the private sector, and the Scottish Government to develop this ambitious £251.5 million programme for transformative and inclusive economic growth across the region, which will include £103 million from the UK Government.

Alister Jack
Secretary of State for Scotland
2nd Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland, when the final agreement for the Ayrshire Growth Deal will be signed between the UK Government, the Scottish Government and the three Ayrshire council authorities; and if will he make a statement.

We are making good progress with the Ayrshire Growth Deal and I hope to be able to sign the final agreement before the end of October. We are currently working with all the signatories to try to identify a suitable date.

Alister Jack
Secretary of State for Scotland
15th May 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Transport on ensuring that new hydrogen fuel cell electric buses are built in (a) Scotland and (b) other parts of the UK.

I have regular discussions with the Secretary of State for Transport on a number of different policy issues. The Department for Transport (DfT) is committed to decarbonising the transport network, considering the role that all technologies can play.

As was highlighted in the Prime Minister’s speech to Parliament on 11 February 2020 announcing the record-breaking investment of £5 billion new investment in buses and bicycles: “There will be more than 4,000 brand-new buses on the roads - zero carbon British built buses - on the roads of places Ashfield, Barnstaple, Southampton, Manchester and many more towns and cities besides”. DfT are currently considering the UK Government’s approach to delivering this.

The UK Government have acted early to support a number of world-leading hydrogen demonstration projects, and are continuing to explore and consider the potential role of hydrogen in the UK. I understand the Scottish Government are also considering this as part of their Scottish Energy Strategy.

Alister Jack
Secretary of State for Scotland